श्री ईश्वर सिंह (हरियाणा) : महोदय, बजट देश की दिशा व दशा का दर्पणा है । 2013-14 वर्ष का जो बजट माननीय वित्त मंत्री जी ने पेश किया है यह आम आदमी का बजट है, मैं उसके समर्थन में बोलने के लिए खड़ा हुआ हूं । कांग्रेस पार्टी हमेशा गरीब व्यक्ति के प्रति गंभीर रही है कि उसे मूलभूत सुविधाएं मिलनी चाहियें खास कर के ग्रामीण व्यक्ति के जीवन के प्रति हमारी यू.पी.ए. सरकार ग्रामीण विकास के लिए वचनबद्ध है । केन्द्रीय आयोजना 2013-2014 की विशेषताएं - 1 महात्मा गांधी रार्ष्टीय ग्रामीण रोजगार गारंटी योजना ।
2 ग्रामीण आवास
3 प्रधानमंत्री ग्राम सड़क योजना
4 पेय जल आपूर्ति
5 भूमि संसाधन
6 कृषि तथा सहकारिता
7 पशुपालन डेयरी
8 कृषि अनुसंधान तथा शिक्षा
अनेकों योजनाएं दी हैं । तीन वचन -
I हम अपनी बालिकाओं और महिलाओं के साथ दृढ़तापूर्वक खड़े हैं । हम उनके सशक्तिकरण और उन्हें सुरक्षित रखने के लिए हर समय प्रयास करने की प्रतिज्ञा लेते हैं ।
II युवाओं को स्वेच्छा से कौशल विकास कार्यक्रमों में शामिल होने के लिए प्रोत्साहित किया जाएगा ।
IIIयू.पी.ए. सरकार के कार्यकाल के दौरान देश भर में भारत के गरीब व्यक्तियों के लिए प्रत्यक्ष लाभ अवतरण योजना आपका पैसा आप के हाथ उद्देश्य के साथ शुरू की जाएगी । अनुसूचित जाति और अनुसूचित जनजाति महिलाएं एवं बच्चे-
अनुसूचित जाति, उपयोजना और जनजातीय उप योजना के आबंटन चालू खर्च के आबंटन के मुकाबले मूल रूप से बढ़ा दिये हैं । महिलाओं एवं बच्चों से संबंधित कार्यक्रमों के लिए क्रमश: रुपये 97,134 करोड़ और रुपये 77,236 करोड़ का आबंटन किया है । अल्पसंख्यक वर्ग -
निशक्त व्यक्ति -बजट में बढ़ोत्तरी की है । स्वास्थ्य व शिक्षा-
सभी के लिए स्वास्थ्य और शिक्षा हमारी प्राथमिकताएं बराबर बनी रही हैं । स्वास्थ्य व परिवार कल्याण के लिए 37,330 करोड़। का आबंटन सर्वशिक्षा अभियान के लिए 27,258 रुपये उपलब्ध कराए हैं ।
SHRI ANANDA BHASKAR RAPOLU (ANDHRA PRADESH):
Though Global Economic Parameters are indicating slowing down, the Indian Economy could show its strength of resilience due to the consistent efforts of UPA under the magnificent leadership of Shrimati Sonia Gandhi ji, who has created history of being the head of one of the largest political organizations of the world.
The economic survey of India and the General Budget for 2013-14 presented by the honourable Finance Minister are transparent without any hidden burdens and categorical to highlight that Indian Economy is challenged with several constraints. The General Budget is keenly following the Mool Sutra of Indian National Congress, that is “Higher growth shall lead to inclusive and sustainable development”. The testimony to the commitment of UPA to have comprehensive welfare of Indian Aam Aadmi is amply indicating by the way of improvement of average living standard both in rural and urban India and correctional, far reaching measures in the delivery of welfare and development so as to ensure direct transfer of benefits.
UPA’s efforts for fiscal consolidation and to stimulate growth besides sufficient provision for social defence, social security and social justice are to decisively secure safe future to the upcoming generations.
Care for infrastructure, enlarging industrial corridors besides protecting agrarian sector and accelerating the water body management and safe irrigation are to be the bedrock of our economy.
Increase of agrarian credit to 7 lakh crore rupees and enlarging support of Biotechnology without spoiling the traditional strength of native seed besides appropriate soil protection and improvement mechanism are the efforts of furtherance of already achieved Green Revolution by successive Governments of Indian National Congress.
Assurance for lowering Interest rate to 6 per cent to the credit to be extended to Handloom Weavers is attracting the aspirations of my poor artisans. The Government must take steps to smooth provision of such credit to weavers. This facility shall also be extended to all types of artisans of the country.
I request and again reiterate my urge to provide minimum 100 day Job based wages to weavers and all other artisans who are certified to be landless and under BPL. This measure will develop defence mechanism to such lakhs of families who are hunger stricken though they have some or other occupation, which are thoroughly semi-skilled. Protection of weavers and other artisans are protection of traditions and self respect of remote India.
The efforts to sensitize the urgent need of renewable energy including solar power generation by UPA Government is one another future saving initiative in the scarce Coal, scarce Petro Products, scarce Natural Gas and other scarce and precious resources – reality. Cheaper Solar Power generation requires much enlarged research and development and production of inputs for renewable energy. Every house and every productive unit have to be encouraged to gain capacity of their own captive Electricity.
UPA’s effort to bring Indian and other traditional medicinal systems to the broader availability to each and every Primary Health Centre besides all Hospitals shall gain much greater momentum. Manpower shortage and poor infrastructure in Healthcare is stigma, which deserves attention of Governments both at Centre and States.
Government schools shall attain their real status to be attracted by all the parents, so as to convince them to send their children to those schools. As huge funds through Sarva Siksha Abhiyaan, are flowing, enhancing the status and infrastructure of all Government owned and aided schools are possible, if precautionary measures are to be put in place.
There are several – foundation building policy initiatives with reasonable fiscal provisions which deserve appreciation.
I appreciate the efforts of Union Finance Ministry to ensure spending process right from April month, which will bring real change all across the nation.
Thank you, Sir,. (Ends)
SHRI RAMA CHANDRA KHUNTIA (ODISHA): The prime political commitment of Union Budget 2013-2014 is to make development economically and ecologically sustainable, pragmatic and legitimate. It aims at higher growth leading to inclusive and exclusive sustainable development. It has laid emphasis on improving human development indicators, weaker sections like women, Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Minorities and Other Backward Classes. There is a clear indication to roll out the flagship programmes like Direct Benefit Transferby the year end. Of course, I suggest that the Direct Transfer System should also be extended for providing food security to the people and fertilizer subsidy to the farmers of the country. Based on the recommendations of Kelkar Committee in 2012, a new fiscal consolidation path with fiscal deficit at 5.3 percent of GDP this year and 4.8 percent of GDP in 2013-2014 has been announced in the Budget. In response to the demand of Odisha, West Bengal and Bihar, Finance Minister has clearly indicated to change the criteria of declaring Special Category States.
More Budget provision - Rs. 37,330 crores are allocated to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. New Health Mission will get allocation of Rs. 21239 crores, Rs. 4,727 crores for medical education, Rs. 150 crores for treatment of elderly people, Rs. 1,069 crores for Department of AYUSH, Rs. 1,650 crores for six AIIMS-like Institutes, Rs. 65,867 crores for HRD, Rs. 27,298 crores for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Rs. 5,284 crores for SC Students, Rs. 13,215 crores for Mid Day Meal Scheme - & Rs. 17700 crores for ICDS, Rs. 300 crores for 2013-14 for Maternal and Child Nutrition, Rs. 10,000 crores for National Security Act, increasing provision from Rs. 200/- to Rs.300/- per month, targeting 50 million people in 12th Plan period including 9 million people in 2013-2014 are the important features of this Budget of 2013-2014.
We suggest pension for Gramin Bank employees and officers, increasing the pension to minimum Rs.1,000/- per month, provident fund eligibility up to Rs.15,000/-, comprehensive legislation for agricultural workers, waiving the ceiling on bonus, increasing the quantum of gratuity from 15 days' wages to one month's wages per year. Revise the compensation for weavers in case of accidental death and disablement. I also request the Hon. Minister to increase the old age pension to Rs.500/- per month. I demand to declare Odisha a Special Category State immediately.
SHRIMATI T. RATNA BAI (ANDHRA PRADESH):
Hon’ble Chairman, Sir,
I thank you very much for giving me an opportunity to speak in the august House today on the discussion for General Budget for the year 2013-14.
First of all, I would like to thank the Hon’ble Prime Minister and the UPA Government for implementing the Integrated Action Plan for the development of scheduled areas, and also for taking steps in developing the roads in the scheduled areas.
Now, I would like to speak about women belonging to the most vulnerable groups, including single women and widows who should be lived with self-esteem and dignity in the society. As the House is aware that unfortunately, this situation is not seen anywhere, due to the recent incidents happened in Delhi, to avoid such incidents, the laws should be strengthened and relief and rehabilitation should be provided to such affected women immediately by designing exclusive schemes to address these concerns with proper legislations.
Now, I come to the allocation for Tribal Sub Plan which was increased to Rs.24,598 crore with the increase of 12.5% over the Budget Estimate and 31% over the Revised Estimate of the current year 2012-13.
Moreover, ITDAs and ITDCs should be strengthened with allocation of sufficient Budget to take up welfare measures by posting the IAS officers only to head the ITDAs and ITDCs as the functioning of the ITDAs are not up to the mark. There is need to set up a Committee to take steps for reviewing its implementation for transparency, accountability to achieve the output and to benefit tribals ultimately.
ITDAs should be more strengthened to help the tribals who were duped in availing welfare measures with the help of Protective Criminal Laws in the country by taking their cases on suo motu basis. Otherwise, their grievances are not being solved and delayed when the tribals complain to the grievances departments. Tribal cases should be taken up under Protective Criminal Laws by ITDAs under suo moto.
I am thankful to the UPA Government for increasing of the amount from Rs.68 crore in 2012-13 to Rs.106 crore in 2013-14 for the schemes of hostels for ST girls and boys in the country.
I am also thankful to the UPA Government for increasing the amount from Rs.107 crore in 2012-13 to Rs.202 crore in 2013-14 for the schemes of pre-matric scholarship for ST students.
I am also thankful for increasing the amount from Rs.1673 crore to Rs.2517 crore under Special Central Assistance to TSP and assistance for schemes under Article 275(1) of the Constitution under central assistance to the States.
Next, I come to the subject of maternal and child malnutrition in our country. On the one hand, the food grains are abundant in the go-downs and are rotting, and on the other hand, people are suffering with malnutrition. This is absurd and it is our prime concern, which pertains to all of us.
Agriculture research should be given top priority as many people are not taking agriculture as the subject and also as a profession. This is leading into the dangerous situation of our country and it will, no doubt, uproot the system of our country and plunge it back into chaos.
Livestock is part of our life and Government should support livestock Mission which will be useful to the farmers and their families to get the revenue daily.
Now, I come to the Education subject. Education plays a very key role in developing the personality of a person to earn knowledge and to lead a good life in the society with dignity. But it is sad to note that education is not reaching to the poor people in the agency areas. There are no proper schools. There is no proper infrastructure. There are no toilet facilities, particularly for girls. That’s why the deSir,ed targets are not being achieved by the Government so far. Sarva Siksha Abhyan is being implemented, but the funds are being misused at various levels and such situation will not ensure the Right to Education Act be successful.
Now, I come to the Health sector in scheduled areas. I am pained to say that most of the Primary Health Centres in Andhra Pradesh, particularly in the agency areas have no proper facilities to treat the patients. People have to go walk for miles to reach the Government hospitals in agency areas. There were no sufficient doctors, equipments and not even prime facilities.
There is need to upgrade the Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS), and new Regional Institutes of Medical Sciences (RIMS) should be set up, one each in the agency areas, because the tribal people are dying of unknown diseases, due to vector-borne diseases.
Now, I come to Financial Inclusion subject. I am very much thankful to the Government for making available banks even to the scheduled areas in the country under Financial Inclusion scheme. I am also thankful to the UPA Government for taking steps to establish first women’s bank and first women’s post office in the country. This is a welcome step and unique idea.
But I am also pained to say that banking activities are not improved due to the lack of communication network to tribals in the scheduled areas. The TRAI organisation which has to oversee the implementation of the activities is not concentrating on the banking customers and helping the private operators.
The tribal people in the scheduled areas are the worst victims due to the present power policy in the country. The power tariffs are so high that tribal people cannot afford such power tariffs which were imposed on them by the regulatory committees as per the instructions of power companies.
Tribals are facing a lot of practical problems in getting the loans in scheduled areas. The Government is not granting long-term agricultural loans on their assets on the pretext of Land Protective Act.
Even though they get the loans on agricultural lands, tribals are getting very less percentage of loans due to low rates in scheduled areas. And on the other hand, business people and industrial companies are getting huge loans and misusing the Government funds and later showing the companies and industries as non-performing assets (NPAs). Micro Finance loans are also not useful to the tribals even though the schemes are merged and are managed by women self help groups. Hence, the only solution to this problem is giving counter guarantee by Government to the tribals.
I request the Government to develop road infrastructure in Petroleum, Chemical, Petrochemical Investment region (PPIR) at Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh as it has a lot of scope for development.
I request the Government to provide loans to Self Help Groups (SHGs) with an interest rate of 4% on a par with interest rate to farmers for crop loans by making Budgetary provisions.
I also request the Government for clearance of A.P. Rural Inclusive Growth Project (APRIGP) which is presently pending with Ministry of Finance.
I also request the Government to provide Minimum Support Price for each tribal product for their produce.
I also request the Government to release Central Assistance of Rs.3,006.43 crore from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) for Andhra Pradesh for the drought of Kharif in 2011, and also for the recent untimely and unseasonal rains in Andhra Pradesh in the third week of February, 2013.