Quettaparma Quenyanna

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QUANTITY (great) úvë (abundance) –UB

QUARREL (vb) costa-KOT

QUEEN tári (gen. tário and dative tárin are also attested, the latter in the Elaine inscription). Vocative tarinya *"my Queen", UT:179. LT1:260 gives turinqui "queen", while LT1:273 gives vardi, but these are hardly valid words in LotR-style Quenya. QUEEN OF STARS (Varda's title) Elentári (so in LotR and Silm; Etym has also Tinwetári, Tinwetar, Tinwerontar); QUEEN OF THE EARTH Kementári (a title of Yavanna) –TĀ/LT1:264/Nam/RGEO:67, Silm:55/437/30

QUICK STROKE rincë (stem rinci-) (flourish) –RIK

QUIET (noun) quildë (rest, hush) –GL:23

QUIVER vainolëLT1:271

QUOTATION eques (pl. equessi) (dictum, proverbial dictum, saying) –WJ:392

RACE nórë (land, country, dwelling-place, nation, native land, family) –NŌ

RADAGAST Aiwendil ("Lover of Birds", his original Valinorean name, not an actual translation of "Radagast", which is either Adûnaic for "Tender of Beasts" or a Mannish name of uncertain meaning) –UT:393/417, cf. 390, 401

RADIANCE alcar, alcarë (brilliance, splendour), incalë (compare Ancalë or "Radiant One" as a name of the Sun, LR:392 s.v. KAL, though it is not clear whether or not Tolkien abandoned this word), fairë (Note: the word fairë has several other meanings – see DEATH, FREEDOM, PHANTOM), nalta (glittering reflection [from jewels, glass, polished metals, or water] alata in Silm:433 is the Telerin form, and alta in VT42:32 would seem to be a variant. In PM:347, nalta is spelt with initial ñ, that is, ng. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya, and we follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. But if this word is written in Tengwar, the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo, not númen.) RADIANT alcarinqua (glorious) –AKLA-R, VT45:36, PHAY, PM:347, WJ:369 (where alkar is translated "splendour")

RAGE ahaLotR:1157

RAIMENT #larma (attested in pl. form larmar). Note: a homophone means “[?pig]-fat”. –PE17:175

RAIN mistë (fine rain), rossë (fine rain, dew, spray), ucco; RAINBOW helyanwë (lit. "sky-bridge"), Ilweran, Ilweranta. (LT2 has iluquinga "sky-bow", but this was obsoleted together with ilu "sky"; see SKY.) –MIZD, ROS cf. Letters:282, GL:74, 3EL, LT1:256, LT2:348

RAISE orta- (lift up, rise) (pa.t. ortanë is attested; orta- probably obsoletes orto- in LT1:256), in early "Qenya" also amu- –ORO, Nam, RGEO:67, LT2:335

RAPE (vb) mapta- (pa.t. mapantë) (ravish); noun RAPE maptalë (ravishment, seizure). –PE13:163

RAPID larca, alarcaLAK

RAT nyarro ("nyano" in LR:379 must be a misreading of Tolkien's manuscript; the primitive form is given as nyadrō, which could not possibly become "nyano" in Quenya). –NYAD, VT46:7

RAVINE axa (narrow path), yáwë (cleft, gulf/gully), falqua (cleft, mountain pass) –AK, YAG/VT46:22, LT2:341

RAVISH mapta- (pa.t. mapantë) (rape); noun RAVISHMENT maptalë (rape, seizure). –PE13:163

RAY OF LIGHT alca; RAY OF THE SUN firin (the latter may not be a valid word in LotR-style Quenya; it would clash with the verb "I fade" or "I die").AKLA-R, LT2:341

"RAYMENT, VEILS" fana (pl fanar is attested. This word was used of the visible bodies in which the Valar presented themselves to incarnates.) –RGEO:74

RE- (prefix) en- (as in entulessë "return" and envinyatar "renewer", q.v. Also used on verbs: #enquat- "refill" [only fut. enquantuva is attested, see REFILL]. Before the consonants l, m, r, s, the prefix en- would be assimilated to *el-, *em-, *er-, and *es-, respectively. Very early [The Lost Tales] "Qenya" has an- instead of en- [see LT1:184].)

REACH (intr.) *rahta- (strech out) (Emended from the actual reading rakta; Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya) –LT1:335

REACT ahtar- or accar- (do back, requite, avenge) –PE17:166

READ tengwa- (verb denominated from tengwa “letter”), conjugated in many forms in source: aorist [teng]wa, present [teng]wëa, past [teng]wanë, perfect e[teng]wië; READING (verbal noun) tengwië (also attested with suffixes: tengwiesto “of your [dual] reading”). –VT49:47-48, 54

READY (adj.) manwa (for "to ready" as a noun, cf. the verb manwa- "to prepare") –QL:59

REAL anwa (actual, true) –ANA2

REALM arda (region). This word means "any more or less bounded or defined place, a region" (WJ:402) or "a particular land or region" (WJ:413). Arda (with a capital A) was "the name given to our world or earth...within the immensity of Eä". –3AR, Letters:283

REAR (noun) tellë, (body-part:) pontë (ponti-) (back) –TELES, QL:75


RECALL (i.e. remember) #enyal- (inf. or gerund enyalië) –UT:302, 317

RECKON not-; *RECKONING #onótië (isolated from Yénonótië *"reckoning of years"), *RECKONER Onótimo (the untranslated title of one Quennar, an expert of chronology) –NOT, MR:48-51

RECEIVE #cam- (attested in the past tense #camnë with pronominal endings added: camnelyes "you received it"). Early material also has tuvu- (same as in utúvienyes "I have found it"? See FIND) –VT47:21, GL:71

RED carnë (stem carni-), aira ("ruddy, copper-coloured"), *narwa ("fiery red", cited in the archaic form narwā in the source. Cf. nárë "flame"), nasar (adopted from Valarin; used in Vanyarin Quenya only); RED [HEAT?] (Tolkien's handwriting was illegible) yulmë (Note: a homophone means "drinking, carousal".) RED FLAME rúnya, WITH ADORNMENT OF RED JEWELS carnimírië (a pl form? Sg *carnimírëa? Letters:224 has carne- instead of carni-.) –KARÁN/Silm:429, GAY, NAR, WJ:399, YUL, Silm:437, LotR:505 cf. Letters:224

REDEEMER #runando (isolated from Mardorunando, "Redeemer of the World") –VT45:17

REED liscë (sedge) –LT2:335 (GL:34 also gives feng-, but some ending would be required). It may be that at some stages of Tolkien’s conception, the word linquë was intended to mean *”grass, reed” (but elsewhere the same word is used as an adj. “wet” or as a noun “hyacinth”).


REFILL #enquat- (only fut. enquantuva is attested, but cf. quat- "fill" in WJ:392). In another source the future tense appears as enquatuva. –Nam, VT21:6, 10; VT48:11

REFLECTION (glittering) nalta (radiance – alata in Silm:433 is the Telerin form. In PM:347, nalta is spelt with initial ñ, that is, ng. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya, and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. But if this word is written in Tengwar, the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo, not númen.) –PM:347

REFRESH ceuta- (renew) –VT48:7

REFUSE váquet- (forbid, say no) (1st pers. sg aorist and past váquetin, váquenten are given) avaquet- (forbid) (pa.t. is no doubt *avaquentë; cf. quet- under SAY), ava- (say no). (Pa.t. avanë is given; this verb was "little used in ordinary language". Other forms occur in VT49:13, all with the ending -n “I”: Aorist avan, present ávan or ávëan, future avuvan > auvan, past avanen or aunen, perfect avávien. In one version, the forms ávëan and avanen are marked as poetic or archaic.) –WJ:370, KWET, VT49:13


REGION ména, arda (realm), hardaMEN, LotR:1157, VT45:12

REGULAR sanya (Þ) (law-abiding, normal) (variant vorosanya with a prefixed element meaning "ever"). –STAN, VT46:16

RECEIVE #cam- (attested in the pa.t. #camnë with pronominal affixes: camnelyes, "you received it") –VT47:21

RELATE #nyar- (cited as nyarin, 1st pers. aorist) (tell); NOT TO BE TOLD OR RELATED avanyárima –NAR2, WJ:370

RELEASE lerya- (set free, let go), fainu-, apsenë- (remit, forgive; see FORGIVE). RELEASED lehta (free); RELEASED ELEMENT (a term for "vowel") #lehta tengwë (only pl. lehta tengwi is attested; we would rather expect *lehtë tengwi). –VT41:5, 6, LT2:250, VT43:18, 20, VT39:17

REMAIN lemya- (to tarry). Possibly this verb should have the past tense *lemnë rather than ?lemyanë, since intransitive verbs in –ya may seem to surrender this suffix in the past tense. REMAINS erin (evidently a verb; the ending -n for 3rd person rather than 1st person would not be valid in later Quenya. A verbal stem #er- "remain" may perhaps be isolated, but the source is very early and writers should rather use lemya-.) –VT45:26, LT1:269


REMIT apsenë- (release, forgive; see FORGIVE). –VT43:18, 20

REMOTE haira (far), eccaira, avahaira, vaháya or avaháyaKHAYA, VT45:21

REND narca- (in the Etymologies as published in LR, "narka" in Tolkien's manuscript was misread as "narki"; see VT45:37), RENDING naraca (harsh, violent) (possibly "of sounds", but Tolkien's extra comment is partially illegible) –NÁRAK, VT45:37

RENEW ceuta- (refresh), #envinyata- (heal) (isolated from Envinyatar, see below. Past participle Envinyanta is attested, though it is translated "healed" rather than *"renewed".) RENEWED ceura (so in VT48:8; the form ceurë on the previous page looks dubious, except as the plural form of this adj.). *RENEWAL ceulë (the likeliest meaning of this unglossed form), RENEWER EnvinyatarMR:405, VT48:7, 8, LotR:897

REPAY paitya- (requite) –QL:72

REPEAT tatya- (double); REPEATED vórima (changed by Tolkien from vorima) (continual), vórëa (enduring, continuous) –TATA, BOR, VT45:7

REPETITION continuous repetition: vorongandelë ("vorogandele" in the published Etymologies is a misreading; see VT45:7) (harping on one tune) –LIN1

REPOSE Estë (the name of a Valië; because of this name, estë fell out of use as a general word for "repose"). According to VT46:12, Tolkien also considered erdë as a word for "repose", but he marked it with an X, possibly indicating that he considered abandoning this word because it clashed with erdë "seed, germ". Because of its uncertain status, writers should probably avoid erdë "repose". –WJ:403, 404


REACT ahtar- or accar- (do back, requite, avenge), paitya- (repay) –PE17:166, QL:72

RESCUE (noun) rehtië (saving); this would seem to be the gerund of a verb *rehta- “rescue, save” (see SAVING for further discussion). –PE17:38


RESONANT (of strings) tunga (taut, tight) –TUG

RESPONSIBILITY cáma (guilt) –QL:43

REST serin ("I rest", 1st pers. aorist); REST (noun) sérë (repose, peace), quildë (quiet, hush); Estë (the name of a Valië; because of this name, estë fell out of use as a general word for "rest") (repose); TAKE A REST hauta-; RESTING senda (at peace) –SED, EZDĒ/WJ:404, GL:23, KHAW

RESTRAIN avalerya- (bind, make fast, deprive of liberty) –VT41:5, 6

RETURN (vb) pel- (revolve, go round), RETURN (noun) entulessë –PEL, UT:171, 434

REVEAL apanta- (pa.t. apantanë, apantë) (display); REVEALING (noun) pantië (opening, unfolding) –QL:34, 72

REVERED: The element #ar- in Arfanyarassë (a name of Taniquetil) is said to mean "high (i.e., noble, revered)" –WJ:416

REVERSED nuquerna (literally *”under-turned”)LotR:1157

REVOLVE pel- (return, go round) –PEL

RICH alya (prosperous, abundant, blessed), lárëa (also = fat, and probably the best word for "rich" in the strictly material sense), autë (also as noun: prosperity, wealth), herenya (wealthy, fortunate, blessed). RICHES lar (fat) –GALA/VT42:32, VT45:26, LT2:335, KHER, VT45:26

RIDER roquen (horseman, knight) –WJ:372, UT:282

RIGHT téra (straight), vanima (fair, proper, beautiful). RIGHT (direction) forya (dexter), fortë (stem *forti-) (Note: the latter word also means "northern"); RIGHTHANDED formaitë (stem *formaiti-) (dexterous), RIGHT HAND forma –TE3, LT1:272, PHOR/VT46:10, VT47:6

RIME ringwë (frost) –LT1:255

RING #corma (isolated from cormacolindor "Ring-bearers"). The title "Lord of the Rings" Tolkien translated as Heru i Million, with #milli as the word for "rings" (singular *millë or less likely *mil with stem *mill-). The word *risil (quoted in archaic form rithil) appears in Rithil-Anamo or "Ring of Doom", the place where judgement was passed in Valinor; this would therefore be a "ring" on the ground. RING-DAY Cormarë (Yavannië 30th, a festival in honour of Frodo Baggins; this was his birthday). RING-WRAITHS Úlairi (Nazgûl) (pl; sg #Úlairë? Note that Úlairi is not a literal translation of "ring-wraiths"; the prefix ú- may mean "un-" with evil connotation; the rest of the word is obscure. Lairë "summer" or "poem" can hardly have anything to do with #lairi. The syllable úl- may also have something to do with the Black Speech word gûl, wraith, or else the meaning may be "unliving (= undead) ones", with the root LAY that is normally associated with greenness but also with life: *ú-lai-ri "un-live-ly ones") –LotR:989 cf. Letters:308, LotR.1146, WJ:401, Silm:362, 417

RINGING SOUND láma (echo – so in Etym, but see SOUND) –LAM

RISE orta- (pa.t. ortanë is attested; orta- obsoletes oro- in LT1:256) (lift up, raise); RISING (noun) órë (Note: a homophone means "heart, inner mind"; but cf. MIGHTY-RISING); SUNRISE anarórë (LT1:264 has orontë, oronto, but these words may not be valid in LotR-style Quenya). –ORO, LT1:256, Nam/RGEO:67

RIVER sírë (stream), also #sirya (attested in dual form siryat). (LT1:248/262 also gives nen, while LT1:260 gives celusindi; LT1:265 gives sindi; these may not be valid words in LotR-style Quenya.) The word hlóna (marked by a query by Tolkien) was to designate "a river, especially given to those at all seasons full of water from mountains". Regarding the conceptual validity of the word nuinë,duinë (cognate of Sindarin duin as in Anduin), see nuinë in the Quenya-English wordlist. RIVER-[?FEEDING] WELL (Tolkien's gloss is not certainly legible) lón, lónë (pl. lóni given) (deep pool). RIVULET siril; MOUTH OF RIVER etsirSIR, VT47:11, VT48:27, 28, 30-31, ET

ROAD tëa (straight line) (note: not to be confused with the verb tëa- "indicate"), ROAD IN SEA londë (entrance to harbour, translated "haven" in Alqualondë Haven of the Swans, UT:417; the additional gloss "fairway" turned up in VT45:28), tië (path, course, direction, way), #vanda (isolated form Qualvanda "Road of Death" in LT1:264; cf. vand- "way, path" on the same page) –TEÑ, LOD/VT45:28, TE3/RGEO:67, LT1:264

ROARING (adj.) rávëa; ROARING NOISE rávë –MC:223 cf. 215

ROBBER pilu (thief) –QL:73

ROBBERY pilwë (theft) –QL:73

ROBE vaima (wrap) –LT1:271

ROCKHEWN HALL hróta (dwelling underground, artificial cave) –PM:365

ROLL UP tolu- –QL.94

ROOF (vb) tópa-; ROOF (noun) tópa; HAVING A ROOF telda; "DOWN-ROOF" (cover) untúpa-TOP, LT2:348, RGEO:67/Nam

ROOM sambë (Þ) (chamber) –STAB

ROOMY yonda (wide, extensive) –PE17:43

ROOT, ROOTWORD sundo (Þ) (pl #sundar in Tarmasundar "Roots of the Pillar" in UT:166, but this may be a different word) (base), talma (foundation), sulca (esp. edible root) –SUD (but VT46:16 indicates that Tolkien changed the root to STUD, also implying that sundo was originally Þundo), TAL, SÚLUK

ROUND corna (globed), corima; ISOLATED ROUND HILL tolmen (boss of shield), GO ROUND pel- (return, revolve) ROUNDED HANDLE, see HANDLE. –KOR, LT1:257, 269, PEL

ROW téma (series, line) (pl témar is attested) –TEÑ, LotR:1153

ROYAL #arna (isolated from Arnanor, Arnanórë, "royal land", Arnor); ROYALIST arandil (king's friend) –Letters:428, 386

RUDDY aira (red, copper-coloured), roinaGAY, ROY

RUINOUS atalantëa (pl. atalantië is attested) –MC:222, 223

RULE (vb) heru- (Note: In Tolkien’s later Quenya, heru is primarily the noun "lord", so the later verb tur- “govern” may be preferred to this early “Qenya” verb.). LT1:273 has vard- "rule, govern", but this is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. RULE (noun, “a rule”) sanyë (Þ) (law), axan (commandment, law, as proceeding primarily from Eru; pl. axani is attested.) –LT1:272, STAN, WJ:399/VT39:30

RULER cáno, cánu (see COMMANDER) (governor, chieftain, commander), #tur (as in Minyatur, "first Ruler") (lord) –UT:400, 466

RUN yur- (quoted in form yurin, translated "runs", but within Tolkien's later framework it looks like a 1st person aorist "I run"), RUN ON, RUN SMOOTHLY nornoro-; adj. STRONG/SWIFT AT RUNNING nórima QL:106 (cf. entry YUR in Etym), LT1:263, VT49:29

RUNE certa (pl certar is attested. This word only occurred in Exilic Quenya, adopted and adapted from Sindarin certh. Tolkien notes that if inherited, the form would have had the form *cirtë.) –WJ:396, LotR:1151

RUSHING (adjectival) rimpa (flying), arauca (swift); RUSHING (noun) ormë (wrath, violence, haste) –KHOR, LT2:347, GOR

RUSTLE escë (noise of leaves) –EZGE

SAFE varna (protected, secure). (GL:58 has moina "safe, secure", but in Tolkien's later Quenya moina means "dear, familiar", and the former moina now appears as muina "hidden, secret".) SAFE KEEPING mando (custody) –BAR, MR:350

SAGA nyárë, nyarna (tale, history) –NAR2

SAGACIOUS finwaLT1:253

SAIL #cir- (only attested as a continuative stem: círa). LT1:273 has wili- "sail, float, fly", but see FLY. –MC:221

SAILOR ciryaquen (shipman) –WJ:372

SAKALTHÔR FalassionUT:223

SALT (noun:) singë, (adj., "salty"): singwa –QL:83


SAME imya (same, identical, selfsame); SAME THING imma (this is also the reflexive pronoun "itself") SAME ONE, SELF immo (a general sg. reflexive pronoun, covering English "myself, him/herself, yourself", but not "itself" which is imma) –VT47:37

SANCTUARY yána (holy place) –YAN


SARUMAN Curumo (= Sindarin Curunír) –UT:393, 401, 427

SATURN LumbarWJ:xi/Basic Quenya:24, cf. Silm:55

SAURON (The Abhorred) Sauron (Þ), other names Súro,

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