Shri avinash dikshit, idas



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ZIET-BBSR/ Support Material/ English Comm/ Class-IX









OUR PATRONS

SHRI AVINASH DIKSHIT, IDAS

COMMISSIONER, KVS (HQ), NEW DELHI


DR. DINESH KUMAR

ADDITIONAL COMMISSIONER (ACAD)


DR. SHACHIKANT

JOINT COMMISSIONER (TRG)

SHRI S. VIJAYKUMAR

JOINT COMMISSIONER (ADMN)

DR. E. PRABHAKAR

JOINT COMMISSIONER (PERS)

SHRI M. ARUMUGAM

JOINT COMMISSIONER (FIN)

Acknowledgements

Mr P R L Gupta

Deputy Commissioner

KVS (RO) Kolkata

Ms R Kalavathi

Deputy Commissioner

KVS (RO) Bhubaneswar

Mr J Subba

Deputy Commissioner

KVS (RO) Guwahati

Members of Study Material team

1. Ms Seema Dasgupta K V Barrackpore (Army) Kolkata Region

2. Ms Debabrati Sengupta K V AFS Salua Kolkata Region

3. Ms Sulagna Mukherjee K V Ishapore No 1 Kolkata Region

4. Ms Nandini Dev Choudhary K V Khanapara Guwahati Region

5. Ms Asha K Nair K V Happy Valley Guwahati Region

6. Mr Kapil K V Upper Shillong Guwahati Region

7. Ms Alpana Dey K V Bagdogra Guwahati Region

8. Ms Sudha K V No 1 Srivijayanagaram Bhubaneswar Region

Compiled by

  1. Mr Kali Prasad Dash PGT English ZIET Bhubaneswar

  2. Dr Abhijit Saha PGT Biology ZIET Bhubaneswar

Overall Guidance

Usha Aswath Iyer Director ZIET Bhubaneswar



Foreword

The Class IX English Communicative Support Material is the maiden venture of ZIET Bhubaneswar in preparation of such material which we hope will benefit the students of Kendriya Vidyalayas.

The material is a compilation of the work of different teachers located in different regions. The units of both SA I and SA II have been covered. The material has been prepared keeping in mind the type of questions that come in the exam. Along with the solved questions, some extra questions have also been added for practice. Your suggestions and criticism will help us refine our work. Please do send us your comments by e-mail to zietbhubaneswar@yahoo.in.

I thank the teachers who have given of their time sincerely and to the regions which have helped lighten my burden. To the staff of ZIET Bhubaneswar my sincere gratitude in contributing to the completion of the task. I sincerely hope that the material will be of use in improving the performance of the students.

USHA ASWATH IYER

DIRECTOR

ZIET BHUBANESWAR



  1. READING


A1.1 Read the poem and answer the questions that follow: [8 marks]
THE LEADER

1. Patient and steady with all he must bear,

Ready to meet every challenge with care,

Easy in manner, yet solid as steel,

Strong in his faith, refreshingly real.

5. Isn't afraid to propose what is bold,

Doesn't conform to the usual mould,

Eyes that have foresight, for hindsight won't do,

Never backs down when he sees what is true,

Tells it all straight, and means it all too.

10. Going forward and knowing he's right,

even when doubted for why he would fight,

Over and over he makes his case clear,

reaching to touch the ones who won't hear.

Growing in strength he won't be unnerved,

15. ever assuring he'll stand by his word.

Wanting the world to join his firm stand,

Bracing for war, but praying for peace,

Using his power so evil will cease,

So much a leader and worthy of trust,

20. Here stands a man who will do what he must.

Q1. The above poem refers to _________________________.

Q2. ‘Doesn’t conform to the usual mould’ suggests the person being described is ___________

Q3. The true qualities of a true leader are ____________ and ____________(any two)

Q4. The leader would fight war bravely but __________.

Q5. Using his power so evil will cease: Here cease means _______.

Q6. Find the antonyms of the following words from the passage


  1. Insight [lines 5-7]

  2. Conflict [lines 15-17]

Q7. Find the synonyms of the following words from the passage:

  1. Accurate [lines 8-10]



A1.2. Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:

Dharam Dev Pishorimal Anand (26 September 1923 – 3 December 2011), better known as Dev Anand, was an Indian film actor, writer, director and producer known for his work in Hindi cinema. Part of the Anand family, he co-founded Navketan Films in 1949 with his elder brother Chetan Anand.

The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 2001 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2002 for his contribution to Indian cinema. His career spanned more than 65 years with acting in 114 Hindi films of which 104 have him play the main solo lead hero and he did 2 English films. Dev Anand’s autobiography “Romancing with life” appears to be a very honest portrayal of the man called Dev Anand. This article is composed on the basis of revelations recorded in his life story. Being a very shy boy Dev’s father put him up in a girl’s school in Gurdaspur. It is obvious that Dev had a very captivating face.

As a child Dev was fond of playing with marbles on the street outside his house. He was an excellent marksman from any distance. He was always sure of hitting every marble that he aimed for. Due to his marksmanship, he had won several marbles and stored those in a big jar, which was his proud possession. His father hated him for playing all day with marbles. Dev was afraid of his father. One day his father admonished him for playing with the marbles all the time. He said that this was not the way to attain stature in life. But he loved his mother very much.
While Dev was still in Gurdaspur, his mother developed Tuberculosis, a fatal disease during those days. The rare medicines necessary for her treatment were unavailable in Gurdaspur. Dev and friend Bhagoo used to go to Amritsar, more than thirty miles away from Gurdaspur, by bus to bring medicines for the treatment of his mother. Dev was fond of a special “Lassi” made from full fat milk, which used to have “Pedas” crushed into it.

One sultry summer day Dev was sweating outside the Golden Temple in Amritsar. A Sikh gentleman was selling “Almond Sherbat”. Dev put his hand forward to grab the tumbler of “Sherbat”. The Sikh “Sherbatwala” saw the unique blessings of sun on Dev’s forehead. He quickly said that some day you will be a big shot in life. Dev narrated this to his mother, who hugged him and told his father to give him the finest education and other facilities so that her son gets what he aspires for. His mother soon became too weak to walk even and was moved to a sanitarium, where she died.


Dev was enrolled in Government College Lahore for his graduation, which he did with honors in English. But soon he discovered that his father had fallen on bad days. Dev wanted to go to England for higher education, so that he could get an elite government job on return to India, but his father admitted that he could not afford this. His father gave him the option to do his master’s degree from Lahore Government College and then serve as a clerk in a bank, which Dev declined.
Q1. Give a suitable heading for the above passage.

Q2. The name of Dev Anand’s biography is _____________________.

Q3.In his childhood he loved playing ______ and he stored them in a ______because they were his proud possession.

Q4. He travelled to Amritsar with his friend Bhagoo, which was thirty miles away from his home tin order to ____________________.

Q5. The special lassi which Dev was particularly fond of was made of _________________.

Q6. Dev could not go to England to pursue his higher education because _______________.

Q7. The Sikh sherbatwala, outside the Golden temple, told Dev that he would_________.

Q8.From the passage, find the synonyms of the following word:

a] story of your life (para 2)

A1.3. Read the passage and answer the questions that follow

WELCOME BACK YUVI ....!

Indian all-rounder and World Cup hero Yuvraj Singh will don national colours for the first time since battling cancer when a two-match Twenty20 series against New Zealand starts on Saturday. The 30-year-old left-hander underwent chemotherapy in the United States in March and April to treat a rare germ-cell tumour between his lungs which was diagnosed late last year.

 Yuvraj, who was ‘Man of the Tournament’ in India's World Cup triumph last year, has not played competitive cricket since two home Tests against the West Indies last November. But the selectors recalled him as soon as he was declared fit by doctors at the National Cricket Academy in Bangalore where he had begun light training in July.

In less than 36 hours from now, Yuvraj Singh will complete an incredible journey- that of having recovered from cancer and walking back on the field as an Indian cricketer. How many runs he scores is a different matter, it is his return to the field that makes him a winner.

On Saturday, Yuvraj will play his first international match after being diagnosed with cancer. And this journey was not an easy one. This was one test that took a lot out of him. "There was a lot of tension. There were negative thoughts in my mind. I used to cry a lot," Yuvraj reminisces.

But all this while his teammates on the cricket pitch played the perfect mates off the field as well. “One day Anil Kumble came to meet me in Boston. He closed my laptop and said 'stop watching cricket and focus on your health'," Yuvraj said.

The left-hander did what he knows best - fought back! And soon the hero was back in India. It was a slow recovery- from stepping into the gym to stepping into the nets.

On Saturday, the journey will reach its most important phase. Yuvraj will be back in the India shirt, playing a T20 International against New Zealand. And he can't wait for the match to begin. He landed in Vizag yesterday and tweeted: "Just landed in lovely Vizag!! Beautiful scenic view before landing! Hope it doesn't rain tom and day after!! Cause I just can't wait anymore."

And he had wishes pouring from all corners. Bollywood superstar Shah Rukh Khan wished his friend good luck. He said, "I will repeat what Yuvraj said. It doesn't matter if he scores one run or 20 runs or 200 runs. I wish he again hits six sixes. Whatever, he said, he has won and he actually has won. I would watch the match just because Yuvraj will be playing it." Olympic silver-medalist MC Mary Kom also wished the southpaw, who won India U-19 World Cup in 2000, T20 World Cup in 2007 and ICC World Cup in 2011.

"I wish all the best in the future to Yuvraj," Mary said. With the nation behind him, I expect the all-rounder to perform as good in his second innings as the first if not better.

Q1. Yuvraj shed tears because

a.___________________

b.____________________

Q2. Who came to meet him in Boston and what did he advise Yuvraj?

Q3. Yuvraj will be playing a T20 International against __________in ______.

Q4. What did Yuvraj hope for as soon as he landed in Vizag?

Q5. Find the antonym of the word ‘loser’ from the passage.

Q6. Complete the following data:


Yuvraj won

a.

b.

cancer

Mary Kom was [para 8]

c.



A1.4. NURTURING TALENT

Creative children usually possess strong creative needs; their interests are unexplainable and are naturally deeply hidden in them. These children are inquisitive ‘show interest in explaining things of fancy and test novel ideas that strike them. They do not accept ideas without questioning and verifying them. Creative children in most school in India feel neglected. Many children are unable to withstand pressure from parents and teachers, to be like other children in the school. Parents, in particular, want their children to fare well in studies, secure good marks and grades. In these days of competition they force them to get along with the schoolwork and prevent these children from using their creative abilities. We often hear from the parents of gifted children that they would be happy to see their children as higher achiever. Even the teachers in the schools admit that their aim is to reduce variations among the children in their classroom.

Creative children look to school and teachers for guidance and encouragement. Teachers should feel that creative children are of great values and they can become assets to the institutions. Creativity is the ability which is most valued in all societies. Constant encouragements given by the school helps these children in exhibiting their inborn abilities and skills. The creative child’s hidden talent can be identified from an early age itself. His choice of friends, hobbies, activities and dresses exhibits his/her inborn abilities. Creative and gifted children can master fundamental skills with minimum levels of training and they need help in understanding their strengths. These children believe that they are pursuing what they presume to be really worthwhile. If there is a teacher who can play the positive role of a facilitator, to kindle their creativity at an early age, wonderful results can be achieved. The school environment provides positive stimulus in exciting the creativity among these children.

The school counsellor (if any) may also help the parents to orient their attitude towards these children. No doubt the curious questioning of these children is very inconvenient to the parent. Now a days many parents do intentionally prevent these children to learn on their own. One of the dominant personality traits among the creative children is independence. Independence in doing what they believe. These children possess the skills of improvisation and are always opened to new experiences. These children are not able to make something out of nothing. The act of creation involves a reshaping of a given material, either physically or mentally. A non-authoritarian, preferably pervasive, stimulating school environment is a positive input in nurturing creativity. Teachers must set challenging tasks and encourage pupils towards working for unusual solution. Guiding children systematically to test new ideas is also very essential. Teachers should encourage the acquisition of new knowledge from diversified areas to develop constructive criticism. If the creative child is to maintain his/her creativity and continue to grow, he/she would need help from his parents and teachers for understanding and accepting his unique talents.



EXERCISES

  1. In the following exercise, fill in the blanks with appropriate words or phrases.

  1. The qualities of creative children are: [1]

  1. Inquisitives

  2. ………………..

  3. They test novel ideas

  4. ………………….

  1. In these days of competition, creative children are forced to persue their studies to the detriment of ……………… [1]

  2. Independence loving children possess the skills of …………………………….. [1]

  3. Development of constructive criticism should be encouraged by the teacher in the………........ [1]

  4. ……………………….. by parents and teachers will lead to creativity and growth of their child. [1]



2. From the passage find words which mean the following: [3]

(a) A useful or valuable thing. (para 2)

(b) Something that promotes activity, interest or enthusiasm. (para 2)

(c) Produce or make something from whatever is available.(para 3)



A1.6. HOW MANY MORE?

All is quiet in this vast Himalayan jungle except for the occasional call of the hornbill. As the group of forest officials treads gingerly ahead in search of poachers, a stench begins to rise from the bowels of the jungle. The winding track dips into a leafy creek. No humans here, just the putrefying half-eaten body of a bull at Paterpani in the Core Zone of the Corbett National Park on 8th February. Fresh pug marks suggest that tigers have been approaching the dead bull, Bhanda, regularly. Above them circles a flock of hungry vultures ready to feast on the remains after the tigers depart. A series of daring strikes in the past three months resulted in five elephants following prey to a powerful poaching mafia which has spread its tentacles in the supposedly well-guarded wildlife sanctuary. Trailing the poachers is a tough task as Brijendra Singh, the park’s honorary wildlife warden who has spents the past twenty years preserving it, will testify. Singh is the driving force behind the 150-odd forest guards who undertake daily missions into the heart of the jungles. He wants the poachers-probably numbering only five but ‘highly skilled at jungle craft-stopped an any cost.’ In a desperate bid to isolate the poachers, officials closed the parks for a day and even used helicopters to search for poachers, but to no avail. Now the CBI too has joined the hunt.

The urgency to pin down the hunters is mounting as the poaching mafia is increasing striking at will all across the country. Between July 1998 and October 1999, about a dozen tuskers were poached in the forest of Coochbehar in West Bengal. The modus operandi was the same as that Corbett. The poachers are interested in the ivory which fetches more than Rs 50,000/- per kg in the international market, the ban on ivory trade having been lifted. A tusker on an average yields 15 to 20 kg of ivory. In 2000 alone, an estimated 100 elephants fell to the avaricious poachers in the various sanctuaries signaling an escalation of a trend that had been subdued for much of the 1990s. For the past three years, elephant mortality is touching the soaring levels the notorious Veerappan had taken it to in the southern ranges in the 1980s.

With Veerappan on the run, his role has been usurped by dozens of group who usually operate independently and chalk out their own turf. But the Corbett killings have shown that there may be alrger group operating on a much wider scale. Singh has dubbed it the ‘Chisel Gang’ for their unique method of hunting. It is simple, but deadly. The poachers lie in eait for the pachyderms armed with muzzle loaders. When they spot a tusker, a 6cm long chisel-like iron dart soaked in lethal pesticides is fired from those proximity into the animal’s under belly.

EXERCISES


  1. In the following exercise, fill in the blanks with suitable words or phrases. [7]

  1. The animals circling the remains of the dead bull Bhanda are ………………………

  2. ‘Highly skilled at jungle craft’ means …………………………….

  3. The poachers hunt the elephants for ….. per kg in the international market.

  4. ……………. seems to have taken to elephant poaching in the 1980s.

  5. ‘Chalk out their out their own turf’ means ……………………………….

  6. The Chisel Gnag fires a 6cm long, chisel-like iron dart soaked in lethal pesticides………

  7. Brijendra Singh calls the gang …….. for their unique method of hunting.



  1. From the passage find words which mean the following: [1]

  1. Greedy (para 2)

  2. Deadly (para 3)

A1.7. The Photograph -Ruskin Bond

I was ten years old. My Grandmother sat on the string bed under the mango tree. It was late summer and there were sunflowers in the garden and a warm wind in the trees. My grandmother was knitting a woollen scarf for the winter months. She was very old, dressed in a plain white sari; her eyes were not very strong now, but her fingers moved quickly with the needles, and the needles kept clicking all afternoon. Grandmother had white hair, but there were very few wrinkles on her skin.

I was rummaging in a box of old books and family heirlooms that had just that day been brought out of the attic by my mother. Nothing in the box interested me very much except for a book with colourful pictures of birds and butterflies. I was going through the book, looking at the pictures, when I found a small photograph between the pages. It was a faded picture, a little yellow and foggy. It was the picture of a girl standing against a wall and behind the wall there was nothing but sky : but from the other side a pair of hands reached up, as though someone was going to climb the wall.


I ran out into the garden. ‘Granny’ I shouted. ‘Look at this picture! I found it in the box of old things. Whose picture is it?’
She took the photograph from my hand, and we both stared at it for a very long time.
‘Whose picture is it?’ I asked.
‘A little girl’s, of course,’ said Grandmother. ‘Can’t you tell?’
“Yes, but did you know the girl?”
‘Yes, I knew her,’ said Granny, ‘but she was a very naughty girl and I shouldn’t tell you about her. But I’ll tell you about the photograph. It was taken in your grandfather’s house about sixty years ago. And that’s the garden wall and over the wall and over the wall there was a road going to town.’
‘Who was the girl?’ I said. ‘You must tell me who she was.’
‘No, that wouldn’t do,’ said Grandmother. ‘I won’t tell you.’
I knew the girl in the photo was really Grandmother, but I pretended I didn’t know. I knew because grandmother still smiled in the same way, even though she didn’t have as many teeth.
‘Come on, Granny,’ I said, ‘tell me, tell me.’
But grandmother shook her head and carried on with the knitting. And I held the photograph in my hand looking from it to my grandmother and back again, trying to find points in common between the old lady and the little pig-tailed girl. A lemon-coloured butterfly settled on the end of Grandmother’s knitting needle and stayed there while the needles clicked away. I made a grab at the butterfly and it flew off in a dipping flight and settled on a sunflower.
Q1. The grandmother was busy____________.

Q2. ____________ were blooming in the garden.

Q3. The boy found _______ in the box of old things.

Q4. The photograph was taken _______ ago at the boy’s ________.

Q5. Apparently, the girl was ________ in the photograph.

Q6. The boy recognized the young girl in the photograph by____________________.

Q7. Find words in the passage which mean the following:


  1. Searching [para 2]

  2. Falling [last para]



A1.8. TRUE GREATNESS

  1. Paderewsky was a rich man gifted with an ear for music. With his aptitude and with the help of tutors, in time, he became a great musician. He was a wizard with the violin. People thronged to hear his recitals, critics acknowledged him as a master violinist. He accepted the laurels heaped on him because he knew and realized the power of his music. Alas, success had made him proud. He felt that he was the only musician who could translate any emotion or render any tune on his violin. One day, while out on a morning walk in the woods he sat on a stone to admire nature. He felt that nature was all set to teach him a new tune of divine joy. The wind caused a gentle rustle of leaves and it seemed like the opening bars of a symphony. A few twigs fell, striking a strong note. There was a pause – a hush. Then a tiny sparrow started trilling a sweet song of gratitude to its maker, lifting its heart to heaven. The music of the swaying flowers and the enchanting song of the unassuming singer lulled and soothed the musician. It stirred the innermost recesses of his heart. He knew that he must render the same piece of music on his violin. The song ended and the bird flew away.



  1. The musician jumped up, elated. He rushed home excited. What a great tune nature had presented to him. He would render it on his violin for his performance that very evening. Evening came and the music hall was packed. Paderewsky went on stage and bowed to the audience. The accompanist played the opening bars. People waited with bated breath to catch the first notes of the great master. The artist smiled loftily and drew his bow lightly across the strings. But something unexpected had happened. He had forgotten the song of the bird completely. The tune he had heard only that morning had gone out his mind. Irritated, he tried again but only succeeded in making a few screeching noises. The audience grew restless. Some even laughed. Paderewsky felt humiliated and angered. He flung the violin, it smashed against the wall and broke. Paderewsky looked up dejected. The hall was empty. He had paid a heavy price for his vanity. Tears flowing he realized that even the humble sparrow was greater than him. The greatness of a person is not measured by the talents he or she has. It is not measured by the position one holds. It is never measured by the popularity or clout one has. It is measured by one’s humility and good deeds.



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