Quettaparma Quenyanna


DAERON see DAIRON DADDY (affectionate form of "father"): atto



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DAERON see DAIRON

DADDY (affectionate form of "father"): atto, atya (these words are also used in children's play for "thumb" or "big toe"). The form tatanya in UT:191 seems to mean *"my daddy". –ATA, VT47:10, 26, VT48:4; atya is a reduced form of atanya "my father".

DAGGER sicil (knife), naica –SIK, GL:37

DAILY ilaurëa (another form, ilyarëa [read *ilyárëa?] and its archaic variant ilyázëa, was apparently abandoned by Tolkien) –VT43:18

DAINTY netya (pretty). (Note: netya- is also a verb "trim, adorn".) –VT47:33

DAIRON Sairon –GL:29 (called Daeron in the published Silmarillion)

DALE nal, nallë (dell); DALE-SPRITES tavar (pl. tavarni). In Tolkien's later Quenya, tavar means "wood" (as material). See, however, DRYAD. –LT1:261, LT1:267

DAMP ringa (chilly, cold) –LT1:265

DANCE (verb) lilta-LILT

DANGER #raxë (pl. ablative raxellor attested). In another version of the text in question, Tolkien used #raxalë (pl. abl. raxalellor) instead. –VT44:9

DANGLE linga- (hang)LING

DARE verya- (cf. BOLD) (see MARRY regarding a homophone) –BER

DARK (adj.) morna (gloomy, sombre, black), nulla (dusky, obscure), lóna (Note: a homophone means "island"), lúrëa (overcast), DARK OR HIDDEN tumna (low-lying, low, profound, deep). DARK (noun) hui (fog, murk, night); DARK, DARKNESS mornië, mórë (blackness, night) mor, lúmë (Note: lúmë also means "hour, time"), lómë (stem lómi-) (night, twilight, gloom), huinë (shadow, gloom). (See SLAYER for DARKNESS-SLAYER.) DARK ELVES Moriquendi, Morimor (Lómëarni in LT1:259 is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya); DARK ONE (=Morgoth) morion; DARK WEATHER lúrë; DARK LOWERING CLOUD lumbo (pl. lumbor is attested); DARK VALE tumbo (stem *tumbu-) (deep valley) –Letters:382, NDUL, DO3, LT1:259, LT1:271, LT1:253, MOR, LotR:488 cf. Letters:308, Silm:431, MC:222 cf. 215, WJ:361/Silm:388, Nam/RGEO:67, FS, LT1:259, 269

DAUGHTER selyë; also yendë, yen,iel (suffix, e.g. Uinéniel "daughter of Uinen" [UT:182]; this suffix may obsolete the earlier [TLT] ending -wen, mentioned in LT1:271). The stem YEL, from which –iel must be derived, was removed from Etym. However, the UT example just mentioned is from a later text, indicating that Tolkien restored –iel. Perhaps yeldë was restored as the independent word for "daughter" at the same time and is to be preferred to yendë, yen. Distinguish -riel in Altáriel (Galadriel), which does not mean "daughter" and becomes -riell- before an ending. –VT47:10, YŌ, YEL, 182/469

DAWN ára (obsoleting órë in LT1:264; this word means "rising" or "heart" in LotR-style Quenya), †amaurëa (early day). See also TWILIGHT. –AR1, MC:223

DAY aurë (sunlight; Etym gives arë, ari- instead). The word aurë is defined as “a day (of light), a day of special meaning or festival”; allative aurenna “upon the day” (VT49:45). Cf. also: arya (= 12 daylight hours; notice however that the word arya is assigned other meanings in late material), (= 24 hours, counted from sunset to sunset, allative rénna in VT49:45), sana (= also 24 hours, but this “Qenya” term clashes with a later demonstrative “that”), DAYTIME arië, EARLY DAY †amaurëa (dawn), DAYLIGHT: LT1:254 gives calma, but this word is defined "lamp" in LotR. LAST DAY OF YEAR quantien, FIRST DAY (meaning obscure, possibly first day of year) minyen. (In the entry YEN of the Etymologies as printed in LR, minyen is seemingly glossed both "first day" and "first year", but according to VT46:23, only "first day" is correct.) DAYSPRING tuilëAR1/VT45:6, Silm:229/234/439, LotR:1141, LT1:250, MC:223, YEN

DEAD firin (= dead by natural cause), qualin (related to qualmë "agony, death" and probably has darker connotations than firin), vanwa (departed, lost, past, gone, vanished, no longer to be had), hessa (withered). DEAD BODY loico (corpse) –KWAL, PHIR, MC:223, LT1:255, WJ:366

DEAL WITH mahta- (fight, handle, manage, wield, wield a weapon); pa.t. mahtanë is attested. –MAK/VT39:11, VT47:6, 18, 19, VT49:10

DEAR melda (beloved), melin, moina (familiar), #melya (isolated from Melyanna "dear gift", Melian's Quenya name), valda (worth, worthy). Cf. also the "suffix of endearment" -ya mentioned in UT:418: Anardilya *"dear Anardil" (UT:174). DEAR KINSMAN (form of address) tyenya (literally “my thou”, with tye as an intimate 2nd person pronoun reserved for relatives and close friends). MEL, MOY, Silm:434, GL:23, VT49:51

DEATH qualmë, unqualë (agony; according to VT45:24, Tolkien changed this word to anqualë), #fírië, #effírië (basically "expiration", attested with the ending -mmo in fíriemmo, effíriemmo "of our death"), nuru, older ñuru (personalized Nuru = Mandos), fairë (natural death [as act]) (Note: fairë also means "radiance" and "phantom", and even [in LT1:250] "free"), urdu –KWAL/LT1:264, VT43:34, ÑGUR/VT46:4, PHIR, LT2:342

DEBT #rohta (attested in pl. form rohtar). Used in draft version of Tolkien's Quenya Lord's prayer, this word may refer to moral rather than financial "debt"; it may also cover "trespass". This is probably also true of variant words for "debt" occurring in other versions: #lucassë, #lucië, #luhta (all are attested with the ending -mmar to express "our debts/trespasses"). –VT43:19

DEBTOR #rocindo, #rucindo (isolated from rocindollomman, rucindollomman "from our debtors"). Used in one of the draft versions of Tolkien's Quenya version of the Lord's Prayer, the "debtors" denoted by this word may be sinners rather than simply people owing others money. Another version of the Prayer has #lucando or #lucindo as the word for "debtor" or "one who trespasses" (attested in the plural: lucandor, lucindor). –VT43:20

DECISION, see CONSIDERING A MATTER (with a view to decision)

DECIMAL SYSTEM (in counting) maquanotië. Another source gives a word for "decimal system" as caistanótië, incorporating caista "10th", but since Tolkien later decided that the initial sound of words having to do with "10" should be qu- rather than c-, we must apparently read *quaistanótië. But maquanótië (a form requiring no changes) may be preferred. –VT47:10, VT48:11

DEED carda –PE17:51

DECLIVITY pendë (downslape, slope) –PEN

DEEP núra, tumna (low-lying, low, profound, dark or hidden). DEEP POOL lón, lónë (pl. lóni given) (river-[?feeding] well), DEEP VALLEY tumbo (dark vale); DEEP VALE imbë (dell) (Note: imbë is also one form of the preposition "between"); DEEP SHADOW huinë (gloom). –NŪ, TUB, VT48:28, VT45:18, VT41:8

DEFORMED CREATURE ulundo (hideous creature, monster) –ÚLUG

DELIVER (= *save) etelehta- (the alternative verb etrúna-, eterúna- was possibly abandoned by Tolkien; see FREE [verb]). –VT43:23, VT44:9

DELL imbë (deep vale) (Note: imbë is also the preposition "between"), nal, nallë (dale) –VT45:18, LT1:261

DEMAND can- (so when used with things as object, in effect = ask for; otherwise command, order) –PM:361-362 (where only a stem KAN is mentioned)

DEMON rauco (pl. #raucar, isolated from Valaraukar (Valaraucar) "Balrogs". LT1:250 gives araukë; WJ:415 has rauco and arauco, defined as "a powerful, hostile, and terrible creature".) See also ORC. –RUK, Silm:436, WJ:415

DENTAL SERIES tincotéma (t-series) –LotR:1154

DENY lala- –LA (Note: a homophone means "laugh", but the past tense forms may differ. See LAUGH.)

DEPART #av- (cited in the form avin "he departs", read "I depart" in LotR-style Quenya), pa.t. ambë. Also vanya- (pa.t. vannë). (The latter verb Tolkien may have been abandoned in favour of auta-; see PASS.) Lendë pa.t. of lelya/lenna "go" is also glossed as "departed". DEPARTED (adj) vanwa (gone, vanished, lost, past, no longer to be had, dead) –QL:33, WAN, LED cf. VT45:27, WJ:366, Nam

DEPRIVE OF LIBERTY avalerya- (bind, make fast, restrain) –VT41:5, 6

DEPRIVED #racina (only pl. racinë is attested) (stripped); DEPRIVED OF úna (destitute, forlorn); DEPRIVED SIGN #racina tengwë (only pl. racinë tengwi is attested). Also translated "stripped sign", this was in early Elvish analysis of Quenya the term for a consonant with no following vowel; the vowel was held to have disappeared or been omitted. –VT39:16, 14

DESCENDANT indyo (grandchild) (Indyo looks like Vanyarin Quenya; the combination ndy became ny in Noldorin Quenya. The Noldor likely used the form *inyo.) MALE DESCENDANT yondo (son) (In LT2:344, it is said that yondo usually meant "(great) grandson", but in LotR-style Quenya it simply means "son".) –ÑGYO(N)

DESERT erumë (cf. Eruman a desert north-east of Valinor, though Eruman is used in an entirely different way elsewhere; see HEAVENS.) –ERE

DESERTED erda (solitary) –LT1:269

DESIRE (vb) #mer- (cited in the form merë, evidently the 3rd person aorist; pa.t. given as mernë) (want, wish). The stem YES yields a word yesta- "desire" (which may however be confused with yesta “beginning”). DESIRE (noun) írë, náma (= "a desire" or "a judgement"), námië (= "a (single) desire" or "a (single) judgement"), milmë (greed). (Note: írë also means "when".) See SEXUAL DESIRE for a term that possibly has this meaning. DESIREABLE írima (loveable), DESIRER Irmo (name of a Vala). DESIRING TO START mína (eager to go), also verb DESIRE TO GO IN SOME DIRECTION mína- (to wish to go to a place, make for it, have some end in view). –MER, ID, VT41:13, MIL-IK, YES/VT46:23, WJ:403, VT39:11

DESPISE #nattir- –VT44:8

DESTINE martya-; DESTINY maranwëMBARAT

DESTITUTE úna (deprived of, forlorn); DESTITUTE OF ú (usually followed by genitive: ú calo *"destitute of light [cala]") (without). –VT39:14

DETERMINANT VOWEL sundóma (lit. *"base-vowel, root-vowel". Christopher Tolkien notes: "Very briefly indeed, the Quendian consonantal base or sundo was characterized by a 'determinant vowel' or sundóma: thus the sundo KAT has a medial sundóma 'A', and TALAT has the sundóma repeated. In derivative forms the sundóma might be placed before the first consonant, e.g. ATALAT.") –WJ:319

DEVICE tanwë (craft, thing made, construction); SKILLFUL [?DEVICE Tolkien's handwriting was illegible] curo (curu-) –TAN, VT41:10

DEVISE auta- (originate, invent) –GAWA

DEW rossë (fine rain, spray), rin. DEWY nítë (stem *níti-) (moist) –ROS/Letters:282, LT1:265, NEI

DEXTER forya (right), DEXTEROUS formaitë (right-handed) –VT46:10, PHOR

DIACRITIC tehta (mark [in writing], sign) (In LotR:1155, the word is applied to the supralinear vowel-marks of Fëanorian writing, and pl. tehtar is attested.) –TEK, LotR:1155

DIALECT – Tolkien notes that the word lambë "tongue" was originally "nearer to our 'dialect' than to 'language', but later when the Eldar became aware of other tongues, not intelligible without study, lambe naturally became applied to the separate languages of any people or region" (WJ:394). Thus, lambë can hardly be used for "dialect" in Exilic Quenya. Cf. also VT39:15, where lambë is said to mean "the language or dialect of a particular or people".

DICTUM eques (pl. equessi) (proverbial dictum, quotation, saying) –WJ:392

DIE fir- (fade) –MC:223, VT43:34

DIFFICULT hranga (hard; stiff, awkward). Note: hranga- is also a verb “thwart”. –PE17:154, 185

DIG sapa- or sap-, pa.t. sampë –PE16:145

DIGIT: For a common term for "finger" and "toe", see TIP.

DIPHTHONG ocamna; in the source providing this word Tolkien rejected his earlier form osamnar (pl.); compare the Etymologies form #samna (only pl samnar is attested. Distinct in Tengwar spelling from samna "wooden post", that is spelt with initial súlë instead of silmë). Another word for "dipthong" is given as ohlon (pl. ohloni is attested); the latter term was used of vocalic diphthongs and "consonantal diphthongs" (like mb) alike. –VT44:13, 14, SAM, VT39:9, VT48:29

DIM TO SEE néca (vague, faint) (Pl nécë is attested) –MC:223, 222

DIMNESS mordo (shadow, obscurity, stain, smear) –VT45:35, MOR

DIRECT TOWARD (or “be directed toward”) tenta, pa.t. tentanë (perhaps in the sense “directed toward”, transitive, attested in the phrase tentanë numenna “pointed westward”), also tenantë (perhaps in the sense “was directed toward”, intransitive). Used transitively, the verb can also mean “go forth towards” (with the thing approached as direct object). –VT49:23

DIRE aica (fell, terrible, sharp) –PM:347

DIRECTION tië (course, line, pathway, road); DESIRE TO GO IN SOME DIRECTION mína- (to wish to go to a place, make for it, have some end in view). – TE3/RGEO:67, VT39:11

DIRTY vára (soiled) –WA3

DISAPPEAR vanya- (pa.t. vannë. Note: a homophone of vanya means "beautiful") (go, depart) –WAN

DISCOLOURED púrëa (smeared) –MC:223

DISEMBODIED SPIRIT see SPIRIT

DISGUST feel disgust at feuya- (abhor). –PHEW/VT46:9

DISGUSTING, cf. LOATHSOME

DISH venë (small boat, vessel) –LT1:254

DISORDERED rúcina (confused, shattered) –MC:223

DISPLAY (verb) apanta- (pa.t. apantanë, apantë) (reveal), (noun) apantië –QL:34

DISTRIBUTE IN EVEN PORTIONS etsat-, estat- (cited without a final hyphen in the source, but this would seem to be a verb, and presumably Quenya). –VT48:11

DIVIDE IN MIDDLE perya- (halve) (After perya-, a word perina is mentioned; it is undefined but must be the corresponding past participle: *"divided in middle, halved".) –PER

DIVINE valaina (= "of or belonging to the Valar", probably not to be used with reference to the One who is above them), Eruva (adj. referring to the divinity of Eru himself), DIVINITY valassë –BAL, VT44:18

DIVISION asta (part, especially one of other equal parts; asta is often used = "month" as a division of the year). –VT48:11

DO #car- (make, build; see MAKE for various attested forms of this verb); NOT DO #um- (cited in the form umin "I do not", 1st pers. aorist; also short uin) (pa.t. úmë, not to be confused with a noun meaning "collection, crowd"). This verb is also used = "not be", see BE concerning this and other verbs for “not do, not be”. DO NOT! (imperative) vá! (also = I will not); DON'T áva, avá, alalyë (the last form incorporates the ending -lyë "thou", hence "do not thou [do something]"). DON'T DO IT! áva carë! SET VIGOROUSLY OUT TO DO horya- (be compelled to do something, have an impulse) DO BACK ahtar- or accar- (react; requite, avenge) –KAR, UGU/UMU, WJ:371, VT44:8, VT45:22, PE17:166

DOER tyaro (actor, agent) –KYAR

DOG huo, roaKHUG, VT47:35

DOME telluma (pl. tellumar is attested) (cupola), coromindo (cupola) –Nam/WJ:399, KOR

DON'T áva, avá; DON'T DO IT! áva carë! –WJ:371

DOOM manar, mandë (final end, fate, fortune, final bliss); umbar- (umbart-) (fate). See below concerning *anan in Rithil-Anamo. In the story of Túrin Turambar, it seems that ambar means "doom": Turambar is said to mean "Master of Doom", and Nienor even uses the word in the instrumental case: ambartanen "by doom". Similarly, LT2:348 gives ambar "Fate". But in Etym, ambar means "earth", and LotR Appendix E confirms that "fate" is umbar. DOOM RING Máhanaxar (a foreign word in Quenya, adopted and adapted from Valarin, also translated as:) Rithil-Anamo "Ring of Doom", name of the place where judgement was passed in Valinor (hence Anamo as genitive "of Doom", nominative probably *anan with stem anam-, otherwise but less likely *anama – this seems to be "doom" in the sense of judgement or juridical justice, since the root is NAM as in nam- "to judge"). –MAN/MANAD, MBARAT/VT45:5, Silm:261, 269, LotR:1157, WJ:399, WJ:401

DOOR, see GATE; *DOOR OF NIGHT: the translation Ando Lómen is given in VT45:28 (citing a deleted entry in the Etymologies). Since Tolkien later decided that the genitive ending should be -o rather than -n, and moreover equipped lómë "night" with the stem-form lómi-, we should perhaps read *Ando Lómio.

DORIATH #Lestanórë (only gen. Lestanórëo is attested) –WJ:369

DORLÓMIN LóminórëWJ:145

DOT pica (small spot), tixë (tiny mark, point), amatixë (point over the line of writing; variant amatexë in VT46:19), unutixë (point under the line of writing; the initial element unu- was misread as "nun-" in the Etymologies as printed in LR, see VT46:19) –PIK, TIK/VT46:19

DOUBLE (prob. adj) atwa, tanta; DOUBLE (vb) tatya- (repeat). (Note: tatya also means "second".) –AT(AT), TATA

DOUGH maxëMASAG

DOVE cucuaKŪ (in the Etymologies as printed in LR, this noun is erroneously split into two words, "ku" and "kua" instead of "kukua"; see VT45:24)

DOWN undu (under, beneath); DOWN-FALL atalantë, atalantië (collapse); DOWN-FALLEN atalantëa (pl atalantië is attested) (ruinous); DOWN BELOW (adv.) nún (underneath); "DOWN-LICK" (i.e., cover completely) #undulav- (only pa.t. undulávë is attested) –UNU, NŪ, MC:222, 223/Letters:347, RGEO:67/Nam

DOWNSLOPE pendë (slope, declivity) –PEN/PÉNED

DRAGON lócë (serpent, snake; "so do the Eldar name the worms of Melko[r]", LT2:85), angulócë, fenumë; WINGED DRAGON rámalócë; FIRE-DRAGON urulócë (pl. Urulóci is attested in Silm:138, there capitalized; surprisingly, Urulóci is used as a singular form in Silm:255); SPARK-DRAGON fëalócë; FISH-DRAGON lingwilócë (sea-serpent) –LOK; cf. ANGWA, LT2:341, RAM, UR, PHAY, LIW

DRAKE (LT2:340) see DRAGON

DRAUGHT #yulda (only pl. yuldar is attested), suhtoNam, SUK

DRAW #tuc- (cited as tucin "I draw", 1st pers. aorist), saca- (pull – but a homophone means "search"), DRAW WATER calpa- (bale out, scoop out); DRAWING #halmë (isolated from Turuhalmë "Log-drawing", q.v.); DRAW NEAR: see IMPEND concerning Tolkien’s translation of “winter has drawn near”. –TUK, KALPA, VT43:23, LotR:270

DREAD (verb) aista-GAYAS

DREAM (noun) olor, olórë, lor; DREAM or VISION olos (olor- for older oloz-, as in the archaic pl. olozi, later olori). DREAMY olosta, olórëaLOS, LT1:259, LotR:488 cf. Letters:308, UT:396

DREAM (verb) óla- (said to be "impersonal", probably meaning that the dreamer is mentioned in the dative rather than the nominative: *Óla i Eldan, "the Elf dreams") –UT:396

DRESSED LEATHER alu –QL:30

DRINK (vb) #suc- (cited in source as sucin "I drink", 1st pers. aorist); DRINK OF THE VALAR limpë (so glossed under LIP; "drink of the fairies" in LT1:258) or míruvórë (LT1:261); DRINKING yulmë (carousal) (Note: a homophone means "smouldering heat"); DRINKING-VESSEL yulma (cup), sungwa. –SUK, WJ:416/Nam

DRIP lipte-LT1:258

DROP (noun) limba; LITTLE DROP liptëLIB, LT1:258

DROWNED quorin (choked) –LT1:264

DROWSY lorda (slumbrous) –LT1:259

DRÛ (wose), DRÚADAN Rúatan (pl. Rúatani is given but seems perfectly regular) –UT:385

DRY (prob. adj not vb) parca; VERY DRY amparca –PÁRAK, VT45:5

DRYAD tavaro, tavaron (m.), tavaril (f.) (compare the tavarni or "dale-sprites" in Tolkien's earlier material), nandin (further defined as "fay of the country") –TÁWAR, LT1:261

DUILIN Tulindo; HOUSE OF DUILIN Nossë Tuilinda (Tuilinda must be an adjectival form of Tuilindo) –LT2:338

DÚNEDAIN NúnataniWJ:386

DUSK histë (also hísë, but this clashes with a word meaning "fog, mist"), lómë (stem lómi-) (night, gloom, darkness, twilight) –LT1:255

DUSKY nulla (dark, obscure) –NDUL

DUST astoÁS-AT

DWARF Nauco (pl. Naucor is attested; LT1:261 gives nauca instead of nauco), Norno (Naucalië, Nornalië = the whole people of the Dwarves) Casar (pl. Casari or Casári; partitive plural Casalli; the whole people of the Dwarves being called Casallië. According to WJ, Casar – Quenyaized form of Dwarvish Khazâd – "was the word most commonly used in Quenya for the Dwarves". Nauco "stunted one" and norno "thrawn one" are less polite words for "dwarf"; yet norno is stated to be "the more friendly term". But the Dwarves themselves would definitely prefer Casar.) PETTY-DWARVES Picinaucor, Pitya-naucor (lit. *"small dwarves"), Attalyar (lit. "Bipeds"). DWARROWVAULT Casarrondo (Khazad-dûm) –NAUK, WJ:388, 389

DWELLER mardo –LT1:251

DWELLING (noun) mar (mard-) (home), also már; DWELLING (adj) #farnë (a pl form? Sg farna? Only attested in the compound orofarnë "mountain-dwelling". Note: farnë is also the pa.t. of farya- "suffice", as well as a noun "foliage"); DWELLING-PLACE nórë (land, region where certain people live, nation, native land, family); DWELLING UNDERGROUND hróta (artificial cave, rockhewn hall). The word ambar, usually translated "world", is also associated with "home, dwelling" in one source. –VT45:33, 46:13, cf. LT1:251, LotR:505 cf. Letters:224, VT47:6, NDOR, PM:365, VT46:13

DWINDLE píca- (part. pícala is attested) (lessen) –MC:223, 222



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