Participative by including the subjects of the study in the research. He also explained how the participatory action research helps in empowering the subjects of the research leads to social change. He also explained the needed skills required and the problems faced during the participatory action research.
Day VIII – 10thSeptember, 2013 Session– I& II Dr. Ravindranath K. Murthy, Dept. of Psychology, Osmania University, Hyderabad took sessions on SPSS Package and Theoretical Concepts required to use SPSS Package. He introduced technical language useful for data entry as well as various applications available by using SPSS. He also explained how to define variable in the SPSS Package. He also explained various tools available to apply on parametric as well as non-parametric data. He introduced the introduction to some statistical background regarding Normal Probability Distribution useful in testing significance in various tests.
Session– III& IV Dr. Ravindranath K. Murthy, Dept. of Psychology, Osmania University, Hyderabad Practically explained the students How to Open a SPSS File define a variable type, naming the variable, computing variable, transform the variable. He has given some data sheets to enter the data into the SPSS sheet and to do it practically. He then showed how descriptive can be done. He also showed how to do correlation and regression analysis using SPSS. The sessions were very interactive and students had a hand on experience.
Day IX – 11th September, 2013 Session – I& II Dr. Ravindranath K. Murthy, Dept. of Psychology, Osmania University, Hyderabad took session in ‘t’ test one sample, ‘t’ test paired sample, ‘t’ test independent sample test, ANOVA and Chi-Square tests. He also introduced multivariate analysis techniques which are classified into dependent and independent multivariate techniques. He also explained how factor analysis has to be practiced by using SPSS for grouping the morenumber of variables into few factors. He has given how to infer the results out of SPSS through various significant levels and ‘p’ values. He has given data sheets and made the participants to practice it.
Session – III& IV Prof. S. Sudarshan Rao, Dept. of Library and Information Science, Osmania University, Hyderabad explained about Basics of Report Writing, Literature Search and Review. He mentioned various web recourses available for the researchers. He explained the importance of review of related literature as well as related research. He explained how the researcher even before defining research problem needs to review literature from various sources and use it in each and every step of research. He also mentioned various citation standards in general and in details the APA (American Psychological Association) standards. He also explained how the un-referred use of others works lead to ‘Plagiarism’ and the ethics researchers must follow.
Day X – 12th September, 2013 Session– I& II The participants presented the minor study they have done during the ten days research Methodology course. Prof. C. Beena, Honorary Director ICSSR-SRC, Prof. P. Adi Lakshmi,Head, Department of Business Administration, PVP Siddhartha Institute of Technology, Kanuru, Vijayawada, Prof. Rajesh C. Jampala,Head, Department of Business Administration, PB Siddhartha College of Arts & Science, Vijayawada evaluated the projects and gave suggestions to the participants the ways to improve their studies.
Prof. V. Venkaiah, Vice Chancellor, Krishna University told that the researchers have to be very passionate towards their research work and should do original investigation and should go to the core of their study area. Honesty and integrity are the virtues should be possessed by every research scholar he mentioned. He narrated the experiences of his research days and how difficult it was to collect data and process it. Avoiding bias and stick to the methods of investigation are necessary. He mentioned that now there is no dearth for the data and availability of sophisticated tools such as SPSS software.