Sentence Patterns Compiled



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Sentence Patterns Compiled


Pattern 1: COMPOUND SENTENCE: SEMICOLON


I wanted to sleep late; the clock reminded me that I must go to work.

Pattern 1A: COMPOUND SENTENCE: SEMICOLON, CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB


She exercised every day and cut back on her food; however, she didn’t lose any weight.

Patterns 1B & 1C: COMPOUND SENTENCE: THREE OR MORE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES.


1B: Our cat loves to play with the ball; I love to watch her, but sometimes I’m not in the mood to play.

1C: The school was deserted; the swings dangled uselessly; the doors swung in the wind.

Pattern 2: COMPOUND SENTENCE WITH ELLIPTICAL CONSTRUCTION


(comma indicates the omitted verb)

For many of us, the new math teacher was a savior; for others, a pain.



Pattern 3: COMPOUND SENTENCE WITH EXPLANATORY STATEMENT


(clauses separated by a colon)

The empty coffin in the center of the crypt had a single horrifying meaning: Dracula had left his tomb in search of fresh blood.



Pattern 4: A SERIES WITHOUT A CONJUNCTION

A , B, C (in any place in the sentence)


It took courage, skill, knowledge – and he had them all.

Pattern 4A: A SERIES WITHOUT COMMAS

A and B and C (in any place in the sentence)


It took courage, skill, knowledge – and he had them all.

Pattern 5: A SERIES OF BALANCED PAIRS


A and B , C and D , E and F .

Great artists often to seem to occur in pairs: Michelangelo and da Vinci, Gaugin and Van Gogh, Monet and Cezanne.



Pattern 6: AN INTRODUCTORY SERIES OF APPOSITIVES


Appositive, appositive, appositive – summary word S V .

The depressed, the stressed, the lonely, the fearful – all have trouble coping with problems.

Pattern 7: AN INTERNAL SERIES OF APPOSITIVES OR MODIFIERS


S – appositive, appositive, appositive – V
S ( appositive, appositive, appositive ) V

My favorite red wines – Zinfandel, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir – blend well in making California rose wines.



Pattern 7A: AN INTERNAL SINGLE OR PAIR OF APPOSITIVES


(enclosed by a pair of dashes, parentheses, or commas)

He recognized the smell – Chanel No. 5 – and it immediately set him sneezing.



Pattern 8: DEPENDENT CLAUSES IN A PAIR OR IN A SERIES


(at beginning or end of sentence)

If he had the money, if he had the time, if he had a companion, he would take that trip around the world.

Pattern 9: REPETITION OF A KEY TERM


(use dash or comma before repetition)

We all have problems but we can find a solution, a solution that works, a solution that is equitable.



Pattern 9A: SAME WORD REPEATED IN PARALLEL STRUCTURE


(use dash or comma before repetition)

He has known her for many years, before she went to college, before she was a star, before she won the Oscar.




Pattern 10: EMPHATIC APPOSITIVE AT END, AFTER A COLON


Airport thieves have a common target: unwary travelers.

Pattern 10A: A VARIATION: APPOSITIVE AFTER A DASH


Pandas eat only one food – bamboo shoots.

Pattern 11: INTERRUPTING MODIFIER BETWEEN S AND V


Donuts and Danish pastries, delicious but fat-laden, contain little nutrition.

Donuts and Danish pastries – delicious but fat-laden – contain little nutrition.



Donuts and Danish pastries (delicious but fat-laden) contain little nutrition.

Pattern 11A: A FULL SENTENCE AS INTERRUPTING MODIFIER.


If you are having trouble with your conclusion – and this is not an uncommon occurrence – it may be because of problems with your essay itself

Pattern 12: INTRODUCTORY OR CONCLUDING PARTICIPLES


Looking happier than ever, my friend accepted her award.

Pattern 13: A SINGLE MODIFIER OUT OF PLACE FOR EMPHASIS


Frantic, the young hiker rushed over with the rescue rope.

Pattern 14: A SENTENCE BEGINNING WITH ONE OR MORE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES


Out of the hole on the side of the bowl, the ants marched.

Pattern 15: OBJECT OR COMPLEMENT BEFORE S AND V


His kind of sarcasm I do not like.
Pattern 15A: COMPLETE INVERSION OF NORMAL PATTERN

Irritated was I when Ben keyed my car.
Pattern 16: PAIRED CONSTRUCTIONS

Not only do I love sushi, but also enchiladas.
Pattern 16A: PAIRED CONSTRUCTIONS FOR CONTRAST ONLY

Not football, but baseball, interests me.

Pattern 18: ABSOLUTE CONSTRUCTION ANYWHERE IN SENTENCE


Angela, her hair disheveled, ran through the door.

His socks stinking, William propped his feet up on the table.

The puppy flopped onto his pillow, his eyes drooping.
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