Reformation of the Curricula on Built Environment in the Eastern Neighbouring Area


Learning Package 5- Restoring major infrastructure and rehabilitating communities



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Learning Package 5- Restoring major infrastructure and rehabilitating communities

  1. Introduction to the learning package


The negative consequences of disasters to infrastructure and other built environment facilities bring severe disruptions to national economies and diminish quality of life for long periods of time. Restoring major infrastructure and rehabilitating communities therefore become major challenges in post disaster reconstruction stage. This learning package attempts to provide an overview of these challenges and the ways which they can be overcome.
      1. Aim of the learning package


To provide opportunity for students to critically examine and effectively analyse the impact of disasters on physical infrastructure and the built environment
      1. Key learning outcomes of the learning package

        1. Knowledge and Understanding


On successful completion of this learning package, a student will be able to:

  • gain an understanding on the importance and ways of restoring major infrastructure after a disaster and in rehabilitating communities
        1. Transferable/Key Skills and other attributes


On completion of the module a student will have had the opportunity to:

  • Develop critical thinking, creativity and innovation related to disaster mitigation and reconstruction of the built environment

  • Synthesise information from a number of sources in order to gain a coherent understanding of relevant theory and practice

  • Work within an appropriate ethos and can use and access a range of learning resources

  • Consider the role of the built environment in society

  • Apply judiciously problem solving and lateral thinking in a variety of disaster situations

  • Adopt a methodological approach to problem solving


      1. Lecture notes and hand outs

        1. Lecture 1- Impact of disasters on infrastructure facilities


Infrastructure is critical to a safe and resilient economy. Natural and man-made disasters have a profound impact on the quality of life through destruction of the built environment (UN/ESCAP, 2006). Various infrastructure segments of are frequently subjected to natural and man-made disasters (Nigim et al., 2005). The negative consequences to infrastructure and other built environment facilities often leads to dire economic consequences and a diminished quality of life for long periods of time (Government of India, 2002).

Half of the world’s natural disasters and 70 percent of all floods have been recorded in Asian countries and much of the damage inflicted by floods is to infrastructure (UN-ESCAP, 2006). By some estimates, infrastructure losses account for 65 percent of all flood losses. Approximately 50 percent of the World Bank’s total lending is equivalent to the total cost of damage to infrastructure due to natural disasters in the Asian context. The annual investment needed for post-disaster reconstruction of infrastructure and economic recovery in developing countries of the Asian and Pacific region would require an estimated $15 billion, for a total infrastructure-financing requirement estimated at $55 billion per year.



Image: Damages to Southern Highway – Tsunami 2004 in Sri Lanka



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