Reading comprehension puji Astuti Amalia

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Passage 2

7. The word “range” as used in line 2 is

closest in meaning to which of the


A. probe

B. proceed

C. hail

D. extend

8. In line 3, the word “estimate” could

best be replaced by

A. disbelieve

B. declare

C. calculate

D. wonder

Passage 2


Carbohydrates, which are sugars, are an essential part of a healthy diet. They provide the main source of


energy for the body, and they also function to flavor and sweeten foods. Carbohydrates range from simple


sugars like glucose to complex sugars such as amylose and amylopectin. Nutritionists estimate that


carbohydrates should make up about one-fourth to one-fifth of a person’s diet. This translates to about


75–100 grams of carbohydrates per day.


A diet that is deficient in carbohydrates can have an adverse effect on a person’s health. When the


body lacks a sufficient amount of carbohydrates, it must then use its protein supplies for energy, a process


called gluconeogenesis. This, however, results in a lack of necessary protein, and further health


difficulties may occur. A lack of carbohydrates can also lead to ketosis, a build-up of ketosis in the body


that cause fatigue, lethargy, and bad breath.

9. According to the passage, what do most

nutritionists suggest?

A. Sufficient carbohydrates will prevent


B. Carbohydrates are simple sugars

called glucose.

C. Carbohydrates should make up about

a quarter of a person’s daily diet.

D. Carbohydrates should be eaten in

very small quantities.dd

10. According to the passage, which of

the following does NOT describe


A. a protein supply

B. a necessity

C. a range of sugars

D. an energy source

11. Which of the following best describes

the organization of this passage?

A. cause and result

B. comparison and contrast

C. specific to general

D. definition and example

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