Quettaparma Quenyanna



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HABIT haimëKHIM

HABITATION imbar (Imbar was an Elvish name of the Earth as the prinicipal part of Arda; the form Ambar may be more usual and is found in LotR.) –MR:337, WJ:419, 402, LotR:1003

HAIL (greeting) aiya (so in LotR; LT1:248 has áyë); variant spelling aia. –LotR:747, 950 cf. Letters:385, VT43:28

HAIR (a single hair) finë (*fini-) (larch).TANGLED HAIR fassë; LOCK OF HAIR findë (defined as "a tress or plait of hair" in PM:345; LT2:341 has findl, an impossible form in LotR-style Quenya), HEAD OF HAIR, A PERSON'S HAIR AS A WHOLE findessë. The conceptual status of the noun loxë "hair" listed in the Etymologies is uncertain; this word is assigned the meaning "bunch, cluster" elsewhere. –PM:362, PHAS, SPIN, PM:345, LOKH

HALF-ELVEN (noun, pl) Pereldar (Sindarin Peredhil, LotR:1071). Singular #Perelda. –Letters:386

HALF: fraction ONE HALF peresta, perta –VT48:11

HALL #mardë (isolated from oromardi "lofty halls, high-halls"; the singular may also be reconstructed as #mar with stem mard-, which would make this the same word as the word for "home" or "dwelling", q.v.); ROCKHEWN HALL hróta (artificial cave, rockhewn hall), VAULTED HALL rondo –Nam/RGEO:66, PM:365, VT39:9

HALLOW (verb) #airita- (only pa.t. airitánë is attested) –VT32:7

HALVE perya- (devide in middle) (After perya, a word perina is mentioned – it is undefined but seems to be a corresponding adjective or past participle *"halved, divided in middle".) –PER

HAMMER (vb) namba-; HAMMER (noun) nambaNDAM

HAMS hacca (buttocks) –GL:47

HAND (pl. allative mannar "into...hands" is attested in FS; the long á evidently becomes short a before a consonant cluster).The plural of is máli, the dual is mát (VT47:6). For maqua as a colloquial term for "hand", and its secondary meanings, see separate entry HAND-FULL. The term palta is used of "the flat of the hand, the hand held upwards or forwards, flat and tensed (with fingers and thumb closed or spread" (VT47:9). Individual hand-names: forma "right hand", hyarma "left hand" (VT47:6, VT49:12). Other terms for "hand": nonda (said to mean "hand, especially in [?clutching]"; Tolkien's gloss was not certainly legible, VT47:23), quárë (this is properly "fist", but was often used for "hand" – see FIST); HOLLOW OF HAND cambë (also used simply = “hand”, as in cambeya “his hand”, VT49:17). A variant of this, camba, is in VT47:7 defined as "the whole hand, but as flexed, with fingers more or less closed, cupped, in the attitude of receiving or holding". HAND-LINK, see WRIST. Adj. HAVING HANDS mavoitë; HANDY, HANDED maitë (stem *maiti-) (skilled) (pl. maisi. When maitë is the final element of names, it is translated "handed" instead of "handy", e.g. Angamaitë "Iron-handed", morimaitë "blackhanded") For other "handed"-related terms, see HEAVYHAND(ED). Compound LANGUAGE OF THE HANDS mátengwië –MA3/LT2:339/VT39:10, FS, VT47:6, 9, 23, KWAR/Silm:429, KAB, LotR:1085 cf. Letters:425, LotR:1015/SD:68, 72, UT:460, VT47:9

HAND-FULL maqua (dual maquat is attested). Colloquially, the word maqua is also used for the "hand" itself (called in formal language); maqua may refer to the "complete hand with all five fingers", and the word is therefore also used for a group of 5 similar things (just like the dual maquat may refer to a group of 10 similar things; see FIVE, TEN). –VT47:7

HANDLE (vb) mahta- (deal with, fight, manage, wield, wield a weapon); pa.t. mahtanë is attested. –MAK/MA3, VT39:11, MA3, VT47:6, 18, 19, VT49:10

HANDLE (noun) tolma (defined as "protuberance contrieved to serve a purpose, knob, short rounded handle", etc.) –VT47:28

HANG linga- (dangle) –LING

HAPPEN LT2:348 gives mart- "it happens" (impersonal). Perhaps read *marta- in LotR-style Quenya; compare marta- "[to] chance" in QL:63

HAPPY valin (LT1:272 also gives valimo, but adjectives ending in -o do not occur in LotR-style Quenya), HAPPINESS vald- (so in LT1:272; nom. sg. must be either *val or *valdë) (blessedness) It is highly questionable whether these words from early material quoted in LT1:272 are conceptually "valid" in LotR-style Quenya: Originally, they were meant to be related to the noun Valar, the Gods being termed the "Happy Ones", but Tolkien later re-interpreted Valar as meaning the "Powers". For "happiness" it may be better to use the noun alassë "joy", and for "happy" or "joyful, joyous" many writers have used the neologism *alassëa.

HARBOUR hópa (haven, bay – obsoleting cópa, cópas in LT1:257); HARBOURAGE hopassëKHOP

HARD sarda, nauca (the latter also meaning ill-shapen, twisted, *small – see SMALL.); hranga (hard; awkward, stiff, difficult). Note: hranga- is also a verb “thwart”. ––VT39:17, WJ:413, PE17:154, 185

HARE lapattëGL:52

HARP (vb) nanda-; HARP (noun) nandë; LITTLE HARP nandellë; HARPING (noun, not adjectival participle) nandelë; HARPER nandaro, HARP-PLAYER tyalangan. (In Etym, all but the last of these words are spelt with initial ñ, that is, ng. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya, and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. But if these words are written in Tengwar, the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo, not númen.) HARP-PLAYING salmë. HARPING ON ONE TUNE vorongandelë ("vorogandele" in the published Etymologies is a misreading; see VT45:7) (continuous repetition) –NGAN, TYAL; cf. LotR:1157, LT1:265, LIN1

HARSH naraca (rending, violent) (possibly "of sounds", but Tolkien's extra comment is partially illegible) –NÁRAK, VT45:37

HARVEST yávië (autumn) evidently obsoleting yávan in LT1:273. In the Calendar of Imladris, yávië was a precisely defined period of 52 days, but the word was also used without any exact definition. Note: here yávië refers to harvest time, and it is unclear whether it can also mean "harvest" in the sense "harvested products", though it is derived from a stem meaning "fruit". –LotR:1142, 1145

HAS BEEN, see BE

HASP tangwa (clasp) –TAK

HASTE ormë (wrath, violence, rushing); HASTY orna, tyelca (agile)GOR, KHOR, PM:353

HAT táta –GL:71

HATE (vb) #tev- (aorist tevë), LT1:258 has mokir "I hate", read *mocin in LotR-style Quenya? Instead of using these early "Qenya" terms, writers may prefer the later verb yelta-, glossed "loathe, abhor" by Tolkien. HATEFUL sancë; HATRED téviëLT1:268 (according to QL:90, tévië rather than tevië is the correct reading), LT2:341

HAUBERK ambassë (breastplate) –QL:30

HAVE see POSSESS. Cf also NO LONGER TO BE HAD vanwa (gone, dead, departed, lost, past, vanished) HAVE AN IMPULSE horya- (be compelled to do something, set vigorously out to do) –WJ:366, VT45:22

HAVEN hópa (harbour, bay) londë (as in Alqualondë "Haven of the Swans", UT:417 – but elsewhere londë is glossed "entrance to harbour, road in sea") –KHOP

?HAWK fion (pl fioni, fiondi) (Tolkien's gloss was "not certainly legible; the likeliest interpretation would be 'haste', but 'hawk' is a possibility." The translation "haste" is out of the question, as this word would have no plural form. Besides, a quite different word for "haste" [ormë] is known.) –PHI

HE, HIM (personal 3rd sg. pronoun): As a pronominal suffix, the entire 3rd person singular “he, she, it” is expressed by the ending -s , e.g. caris *“(s)he/it does” (VT49:16, 48). Sometimes a verb with no pronominal ending whatsoever implies a subject “he, she, it”, e.g. nornë “he ran” (PE17:58), fírië “she has breathed forth” (MR:250), tinë “it glints” (TIN). A distinctly masculine ending -ro does occur in early material (antaváro “he will give”, LR:63), but was apparently abandoned by Tolkien. The ending -s may also appear in the “rare” longer form - (VT49:51, descended from older -sse, VT49:20), perhaps distinctly personal (cf. násë “he [or she] is” vs. nás “it is”, VT49:27, 30). The ending -s is also attested in object position, e.g. melinyes “I love him” (VT49:21; this could also mean *”I love her” or *”I love it”). “He/she” (or even “it”, when some living thing is concerned) does have a distinct form when it appears as an independent pronoun: se (VT49:37), also with a long vowel (, VT49:51) when stressed. (Contrast the use of sa for “it” with reference to non-living things.) The independent form may also appear in object position: melin sé, “I love him [/her]” (VT49:21). Case endings may be added, e.g. allative sena or senna “at him [/her]”, “to him/her” (VT49:14, 45-46); se also appears suffixed to a preposition in the word ósë *”with him/her” (VT43:29). A distinct pronoun can be used for “he/she” = “the other”, as in a sentence like “I love him () but not him ().” Genitive HIS/HER (or ITS, of a living thing) would normally appear as the ending -rya, e.g. coarya “his house” (WJ:369), máryat “her hands” (Nam), the latter with a dual ending following -rya. “His/her” as an independent word could be *senya (compare ninya “my” vs. ni “I”, nin “for me”). – Reflexive pronoun, see HIMSELF. –VT49:16, 51, VT43:29, VT49:15, LotR:1008

HEAD cár (cas-) (sic in the Etymologies, but read apparently cás with stem car-; see Quenya-English list for a fuller discussion); nóla (round head, knoll); HEAD OF HAIR findessë (see HAIR). SPEAR-HEAD nasta (spear-point, gore, triangle) –KAS, NDOL, PM:345, SNAS/VT46:14

HEAL #envinyata- (isolated from the past participle envinyanta "healed". The literal meanings are *"renew" and "renewed", cf. Aragorn's title Envinyatar "Renewer" [q.v.]) –MR:405

HEAP cumbë (mound) –KUB

HEAR #hlar- (only fut hlaruva is attested) –MC:222

HEARING (adj) lasta (listening) –LAS2

HEART hón (physical heart), órë (inner mind concerning this word, see SPIRIT) (Note: a homophone means "rising"), indo (mind, mood), enda (lit. "centre", not referring to the physical organ, but the fëa [soul] or sáma [mind] itself; enda may be the best word to use for the metaphorical “heart” in general), Tolkien’s early “Qenya” also has the word elwen. -HEARTED #honda (isolated from sincahonda "flinthearted"). EYES OF HEARTSEASE (a name of the pansy) Helinyetillë HEART OF FLAME Naira (a name of the Sun), –KHŌ-N-, LotR:1157, ID, VT39:32, LT1:255, LotR:1015 cf. SD:68, 72, LT1:262, MR:198

HEARTY lúsina (of people – used of things, this adjective means “glowing”). If this early Qenya term is to be used in LotR-style Quenya, one would have to assyme that it represents earlier lúÞina (root *LUTH) and spell it accordingly in Tengwar. –QL:57

HEAT úrë (The stem from which this word must be derived was struck out in Etym, but the word occurs in LotR itself, indicating that Tolkien restored the stem in question.) SMOULDERING HEAT, RED [?HEAT] (Tolkies handwriting was illegible) yulmë (Note:

a homophone means "drinking, carousal") –LotR:1157 cf. UR; YUL

HEAVE #amorta- (only part. amortala is attested), HEAVE (of large and heavy things:) rúma- (shift, move) (part. rúmala is attested) –MC:222 cf. 215, MC:223, 222

HEAVENS, THE menel (a sg word, "heaven", as opposed to its English translation), ilwë (sky). The form #Eruman that turns up in one version of the Quenya Lord's Prayer (in the locative: Erumandë) appears to include the divine name Eru and must refer to "heaven" as God's abode (but Tolkien simply used menel for "heaven" in earlier versions of the Lord's Prayer). IN HEAVEN (adj., more or less = *HEAVENLY) meneldëa. HEAVEN AND EARTH Menel Cemenyë –Silm:434/MC:222 cf. 215, LT1:255, VT43:12, 16 vs. 10, VT43:10, VT44:16, VT47:11

HEAVY lunga; HEAVY-HANDED lungumaitë; HEAVY-HAND (as masc. name) Lungumá, Lungumaqua. –LUG, VT47:19

HEDGE (jagged hedge of spikes) caraxëKARAK

HEED cim-, in the sense of "watch" also tir- (tirin "I watch", *"I heed", 1st pers. aorist), pa.t. tirnë; fut. tiruva "shall heed" is attested.GL:39, MC:222 cf. 214, TIR

HEIGHT #tárië (only allative tárienna "to the height" is attested) –LotR:989 cf. Letters:308

HEIR aryon (also haryon is glossed as "heir", but this gloss is paranthetic and "prince" is given as the primary meaning. Hildinyar is translated "my heirs" in Aragorn's oath; it appears that this is actually a form of hildo "follower".) –GAR (see 3AR), LotR:1003, 1004

HELL Angamando ("Iron-prison", Morgoth's dungeon-fortress in the First Age. This is the form given in MR; Etym has Angamanda, LT1:249/252 has Angamandu/Angamandi or Eremandu "Hells of Iron". In LT1:259, Mandos is glossed "hell", but Mandos was simply the halls of the dead and not a place of torture. GL:51 also has fatanyu.) –MR:350, MBAD

HELMET cassa, harna, harpa; the word carma is also used for “helm”, but elsewhere Tolkien indicated that he rather wanted carma to mean “weapon” or “tool”. –KAS, VT45:21, PM:260/PE17:114

HELP, see BLESS

HELPER: A word for "helper" is apparently embedded in the compound "East-helper", Rómestámo, Róme(n)star (so in PM:384, 391; probably ?Rómenstar must always become Rómestar, but Tolkien cited the form as Róme(n)star to indicate the connection with rómen "east"). It may be that as an independent word, the -stámo "helper" element would manifest as *sámo (Þ).

HELPFUL asëa (Þ) (beneficial, kindly) (so according to a late note where the word is derived from *ATHAYA). Also (as noun) used as the name of the healing plant called in Sindarin athelas.

HEM lanë (lani-), ríma (edge, border), HEM OF ROBE lappa –VT42:8, RĪ, GL:52

HEN porocë (barn fowl) –PE16:132

HENCE (from here) silo, sio –VT49:18

HER 1. (object form of she) – see HIM (the same forms are used for both genders). 2. HER (genitive, “of her”) -rya (possessive suffix, e.g. aratarya "her sublimity" [WJ:369], máryat "her hands" [Nam].) This ending covers the entire 3rd person sg. and may also translate as "his" and “its”; see HIS for further discussion. –WJ:369, VT49:16

HERB laiquë –PE17:159

HERE sís, sissë; also sinomë “here, in this place”. The form si listed in VT49:33 is defined “here”, but this may be a basic root rather than a Quenya word. Símen is used for “here” in Fíriel’s Song (LR:72), but in VT49:33, simen is translated “hither”. –VT49:18, LotR:1003, 1004

HERSELF (reflexive pronoun) immo (a general sg. reflexive pronoun, covering English "myself, him/herself, yourself"). A specific 3rd person reflexive pronoun "him/herself" is insë (for older imse; it is unclear whether the latter form was in use in later Quenya). See HIMSELF. –VT47:37

HERO callo (noble man). LT1:268 also has mordo "warrior, hero", but in Tolkien's later Quenya, mordo means "obscurity, shadow, stain, smear, dimness". –KAL

HEW *pelehta- (emended from the actual reading pelekta-, since Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya). The verb nac- is defined as “hew, cut” in late material, though in Etym, it was assigned the meaning “bite” instead. –LT2:346, VT49:24

HIDE #nurta- (verbal stem isolated from the verbal noun nurtalë "hiding" in Silm:120), #lom- (LT1:255 gives lomir "I hide"; this would become *lomin in LotR-style Quenya); moru-LT1:261

HIDING nurtalë –Silm:120

HIDDEN muina (secret), halda (veiled, shadowed, shady), foina, furin/hurin (concealed); DARK OR HIDDEN tumna (low-lying, low, profound, deep) –MUY, SKAL, LT2:340, LT1:271

HIDEOUS CREATURE ulundo (deformed creature, monster) –ÚLUG

HIGH tára (lofty, tall), oro- (in compounds: oromardi "high-halls"). The element #Ar- in Arfanyarassë (a name of Taniquetil) is said to mean "high (i.e., noble, revered)". VERY HIGH antara (with Antaro as a corresponding proper name, denoting a mountain in Valinor, VT46:17) (lofty). HIGH HEAVEN tarmenel (locative tarmeneldë also attested), HIGH PLACE #tarmen (pl. locative tarmenissen attested), HIGH

TIDE luimë (flood). –WJ:417, Nam/RGEO:66, WJ:416, VT45:5/VT46:17, VT44:34, VT48:23, 24

HIGH ELVES Tarquendi; HIGH-ELVES TareldarTA, MC:349

HIGH ONES Aratar (sg #Arata, cf. PM:363). The Aratar are the mightiest of the Valar: Manwë, Varda, Ulmo, Yavanna, Aulë, Mandos, Nienna, and Oromë. Aratar is also rendered "The Supreme, Exalted Ones". –Silm 32/381, WJ:402

HIGH SPEECH (= Quenya) Tarquesta –TĀ

HILL ambo (allative pl. ambonnar is attested); tundo (stem *tundu-) (mound), oro; ISOLATED ROUND HILL tolmen (boss of shield) HILL-SIDE amban (upward slope) (probably obsoleting amun(d) in LT2:335) –VT45:5, MC:222, LT1:269, TUN, LT1:256, AM

HIM (and HER) as object may be expressed by se, or (where it follows another pronominal ending) -s, e.g. melin sé or melinyes for “I love him” (/her). These forms are not specifically masculine, but are used of any living person or thing. See HE.

HIMSELF (reflexive pronoun) immo (a general sg. reflexive pronoun, covering English "myself, him/herself, yourself"). A specific 3rd person reflexive pronoun "him/herself" is insë (for older imse; it is unclear whether the latter form was in use in later Quenya). A reflexive ending “he…himself” (and *”she…herself”) in -ssë existed at one conceptual stage (melissë, “he loves himself”), but it is uncertain how lasting this idea was, and the ending seems prone to confusion with other, similar endings. Another reflective ending is - (spelt “-kse” in the source), plural -xer, dual -xet. –VT47:37, VT49:21, 48

HINDMOST tella (last); THE HINDMOST Teleri (the Last-comers) –TELES, Silm:421

HINT (verb) hiuta- –VT46:6 s.v. ÑIW

HIP oswë –QL:71

HIS -rya (possessive suffix, e.g. coarya his house. This ending covers the entire 3rd pers sg and also means "her" and *"its".) Nouns ending in a consonant take the shorter form -ya, e.g. talya “his foot”, macilya “his sword” (cf. tál, tal- “foot”, macil “sword”). In colloquial Quenya (which used -rya = “their” rather than “his, her, its”), the ending -ya could be added even to nouns ending in a vowel: cambeya (“k”) “his hand”, yulmaya “his cup”. –WJ:369, PE17:130, VT49:17, 48

HISTORY nyárë (tale, saga), quenta (narrative, story), quentalë (account, narration), lúmequentalë, lúmequenta (chronological account), HISTORICAL lúmequentalëa. (In VT39:16, quentalë is defined as "narration" or "History", used as an abstract referring to universal History, but also used with particular reference; hence "the history of the Noldor" can be quentalë Noldoron or quentalë Noldorinwa, but this refers to the real events rather than an account of them: that part of universal History which concerned the Noldor.) HISTORICAL ACCOUNT quentasta (any particular arrangement, by some author, of a series of reconds or evidences into a given historical account – not History as such, which is quentalë). THE HISTORY OF THE ELVES I·Eldanyárë –NAR2, KWET/VT39:16, LU, LR:199

HITHER sir, sira, simen (but in LR:72, símen is used for “here”) –VT49:18, 33

HIVE nierwesLT1:262

HOARD foa (treasure) –LT2:340

HOBBIT: The genitive plural periandion is attested in the Elaine inscription, suggesting that the Quenya word for "hobbit" is #perian (as in Sindarin) with stem #periand-.

HOLE ecca, latta (pit Note: a homophone means "strap"), assa (perforation, opening, mouth), terra (fine pierced hole), unquë (hollow). –PE17:188, DAT, GAS, VT46:18, VT46:20

HOLIDAY meryalëMBER

HOLLOW (noun) unquë (hole), HOLLOW (adj) unqua, ronta, rotwa; HOLLOW OUT unca- –UNUK, LotR:1157, LT2:347

HOLLOWBOLD Návarot (Nogrod, Novrod) –WJ:389

HOLLY ercassë (probably obsoleting piosenna in LT2:347) –ERÉK

HOLY airë. The word aina also occurs in a number of sources (e.g. VT44:7, 17-18); according to VT43:32 this word is "obsolete except in Ainur", but it may occur in sources post-dating this statement. Yet another word for "holy", aista, is seemingly only attested in a translation of "holy spirit" which Tolkien later replaced with a form including airë instead (see below). HOLY ONE ainu (m.), aini (f.) (angelic spirit, god); HOLY PLACE yána (fane, sanctuary); HOLY SPIRIT airefëa (other version: fairë aista; both versions are attested with the dative ending -n attached) –Nam, AYAN/WJ:399,, YAN, VT43:36, 37

HOME már (also used of the "home" or native land of peoples). The stem mar- occurs in the phrase hon-maren, q.v. in the Quenya-English wordlist. VT45:33 and VT46:13 give mar "home, dwelling" with stem mard-, but in Fíriel's Song, this is used = "earth" instead (i-mar "the earth", ablative mardello). Short form mar as the final element of compounds: Eldamar "Elvenhome"; the vowel is also short in Mar-nu-falmar, "the Land [lit. Home] under the Waves". – The word ambar, usually translated "world", is also associated with "home, dwelling" in one source. –Silm:408, 428, VT46:13

HOMESTEAD ostaLT2:336

HONEY lis (liss-). In a far earlier source, reproduced in LT1:262, the word for "honey" was nektë. This would however become nehtë in LotR-style Quenya, since Tolkien later decided that kt becomes ht in Quenya, and in its new form nehtë the word turns up in the Etymologies with the slightly modified meaning "honeycomb". (Note: a homophone means "spear-head, gore, wedge, narrow promontory".) HONEY-BEE nier, nionLIS, LT1:262, VT45:38, GL:60

HOOD telmë (covering) –TEL

HOOK ampa, atsa (claw, catch); HOOKED rempa (crooked) –LotR:1157/VT47:20, GAT, REP

HOPE (noun) estelWJ:318 (where it is stated that this word was used in Quenya as well as in Sindarin. Here the word is defined as "'hope', sc. a temper of mind, steady, fixed in purpose, and difficult to dissuade and unlikely to fall into despair or abandon its purpose". In MR:320, estel is translated "trust".)

HORDE horma (host) –LT2:341

HORN rassë, rasco ("especially on living animal, but also applied to mountains". Cf. Rasmund "horned bull" in Letters:423 [this seems like Sindarin rather than Quenya] and Arfanyaras, Arfanyarassë "high white-shining peak [*horn]", alternative name of Taniquetil), romba (so in Etym and one place in WJ [p. 400: romba = "horn, trumpet"] but on p. 368 róma is used for "horn", though this is glossed "trumpet-sound" in Etym), HORN OF ULMO hyalma (shell, conch), tildë (point), (horn of animal:) tarca (probably obsoleting taru in LT2); HORNED tarucca (perhaps obsoleted together with taru), THE HORNED Tilion (a name of the Moon) –RAS/VT46:10, WJ:403/416, ROM/WJ:401 contrast 368, SYAL, TIL, TARÁK, LT2:337,347, Silm:438

HORRIBLE norta –VT46:4

HORROR norto (glossed "a horror").The verb rucin is glossed "I feel fear or horror" (1st pers. aorist), constructed with "from" of the object feared (e.g. *rucin Orcollon "I fear Orcs") –VT46:4, WJ:415

HORSE rocco (defined as "swift horse for riding" in Letters:382, "swift horse" in VT46:12), olombo (but since Tolkien subsequently changed the relevant stem from LOB to LOP, we should perhaps read *olompo, compare lopo in an earlier source), mairo; HORSEMAN roquen (rider, knight)ROK/Letters:282, 382, VT45:28, PE16:132, GL:56, WJ:372/UT:282

HOST rimbë (crowd), horma (horde), liyúmë –RIM/Letters:178, 382, LT2:341, VT48:32

HOSTILE cotyaKOT

HOT saiwa; BLAZING HOT úrin (Úrin is also a name of the Sun)LT1:248/265, LT1:271

HOUND huan (hún-); HOUND OF CHASE ronyoKHUG (see KHUGAN), ROY

HOUR lúmë (so translated in LotR and in VT43:34; in Etym the gloss is simply "time". Allative lúmenna is attested. Note: lúmë also means "darkness".) THIS HOUR #sillumë (isolated from the ablative sillumello “from this hour”) –LU, LotR:94, WJ:367, VT44:35

HOUSE coa (prob. the most neutral word), opelë (walled house), car (card-) (building), nossë (clan, family, kin, people) (LT2:336 gives indo "house" and os(t) "house and cottage"; these words are probably obsolete – in Tolkien's later Quenya indo means "heart", while osto means "city". The term indor "master of house" can hardly be valid either.) LIGHT OF THE HOUSE coacalina (a metaphor for the soul [fëa] dwelling inside the body [hroa]) –WJ:369/MR:250/VT47:35, PEL(ES), KAR, NŌ/LT1:250, 343, MR:250

HOW manen –PM:395

HUE quilë (colour) –QL:77

HUGE haura –PE17:115

HUMAN firya (lit. *"mortal"; nominal pl. Firyar is attested) –PHIR, WJ:219

HUMBLED nucumnaSD:246

HUMP tumpo (stem *tumpu-), HUMPBACK cauco, HUMPED cauca (bent, crooked)TUMPU, LT1:257

HUNGRY maita –VT39:11

HUNT (noun), HUNTING roimë (the misreading "raime" occurs in the Etymologies as printed in LR; see VT46:12 for this correction). No verb "to hunt" is given in Etym, but roita- "pursue" is derived from the same stem and can probably be translated *"hunt" as well. LT1:260 has rauta- "hunt". –ROY1

HURL, see FLING

HURT (vb) mala- (pain) –QL:63

HUSBAND venno (the published Etymologies gives "verno", but according to VT45:7, this is a misreading of Tolkien's original manuscript); HUSBAND AND WIFE veru (married pair – but in a late source, veru is also used for “husband” alone, the counterpart of veri “wife”) –BES, VT49:45

HUSH quildë (rest, quiet) –GL:23

HYACINTH (plant) linquë (Note: Homophones mean “wet” and also *“grass, reed”). –PE17:62




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