Six day Workshop on Research Methodology Course in Social Sciences from 9th – 14thDecember, 2013 held at Dept. of Mass Communication, Telangana University, Nizamabadin collaboration with ICSSR, Southern Regional Centre, Hyderabad.
About the Programme: The Six-Day workshop on “research methodology course in Social Sciences for SC/ST Ph.D research Scholars” held in the computer Science & Engineering Building, Telangana University from 9th to 14th December 2013. The course is confined only for Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Ph.D research Scholars in the field of Social Science Research of various Universities recognized by the University Grants Commission-UGC around the country. 25 Ph.D Research Scholars were registered for the course. Participants belong to various parts of the Country (list of participants is provided in Annexure –I).
All Sixteen (16) Resource Persons, with good expertise in their research from various social science disciplines were invited to deliver the lectures ( list of the resource persons is provided in Annexure II). The total programme was divided into 24 sessions in six days. On each day, four sessions-(two sessions in the forenoon and two in the afternoon)-each with 1½ hour duration were organized. A tea break of 15 minutes was given between two sessions in the morning and afternoon. A lunch break of half an hour was provided. With this, during the Six-Day workshop 24 sessions were held. (a detailed programme schedule is enclosed in Annexure III).
The workshop commenced at 9.30 AM on 9th December, 2013 with the inaugural function chaired by Prof. Mohammad Akbar Ali Khan, Honorable Vice Chancellor of Telangana University, Keynote address by Prof. C. Beena, Honorary Director of ICSSR-SRC and Workshop Director, President of the function is Prof. R. Limbadri, Registrar of Telangana University. The workshop was inaugurated by Prof. B. Venkata Ratnam , Honorable Vice Chancellor of Kakatiya University, Guests of Honor Prof. B. Sayilu,Registrar of Kakatiya University, Prof. M. Dharmaraj, University College Principal and Dean Faculty of Arts, Prof. K. Shiva Shankar, Dean Faculty of Social Sciences, Prof. M. Yadagiri, Dean Faculty of commerce and Management were present in the function.
Prof. C. Beena, Honorary Director ICSSR-SRC, Hyderabad, in her key note address to the gathering stressed the importance of communication skills in the process of research. She further explained the objectives of this workshop, i.e helping the research scholars in identifying their strengths, navigate the scholars in the right path; provide a platform in exchanging their views with their peers, and providing an opportunity to discuss and exchange the views with the expertise resource persons.
A brief summary of the lectures given at the workshop is as follows:
Day-1, Monday: Date: 9-12-2013; Session-I Prof. C. Beena, Honorary Director of ICSSR-SRC, Hyderabad and Director of this programme had delivered the first Lecture on “Conducting Research Effectively” on 9th December, 2013. The main aim of this lecture was to provide insights into the idea of research. She touched upon issues such as the meaning of research, the need to conduct research, process of choosing a theme for research. She also elaborates the ideas of research and how a researcher can reach his goal. She analyzed the qualities of the researcher and she also discussed the ethical issues of research scholars.
Day-1, Monday: Date: 9-12-2013; Session-II Dr. G. Chandra Shekhar, Dept. of Mass Communication, Telangana University, Nizamabad&Co-Director of this Workshop had delivered a lecture on “Writing and Presenting of Literature Review in Social Science Research” on 9thDecember, 2013. He explained the importance and various steps in review of literature and motivated the scholars towards writing review of literature. He also analyzed how to organize the research studies and focused on the methods such as qualitative and quantitative approaches and how to write summery tables and citation styles. He also discussed active or passive voice and verb tenses. He made aware of the scholars in avoiding common errors in reviewing literature.
Day-1, Monday: Date: 9-12-2013; Session-III Dr. T. Satyanarayana Chary, Dept. of Commerce, Telangana University, Nizamabad had delivered a lecture on Sampling inResearch Design. He motivated the Research scholars how a research design take a shape in researchers mind. He discussed how the designing decisions took place. What is the study, where will the study carried out, what type of data required and where can us found the data to carry out the study and how will we analyze the data. He discussed what the key points in drawing the research design are. He also discussed that what is hypothesis and types of hypothesis and how to draw hypothesis in social science research. He also explained about different research designs in social sciences. He elaborated types of samplings in social science research i.e., probability sampling and non probability sampling.
Day-1, Monday: Date: 9-12-2013; Session-IV Dr. T. Satyanarayana Chary, Dept. of Commerce, Telangana University had delivered a lecture on Measurement and Scaling. he discussed the importance of various scaling methods in social science research. He gave an overview on rating scales such as Osgood, Bogardus, Thurston, Likert, Guttman etc., He also discussed the fundamentals of scaling methods and comparative measurements with flow charts, illustrations and tabular comparisons. He discussed the disadvantages of comparative scaling such as ordinal nature of the data.
Day-2, Tuesday: Date: 10-12-2013; Session-I Prof. R. Shiva Prasad, Dept. of Philosophy, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad delivered a lecture in this session on “Ethnographical Perspective, Phenomenological Perspective, Ethno methodological Perspective”. In this lecture he explained different schools of thought in qualitative research. He further added, the qualitative research lays stress on the socially constructed nature of reality, the intimate relationship between the research and the researched and situational constraints that shape the enquiry. He discussed how the ethnographer tries to obtain the cultural knowledge of the natives and this knowledge is never made fully explicit. The non-explicit aspects of cultural knowledge can often be inferred from casual remarks that must then be classified by more systematic questioning. The ideal ethnographer studies another culture by bringing external and internal diversity to bear upon an ethnographic problem.
Day-2, Tuesday: Date: 10-12-2013; Session-II Prof. M. Yadagiri, Dept. of Commerce, Telangana University, Nizamabad delivered a lecture on “Types of Research: Historical, Analytical, Interdisciplinary, Evaluative, Participative and Action Research”. He explained the definition of research and research process classifications and types of research. He discussed the fundamental or applied or pure research in social sciences. He differentiated descriptive and analytical research, conceptual and empirical research. He also extended to inter disciplinary research and its evaluation studies.
Day-2, Tuesday: Date: 10-12-2013; Session-III Prof. S.V. Satyanarayana, Dean, Faculty of Commerce, Osmania University, Hyderabad had delivered a Lecture on Selecting topics for research; factors affecting the problem selection; pure versus applied research,Literature review on 10th December, 2013. The main objectives of the theme was focusing on the research problems, sources of research problems, factors to be considered in the choice of research problem, research design, using different data gathering tools etc. He also explained the problems in social science research in contemporary society.
Day-2, Tuesday: Date: 10-12-2013; Session-IV Dr. K. Sampath Kumar, Dept. of Statics, Telangana University, Nizamabad delivered a lecture on “Descriptive Statistics: Measurement of Central Tendency, Dispersion, Skewness, Kurtosis, Regression and Correlation and measurement”. He explained the basic statistical method and measures derived from them and measures of central tendency. He also discussed about co relation and regression with valid equations and suitable graphs. He further made the research scholars practice the procedure by making them to do two exercises which gave the research scholars good command over the various problems in statistics.
Day-3, Wednesday: Date: 11-12-2013; Session-I & II Prof. Ravindar Rena, Dept. of Economics, University of Wales, South Africa, delivered a lecture on “Types of Research Design: Experimental; Control Group & Experimental Group; Ex-Post Facto Research Design”. He navigated the research scholars in identifying how to choose research design and issues in research design. He tried to show different types of decisions based on statistics. He defined the research design as master plan specifying the methods and procedures for collecting and analyzing the needed information. He discussed the traditional categories of research design such as exploratory, descriptive and casual. He further discussed about the types of experiments, validity of experiments, test marketing and types of test marketing. He identified the criteria for selecting test marketing cities.
In another session he delivered a lecture on “Concepts in Research: Variables, Attributes, Hypotheses: Concept & Types of Hypotheses, Formulation of Hypothesis, Testing of Hypothesis” wherehe explained different types of hypothesis tests and compared the test results of different tests. In that he mentioned different types of errors and their impact in taking hypothesis. He did this exercise with relevant examples and draws the formulation of hypothesis with suitable variables and attributes. He focused on the rejection region where the test hypothesis falls. He elaborated the seven steps to hypothesis. He tried to unlock the mystery of hypothesis tests. He specified the components of different researches.
Day-3, Wednesday: Date: 11-12-2013; Session-III rof. Y. Parthasaradhi, Dept. of Public Administration, Osmania University, Hyderabad delivered a lecture on “Tool of Data Collection: Primary & Secondary - Questionnaire, Types and Formats; Schedule, Interview”. He explained important tools of data collection and various methods of data collection in social science research and measures in taking data collection. Further he elaborated that qualitative research is useful for describing or answering questions about particular, localized occurrences or contexts and the perspectives of a participant group toward events, beliefs, or practices. He also discussed the difference between questionnaire method and interview method in data collection. He explained about the case study method and it’s importance in in social science research.
Day-3, Wednesday: Date: 11-12-2013; Session-IV Prof. Ravinder Kour, Dept. of Public Administration, Osmania University, Hyderabad, delivered a lecture on “Field Study, Observation Methods in Research”. In her lecture she stressed the importance of the field study in taking requirements for the research. She explained the importance of observation methods in gathering requirements of the research process. She stressed the importance of field study in social science research. She analyzed that observation may be either direct, where the researcher is actually present during the task, or indirect where the task is viewed by some other means such as through use of a video recorder. Further she explained the benefits of the observation method.
Day-4, Thursday: Date: 12-12-2013; Session-I & II Dr. Ravindranath K. Murthy, Dept. of Psychology, Osmania University, Hyderabad, had delivered a lecture on usage SPSSdata processing of the article prepared by the participant. He helped them in using IBMSPSS software on 12th December, 2013. The first & Second sessions focused on understanding the IBM SPSS Software Version 20.0. A live demonstration of the software was given to the participants in this session. The different features of the software; The features of the data view and the variable view were demonstrated to the participants using the software. The steps of data entry processes, was also explained to them using a hypothetical created data. The importance and significance of the data cleansing process was also emphasized before subjecting the data to any statistical analysis.
Day-4, Thursday: Date: 12-12-2013; Session-III & IV The third & fourth sessions Data Analysis using IBM SPSS version 20.0 focused on demonstrating different Parametric and Non Parametric Inferential statistics using IBM SPSS software. Computation of different Descriptive Statistics – Measures of central tendencies and measures of variation, and Inferential Statistics- Parametric and Non parametric Statistics was done using the software. A conceptual knowledge of ‘t’ test, different types of ‘t’ test, Concept of Chi- Square, and Concept of ANOVA was also explained to the participants, before demonstrating it using IBM SPSS. The participants were helped with identifying the correct inferential statistical technique, on the data collected by them, and doing it using the SPSS software.
Day-5, Friday: Date: 13-12-2013; Session-I Prof. C. Padmaja, Dept. Communication & Journalism, Osmania University, Hyderabad, had delivered a lecture on “How to Write Dissertation / Thesis”. In her lecture she explained the importance of social science research and explained various steps in writing thesis. And analyzed how to introduce the researcher’s research problem and highlighted the gaps in the theory and how to fill those with the research. She also explained about the theoretical research and its importance. Review of literature and methodology of the research. She also analyzed various problems in data collection and importance of chaptarization. She also explained various helpful strategies in preparation of thesis.
Day-5, Friday: Date: 13-12-2013; Session-II Dr. K. Sampath Kumar, Dept. of Statistics, Telangana University, Nizamabad, had delivered a lecture on “Statistical Inference: Point and interval estimates, Parametric and Non Parametric Test (Chi-Square, Test of Differences, Significance and Freedom)Analysis of Variance and Co-Variance: One way and two way classification”. Inhis lecture he analyzed various tests related to analyzing data in social science research. The importance of analysis of variance: one way and two way classifications of data. He has given detail information to the research scholars with suitable examples with his motivated lecture.
Day-5, Friday: Date: 13-12-2013; Session-III Dr. Ch. Arathi, Dept. Computer Science & Engineering, Telangana University, Nizamabad, had delivered a lecture on “Academic Honesty: Plagiarism Software”. In her lecture she explained the importance of understanding of academic integrity and plagiarism. Further she discussed breaches of academic integrity include plagiarism, collusion, the fabrication or deliberate misrepresentation of data, and failure to adhere to the rules regarding examinations in such a way as to gain unfair academic advantage and explained various policies and procedures in maintaining academic honesty. She motivated the scholars how to maintain integrity in writing of thesis and also suggested that researcher must go for plagiarism check before submission of their thesis. Further she concluded that to avoid plagiarism, be sure to specify the sources of all borrowed materials. All summaries, paraphrases, and quotations must be document. Day-5, Friday: Date: 13-12-2013; Session-IV The fourth session “SPSS Tools and Practices” taken by Dr. Ch. Arathi. This session focused on demonstrating different Parametric and Non Parametric Inferential statistics using IBM SPSS software. The complete session has been concentrated to strengthen the skills in view of usage of SPSS. The participants were also given skills in interpreting the output of the analysis done using the software.
Day-6, Saturday: Date: 14-12-2013; Session-I Dr. G. Chandra Shekhar, Dept. of Mass Communication, Telangana University, Nizamabad&Co-Director of this Workshop had delivered a lecture on “Meaning &Types of Academic Writing, Challenges in Academic Writing” on the valedictory day of the workshop. He explained the meaning various types of the Academic writings and discussed the challenges in writing of academic research papers. Further he explained Knowing and understanding terms and concepts related to academic writing, and being able to apply them, will help you organize your thoughts and ultimately produce a better essay or paper. He discussed different strategies for academic writings and the importance of time management in the process.
Day-6, Saturday: Date: 14-12-2013; Session-II Prof. S. Mallesham, Dept. Philosophy, Osmania University, Hyderabad, had delivered a lecture on “Presentation of Abstract evaluation”. After his brief lecture on abstract he has given assignment to the research scholars, evaluated and given grades to their work. Further, he had given valuable inputs for writing of abstract and thesis in social sciences.
Day-6, Saturday: Date: 14-12-2013; Session-III & IV Prof. G. Krishna Reddy & Prof. Chenna Basawaiah, Dept. of Political Science, Osmania University, Hyderabad, were chaired an interaction session with the participants. They discussed various issues in social science research and guided the scholars in working with their respective areas of interesting fields. They emphasized on various challenges that scholars will come across in the period of their research, and they navigated the scholars in overcoming those challenges. They have also quoted the real time challenges that they have come across in their period of research and tried to inject the confidence and inculcated the enthusiasms into their minds towards research. Their valuable inputs in the process of drawing of hypothesis, data collection and analysis and presentation of data in the overall process of their research will help the scholars in their journey of research.
The Six day Workshop on Research Methodology course in Social Science for SC/ST PhD Research scholars was concluded on December 14, 2013 with the valedictory session at 5.00 PM in which Prof. R. Limbadri, Retistrar, Telangana University gave the valedictory address. In their feedback, the participants expressed their appreciation that ICSSR-SRC, Hyderabad has given them an excellent opportunity to them in sharpening their research skills.