The First Technical session was organized in to two-sub sessions and separately in two halls .One sub-session on Human Rights and Legal Dimensions and another sub-session on Human Rights and Issues of Ethnic and Minority Communities. The first technical sub-session was chaired by Professor A. Baalakista Reddy NALSAR, Hyderabad and the second sub-session was chaired by Professor Madhurendra Kumar, Department of Political Science, Kumaun University, Uttarakhand. In the first sub-session ten Papers were presented in the second sub-session eleven papers were presented.
After lunch The Second Technical Session was commenced and it was up to 3:30 PM. The broad theme of the second technical session is Human Rights and Gender Issues. This session is sub-divided in to two separate halls and the first sub-session chaired by Professor Jaya Shree Bhattacharya, Department of Political Science, University of Calcutta, and the second sub-session was chaired by Professor K. Laxmi, Head, Department of Political Science, Osmania University. In first sub-session ten papers were presented and in second sub-session nine papers were presented.
The Third Technical Session was commenced at 3:45 PM and it was up to 5:15 PM. The broad theme of the third technical session is Human Rights-Globalization and Economic Development. This session is divided in to two separate halls and the first sub-session was chaired by Professor K. Srinivasulu, Department of Political Science, Osmania University and the second sub-session was chaired by Professor Sanjay Guptha, Department of Political Science, University of Lucknow, Lucknow. In first sub-session eight papers were presented and in second sub-session seven papers were presented.
On 7th July 2013, the Second Day of the Seminar the Fourth Technical session was commenced at 9:30 AM and it was conducted up to 11:00 AM. The broad theme of the fourth technical session is the Political and Institutional Dimensions of Human Rights and NGOs. This technical session was chaired by Professor Madurai Veeran, Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Presidency College, Chennai and seven papers were presented in this session.
The Fifth Technical session was commenced at 11:15 AM and it was conducted up to 12:45 PM. The broad theme of the fifth technical session is the Political and Institutional and NGOs. This technical session was chaired by Professor S. A. Palekar, Dean Faculty of Social Sciences, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga and eight papers were presented in this session.
Finally the valedictory session was commenced at 1:00 PM and it was conducted up to 2:00 PM. The valedictory session was presided by Professor G. Sudarshanam, Coordinator, Centre for Human Rights, University of Hyderabad. The valedictory address was delivered by Professor B. C. Choudhury, Chairman P. G. Council, Berhampur University, Odisha. Professor Choudhury has opined that the human problem arising out of the displacement of tribal’s requires a great sensitivity and an emphatic approach towards the rehabilitation and resettlement of tribal’s. He further emphasized that human rights approach must be tailor made to problems specific and social status specific. Professor Sudarshanam gave his presidential remarks and highlighted the need for sound infrastructural development to manage the super structure of human rights in terms of sound institutional setup coupled with sound policy and legal frame work.
Finally Professor G. Gopal Reddy proposed Vote of thanks. He thanked the participants, resource persons and the staff for their academic concerns, sparing their invaluable time, enriched content and ensuring the beauty of synergy of knowledge in the arena of human rights in 21st century.
CORE IDEAS FLOATED AND DISCUSSED IN THE SEMINAR
G. B. Reddy highlighted the need for of the stakeholders to be more sensitive to the cause of human rights to complement the active role of higher courts in their efforts in humanization of criminal justice system in India.
Munaganti Anupama Devi has observed that the violation of human rights can be curbed not only by the state machinery or judicial pronouncement but human rights education and ventilation of grievances, separate steps to file a private complaint can help a lot in this direction.
Akhila and Parchikhare have observed that human rights, when legally enforceable, provide a path for development and development will lead to better enforceability of human rights.
C. S. Chakravarthy has opined that the directive principles of state policy hitherto cannot be enforced by law, can now be enforced by law through human rights approach.
Dr. Anuradha Ramanna highlighted the need for creation of another agency to take care of the child rights.
P. Aravinda has observed that enforcement of human rights is an essential ingredient of a model society and sound judicial system becomes a backbone for proper implementation of human rights in India.
Spandana G and Shashi Kumar have opined that human rights are guaranteed by our constitution in the abstract form hence they could not be properly implemented.
Avanthika Sarkar has observed that cultural rights should take the central place in the consideration of human rights.
K. Ravi has opined that the denial of human rights stem from deeper and more complex political, social and economic problems.
G Srinu and Chitanya have noted that despite lack of proper training and sophisticated arms, village defense committees are acting as powerful institutions in the fight against militancy in the state.
B. Venkanna has reported the abuse of human rights both by the Srilankan government and the LTTE.
Roshni Kujur has observed that Naxalism has proved grossly inadequate ideology to address the issue of gender- power equation.
N. Jaya Laxmi has observed that women suffered a lot in Vedic period, post Vedic period, medieval period even under Muslim rule.
K. Kamala has noted that domestic violence act deserves special appreciation but much more needs to be done.
Faimunissa Ahmed Khan has observed that one of the main reasons of violence against women is the mentality which deems women inferior of men and nearly limits their importance to the maintenance of the house hold.
M. Naganna and M. Mastahan have observed that universality of human rights led to criticism due to its aggregative nature.
Sasmita Rani Shasini has noted that the concept of individual liberty is given preference in western cultural thought while Indian culture is based up on communitarian values.
B. Someshwar has observed that women’s rights are human rights and to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development, the gender equality is a necessary condition.
Mercy Vasantha highlighted the need for a political party exclusively for women so as to augment women’s political participation.
P. Dinakar has observed that Arundhathi Roy’s female characters are resourceful, smart and belong to the affluent class but they are deprived in fully realizing their capabilities.
Rinkoo Wadhera has observed that street harassment serves as a means to maintain traditional gender norms that mask male violence against women which is grossly ignored and portray as insignificant by the Indian state.
Karan Sabberwal has observed that government failed to take action in case of serious human rights violations particularly all forms of sexual assault against women.
D. Suvarna Kumari has noted that every country must respect women’s right to reproduce and this right is essential for the future existence.
Johani Xaxa has suggested that in case of dam construction, those who do not want compensation of money, should be provided with farming land, having equal fertility status and equal gross yield as their own lost land.
D. V. N. Pradeep has observed that there is an evidence of increasing sophistication in the development of social and environmental disclosure, and there is considerable variation in the maturity of reporting content and styles.
Nitish Kumar Upadhaya has suggested that international financial institutions should withdraw funds from companies which have abused human rights.
Sukanta Chandra Swain and Others have opined that the steps taken by the government in intervening market economy for protecting human rights yield conducive atmosphere for economic growth and development.
P. Sammaiah has observed that Indian labor enactments were intended to protect the interests of employers only.
J. Venkateshwarlu has noted that the WTO prevents countries from producing low cost generic drugs, robbing poor patients of their right to health.
Shaik Mohmmed Gouse Pasha has noted that governments play critical role in the human rights profile of ICT companies.
Bhange Chandrakanth Bansidhar has observed that Indian model of combating terrorism is mostly mild in approach.
Goli Ramakrishna has observed that all human rights are inter related and reinforce each other.
M. Ramachary has observed that the government has to take appropriate measures to protect human rights by education and training the people and judiciary can play active role to avoid violation of human rights in India.
S. Ramadevi has opined that education about human rights provides people with information about human rights.
A. Nagarathna has opined that often netizen’s rights to privacy-dignity are under attack from both state and non-state actors.
Dr. M. Sanjeev Rao has focused on the protection against illegal detention.
B. C. Choudhury has observed that the development induced displacement is major problem faced by the tribals.
Sanjay Guptha has observed that the growing nexus between state and corporate world is the reason for non-inclusive growth of tribals.
Sudhira Chandra Jena has observed that more and more tribals should be involved in policy, planning and implementation for tribal development.
Shaik Abdul Matin has explained about the policies with regard to culmination of Bengali Muslims coming together on a common plot form for the inclusion and development of the community.
Ch.Janaiah has focused on the distinction between development indicators and human right indicators.
A. S. Senthi Vadivel has focused on the dire need of governments’ worldwide towards designing the best models for bridging the gaps in the area of reduction of geo hazard risk and conservation of natural resources.
P. Manjula has observed that the women have little opportunity to improve their status within the family and community.
Mayuri Chaturvedi has observed that the surviving daughters of India are subjected to discrimination and denied of their basic rights.
S. Sujatha has observed that India is witnessing various alternative movements based on identity, caste and gender.
A. Shiva Shankar has observed that there is a great need to send a message to Hijras (third gender) that they have got equal rights for a dignified life.
Shabana Kesar and Viquar Unnisa have opined that cultural traditions play against full recognition of the basic rights of women.
N. Chitanya Pradeep has observed that crime against women in India is on the increase.
B. Priyadarshini has focused on the challenges and forms of exclusion encountered by differently- abled female students.
P. Sakthivel has observed that the denial of the human rights for water is due to privatization of water.
L. Venkatesham has observed that health exclusion of the poor is due to the growing private sector health services.
A. Murali has focused on right to food as a human right and the national food security bill 2013 is a sure means of it.
D. Ranga Swamy has highlighted the need for human rights approach as a powerful instrument for the better conditions of migrant workers.
Subhra Rajat Balabantaray and Dambarudhar Garada have observed that there are miles to go to translate the human right to water in to access to water for all.
Sheri Chatrapathi has observed that there is administrative resistance and inertia in the implementation of laws even when they are passed when they are pro poor.
S. A. Palekar highlighted the role of NGOs in the human rights movement.
Y. Gurappa Naidu has noted that the NGOs strived to play a pivotal role in protecting and promoting the rights of individuals and groups.
Sheikh Rafiq Ullah has observed that human rights should not be viewed as philosophical idea but it should be a political doctrine.
Ramana Maram has focused on functioning of the human rights commission in India.
Raja Sekhar Mamillapalli has observed that government and its policies have failed to a great extent in preventing discrimination among citizens.
S. Mary Jones has focused on the social dimensions of sustainable development.
K. Srinivas has observed that equality of law can be noticed only in text books but not in real life.
V. Shefiq has observed that the introduction of reservation for women in the local governance has resulted in new political avenues for Muslim women.
S. Ramesh has given detailed information on National human rights commission in India.
Madhurendra Kumar has opined that the number of issues frustrating human rights is constantly increasing.
The seminar is relatively well attended. The objectives of the seminar are achieved to a large extent. The seminar helped the participants in widening and deepening the knowledge levels of human rights in India. Majority of the research scholars have been benefited by the seminar as it provided them with the knowledge of some empirical evidence, theoretical constructs and personal experience of the resource persons in the arena of human rights. Many of the policy inputs have emerged from the seminar deliberations. The action agenda set by the resource person is a vital input for the successful and effective implementation of human rights programs in India. My observations are also complemented by the feedback given by the participants. I am proposing to publish this enriched knowledge in the form of a book in order to transmit this knowledge to across different strata of academia of the society.
Finally I am extremely grateful to the Joint Secretary UGC-SERO for encouraging me to take up this academic effort by granting me financial resources as a part of their academic promotion functions. I am also grateful to the Joint Secretary and other staff of UGC-SERO for their academic concerns.
Two day Seminar on “Building Positive Employment Relations in India: The Way Forward”from 27th – 28th July, 2013 organized by Dept. of Public Administration and HRM, Kakatiya University, Warangal
The Department of Public Administration and Human Resource Management was established during 1968-69 with late Prof. G. Ram Reddy, a distinguished Social Scientist and the former UGC Chairmen as its founder Head. High academic values have been nurtured under his legendary leadership which has been further pursued and consolidated by late Prof. P. A. JAMES, another stalwart in the discipline, who succeeded him. The Department is staffed with well-qualified and experienced faculty that has won nation-wide recognition in the discipline. It consists of 10 Professors, 3 Assistant Professors and nine contractual/part-time Lecturers. The teachers of the Department got international exposure and held several prestigious foreign teaching and research assignments, participated in a number of International Conferences and Seminars and widely travelled world-wide and visited more than 30 countries.
The Department has introduced MHRM course in 1991 to meet the growing needs of industry for HR professionals. The course content has been continuously updated to keep pace with the changing needs of industry and the developments taking place in the discipline across the world. The MHRM Course was first of its kind and the only till now in entire Telangana Region of Andhra Pradesh. Many of our MHRM Alumni have been excelling in the HR Profession in India and abroad. They have secured positions at various prestigious organizations in India and abroad including Abhijeet Group, Lanco Power, IBM, TESCO India, Infosys, Reliance Industries, FCI, IDBI, Ford - USA & India, ICICI, Tayota, Wipro, LG, VSP, HDFC, HPCL, Container Corporation, Satyam, TCS, NTPC, Cummins, Singareni Collieries, KTPS, Siemens Motors, Mahindra & Mahindra, India Cements, NFCL, etc. to name a few.
The Department is offering M.A. (Public Admin.) at two campuses, MHRM at two campuses and at three affiliated colleges and M.Phil. and Ph.D. programs at the University campus in both public Administration and HRM disciplines.
Kakatiya University, Warangal has been established in 1976 and accredited with ‘A” Grade by the NAAC in 2008. The University situated in a sprawling area of about 650 acres, has now 24 departments in four colleges on the campus with a network of eleven constituent colleges and 471 affiliated colleges. It has its Post-graduate Colleges at Subedari (Hanamkonda), Nirmal, Karimnagar, Godavarikhani, Khammam and Kothagudem in addtion to University Engineering College at Kothgudem.
There has been a persistent and pervasive incidence of poverty, unemployment and social exclusion and the resultant social turbulence all over the developing world even after their following neo-liberal policies. The employment relations and labor market institutions have been undergoing drastic changes since last two decades all over the world and more particularly in the developing countries like India due to the ongoing globalization and the resultant hyper-competition, rapid technological and product innovations and the ICT revolution. Under the influence of new world order, the employers in India both public and private sector have resorted to massive restructuring of their businesses in order to gain competitive advantage and to survive and grow in the competitive global markets. This has also resulted in restructuring of their internal labor markets. Sweeping changes are taking place in the nature of work, worker, workplace, employment and wage both in the private as well as the public sector organizations threatening the very existence of just and civil society.
Whatever may be the content, the major fallout of these changes will be their adverse effect on the labor working in them. Workers in these organizations had to bear the brunt of restructuring, shoulder a greater share of the burden of competitiveness, face greater instability in their jobs and earnings and suffer bigger erosion in their ranks and bargaining power. There has been a phenomenal growth of socially unacceptable (precarious) flexible jobs in the public and the private sectors resulting in ever growing tensions and violence in the employment relations. Apart from a large number of disputes/strikes, the unfortunate violent incidents in India that resulted in killing of workers/managers at an Italian auto parts company in India – Greziano (2008), Guvolati Tea Estates in Assam (2010), A.P. Rayons (2011), Graphite India (2011), Regency Ceramics (2012), Maruti Suzuki (2012) and Konapathar Tea Estate in Assam (2012) are to name a few which are symptomatic of simmering workers discontent and the testimony of institutional failure to promote positive employment relations.
We are at cross-roads and caught in many dilemmas. Whether to adopt live to work or work to live visions in our labour market policies? How to integrate the claims for competitiveness and fairness? Who needs to bear the burden of competitiveness and how much? How to address the problem of growing labour market insecurities? and how to integrate the vulnerable young people into the fragile labour markets? It is in this context, the proposed two-day National Seminar is aimed at bringing together the academics and the practitioners to deliberate on how to come out of adversarial conditions and develop positive employment relations in India with a forward looking approach to address the above issues.
Papers are invited from the scholars and practitioners in employment relations that reflect their original work both theoretical and practical including case studies, survey research, best practices and comparative analysis on the following sub-themes or any other relevant topical issue in the labor market:
1. Changing nature of work, worker, workplace and employment
2. Wages, wage trends, and wage gaps (gender, levels, industry and regional)
3. Atypical forms of employment and implications for employment relations
4. Labour market exclusions and vulnerable young people