FACT AND OPINION: USE RESOURCES TO CHECK FACTS In order to evaluate a work of nonfiction, you must understand the difference between fact and opinion. A fact, unlike an opinion, can be proved. An opinion expresses a judgment that can be supported but not proved. For example, the statement "The Dominican Republic is in the Caribbean Sea" is a fact that can be proved by observation. All you need to do is look at a map. The statement "The climate in the Dominican Republic is perfect" is a judgment based on the weather.
You can check facts by using resources such as
reliable Web sites
A. DIRECTIONS: Identify the following passages from or about “Names/Nombres” as fact or opinion. Write F if the statement is a fact and O if it is an opinion.
_____1. “We had been born in New York City when our parents had first tried immigration.”
_____2. The Dominican Republic is south of Bermuda.
_____3. “It was the ugliest name she had ever heard.”
_____4. “Tía Josefina . . . was not really an aunt but a much older cousin.”
_____5. “Our goodbyes went on too long.”
B. DIRECTIONS: Each statement below contains an error. Name the resource you would
consult to check the statement. (If you would consult a Web site, write the name of the site.) Then, look up the statement in that resource, and rewrite it correctly.
1. Julia Alvarez moved to the United States for good in 1962.
Literary Analysis: Tone The tone of a literary work is the writer’s attitude toward his or her audience and
subject. The tone can often be described in one word, such as playful, serious, or humorous. Factors that contribute to the tone are word choice, sentence structure, and
sentence length. Notice how the writer’s word choice creates a friendly, informal tone:
By the time I was in high school, I was a popular kid, and it showed in my name.
Sometimes, as in “Names/Nombres,” humorous ideas, exaggeration, and dialogue help create a casual, informal tone. Alvarez’s use of contractions, such as wouldn’t and didn’t, also adds to the informal tone.
A. DIRECTIONS: As you read “Names/Nombres,” look for details that add to the essay’s
informal, humorous tone. On the chart, write one example of each contributing factor.