17 archaeology was secure. That is no longer the case; so we should sounded the alarm a
18 long time ago.’
Adapted from an article in Michael Swan, Inside Meaning, CUP, 1988.
1b The examples below contain language choices that may not be definitely wrong, but they are awkward and unidiomatic. Suggest ways of revising and improving them. Explain what you have done and why.
A Against this background, being empathetic may have both a negative and a positive effect is easily concluded.
B For example, an empathetic person is able to sense somebody else’s pain and suffering because they are not always pre-occupied with their own thoughts and feelings.
C If we cannot empathize with others, we are unlikely to care about them. Psychopaths, for example, may treat other people like ‘things’ and even killing them without any regret.
D In this paper I will discuss some pros and cons of the issue whether to allow parents to attend the school’s annual sports day raised in the local paper.
Question 2 (1/3). Read the two texts below and answer the question.
14 shock her. You need to list the things that have happened. And perhaps it involves a
15 story about what some people that Pat knows did.
16 A last word about plans. They tell you what you will need. A plan for a
17 bookshelf says how much lumber to buy. A plan for writing says how much
18 information you’ll have to put in. You don’t want to bore Pat with too much
19 information, do you?
20 Now you’ve got a plan. It’s writing time and you’re ready to roll.
Question 3 (1/3). Write an essay of about 500 words on ONE of the following topics. 1. Does religion have a role in public life? Discuss.
Call your essay: Religion in Public Life?
2. The gender gap.
Read the extract below, adapted from The Guardian, and then give your opinion.
Call your essay: The Gender Gap.
The term ‘gender gap’ has existed in the United States for 25 years. It refers to the relative strength of the Democrats, the force of the centre Left, among women, and the comparative dominance of the Republicans, the standard-bearers of the centre Right, among male voters. And the tendency of voters in France, Germany and Italy has also been for women to lean to the left, men towards the right. The broader pattern in the democratic world has been similar. Why do you think this is the case?
3. Cars and transport.
The first car appeared on British roads in 1888. By the year 2019 there may be as many as 29 million vehicles on British roads.
Alternative forms of transport should be encouraged and international laws introduced to control car ownership and use.
What are your views? Use your own ideas, knowledge and experience, and support your arguments with examples.
Call your essay: Cars and Transport.
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