Valedictory: The valedictory session was chaired by Prof. K. Prathap Reddy, Director,O.U, Hyderabad along the Principal Bro. Jaico Geravasis and the Vice-Principal Ms.Jayanthi Reddy. In the valedictory note Prof. K. Prathap Reddy has categorically stated the importance of quality of research and the concern of the government to promote the quality of higher education in order to make the country to be on par with the other advanced countries in regard to research. He has also expressed his due appreciations for conducting the national workshop in well-organized manner to the management of the college. At the end, all the participants were awarded the certificate of participation along the DVD of the three day workshop. The other areas such as lunch and refreshment arrangement and all the gadgets required for smooth conduct of three day workshop are well taken care by the well trained staff.
Feedback: Feedback of the participants is very positive and encouraging as they expressed that the three days learning was very useful to them in pursuing research work in systematic manner with understanding and clarity of thought. The three day workshop has come out with the meaningful learning and the fulfillment of the desired objective. Therefore management of the college expresses gratitude for giving an opportunity to organize a National Workshop on Research Methodology in Social Sciences.
Two day National Workshop on “Methodology on the Other Backward Classes: Exclusion, Empowerment and Modernization”from 9th – 10th November, 2013 Organized by Dept. of Geography, Osmania University, Hyderabad.
A two-day National Workshop on Research Methodology was held on 9-10 November 2013 in the ICSSR Conference Hall of Osmania University Guest House, O.U. Campus, Hyderabad. This workshop has been organised in association with the Centre for Social Development and Department of Geography, Osmania University, Hyderabad. It is sponsored by ICSSR (SRC), Hyderabad and UGC Unit, Osmania University, Hyderabad.
A total of 23 Resource Persons made presentation of their research questions, approaches and methodological Perspective. The Workshop was divided into seven Academic Sessions and a summing up session. The oral presentations were followed by discussions.
The opening session of methodology workshop (09/11/13) was chaired by Prof Kancha Ilaiah in which Co- Director of the project Prof P L Vishweshwer Rao gave welcome address and outlined the aims and objectives of workshop. He mentioned the main reason behind organizing workshop was to get to know the areas of study selected by each resource person and at the same time to have an idea of the conceptual/theoretical framework and methodology of research area.
Project Director Prof S Simhadri gave an account of the formulation OBC Project and explained about the themes of the project. He opined that the OBCs have been totally cut off from the state making processes and stated that the entire public sphere has got casteized. So there is a need of democratizing the public sphere by undertaking studies on the processes of OBC exclusion, empowerment and modernization/ development. Senior Research Fellow of the project, Prof Adapa Satyanarayana said that through this project an attempt would be made to analyze the processes of dominance, exclusion subordination and empowerment of OBCs. He also made it clear that the project seeks to analyse the dynamics of domination and subordination and fill the gap between data base and analytical studies.
Prof Kancha Ilaiah talked about the lack of OBC representation and the need of historical demarcation of OBCs in the universities, media, institutions and theoretical proposals. He said that Dalits confronted about their identity in terms of ideological articulation and critiquing the Brahminical philosophies and hegemonic structures. Consequently the dominant forces have started recognizing Dalits and their identity. Ilaiah argued that in the same way the OBCs also have to carve out the different space for themselves from the dominant Brahmins in order to get recognised as it happened in the case of Dalits. He suggested that the focus of research should not be the package business or mere empirical accounts of exclusion and dominance. He felt that rather than narrating the agonies and simply pitying ourselves, efforts should be made to create theories, ideologies and conceptual framework out of community experiences which could be done by going away from the existing conventional methodologies. He also expressed the view that the project has a calibre to change the knowledge system.
The first academic session was chaired by Prof K Murali Manohar. Dr. G Aloysius was the first speaker of this session. He talked about Critical Ethnography. He suggested that the concept of emancipation should be added to the project research frame work. He said that communities should be described according to their aspirations and their relations with other communities. While talking about who is the excluder? he recommended that the emphasis should be on the deconstruction of the excluder. He also advised that a researcher should never believe in what he/she sees or hears instead he/she should explore and find out the reality himself/herself.
Dr. Braj Ranjan Mani talked about Imperative of a Core Ideological Formation. In his presentation he discussed how knowledge production process is deceptive since its beginning. He further said that the knowledge would always be corrupted as the process of knowledge production and its dissemination has partial, biased and prejudiced. He mentioned that Ambedkar, Phule and Periyar tried to develop alternative ways of liberation for the welfare of common masses. He also suggested the need of differentiating between development and social development. He said that the former has been by and large value free, while social development is value-laden.
Prof I Thirumali shared his thoughts on DNT Communities. He gave an anthropological account of how the term called ‘nomadic tribes’ came into existence in the colonial rule. He also mentioned about the process of criminalization of tribes. He further mentioned that the government’s efforts for resettlement of tribes resulted in confining these people to one place as they were under the surveillance of state for being branded as criminal tribes.
Prof K Srinivasulu talked about Weaver’s Community. He gave a broader idea of his plan of study. He explained about the Weaver sector, Co-operative sector and capitalist (Master Weaver) sector. He stated that he would be focusing on the research questions like: What are the forms of exclusion and marginalization of weaver community? What are the resistances by these communities? Diversities of the formation of community/caste to be understood as a productive category and as an elective category.
Prof I Thirumali was the chair person for the second academic session. The first speaker in this session, Prof Kancha Ilaiah spoke on Gautam Budhha. He said that the title of his paper would be Gautam Budhha and Shudra Liberation and the main concern of his paper would be to link Gautam Budhha with Shudras.
Prof A K Verma talked about the Changing Social Profile of OBCs in Uttar Pradesh. He stated he wish to focus on some of the questions in his research paper: One, are all the castes/sub-castes included in OBC list really OBCs? If not, which castes in OBC list are wrongly placed and why? What could be the OBC population in UP after wrongly placed castes/sub-castes have been excluded from OBC list? How to identify the castes wrongly placed in the OBC category so as to give them their correct identity and put them in correct caste group? According to him, these questions are relevant as they would impact the issues of identity, empowerment and political representation of both the leftover OBCs and those castes /sub-castes that would be excluded from the OBC list in UP. Dr Anjaiah spoke on the OBC Movement in Andhra Pradesh in which he provided broad contours of articulation and mobilization.
The third academic session was chaired by Prof K Srinivasulu. Prof Mani Kumar talked about the problems and prospects OBC Movement in Tamil Nadu. Dr Arvind Kumar spoke on Mandals of Mdhepura: A Saga of forgotten Leadership. In the presentation he gave detailed information about the Mandals namely Ras Bihari Mandal, Shiv Nandan Mandal and B P Mandal on which his research paper would be focused. He suggested that the decade of 1990’s heard two echoes one of Mandela and that of Mandal, hence it would be worthwhile to explore the lost leadership of Mandals of Madhepura.
Dr E Venkatesu’s presentation dealt with Social Deprivation to Silent Revolution: The Political Mobilization Process of Other Backward Classes in India. The objectives of his paper are: To critically analyze the nature of social deprivation through the ages, To examine the conceptual framework to fit in the social theories, To highlight the nature of political mobilization process and To focus on the implications of political mobilization for policy making. He said that he would look at Theory of Relative Deprivation, Capabilities Deprivation, Silent Revolution and Dalitbahujanisation as a Conceptual framework. He stated that he would also look at the Instruments of Political Mobilization; Caste Associations, Federation of Caste Associations and participation of OBCs in the Party Politics.
The second day of workshop (10/11/2013) began with fourth academic session presided by Dr R Akhileshweri. Prof Murali Manohar spoke about the Political Marginalization. He gave the status report of marginalized OBC communities while talking about the caste influences. He gave statistical analyses of Andhra Pradesh Politics and the nature of OBC participation and representation. He mentioned that even though OBCs constituted a major part of population in Andhra Pradesh, the educational dropout rate, poverty and mortality are higher in OBCs. Even female and youth literacy rate is very low among them. He stated that some of the districts in Andhra Pradesh do not have OBC political/electoral representation at all. The votes of OBC’s are used but power is controlled by the Upper castes. He said that in AP, Reddys vote for Congress, Kammas vote for TDP but as far as OBCs are concerned, they do not have any separate political party; they have been excluded and neglected from the political space.
Prof P L Vishweshwer Rao talked on Media and Exclusion. He explained how media is excluding the majority of population in India and how it was casteist, sexist, and anti-democratic in its nature. It has a monolithic character. The monopoly of ownership (Tata, Ambani) could be seen not only in other sectors but also in Media. It has been so overwhelmingly dominated by upper caste men where the absence of Dalits and OBCs could be found. Their voices (marginalized voices) go unheard even though the aim of media is to give voice to the voiceless. Media excludes 80% of people, yet it claims with courage that it represents the society. He also mentioned some of the issues like lack of social diversity, Hindu upper caste dominance, pervasive gender bias, absence of Adivasis/ Dalits in decision making, nominal representation of OBCs, and proportionate inclusion of Christian and presence of only upper caste women in media. He said that he would be interested to present the situation of OBCS, to examine the social and economical profiles of OBC journalists and the nature of coverage and ownership of media.
Prof G Aloysius explained the characteristic features of Periyar’s ideology. He said that Periyar considered caste as the inseparable phenomenon of the caste Hindu Indian society. He mentioned that in Tamil Nadu one question is generally asked that why there is a need of calling backward classes? And who determines the criteria of backwardness? While Periyar also raised the question that how mass of the people could be termed as Backward? Instead he suggested the term non-Brahmins for the masses. He also said that collective degradation is forgotten under the term ‘social backwardness’.
The fifth academic session was headed by Prof Aloysius. Miss Nilekha talked about Savitribai Phule. She mentioned how Savitribai Phule has been kept away from the upper caste dominated mainstream academia even though she was the first lady teacher in India. The exclusion of OBC intellectuals and pioneers from the academic world was because of the dominance of Brhaminical upper caste ideology and their control over knowledge production and its circulation. She said that she would focus on the issues like: Women’s literature of the reform movement in order to contextualize Savitribai Phule’s position, colonial articulation of gender and its re-articulation by the marginalized majority and critical reading of Savitribai Phule’s writings to understand her status as a social thinker. Prof K Srinivasulu spoke on Ambedkar. He explained plan of research paper. He said that his main focus would be The Annihilation of Caste for re-reading Ambedkar. He mentioned that he would look at the issues such as how does caste reproduce itself? And how caste has become structurally hierarchical? He also stated that caste perpetuates graded inequality. It is a historical specificity of India and the moral basis of this caste system is Brahminism. Mr Ashok Tankashala talked about OBC Empowerment. He raised a question that why the issues of BCs, SCs and STs are not addressed together. He stated that the people are not able to unite and organize themselves and to achieve the political power. He also said the attempts should be made to bring all these people together and achieve political power.
Dr. Braj Ranjan Mani was the chair person for sixth academic session. Prof Channabasavaiah talked on Marine Fisheries and focused on the impact modernization of fishing occupation and its impact on the communities. He also explained the implications of the entry of capitalists into the marine fishing sector. Mr. Ramchadrudu spoke about Inland Fisheries and processes of marginalization of traditional communities and occupations. Prof. Ravinder spoke about the social profiles, marginalization and mobilization strategies of shepherd communities.
Prof P L Vishweshwer Rao chaired the seventh and the last academic session of the workshop. Dr R Akhileshweri spoke about Gender and Development. She said that patriarchy (not limited to the upper caste only) is older than caste in India. As per the historical accounts it could be seen that woman was made the first slave of human kind. She further stated that health; economical, social, political aspect of women needs to be focused. She said that the mortality rate is higher among OBC women and the rate of sex trafficking is also larger among OBC women. She also mentioned that the role of women in the process of production is not acknowledged (e.g. artisanal community, fishery, weaving etc.). She showed interest in working on Patriarchy and Caste rather than on Gender.
Prof Adapa Satyanarayana talked on Christian OBCs and the problems faced by them. He suggested conversion as an emancipator of the lower castes. The spiritual and ideological resistance of the OBC’s through conversion to Christianity was perceived as challenge to Brahmanical hegemony. Through religious conversion the OBC could attain a noticeable progress both in the spiritual and material realms. However, he felt the Christian community still are suffering with disabilities in terms of representation and empowerment.Prof S Simhadri spoke about Development Policies under the shadow of Caste. He argues that the developmental space in the context of India is largely appropriated by the upper castes, excluding the OBC’s. While talking about the scenario in Andhra Pradesh he said the Reddies and Kammas have converted Globalization into caste-based enterprises. He opined that developmental policies at the national and state level have not taken cognizance of the OBCs entrepreneurial capabilities; consequently they were marginalized and excluded.
In summing up session, Prof G Aloysius, Prof Mani Kumar, Prof A K Verma, Prof K Srinivasulu, Prof K Murali Manohar, Prof I Thirumali, Dr E Venkatesu, Dr. Reddappa and others expressed their views on the workshop in the form of feedback. The scholars have expressed satisfaction with regard to the themes/topics taken up for research. In order to consolidate the on-going research project it has been suggested to organize OBC academic and intellectual forum and to create scholarly net work. Such an organized effort will exert pressure on the state agencies towards policy formulation. It has also been suggested to organize more OBC workshops/academic meetings in different parts of the country and popularize the research findings among the civil societal groups. Formation of E-group was also suggested for more effective communication among OBC scholars/researchers. The need to focus on the study of OBC language, culture and religion was also mentioned. It was felt that in studying the OBC problems greater thrust should be given to conceptual and theoretical framework. The empirical studies required to be situated in the theoretical/ideological frame, so as to clarify the central focus of research.
Four day “Training Programme in Research Methodology for Ph.D. Scholars of Commerce”from 11th – 14th November, 2013 Organized by Faculty of Commerce, Osmania University, Hyderabad.
The Department of Commerce organized the workshop on Research Methodology for its research scholars numbering 129 for four days between 11th and 14th November, 2013. The scholars were made into batches of about 35 each and each batch was provided the required training in the preparation of the research proposal. While the forenoon session was devoted to provide theoretical inputs to the students on the aspects such as:
Statement of the research problem
Sub-division of the research problem into research questions
Identifying the need and importance of the study
Conversion of research questions into research objectives
The afternoon session was devoted to make the scholars to actually prepare the research proposal. Further, the scholars were asked to prepare a spread sheet providing the following details pertaining to the present status of their research work in the following format:
Accessing the existing and relevant knowledge
Formulation of concepts
Statement of hypotheses
Design of research
Collection of data
Analysis and evaluation of data etc.
Further, the scholars were made into small groups of about seven each and each group was assisted by an experienced professor of the department of commerce and scholars were made to draft a research proposal on their own.
The main idea behind the workshop is to ignite the scholars and bring them to the research track. The workshop is only a small beginning and it will be followed up with series of sessions by the department and the progress of the work of the scholars will be continuously monitored.
The day-wise attendance of the scholars was as follows:
I day: 29; II day: 29; III day: 34; IV day: 37
Apart from the resource persons from the department, the following outside experts provided the necessary inputs to the scholars: