Restructed syllabus (cbcs) andhrauniversity college of arts & commerce department of yoga and consciousness master of arts in yoga& consciousness


Will Durant (1926/1991). The Story of Western Philosophy: The lives and opinions of the world’s greatest philosophers from Plato to John Dewey. United Kingdom Simon & Schuster



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2. Will Durant (1926/1991). The Story of Western Philosophy: The lives and opinions of the world’s greatest philosophers from Plato to John Dewey. United Kingdom Simon & Schuster


3. Bertrand Russell: History of Western Philosophy (1967). United Kingdom, Simon & Schuster.


Paper 102: Introduction to Western Philosophy

Model Question Paper


Duration: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80

SECTION – A



Answer all the three questions choosing one from each set: 3 X 20 = 60
1. Write an essay on philosophical views of Pre-Socratic Philosophers

OR

Explain Socratic Philosophy with reference to Life, Method, Pursuit of Truth and Ethics.


2. Explain cogito ergo sum,

OR

Elucidate on the Doctrine of substance of Spinoza.



3. Explain Lock’s refutation of innate ideas

OR

Write an essay on theory of knowledge of Emanuel Kant.


SECTION – B


Answer any five of the following questions : 5X 4 =20


    1. Explain Plato’s doctrine of ideas

    2. How does Descartes explain Proofs for the existence of God.

    3. Spinoza on existence of God

    4. Write a short note on Leibniz’s innateness of ideas.

    5. State briefly how Berkley explains the concepts of esse-est-percipi and role of God

    6. David Hume’s theory of self and personal identity

    7. Explain briefly about Hegel-Absolute Idealism

    8. Kant’s distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments

Semester-I
Paper-103: Yoga Practice –I: Asanas
Unit-I:

Sukshma Vyayamam (pawan mukta series); Greeva Sanchalana; Netra Sanchlana; Surya Namaskara



Unit-II:

Meditation Asanas:Sukhasana, Ardha Padmasan, Padmasana, Svastikasana, Siddhasana, Vajrasana,

Relaxation Asanas: Savasana, Makharasana, Nirlambasana, Matsyakridasana, Advasana; Jystikasna

Unit-III:

Standing Asanas:Tadasana, Tiryak Tadasna, Katichkarasana, Parivrita Trikonasana, Parsva Konasana, Veera Bhadrasana, Vrukshasana,Natarajasana, Parsvottanasana, Utkatasana, Pada Angushtasana, Parighasana

Unit-IV:

Sitting Asanas: Saithalyasana,Vakrasana, Janusirshasana, Paschimottanasana, Ustrasana, Sasankasana, Supta Vajrasana, Marjalasana, Vygrasana, Gomukhasana, Sashankabhujangasana, Ardha Chandrasana, Parivritha Janu Sirshasana, Ardha Matsyendrasana, Simhasana,Yogamudrasana,Bakasana,Brahmacharyasana, Lolasana

Unit-V:

Prone, Supine& Inverted Asanas:Sarpasana, Bhujangasana, Ardha Salabhasana, Salabhasana, Dhanurasana,Parsva Dhanurasana,Hamsasana,Mayurasana, Uttana Padasana,Navasana, Kandharasana,Chakrasana,Supta Pawanamuktasana stage-I& II,Jatara Parivrittanasana and its variations,Yoganidrasaana, Viparita karni, Sarvangasana, Halasana, Matsyasana, Sirshasana, Oordhwa Padmasana
Recommended books:

Swami, Kuvalyananda(1993), Asanas, Kaivalyadhama, Lonavla

Iyengar, B.K.S. (1976) : Light on Yoga London, UNWIN Paperbacks

Swami, Satyananda S.(2002),Asana, Pranayama, Mudra, Bandha, Munger, Yoga Publications Trust

Babu, K.R(2011): Aasana Sutras (based on traditional Hatha Yoga literature), Vizianagaram, Home of Yoga Publications

Paper-104: Introduction to Psychology
UNIT-I INTRODUCTION:

1. Nature andScopeof psychology; Historical perspective;Definitionandgoals

Ofpsychology; 2.Psychological Approaches:biological,evolutionary, cognitive,psychodynamic,humanistic,behavioral,cross-culturalperspective.

3. Research Methods: Experiment, observation, interview, case-study andquestionnaire
UNIT-II

1. PERCEPTION:Sensoryandperceptualprocesses;patternrecognition;attention;perception ofobjects, space and time; feature and attributeperception; perceptual organization; plasticityof perception;illusions; states of consciousness.2. LEARNING: Modelsandtheoriesoflearning: classical and operant conditioning and social learning;learningparadigms;skillacquisitionand transfer of learning; languageacquisition.

UNIT-III


1. MEMORY: Functionsandprocesses;modelsandtheoreticalviews;influencesonmemory processes;neuro-physiologicalperspective;aspectsofmemory deteriorationand improvement.2. HIGHERCOGNITIVE PROCESSES:Languageandthought;problemsolving;decision processes.

UNIT-III


1. INTELLIGENCE:Natureofintelligence;theoriesandmodelsofintelligence;psychological tests and assessment ofintelligence.2. MOTIVATIONANDEMOTION:Physiologicalandcognitivebasesofmotivation;expression and perception of emotions; physiological correlates andtheories of emotion.

UNIT-V


PERSONALITY:Nature and theories ofpersonality;Psychoanalytic theory of Freaud, Jung and Adler; type and trait approaches by Eysenk and Cattell; personalityassessment; determinants of personality.
Recommended Books

1. Morgan, C.T., King, R.A., Weisz, J.R., &Schopler, J. Introduction to



Psychology.Singapore: McGraw-Hill.

2. Baron, R.A. (2007).Psychology (5th Edition) New Delhi: PrenticeHallofIndia.

3. Hillgard, E.R., Atkinson, R.C.& Atkinson, R.L. (197). Introduction to Psychology (6th

Edition). New Delhi, Oxford IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.

4. Parameswaran E.G. & Beena, C. (2002). An Invitation to Psychology.Hyderabad,

Neelkamal Publications Pvt. Ltd.

5. Morgan, C.T., King, R.A., Weisz, J.R., &Schopler, J. Introduction to

Psychology.Singapore: McGraw-Hill.

PAPER 104: INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY

Model Question Paper
Duration: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80
SECTION – A
Answer all the three questions choosing one from each set: 3 X 20 = 60
1. Define psychology and trace out the roots of psychology

OR

What is the scope of psychology?


2 . Explain the empiricists and nativists views on acquisition of knowledge

OR

What are the principles of perceptual organization?


3. Define intelligence. Explain different theories of intelligence

OR

Define personality and explain trait and type approaches to personality


SECTION – B
Answer any five of the following questions: 5X 4 =20
1. Discuss perceptual constancies

2. Explain terms sensorythreshold and differencethreshold

3. What is conditioned stimulus in classical conditioning?

4. Explain the terms Mental Age and Intelligence Quotient

5. What are mnemonics?

6. What is forgetting? Explain different types of forgetting

7. Describe language development in the young child

8. Explain Id, Ego and Superego



Semester-I

Paper 105: Elements of Human Anatomy & Physiology

Unit: I

Cell structure and its function; tissues-types; Skeletal system: types of bone, types of joints, bone of pelvic girdle, the lower limbs, the vertebral column. Muscular system: types of muscles,

UNIT-II

Digestive system: the mouth, the salivary glands, the esophagus, the stomach, the liver, the gall bladder, the pancreas.

UNIT-III


Circulatory system: The heart: function of the heart, the arteries, the veins, blood pressure. Respiratory system: nasal cavities, larynx, the trachea, the lungs, movement of air in the respiratory tract, inhalation and exhalation; Excretory system: The kidneys, functions of the kidney, the ureter, the urinary bladder the urethra.

UNIT-IV


Endocrine system: the thyroid gland, the parathyroid glands, the pituitary gland, the pancreas. Reproductive system: the male and female genital organs. Lymphatic System: Introduction to Lymphatic System, Immune System & Immunity, Resistance Power; Physiological basis of perception and Sense organs-eye-ear-nose-tongue and skin

UNIT-V


The Nervous System: The central nervous system, the autonomic nervous system, the peripheral nervous system; physiological basis of emotions and learning;
Recommended Books:

Byas Deb Ghosh. (2007). Human anatomy for students, Jaypee Brothers, New Delhi



J. L. Smith, R. S. Winwood, W. G. Sears (1985). Anatomy and Physiology for Nurses.Hodder Education.

Gore.M .V (2005).Anatomy and Physiology of Yoga Practices, Kaivalyadhama, Lonavla.

B. J. Colbert, J. J. Ankney, K. Lee. (2010). Anatomy & Physiology for Health Professions: An Interactive Journey. Prentice Hall.

PAPER 105: ELEMENTS OF HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

Model Question Paper

Duration: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80

______________________________________________________________________________
SECTION - A
Answer all the three questions choosing one from each set: 3x20 = 60


  1. Draw a neat diagram of cell explaining the function of each part

(Or)

Write in details about the functions of the digestive system.




  1. Give an account of the anatomy of the lungs. What is the mechanism by which air enters and leaves the lungs?

(Or)

Draw a diagram of the urinary tract and describe the functions of the kidneys.




  1. Discuss about the lymphatic system and its role in maintaining immunity.

(Or)

Draw a neat labeled diagram of the brain and explain about the functions.

SECTION - B

Answer any five of the following questions: 5x4 = 20


  1. Narrate the different parts of Central Nervous System.

  2. Function of thyroid gland.

  3. The Spinal Cord.

  4. Role of parasympathetic system.

  5. Types of muscles.

  6. What is hemoglobin and what are its functions?

  7. Functions of pancreas

  8. What are the functions of the pituitary gland?


Paper 106: Selections from the Bhagavad Gita
Unit-I

Introduction to Bhagavad Gita; Bhagavad Gita the Yoga Sastra; outlines of Bhagavad Gita- tradition of Yoga in Bhagavad Gita.



Unit-II :

Chapter: II: Samkhya Yoga: description of Atma – the doctrine of Nishkama Karma – characteristics of Sthithi Prajna;



Unit-III

Ch.VI: Dhyana Yoga: characteristics of the sage of self-conquest - method of Meditation – enquiry in to mind control – excellence of Dhyana Yoga -Ch.XII: Bhakti Yoga: qualities of Bhakta



Unit-IV

Ch. XIII: Kshetra kshetrajna vibhaga yoga: concept of Kshetra and Kshetrajna - qualities of Jnani – distinction between Prakriti and Purusha - Ch. XIV. Gunatraya Vibhaga Yoga: nature of the three Gunas - the effect of the three Gunas – qualities of Jivanmukta



Unit-V

Ch.XV: Purushottama prapti Yogam



Recommended books:

Yogananda, Sri Sri Paramahansa.(2002). (Tr.& Com.) The Bhagavad Gita, Royal Science of God Realization, vol.I & II, Yogoda Satsanga Society of India, Kolkot
Vidya Prakashnanda Swami(1980): Gita Makaranda, Kalahasti, Sri Sukha Brahma Ashram

Ekanath Eswaran (1997): The Bhavad Gita for Daily Living, Allahabad, Jaico Books

Dr. T.R. Anantharaman (2000) Ancient Yoga and Modern Science (Yoga of Bhagavad Gita – Chapter – 7) Munsiram Manoharlal Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

PAPER 106: Selections from the Bhagavad Gita

Model Question Paper
Duration: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80
SECTION – A
Answer all the three questions choosing one from each set: 3 X 20 = 60
1. “Bhagavad Gita is the Yoga Sastra” - Explain

Or

Describe the nature of ‘Atma’


2. Write about characteristics of Sthiti Prajna

Or

Describe the technique of Meditation as described in Bhagavad Gita


3. Distinguish between Kshetraand Kshetrajna

Or

Write an essay on chapter of Purushottamaprapti Yogam



SECTION – B
Answer any five of the following question: 5X 4 =20
1. Tradition of Yoga in Bhagavad Gita

2. Nishkama Karma Yoga

3. Qualities of Bhakta

4. Nature of the three Gunas

5. Qualities of Jivanmukta

6. Prakriti and Purusha

7. Excellence of Dhyana Yoga

8. Characteristics of the sage of self-conquest



Paper-107: Hatha Yoga Pradipika Text

UNIT-I


Definition of ‘Ha’ and ‘Tha’ and what is hatha yoga –lineage of mahasiddhas-Yoga texts and their traditions; extent of the text, about date, author and contents of Hathayogapradipika, commentators on HP like Srinivasa Bhatta, Brahmananda & Balakrishna. A review.
UNIT-II

Nathas-influence of Nadha yogis on Telugu/Andhra literature; Kumara Sambhavamu, Sivayogsaramu & Haravilasam of Srinadha, Swarasastramanjari of Ganapanaradhya, Navanaathacharitra, Paratatvarasayanamu, & Navanadha siddha pradeepika; translators of H.P in Telugu Sri O. Y Doraiswamayiah & Rachakonda annayasastri


UNIT-III

Causes of failure and success in Hatha yoga sadhana – Yama and Niyama in hatha yoga (HP& HR).Pranasamyama yoga. Shat karmas- Relation of mind and Prana Asta kumbhakas-Relation of mind and nada - Nathanusandhana,

UNIT-IV

Compare and contrast Hathapradipika, Hatha Rratnavali & Yoga Ratnapradipika, yogic therapy, Advaitic background f the text, tradition of Vasistha and Matsyendra,; language and style of hatha yogins , an estimate.



UNIT-V

Samadhi and its various names – process of Samadhi– shambhavi mudra- shanmukhi mudra, misconception of mudras now-a-days- yogic and non-yogic like natyasastra and mantra sastra – the four stages of hatha yoga and hearing nada – the features of a Yogi in samadhi


Text:
Gyan Shankar Sahay (2013) (Tr.& com.) Hathayogapradipika of Swatmarama, Morarjidesai National institute of yoga , New Delhi
RECOMMENDED BOOKS AND JOURNALS


  1. Professor M.Venkatareddy (2011) Hatharatnavali of Srinivasabhattamahayogandra, MSR memorial yoga series, Arthamuru, EGDT-INTRODUCTION.




  1. Dr.P.K.Gode, date of Hathayogapradeepika of Swatmarama muni-studies in India literary history vol-I-PP-379-387

PAPER 107: Hatha Yoga Pradipika Text

Model Question Paper
Duration: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80
SECTION – A
Answer all the three questions choosing one from each set: 3 X 20 = 60
1. What is Hatha Yoga? Justify title of the Hathayogapradipika?

Or

Explain briefly about shat karmas.


2. Write an essay on influence of Nadhayogis on Telugu literature?

OR

What is nada? Describe the relation of Mind and Nada


3. Mention important characteristics of Hathayogapradipika?

OR

Compare and contrast hatha texts like Hathapradipika, Hatharatnavali & Yogaratnapradipika by Prabhalabhogeshwara muni?


SECTION – B
Answer any five of the following question: 5X 4 =20
1. Define “Ha’and ‘Tha’

2. Manuscripts on hathayoga

3. Yama and niyama in hathayoga

4. Mithahara in hathayoga and Upavasa in Ayurveda

5. Signs of perfection of in hatha yoga

6. Names of Kundalini

7. Shambhavi mudra

8. Contents of Hathapradipika



Elective Paper:

Paper-108: : Basics of Sanskrit
Unit –I: Sanskrit Alphabet (Aksharamala);

*Orthography of Devanagari varnamala, classification of varnas, purnaksara,

samyuktaksara, karakas and mrduvyanjanas, writing of varnamala using Roman

transliteration.



Sanskrit words :– classification of Sanskrit words; Subantas - Ajantha and Halanta words, genders, vachanas, cases of subanta words. Declaration of the following words in cases: - Rama, Hari, Guru, Pitri, Lata Mati, Dhenu, Phalam, Vari, Gau, Marut, Vidvas, Rajan etc., Asmad, Yusmad, Tad, Kim etc.

Poetry – Subhashitas: Selections From Sarala slokah

  1. Ya kundendu tushara…v.No.1

  2. Yeshaam na vidya na tapo.. v.No.3

  3. Sahitya samgeeta kalaa viheenah… v.No.4

  4. Bhaasaashu maduraa divyaa.. v.No.5

  5. vidyaa naama narasya… v.No.6

  6. rupayouvana sampannaah… v.No.8

  7. vidyayaa vpushaa vaacaa.. v.No.9

  8. arakshitam tishtati daivarakshitam.. v.No.14

  9. takshakasya visham dante… v.No.19

  10. brahmaanandam paramasukhadam.. v.No.21

  11. yathaa desasthathaa bhaashaa.. v.No25

  12. Makshikaa vranamicchanti… v.No.29

  13. drstiputam nyaset paadam… v.No.34

  14. hastasya bhusanam daanam.. v.No41

  15. raahapathni guroh pathni.. v.No.51

  16. pushpeshu padmam nagarishu kaasi.. v.No.59

  17. atiparichayaadavajnaa … v.No.61

  18. utsave vyasane caiva durbhikshe.. v.No.87

  19. yasyaasti vittam sa narah kulinah… v.No.110

  20. paandityasya vibhushanam madhurataa.. v.No.159


Unit –II : Prose- - Hitopadesa – mitralabha

Unit –III :Grammar – Declensions & Conjugations*
a )DECLENSIONS: Ajanta Sabdas

Masculine: Rama, Hari, Sambhu Dhatr, , Pitr, Go.

Feminine : Ramaa, Mati, Gauri ,Dhenu, Vadhu, Matr.

Neuter : Vanam, Vaari.Sarvanamasabdas : asmad yushmad , tat ( three genders ) kim

b) CONJUGATIONS: LAT, , LOT, LAN, VIDHILIN LRT- Five tenses only)

PARASMAIPADINS:BHU, GAM, DRSIR, STHAA, DRSIR, PA,AS, , LIKHA KR.

ATMANEPADINS:LABH, MUD, BHAS, RAM, VAND, YUDH KR SEV

* Kriyapada in Sanskrit -:Classification, Lakaras, Purusas, Vachanas. Declaration of thefollowing root words in Lat, Lan, Lrt, Lot and Vidhi Lin - Bhu, Khad, Vad, Dhya, Path,Sev, Kshi, Prachchh, Tush, Kath, Chint, Ad, As, Jagri, Bha, Kri.

Unit –IV: Grammar - Sandhi& Samasa *

A)SANDHI: ACH SANDHI : Savarnadirgha , Guna ,Vrddhi,Yanadesa, Ayavayava

HAL SANDHI : Scutva Jastva, Sthutva, Anunasika ,Visarga

b)SAMASA : Dvigu , Dvandva, Bahuvrihi , Tatpurusha , Karmadharaya , Avyayibhava



* Avyayas in Sanskrit - different kinds of avyayas, upasargas, nipatas etc.,

Elementary knowledge of all kinds of sandhis with examples in Sanskrit

Elementary knowledge of voices, compound words with examples in Sanskrit.

Karakas - its use in Sanskrit.



Unit –V: Translation

From Sanskrit to English / TeluguSlokas/ Simple sentences from Subhashitas and from Other prescribed lessons



Books Recommended:

  1. R.S. Vadhyar &Sons :Infant Sanskrit Reader –, Palghat

  2. Sarala slokah (easy slokas for children) Samskrita kaaryalayah, aravindasrama ,Pondicherry, TN

  3. Hitopadesah of Narayanapandita, Jayalakshmi Publications, Hyderabad.

  4. Prathama –Samskrta Bhasha Pracara Samiti , Hyderabad


PAPER 108:Basics of Sanskrit

Model Question Paper
Duration: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80






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