Reading comprehension puji Astuti Amalia


Organization Organization



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READING COMPREHENSION TERBARU - esa

Organization

Organization


Questions
  • How is the information in the passage organized?
  • How is the information in the second paragraph related to the information in the first paragraph?
  • Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?

Strategies
  • Read the first line of each paragraph
  • Look for words that show relationships among the paragraphs
  • Choose the answer that express the relationship

Passage 2


7. The word “range” as used in line 2 is

closest in meaning to which of the

following?

A. probe


B. proceed

C. hail


D. extend

8. In line 3, the word “estimate” could

best be replaced by

A. disbelieve

B. declare

C. calculate

D. wonder

Passage 2


(1)

Carbohydrates, which are sugars, are an essential part of a healthy diet. They provide the main source of

 

energy for the body, and they also function to flavor and sweeten foods. Carbohydrates range from simple

 

sugars like glucose to complex sugars such as amylose and amylopectin. Nutritionists estimate that

 

carbohydrates should make up about one-fourth to one-fifth of a person’s diet. This translates to about

(5)

75–100 grams of carbohydrates per day.

 

A diet that is deficient in carbohydrates can have an adverse effect on a person’s health. When the

 

body lacks a sufficient amount of carbohydrates, it must then use its protein supplies for energy, a process

 

called gluconeogenesis. This, however, results in a lack of necessary protein, and furtsher health

 

difficulties may occur. A lack of carbohydrates can also lead to ketosis, a build-up of ketosis in the body

(10)

that cause fatigue, lethargy, and bad breath.

9. According to the passage, what do most

nutritionists suggest?

A. Sufficient carbohydrates will prevent

gluconeogenesis.

B. Carbohydrates are simple sugars

called glucose.

C. Carbohydrates should make up about

a quarter of a person’s daily diet.

D. Carbohydrates should be eaten in

very small quantities.

10. According to the passage, which of

the following does NOT describe

carbohydrates?

A. a protein supply

B. a necessity

C. a range of sugars

D. an energy source

11. Which of the following best describes

the organization of this passage?

A. cause and result

B. comparison and contrast

C. specific to general

D. definition and example


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