Reading comprehension puji Astuti Amalia

The Types of Questions The Types of Questions

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The Types of Questions

The Types of Questions

    • Main idea
    • Organization
    • Transition

    • Factual questions
    • Negative questions
    • Scanning questions

    • Inference questions
    • Purpose questions

    • Vocabulary-in-context

    • Pronoun reference

Main Idea/ Topic

Main Idea/ Topic

  • What is the topic of the passage?
  • Which of the following best summarizes the author’s main idea?
  • What is the author’s main point in the passage?
  • With what is the author primarily concerned?

  • Read the first line of each paragraph
  • Look for a common theme or idea in the first lines
  • Skim the rest of the passage to check that you have found the topic sentence
  • Eliminate wrong answers (Too specific, Too general, Incorrect according to the passage, Irrelevant)

Passage 1

Passage 1

1. What is this passage mainly about?

A. the prejudice that existed in Atlanta

B. Martin Luther King’s childhood

C. M.L.’s grandfather

D. the neighborhood King grew up

2. The word “eloquent” in line 5 means

most nearly

A. powerful

B. active

C. romantic

D. fascinating

3. As used in line 10, the word “eventful”

is closest in meaning to which of

the following?

A. valued

B. memorable

C. admirable

D. emotional

4. In line 13, the word “it” refers to

which of the following?

A. achievement

B. neighborhood

C. segregation

D. services

5. According to the author,

King was influenced by

A. community spirit

B. black lawyers

C. his mother

D. his speeches

6. The word “mingling” in line 17 could

best be replaced by which of the following?

A. interfering

B. gargling

C. consuming

D. associating


Martin Luther King, Jr., is well known for his work in civil rights and for his many famous speeches,


among them his moving “I Have a Dream” speech. But for fewer people know much about King’s childhood.


M.L., as he was called, was born in 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, at the home of his maternal grandfather.


M.L.’s grandfather, the Reverend A.D. Williams, purchased their home on Auburn Avenue in 1909,


twenty years before M.L. was born. The Reverend Williams, an eloquent speaker, played an important


role in the community since so many people’s lives centered around the church. He allowed his church


and his home to be used as a meeting place for a number of organizations dedicated to the education and


social advancement of blacks. M.L. grew up in this atmosphere, with his home being used as a community


gathering place, and was no doubt influenced by it.


M.L.’s childhood was not especially eventful. His father was a minister and his mother was a


musician. He was the second of three children, and he attended all-black schools in a black neighborhood.


The neighborhood was not poor, however. Auburn Avenue was the main artery through a prosperous


neighborhood that had come to symbolize achievement for Atlanta’s black people. It was an area of banks,


insurance companies, builders, jewelers, tailors, doctors, lawyers and other black-owned or black-


operated business and services. Even in the face of Atlanta’s segregation, the district thrived. Dr. King


never forgot the community spirit he had known as a child, nor did he forget the racial prejudice that was


a seemingly insurmountable barrier that kept black Atlantans from mingling with whites.

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