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RYERSON UNIVERSITY

Department of Geography and Environmental Studies

GEO 530: Urban and Economic Geography Winter 2018

Instructor: Dr. Philip Coppack

Office: JOR 608

Phone: 416-979-5000 ext. 6174 (I don’t respond well to phone calls...)

Email: pcoppack@geography.ryerson.ca (…but will answer e-mails within reason (see box below))

Website: www.geography.ryerson.ca/coppack/geo530NOT A D2L SITE!

Office hours: By chance or appointment.

Course Format: Lectures (3 hours/week): POD 370, 3pm-6pm Monday.


READ ALL OF THIS BOX NOW

You are responsible for reading everything in this course outline, in the PowerPoint slides, in the Ryerson emails I send, and in the lecture material I present.

Students are required to use their Ryerson email address for communication with the instructor. It is the responsibility of students to check their Ryerson email and the course website regularly.

I will not respond to any email question where the answer is in this material.

Be sure any email to me comes from your Ryerson account and has exactly the following subject line or they will end up in junk mail: Geography 530 student query-2017



NOTE

THIS COURSE DOES NOT USE D2L EXCEPT FOR EMAIL PURPOSES.

THE WEBSITE ADDRESS FOR THIS COURSE IS:

www.geography.ryerson.ca/coppack/geo530

The Faculty Course Survey will be conducted online March 23 - April 3.



COURSE DESCRIPTION:

This course explores four major areas of spatial economic activity. First, it looks at economic history – why the world looks the way it does today, and the mechanisms and processes that give rise to it. Second, it explores the theory, concepts and methods underlying the spatial distribution of economic activities across the landscape. It pays particular attention to the spatial patterns that arise in the distribution of the principal economic sectors of the economy: the resources, manufacturing, and service sectors, and to the geographical economics of urban land use patterns. Third, it examines current geopolitics as they pertain to economics. Here we will look at the rise of populism and its effects such as Brexit, tax increases, and economic growth and voodoo economics.


COURSE EVALUATION:

Paper proposal 20% (due dates see schedule below)

Paper final draft 30% (due dates see schedule below)

In-class multiple choice tests (5x10%) 50% (due dates see schedule below)



There is no final exam in this course so do not miss the tests.
NOTE: Tests will be run in the first 40 minutes of the class and will be comprised of 40 multiple choice questions. IF YOU MISS A TEST, THERE ARE ABSOLUTELY NO REWRITES OF THEM FOR ANY REASON. YOU WILL LOSE THE GRADE FOR IT – NO EXCEPTIONS.

LECTURE SCHEDULE

Week#

Lectures

Assignments

1

Jan 15


1. Introduction.
Course mechanics.

The Space Economy – definition and structure


Modeling: what it is and how it is used.
Landscapes: homogeneity, isotropy and reality(ies).

Modelling: Scale and Chaos



Distribute proposal-paper assignment with course outline.

SPATIAL MACROECONOMIC BACKGROUND

2

Jan 22



2. The Engine of Economic Growth and Change: Demographics.

Population growth, fertility, survival, dependency.

Population structure: transition and pyramids.





3

Jan 29



3. Economic Change and Urbanisation

Mercantilism+Renaissance=Transformation: a canvas for change.

Macroeconomic Eras – two flavours: revolutions and capital.

Global Economy since 1945.

Cities as points of socio-economic transformation.

Urban growth versus urbanization.

Demographic transition, urbanization, and economic transformation model.

Colonialisation and decolonialisation.



Quiz #1

Lectures 1,2

4

Feb 5




4. Finance, Cycles, Agglomeration and Scale.
Money!

Booms, busts, and the financial/banking system.

Economic cycles: Kondratieff, Keynes, inventory and product.

Internal scale economies.


External scale economies.




ECONOMIC SECTOR MODELLING

5

Feb 12



5. Economic Base Theory, Economic Classifications, Data, Methods

The fundamental geographic structure of economies.


“Basic” and “non-basic” economic activities.

The B/NB ratio and the multiplier concept.

Classification systems

Economic indicators, indices, data, and sources.

Current and constant dollars.

Location quotients.

Shift-share analysis.

Gini coefficients, Lorenz and other curves.

Productivity, capacity utilisation, and input-output.

Relative and absolute change, rates and levels of change.



Quiz #2

Lectures 3,4

5

Feb 19


READING WEEK




ECONOMIC SECTOR MODELS

7

Feb 26


6. Agricultural, Resource Location, Urban Economics and Land Use.
Von Thunen and the concept of bid rent.
Models of urban structure - an overview.
Alonso and urban rent theory.

Peak value intersections.


The economics of urban slums.

The economics of urban sprawl.

Zimmerman's Axiom: resources aren't, they become: resource economics.


Proposal due

8

Mar 5




7. Manufacturing: from weight watching to getting satisfaction.
Maximization approaches: Weber and the weight loss hypothesis.
Optimization approaches: Losch and the pursuit of profit.
Behavioral approaches: Smith and margins of profitability.

Decision making approaches: Simon and satisficing.

Spatial cost curves.

Model of industrial location change.

Industrialisation, Deindustrialisation, Industrial Restructuring.

Measuring degree and type of change.



Quiz #3

Lectures 5,6


9

Mar 12



8. Retail and Services Location.
Christaller and central place theory: range, threshold, K patterns.

Distance decay and the economics of urban demand and supply.

Elasticity.
Gravity models.


Return proposal


MOVEMENT

10

Mar 19



9. Interaction and Time, Space, and Time-Space

Arrow of time.

Time-space cubes, prisms and paths.

Discretionary and obligatory events.

Time-space convergence.

Proxemics and social distance.

Interaction

Interaction models: gravity & distance decay.



Quiz #4

Lectures 7,8

11

Mar 26



10. Transportation and Diffusion.

Networks.

Network analysis tools.

Transportation Economics.

Modes of transportation.

The cost of traffic jams.

Diffusion: what it is.

Modelling diffusion – Hagerstrand.



Final Paper Due

NOTE: FRIDAY MARCH 31 IS THE LAST DATE TO DROP COURSES WITHOUT ACADEMIC PENALTY. IT IS BETTER TO DROP A COURSE THAN TO FAIL A COURSE. REMEMBER: ‘F’ IS FOREVER.

GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

12

April 2


11. Economic Growth, Regional Development & Income Inequality:

Brexit and border taxes: Trump, zombie economics, the rise of populism, and the decline of economic reason in the post-truth world.

Income, income inequality and wellbeing.


Quiz #5

Lectures 9,10



13

April 9


12. Course Wrap Up

Return Papers



REQUIRED TEXT – PowerPoint at www.geography.ryerson.ca/coppack/geo530

There is no assigned textbook for this course. The PowerPoint and their notes are detailed and extensive and serve as a text for this course. But there are some good general references you should look at:


General text books (oldies and goldies - in order of pertinence):

Lloyd, Peter and Peter Dicken (1977) Location in Space: A Theoretical Approach to Economic Geography. Harper Row.

Dicken, Peter (1986). Global Shift. Industrial Change in a Turbulent World. Harper Row.

De Faust, and Sousa (1979) World Space Economy.

Hayter, Roger and Jerry Patchell (2011). Economic Geography. An Institutional Approach. Oxford University Press.
Most of these references pertain more to the 2008 crisis and its aftermath but are great for the financial sector and global macroeconomics overviews:

Lewis, Michael (all by Lewis and all are really good):

The Big Short (about the subprime mortgage (SPM) fiasco).

Boomerang (how Iceland, Greece, Ireland, and Germany fared – also has a summary of the SPM fiasco).

Flash Boys (about electronic trading distorts the stock market).

Liar’s Poker (how Wall Street trading rooms work).

The New New Thing (about Silicon Valley).

Sorkin, Andrew Ross. Too Big To Fail. (Excellent summary of the SPM fiasco and the ensuing bank mergers).

Irwin, Neil. The Alchemists. (Brilliant story of US, UK, EU central bankers’ responses to SPM fallout).

Malkiel, Burton. A Random Walk Down Wall Street. (Classic book on investment strategies but has a great overview of how Wall Street stock markets work and, mostly, of past financial crises.)

Mayer, Jane. Dark Money. (Depressing exposé on how and why the ultra wealthy right wing shape elections and power.)
A FEW GOOD DATA SOURCES

Stats Canada Yearbooks:

http://www65.statcan.gc.ca/acyb01/acyb01_0000-eng.htm

Historical data on all aspects of Canadian social, demographic and economic life, from 1870 to 1964.

CANSIM:

Capital expenditures 1991-2013 (click Add/Remove tab and scroll down and change dates).

http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/pick-Choisir?lang=eng&p2=33&id=0290009



Manufacturing sales 1990-2003 (click Add/Remove tab and scroll down and change dates).

http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a05?lang=eng&id=3010005&pattern=3010005&searchTypeByValue=1&p2=35



Employment and labour stats 1976-2010

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11-210-x/2010000/t020-eng.htm



Portal to other manufacturing stats.

http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/subject-sujet/result-resultat?pid=4005&id=-4005&lang=eng&type=ARRAY&pageNum=1&more=0



Portal to other Employment and labour stats 1976-2010

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11-210-x/2010000/tablelist-listetableaux2-eng.htm



INTERNATIONAL SOURCES:

World Bank Indicators:

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NV.IND.TOTL.KD



International Monetary Fund (IMF):

Homepage for data:

http://www.imf.org/external/data.htm



Mapper (needs Flash):

http://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/index.php



Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD):

http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx



PRB (Population Reference Bureau):

http://www.prb.org/DataFinder.aspx



World Health Organisation (WHO):

http://apps.who.int/gho/data/?theme=main



Global Burden of Disease (Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation):

http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/gbd/publications/policy-report/global-burden-disease-generating-evidence-guiding-policy


GOOD WEBSITES

http://laborsta.ilo.org/STP/guest

http://www.ilo.org/public/english/support/lib/resource/subject/labourstat.htm

http://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/index.php

http://www.gapminder.org/data/

http://databank.worldbank.org/ddp/home.do?Step=3&id=4

http://www.principalglobalindicators.org/default.aspx

http://www.prb.org/DataFinder/Geography.aspx?loct=4

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/start-debut-eng.html


Geography 530 Assignment Winter 2018

IMPORTANT!

≪≪≪≪≪≪ READ THE REST OF THIS ASSIGNMENT DOCUMENT ≫≫≫≫≫>



Just because you don’t read it doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist.

Use the Research Process Flowchart and Proposal Example Table at the end of this document.


Purpose:

The purpose of the course assignment is twofold. The first is to allow you to explore a topic of your choice in Economic Geography. The second is to allow you to practice formulating and writing a proper academic research proposal. Both of these goals will weigh equally in your final grade for the paper.


Structure:

The assignment has two parts. First, you must write a proposal for a research paper following the detailed guidelines provided below. READ THEM CAREFULLY AND FOLLOW THEM DILIGENTLY. Second, using a corrected proposal as the first three pages, you must write the paper itself integrating feedback from the proposal stage. The proposal will be re-evaluated as part of the paper so the grade on it will change as well.


NOTE: THIS IS THE HARDEST ASSIGNMENT YOU WILL EVER DO BECAUSE:

1. IT LOOKS EASY.

2. IT REQUIRES THAT YOU READ AND FOLLOW THIS ENTIRE ASSIGNMENT DOCUMENT THOROUGHLY.

3. YOU HAVE TO STAY HIGHLY FOCUSSED ON A SMALL TOPIC.

4. EACH SECTION MUST SPIRAL DOWN TIGHTLY FROM THE PREVIOUS SECTIONS.

5. IT IS THE PROCESS THAT IS IMPORTANT NOT THE TOPIC YOU CHOOSE.


Length and Grade:

The proposal is worth 20% of the course grade and should not exceed THREE typewritten narrative pages. The paper is worth 30% of the course grade and should not exceed SIX typewritten narrative pages INCLUDING THE CORRECTED ORIGINAL PROPOSAL AS THE FIRST THREE PAGES. Both items must follow the Research Process Flowchart and the Proposal Example Table. These two documents are found below. You must also follow the Writing Guidelines below and you should also pay attention to the Marking Guidelines, also found below. Fundamentally, the paper should accomplish the proposal, incorporating any comments offered in it.


THE ORIGINAL UNREPAIRED PROPOSAL, WITH MY COMMENTS, IS TO BE ATTACHED AS AN APPENDIX TO YOUR PAPER. IF IT IS NOT THERE YOU WILL LOSE 10% OF YOUR FINAL PAPER GRADE IMMEDIATELY.

PART #1: The Proposal

NB: Use the Research Process Flowchart and Proposal Example Table at the end of this document.

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