Silabus mata kuliah



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SILABUS MATA KULIAH *)


  1. Nama Mata Kuliah

:

Manajemen Operasional

  1. Kode

:

MB 700

  1. Bobot sks

:

3 SKS

  1. Semester

:

I

  1. Kelompok mata kuliah

:

Mata Kuliah Keahlian Utama Wajib (MKKU Wajib)

  1. Program Studi/Program

:

Manajmen Bisnis/S-2

  1. Status mata kuliah




Wajib

  1. Prasyarat **)

:

Manajemen, Statistik, Akuntansi

  1. Dosen Penanggung Jawab

:

Dr. Ayi Kuntadi, M.S.

Dr. Sumartini, MP.






  1. Tujuan Umum Mata Kuliah




Mahasiswa memahami, dan menguasai konsep fungsi dan kegiatan manajemen operasi yang mempunyai efek secara mendalam pada produktivitas perusahaan manufaktur atau perusahaan jasa yang berpengaruh terhadap kualitas kehidupan. Tujuannya menjelaskan kegiatan operasi dalam dunia ralistik, dan praktis. Manajemen operasi merupakan paduan dari topik akuntansi, industri perekayasaan, pengelolaan, ilmu manajemen, dan statistik.




  1. Pendekatan Pembelajaran




  • Metode: Ceramah, inquiry, diskusi, tanya jawab, problem solving, dan tugas kerja

  • Media: White board, spidol, OHP, Transparansi, dan media lainnya.

  • Tugas: Makalah dan Laporan

  1. Deskripsi Materi Kuliah




Mata kuliah ini menjelaskan tentang :

  • Introduction to Operations Management, meliputi :

Operations and Productivity, Operations Strategy in a Global Environment, Project Management, dan Forecasting.

Design of Goods & Services, Managing Quality, Process Strategy, Location Strategies, Layout Strategy, Human Resources and Job Design.

  • Managing Operations, meliputi :

Supply-Chain Management, Inventory Management, Aggregat Planning, Material Requirements Planning (MRP) & ERP, Short-term Scheduling, Just-in-Time and Lean Production Systems, Maintenance and Reliability.



  1. Media Pembelajaran




  • OHP

  • LCD Projector

  • Home Page di Internet

  • Case Study







  1. Evaluasi Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa




  1. Ujian Tengah Semester (UTS)

  2. Ujian Akhir Semester (UAS)

  3. Tugas Latihan Soal-Soal

  4. Teknik Penilaian

Nilai Tugas : 25 %

Nilai UTS : 35 %

Nilai UAS : 45 %

5. Kriteria Penilaian

80 – 100 = A

70 – 79 = B

60 – 69 = C

< 60 = D

6. Bentuk soal berupa Essay yang terdiri dari :

  • Teori, penyelesaian kasus-kasus

  • Hasil kerja mahasiswa dalam wujud model OM.







  1. Garis Besar Materi Setiap Pertemuan

Pert. Ke

Garis Besar Materi Kuliah

1

Operations and Productivity:

  • Global company profile: HARD ROCK CAFE

  • What is Operations Management?

  • Organizing to produce goods and services

  • Why study OM?

  • What Operations Managers do

  • The heritage of Operations Management

  • Exciting New Trend in O M

  • Operations in the service sector

    • Differences between goods and services

    • Growth of services

    • Service pay

  • Exciting New Trend in O M

  • The Productivity challenge

    • Productivity measurement

    • Productivity variables

    • Productivity and the Service Sector

The challenge of social responsibility

2

Operations Strategy in a Global Environment:

  • Global Company Profile: B O E I N G

  • A Global View of Operations

  • Developing Missions and Strategies

    • Mission

    • Strategy

  • Achieving Competitive Advantage Through Operations

    • Competing on Differentiation

    • Competing on Cost

    • Competing on Response

  • Ten Strategic OM decisions

  • Issues in Operations Strategy

    • Research

    • Preconditions

    • Dynamics

  • Strategy Development and Implementation

    • Identify Critical Success Factors

    • Build and Staff the Organization

    • Integrate OM with Other Activities

  • Global Operations Strategy Options

        • International Strategy

        • Multidomestic Strategy

        • Global Strategy

        • Transnational Srategy

3

Poject Management:

  • Global Company Profile : BECHTEL GROUP

  • The Importance of Project Management

  • Project Planning

      • The Project Manager

      • Work Breakdown Structure

  • Project Scheduling

  • Project Controlling

  • Project Management Techniques : PERT & CPM

      • The Framework of PERT & CPM

      • Activity-on-Node Example

      • Aktivity-on-Arrow Example

      • Forward Pass

      • Backward Pass

      • Calculating Slak Time & Identifying the Critical Path

  • Variability in Activity Times

      • Three Time Estimates in PERT

      • Probability of Project Completion

  • Cost –Time Trade-Offs and Project Crashing

  • A Critique of PERT & CPM

  • Using Microsoft Project to Manage Projects

4

Forecasting:

  • Global Company Profile: TUPPERWARE CORPORATION

  • What is Forecasting?

      • Forecasting Time Horizons

      • The Influence of Product Life Cycle

  • Types of Forecasts

  • The Strategic Importance of Forecasting

      • Human Resources

      • Capacity

      • Supply-Chain Management

      • Overview of Qualitative Methods

      • Overview of Quantitative Methods

  • Time-Series Forecasting

      • Decomposition of Time Series

      • Naïve Approach

      • Moving Averages

      • Exponential Smoothing

      • Exponential Smoothing with Trend Adjustment

      • Trend Projections

      • Seasonal Variations in Data

      • Cyclic Variations in Data

  • Associative Forecasting Methods: Regression and Correlation Analysis

      • Using Regression Analysis to Forecast

      • Standard Error of the Estimate

      • Correlation Coefficients for Regression Lines

      • Multiple-Regression Analysis

  • Monitoring and Controlling Forecasts

      • Adaptive Smoothing

      • Focus Forecasting

  • Forecasting in the Service Sector

5

Design of Goods and Services:

  • Global Company Profile: REGAL MARINE

  • Goods and Services Selection

      • Product Strategy Options Support Competitive Advantage

      • Generation of New Product Opportunities

      • Product Life Cycles

      • Life Cycle and Strategy

      • Product-by-value Analysis

  • Generating New Product

  • Product Development

      • Product Development System

      • Quality Function Deployment (QFD)

      • Organizing for Product Development

      • Manufacturability and Value Engineering

  • Issues for Product Design

      • Robust Design

      • Modular Design

      • Computer-Aided Design (CAD)

      • Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM)

      • Virtual Reality Technology

      • Value Analysis

      • Environmentally Friendly Design

  • Time-Based Competition

      • Purchase of Technology by Acquiring Firm

      • Joint Ventures

      • Alliances

  • Defining the Product

      • Make-or-buy Decisions

      • Group Technology

  • Documents for Production

  • Service Design

      • Documents for Service

  • Application of Decision Trees to Product Design

  • Transition to Production

6

Managing Quality:

  • Global Company Profile: MOTOROLA

  • Quality and Strategy

  • Defining Quality

      • Implications of Quality

      • Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award

      • Cost of Quality (COQ)

  • International Quality Standards

  • Total Quality Management

      • Continuous Improvement

      • Employee Empowerment

      • Benchmarking

      • Just-in-Time (JIT)

      • Taguchi Concepts

      • Knowledge of TQM Tools

  • Tools of TQM

      • Check sheets

      • Scatter Diagrams

      • Cause-and-Effect Diagram

      • Pareto Charts

      • Flow Charts

      • Histogram

      • Statistical Process Control (SPC)

  • The Role of Inspection

      • When and where to Inspect

      • Source Inspection

      • Service Industry Inspection

      • Inspection of Attributes vs Variables

  • TQM in Services

7

Process Strategy:

  • Global Company Profile: DELL COMPUTER Co.

  • Four Process Strategies

      • Process Focus

      • Repetitive Focus

      • Product Focus

      • Mass Customization Focus

      • Comparison of Process Choices

      • Flow Diagrams

      • Time-Function Mapping

      • Process Charts

      • Work Flow Analysis

      • Service Blueprinting

  • Service Process Design

      • Customer Interaction and Process Design

      • More Opportunities to Improve Service Processes

  • Selection of Equipment and Technology

  • Production Technology

  • Technology in Services

  • Process Reengineering

  • Environmentally Friendly Processes




8

Location Strategies:

  • Global Company Profile: FEDERAL EXPRESS

  • The Strategic Importance of Location

  • Factors That Affect Location Decisions

      • Labor Productivity

      • Exchange Rates

      • Costs

      • Attitudes

      • Proximity to Markets

      • Proximity to Suppliers

      • Proximity to Competitors (Clustering)

  • Methods of Evaluating Location Alternatives

      • The Factor-Rating Method

      • Locational Break-Even Analysis

      • Center-of-Gravity Method

      • Transportation Model

  • Service Location Strategy

      • How Hotel Chains Select Sites

      • The Telemarketing Industry

      • Geographic Information System

9

Lay Out Strategy:

  • Global Company Profile: McDONALD’S

  • Strategic Importance of Layout Decisions

  • Types of Layout

  • Fixed-Position Layout

  • Process-Oriented Layout

      • Expert Systems in Layout

      • Work Cells

      • The Focused Work Center and the Focused Factory

  • Office Layout

  • Retail Layout

      • Servicescapes

  • Warehousing and Storage Layouts

      • Cross Docking

      • Random Stocking

      • Customizing

  • Repetitive and Product-Oriented Layout

      • Assembly Line Balancing

10

Human Resources and Job Design:

      • Constraints on the Human Resource Strategy

  • Labor Planning

      • Employment-Stability Policies

      • Work Schedules

      • Job Classifications and Work Rules

  • Job Design

      • Labor Specialization

      • Job Expansion

      • Psychological Components of Job Design

      • Self-Directed Teams

      • Motivation and Incentive Systems

      • Ergonomics and Work Methods

  • The Visual Workplace

  • Labor Standards

11

Managing Operations : Supply-Chain Management:

  • Global Company Profile: VOLKSWAGEN

  • The Strategic Importance of the Supply-Chain

      • Global Supply-Chain Issues

  • Supply-chain Economics

      • Make-or-Buy Decision

      • Oustsourching

  • Supply-chain Strategies

      • Many suppliers

      • Few suppliers

      • Vertical integration

      • Keiretsu Networks

      • Virtual companies

  • Managing the Supply-chain

  • Internet Purchasing

  • Vendor Selection

      • Vendor Evaluation

      • Vendor Development

      • Negotiations

  • Logistics Management

      • Distribution Systems

      • Cost of Shipping Aletrnatives

  • Benchmarking Supply-Chain Management

12

Inventory Management:

  • Global Company Profile: AMAZON.COM

      • Types of Inventory

  • Inventory Management

      • ABC Analysis

      • Record Accuracy

      • Cycle Counting

      • Control of Service Inventory

  • Inventory Models

      • Independent versus Dependent Demand

      • Holding, Ordering, and Setup Costs

  • Inventory Models for Independent Demand

      • Basic Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) Model

      • Minimizing Costs

      • Reorder Points

      • Production Order Quantity Model

      • Quantity Discount Models

  • Probabilistic Models with Constant Lead Time

  • Fixed Period (P) Systems

13

Aggregate Planning:

  • Global Company Profile: ANHEUSER-BUSCH

  • The Planning Process

  • The Nature of Aggregate Planning

  • Aggregate Planning Strategies

      • Capacity Options

      • Demand Options

      • Mixing Options to Develop a Plan

  • Methods for Aggregate Planning

      • Graphical and Charting Methods

      • Mathematical Approaches to Scheduling

      • Comparison of Aggregate Scheduling Methods

  • Aggregate Planning in Services

      • Restaurants

      • Miscellaneous Services

      • National Chains of Small Service Firms

      • Airline Industry

      • Hotel Industry

      • Hospital

        • Yield Management

14

Material Requirements Planning (MRP) dan ERP:

  • Global Company Profile: COLLINS INDUSTRIES

  • Dependent Inventory Model Requirements

      • Master Production Schedule

      • Bills of Materials

      • Accurate Inventory records

      • Purchase Orders Outstanding

      • Lead Times for Each Component

  • MRP Structure

  • MRP Management

      • MRP Dynamics

      • MRP and JIT

  • Lot-Sizing Techniques

  • Extensions of MRP

      • Closed-Loop MRP

      • Capacity Planning

      • Material Requirements Planning II (MRP II)

  • MRP In Services

  • Distribution Resource Planning (DRP)

  • Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

      • Advanteges and Disadvaneges of ERP Systems

      • ERP in the Service Sector

15

Short-Term Scheduling:

  • Global Company Profile : DELTA AIRLINES

  • The Strategic Importance of Short-Term Scheduling

  • Scheduling Issues

      • Forward and Backwar Scheduling

      • Scheduling Criteria

  • Scheduling Process-Focused Work Centers

  • Loading Job in Work Centers

      • Input-Output Control

      • Gantt Charts

      • Asignment Method

  • Sequencing Jobs in Work Centers

      • Priority Rules for Dispatching Jobs

      • Critical Ratio

      • Sequencing N Jobs on Two Machines : Jhonson’s Rule

  • Limiation of Rule Based Dispathing Systems

  • Finite Scheduling

  • Theory of Constrains

  • Bottleneck Work Centers

  • Revetitive Manufacturing

  • Scheduling for Services

      • Hospitals

      • Banks

      • Airlines

      • Scheduling Services Employees with Cyclical Scheduling




16

Just-in-Time and Lean Production Systems:

  • Global Company Profile : GREEN GEAR CYCLING

  • Just-in-Time and Lean Production

      • Waste Reduction

      • Variability Reduction

      • Pull versus Push

  • Sppliers

      • Goals of JIT Partnerships

      • Concerns of Suppliers

  • JIT Layout

      • Distance Reduction

      • Increased Flexibility

      • Impact of Employees

      • Reduced Space and Inventory

  • Inventory

      • Reduced Variability

      • Reduced Inventory

      • Reduced Lost Sizes

      • Reduced Setup Costs

  • Scheduling

      • Level Schedules

      • Kanban

  • Quality

  • Employee Empowerment

  • Lean Production

  • JIT inServices

      • Suppliers

      • Layouts

      • Inventory

      • Scheduling







  1. Daftar Pustaka Utama




Heizer, Jay dan Barry Render. (2004). Principles of Operations Management. Fifth Edition. Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River : New Jersey

Davis, Aquilano, Chase. (2003). Fundamentals of Operations Management. McGraw Hills Company, Inc.

Larry P. Ritzman (1998). Operations Management, Strategy, and Analysis. Fifth Edition, An Imprint of Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.

James B. Dilworth (2000). Operations Management, Providing Value in Goods and Services. Third Edition. The Dryden Press.

William J. Stevenson (2002). Operations Management. Seventh Edition. McGraw Hill.

Garvin D. A. (1992). Operations Strategy, Text, and Cases. New Jersey, Prentice Hall, Inc.

Buffa, E. S. (1987). Modern Production/Operations Management. New York, John Willey & Sms, Inc.

Syamsul, M. Ma’arif dan Hendri Tanjung (2003). Manajemen Operasi. Jakarta, Grasindo.

Rudi Suardi (2004). Sistem Manajemen Mutu ISO. Jkarta, Taruna Grafika.




*) Dapat dibuat sendiri dengan mengikuti form ini

**) Mata kuliah yang harus diambil oleh mahasiswa sebelum mata kuliah ini




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