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Dhaanish Ahmed College of Engineering

Dhaanish Nagar, Padappai, Chennai - 601301.


Name of the Course: Technical English-II Course Code: HS6251

Year: I Semester: II


Complete the following irregular and regular verbs (4× ½ = 2)

Present past past perfect

  1. Arise arose ___________

  2. Buy bought ___________

  3. Become ___________ become

  4. Catch ___________ ___________

  5. __________ ___________ taught

  6. Close ___________ ___________

  7. __________ built built

  8. __________ ___________ flown

  9. Creep ___________ crept

  10. __________ froze frozen

  11. __________ paid ___________

  12. Throw ___________ ___________

  13. Sing ___________ ___________

  14. ___________ ___________ slept

  15. Show ___________ ___________

  16. Learn ___________ ___________

  17. ___________ wrote ___________

  18. Kill ___________ ___________

  19. Walk ___________ ___________

  20. Phone ___________ ___________

  21. ___________ imagined ___________

  22. ___________ ___________ waited

  23. Phone ___________ ___________

  24. Appreciate ___________ ___________

  25. Number ___________ ___________

  26. ___________ was/were ___________

  27. Shut ___________ ___________

  28. ___________ ___________ burst

  29. ___________ rode ___________

  30. ___________ ___________ done


Change the following sentences into passive form:­ (1×2 = 2)

  1. Pinto bought a watch last month (AU May/June 2014)

  2. The old lady tells interesting stories (AU May/June 2014)

  3. They have announced the results (AU Jan 2009)

  4. We can generate heat for welding in many ways. (AU Jan 2009)

  5. They are constructing a new bridge across the river. (AU Jan 2009)

  6. The engineers have introduced many innovations in aeronautical industry. (AU Jan 2009)

  7. This will prevent metal surfaces from coming into contact. (AU May 2004)

  8. The Egyptians knew the art of jewellery making as early as 3000 BC. (AU June 2011)

  9. One can easily solve this problem. (AU June 2005)

  10. The company had manufactured high powered engines. (AU Dec 2008)

  11. The government of India gives awards to outstanding scientists. (AU Jan 2011)

  12. All section of people discuss climate today. (AU Jan 2011)

  13. We can use coal to produce detergents, explosives and paints. (AU April 2010)

  14. Indian Airlines has introduced the automatic printing of tickets in major cities (AU Dec 2002)

  15. A very small quantity of nuclear can produce enormous amount of energy. (AU Dec 2002)

  16. Multinational companies make huge investments oil-rich countries. (AU April 2003)

  17. We use radiation measuring instruments to monitor radiation levels. (AU Dec 2003)

  18. Electricity board is laying cables in every nook and corner of the city. (AU Jan 2010)

  19. The social welfare organization gave a gift worth Rs.1000 to all self-help groups. (AU Jan 2010)

  20. Teachers can best sow the seed for type of behavior at a tender age. (AU Jan 2005)

  21. Bhutan has maintained a policy of careful, controlled development order to preserve its natural identity. (AU Dec 2005)

  22. Users have maintained this pump themselves (AU June 2005)

  23. China produces thousands of electronic devices every year. (AU June 2005)

  24. The editors have retained the broad themes of the original book in the revised editions. (AU June 2007)

  25. The ornithologist observed the activities of the owl over a period of few months. (AU June 2007)

  26. The doctor will give you instructions.

  27. The team will celebrate their victory tomorrow.

  28. The crew paved the entire stretch of highway.

  29. Avoid cell phone while driving.

  30. Check your battery every day.

Change the following sentences into active voice. (1×2 = 2)

  1. Alternative sources of energy have to be used by us to tide over the energy. (AU Jan 2010)

  2. The prices of essential commodities must be brought down by the authorities. (AU Jan 2010)

  3. They are often taken to interesting places by their friends. (AU Jan 2010)

  4. Precautions should be taken by everyone while entering the chemistry lab. (AU Jan 2010)

  5. Data will be required by the management on capacity utilization. (AU Jan 2004)

  6. The crew found the meteorological information very useful. (AU Jan 2010)

  7. Many faults have been ascribed to dams by people. (AU Jan 2005)

  8. The art of jewellery making was known to Egyptians as early as 3000 B.C. (AU May 2005)

  9. My friend was awarded a medal by the Chairman for his new project. (AU Dec 2010)

  10. The nuclear reactor is controlled by control rods. (AU Jan 2010)


I. Use the homophones in sentences to distinguish their meaning. (2×2 = 4)

  1. bread, bred

  2. career, carrier

  3. carat, carrot

  4. cell, sell

  5. coat, quote

  6. cord, chord

  7. council, counsel

  8. coward, covered

  9. coarse, course

  10. deer, dear

  11. week, weak

  12. see, sea

  13. advice, advise

  14. altar, alter

  15. accent, ascent

  16. beach, beech

  17. bail, bale

  18. bare, bear

  19. birth, berth

  20. break, brake

II. Read the following sentences and insert the right homophones

  1. Although he walked two kilometers a day, he could not ______ (loose lose) his weight (Anna Univ. May/June 20014)

  2. The lady of the house faced many difficulties in the absence of her _______ (made/maid) (Anna Univ. May/June 20014)

  3. The child _______ (through/throw) the ball into the tank (Anna Univ. May/June 20014)

  4. They met _____ (there/their) friends in the park. (Anna Univ. May/June 20014)

  5. Some wounds _______ (heal/heel) slowly

  6. I don’t know _______(him/hymn)

  7. She was afraid she would ______ (loose/lose) her pain

  8. I want to ­____ (meet/meat) my friend

  9. She dipped the ______(oar/ore) into the water

  10. We want _______ (piece/peace) not war

  11. You can slip on a banana ______ (peel/peal)

  12. There was a ______ (plain/plane) crash

  13. You _____ (pray/prey) God

  14. I have studied the ______ (principal/principle) of Economics

Read the homonyms and give an example for each:

  1. Band

  2. bank

  3. Lie

  4. Tip

  5. Mean

  6. Ring

  7. Bark

  8. Bat

  9. Bow

  10. Fair

  11. Fine

  12. Ground

  13. Lie

  14. Light

  15. Pole

  16. Sole

  17. Trunk

  18. Well

  19. Row

  20. Can

  1. PART-B

  2. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below.

  3. Learning is a process that every single human being undergoes. It is not just yearly or even monthly process, but a day to day one as well. We observe people around us-how they speak and act. In learning about others we learn about over selves in the bargain, and also how it is best to interact with other people. We learn the true meaning of terms such as integrity, kindness, sincerity, dedication, love, acceptance, appearance, appreciation, humanity and encouragement only from honest actions; not just from words.

  4. As students, we expect to learn these life lessons on campus both within and outside the class room. Students play such an instrumental role in influencing and educating fellow students. Sadly, it is very difficult to find students true to their beliefs, firm in the stands they take and confident of their values. Many take easy way out, rather than being whom they truly are, which is not as easy as it sounds. They slide into the easiest gateways camouflaged in the form of a group of close friends.

  5. Yet why do these students feel such a sense of loneliness? Why is it that even though they appear to have things figured out, they are all still alone? All that I choose to boldly say is that if being different means that you stand alone, then do not be afraid to be the only one brave enough to be the person everyone is secretly wishing that he/she was.

  6. The real dilemma in our educational system is that many students are afraid to be who they really are. They have been taught by people around them that it is not acceptable to laugh at things that other people do not think are funny, that it is not proper for them to think differently from their parents and most importantly, that it is not right to voice your own problem.

  7. Sooner or later you will look upon yourself wandering how much you have accomplished in life. However successful you may become, it is only the satisfaction of embarrassing what really makes “you” and appreciating what you really feel, that will make you genuinely happy. That is education at its best.

  8. A. Choose the correct answer (5×1= 5)

  1. What do you gain by learning about others?

  1. a. We learn about the environment b. We learn about the world

  2. c. We learn about our true self d. We do not learn much

  1. What helps us to understand the meaning of kindness?

  1. a. dishonest actions b. sincere actions

  2. c. serious actions d. daring actions

  1. Most students suffer a sense of loneliness because

  1. a. they do not study well b. they do not have enough friends

  2. c. they do not get good education c. they are afraid of themselves

  1. What is the best education, according to the author?

  1. a. that which helps you to get job b. that which helps you to earn a lot of money

  2. c. that which makes you to understand your true self d. that which makes you

  1. who could be the author of the passage

  1. a student a parent c. teacher d. a spiritual leader

  2. B. Mention whether the following sentences are “True” or “False”

    1. Learning is common to all human beings.

    2. We do not learn the meaning of life from words alone.

    3. Students cannot educate other students.

    4. It is simple to find out who we really are

    5. To be different means to dress strangely

    6. Most of our students are not courageous

  1. C. Choose the definition which best suits the given words as they are used in the text.

  2. 1. Instrumental

  3. a. Musical b. mechanical c. interesting d. important

  4. 2. Slide

  5. a. unchanged b. fall into c. changed gradually d. rise up

  6. 3. Camouflaged

  7. a. comforted b. decorated c. controlled d. disguised

  8. 4. Dilemma

  9. a. Advantage b. problem c. solution d. action

  10. 5. Figured out

  11. a. understood b. appreciated c. discovered d. imagined

  12. UNIT – II

  13. PART – A


  15. 1. Fill in the blanks with modal verbs conveying the meaning indicated in brackets: (May/June 2014)

  16. a. Dhoni ------------- play cricket well. (ability)

  17. b. ------- can we go for a walk? (suggestion)

  18. c. It ------ rain today. (possibility)

  19. d. He ------- take care of his parents in their old age. (moral obligation)

  20. 2. Fill in the blanks with suitable modal verbs choosing from the list given:

  21. (can, should, must, may, would)

  22. You ______ come for the fitness camp if you want to get back in shape. You will be provided with food at the camp but you _____ bring snacks like whole grain biscuits if you wish. However, fried snacks will not be allowed. You ____ use cell phones in the camp, but you _____ switch them off during the exercise and yoga sessions.

  23. 3. Fill in the blanks with suitable modal verbs choosing from the list given below:

  24. (ought to, would, may, must, can)

  25. He has been working for more than 11 hours. He ___ be tired after such hard work. He ____ prefer to get some rest. He ____ be permitted to take rest. Later, he ____ do the work better.

  26. 4. Choose the suitable modal verb:

  27. (a) When I was at school, I ___ run several miles at a stretch. (can/could/might)

  28. (b) The doctor said he ____ examine the patient. (can/must/would)

  29. (c) He ____ get through if e prepares well. (could, can, should)

  30. (d) I ____ rather read a book, than watch a movie. (should/would/ can)

  31. 5. Use the correct modal verb:

  32. (a) You _____ finish this work before going to bed. (necessity) (must, dare, may)

  33. (b) He ____ stand alone. (ability) (ought to, can, dares to)

  34. (c) The film _____ be a great success. (strong possibility) (ought to, could, will)

  35. (d) The problem _____ be too difficult to solve. (weak probability) (might, can, will)

  36. 6. Use the correct modal verb:

  37. (a) He ____ come to class yesterday because he had a doctor's appointment. (shouldn’t, couldn’t, mustn’t)

  38. (b) I _____ buy those shoes if I were you. (wouldn't, shouldn't, couldn’t)

  39. (c) You ____ not smoke inside a hospital. (ought, should, may)

  40. (d) I _________ like to buy a similar mobile for my brother. (could, must, would)

  41. 7. Use the correct modal verb:

  42. (a) You _____ see the mountain ranges even from my bedroom. (ability)

  43. (b) _____ I take this book? (permission)

  44. (c) ____ you join us at lunch? (suggestion)

  45. (d) The passengers ___wear their seatbelts at all times. (necessity)

  46. 8.Use the correct modal verb:

  47. (a) The boys _____wake up earlier than 7:30 am. They have class at 8:00 am.

  48. (b) I ____ be able to play the piano when I finish my piano class.

  49. (c) You _____ n't work on my computer. (prohibition)

  50. (d)You ____ drive carefully in bad weather. (advice)

  51. 9. Use the correct modal verb:

  52. (a) You ____ stop smoking or you’ll get lung cancer. (order)

  53. (b) A reader ____ borrow up to six books at any one time. (permission)

  54. (c) _____ I pick up the children up from school today? (suggestion)

  55. (d) I ____ earn a lot, when I was in the US. (past ability)

  56. 10. Use the correct modal verb:

  57. (a) You ____ have informed me about this beforehand. (obligation) (ought to, have to, may have to)

  58. (b) I ____ try my best to help you. (promise)

  59. (c) My friend ___ visit us on his way back home. (probability)

  60. (d) I think it ___ rain on Friday. (prediction)


  62. 1. Make sentences using any TWO of the following phrasal verbs: (May/June 2014)

  63. (a) break down (b) catch up) (c) drop out (d) give in

  64. 2. Make sentences using any TWO of the following phrasal verbs:

  65. (a) bring up, check in, drop out, hang up

  66. 3. Give the meaning of the phrasal verbs as they are used in the following. (May/June 2014)

  67. a. Sachin rang up his mother.

  68. b. He takes after his father.

  69. c. The thief broke into the house last night.

  70. d. The chief guest gave away the prizes to the winners.

  71. 4. Give the meaning of the phrasal verbs as they are used in the following.

  72. (a) The Prime Minister called on the President after his foreign tour.

  73. (b) My friend has taken over as the Principal of this college.

  74. (c) It is very difficult to figure out the passage.

  75. (d) Don’t idle away your time.

  76. 5. Give the meaning of the phrasal verbs as they are used in the following.

  77. (a) Companies failing to adhere to safety guidelines are penalized.

  78. (b) Why doesn’t Sathish turn up today?

  79. (c) I must insist on returning my car.

  80. (d) Fire broke out at night.

  81. 6. Give the meaning of the phrasal verbs as they are used in the following.

  82. (a) You must attend to your work and stop talking.

  83. (b) Shanthi came across some of her old family photos.

  84. (c) My mother burst into tears when she saw me getting the gold medal.

  85. (d) Do these plans fit in with your arrangements?

  86. 7. Give the meaning of the phrasal verbs as they are used in the following.

  87. (a) We deal in computer software.

  88. (b) James gave up the idea of competing in the election.

  89. (c) Anitha broke off in the middle of the sentence.

  90. (d) The Tamil Nadu government has set up this monument in memory of Bharathiar.

  91. 8. Make sentences using any TWO of the following phrasal verbs:

  92. Cut down, keep on, make up, turn down

  93. 9. Make sentences using any TWO of the following phrasal verbs:

  94. Set in, wind up, bring about, drop in

  95. 10. Make sentences using any TWO of the following phrasal verbs:

  96. Give up, look into, carry out, take after


  98. 1. Rewrite the following into sentences indicating purpose: (May/June 2013)

  99. a. A clock -------------- to show the time of the day.

  100. b. A calendar ----------- to show the days, weeks and months of a particular year.

  101. c. A telescope: view stars and other celestial bodies.

  102. d. A catalyst: speeds up a chemical process.

  103. 2. Give purpose statements for any TWO of the following. (May/June 2012)

  104. (a) An auditorium (b) A printer (c) A thermostat

  105. 3. Write purpose statements for any TWO of the following: (May/June 2011)

  106. (a) Cell phone (b) Computer (c) I-pod

  107. 4. Write purpose statements for any TWO of the following: (May/June 2011)

  108. (a) Refrigerator (b) washing machine (c) constructing a by-pass road

  109. 5. Write purpose statements for the following:

  110. (a) air conditioner (b) scanner

  111. 6. Write purpose statements for the following:

  112. (a) a flow chart (b) a litmus paper

  113. 7. Make sentences expressing purpose using the hints given below:

  114. (a) a catalyst: speeds up a chemical process

  115. (b) experiment: demonstrate a principle

  116. 8. Make sentences expressing purpose for any TWO using the hints given below:

  117. (a) robot: does heavy and dangerous jobs (b) catalyst: speeds up a chemical process (c) telescope: view stars and other celestial bodies.

  118. 9. Make sentences expressing purpose using the hints given below:

  119. (a) experiment: demonstrates a principle (b) thermostat: maintains temperature at a constant level

  120. 10. Make sentences expressing purpose for any TWO using the hints given below:

  121. (a) rheostat: controls the current flow (b) lubricant: makes a machine move easily and smoothly (c) microphone: amplifies one’s voice.

  122. PART – B


  124. a) Read the passage and answer the questions that follow.

  125. Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, summed up the four chief qualities of money some 2000 years ago. It must be lasting and easy to recognize, to divide, and to carry about. In other words, it must be, durable, distinct, divisible and portable. When we think of money today, we picture it either as round, flat pieces of metal which we call coins, or as printed notes. But there are still parts of the world today where coins and notes are of no use. They will buy nothing, and a traveler might starve if he had none of the particular local money to exchange for food.

  126. Among isolated people, who are not often reached by traders from outside, commerce usually means barter. There is a direct exchange of goods. Perhaps, it is fish for vegetables, meat for grain, or various kinds of food in exchange for pots, baskets, or other manufactured goods. For this kind of simple trading, money is not needed, but there is often something that everyone wants and everybody can use, such as salt to flavour food, shells for ornaments, or iron and copper to make into tools and vessels. These things –salt, shells, or metals-are still used as money in out of the way parts of the world today. Salt may seem rather a strange substance to use as money, but in countries where the food of the people is mainly vegetable, it is often an absolute necessity. Cakes of salt, stamped to show their value, were used in Tibet until recent times, and cakes of salt will still buy goods in Borneo and parts of Africa. Cowrie sea shells have been used as money at some time or another over the greater part of the OLD WORLD. These were collected mainly from the beaches of the Maldive Islands in the Indian Ocean, and were traded to India and China. In Africa, cowries were traded right across the continent from East to West. Four or five thousands went for Maria Thereasa dollar, an Australian silver coin which was once accepted as currency in many parts of Africa.

  127. Metal, valued by weight, preceded the coins in many parts of the world. Iron, in lumps, bars or rings is still used in many countries instead of money. It can either be exchanged for goods, or made into tools, weapons or ornaments. The early money of China, apart from shells, was of bronze, often in flat, round pieces with a hole in the middle, called “cash”. The earliest of these are between three thousand and four thousand years old—older than the earliest coins of the eastern Mediterranean.

  128. Nowadays, coins and notes have supplanted nearly all the more picturesque forms of money, and although in one or two of the remote countries people still hoard it for future use on ceremonial occasions such as weddings and funerals, examples of primitive money will soon be found in museums.

  129. (i) Choose the correct responses: (4×1=4)

  130. A. Aristotle said money should be

  131. (a) made of metal (b) durable, distinct, divisible and portable (c) 2000 years old (d) made of high quality metals.

  132. B. Nowadays we think of money as

  133. (a) made of either metal or paper (b) pieces of metal (c) printed notepaper (d) useful for starving travelers

  134. C. In some parts of the world a traveler might starve

  135. (a) even if his money was of the local kind (b) even if he had no coins or no notes (c) if he did not know the local rate of exchange (d) even if he had plenty of coins and notes.

  136. D. Barter usually takes the place of money transactions where

  137. (a) there is only salt (b) the trading needs of the people are fairly simple (c) metal tools are used

  138. (d) money is unknown

  139. (ii) Answer the following questions in a sentence or two. (2×2=4)

  140. 1. What were the various means used in ancient periods in place of money?

  141. 2. Write a note on the use of cowrie shells.

  142. b) Read the passage and answer the questions that follow.

  143. Think of the days when there were no computers and no modern means of transport. Human life was highly restricted due to the unavailability of technological applications. Daily life involved a lot of physical activity. Life of the common man was not as luxurious as that of modern times, but he was more active. Exercise was integrated into routine physical activities. It was contrary to the sedentary lifestyle of today, which leaves no time for exercise and fills days with inactivity and laze. Today we don't want to, and thanks to technology, don't even need to, walk, move around or exert physically to get things done. We have the world is at our fingertips.

  144. We think of technology as a boon to society. I am afraid; it's not completely a boon. The Internet has bred many unethical practices like hacking, spamming and phishing. Internet crime is on the rise. The Internet, being an open platform lacks regulation. There is no regulation on the content displayed on websites. Internet gambling has become an addiction for many. Overexposure to the Internet has taken its toll. In this virtual world, you can be who you are not, you can be virtually living even after you die. Isn't this weird? Children are spending all their time playing online and less or almost no time playing on the ground. Youngsters are spending most of their time social networking, missing on the joys of real social life.

  145. Think of the days when there were no online messengers, no emails and no cell phones. Indeed cellular technology made it possible for us to communicate over wireless media. Web communication facilities have worked wonders in speeding long-distance communication. On the other hand, they have deprived mankind of the warmth of personal contact. Emails replaced handwritten letters and communication lost its personal touch. With the means of communication so easily accessible, that magic in waiting to reach someone and the excitement that followed have vanished.

  146. Moreover, we have become excessively dependent on technology. Is so much of dependency good? Is it right to rely on machines to such an extent? Is it right to depend on computers rather than relying on human intellect? Computer technology and robotics are trying to substitute for human intellect. With the fast advancing technology, we have started harnessing artificial intelligence in many fields. Where is the digital divide going to take us? How is our 'tomorrow' going to be? 'Machines replacing human beings' does not portray a rosy picture, does it? It can lead to serious issues like unemployment and crime. An excessive use of machines in every field can result in an under-utilization of human brains. Over time, we may even lose our intellectual abilities. You know of the declining mathematical abilities in children due to use of calculators since school, don't you?

  147. The impact of technology on society is deep. It is both positive and negative. Technology has largely influenced every aspect of living. It has made life easy, but so easy that it may lose its charm one day. One can cherish an accomplishment only if it comes after effort. But everything has become so easily available due to technology that it has lost its value. There is a certain kind of enjoyment in achieving things after striving for them. But with everything a few clicks away, there is no striving, there's only striking. With the developments in technology, we may be able to enjoy all the pricey luxuries in life but at the cost of losing its priceless joys.

  148. (i) Choose the correct responses: (4×1=4)

  149. 1. The meaning of the word, ‘sedentary’

  150. (a). Concentrating (b) deskbound (c) dynamic (d) active and inactive

  151. 2. Weird means

  152. (a) peculiar (b) ghostly (c) sincere (d) normal

  153. 3. Excessive use of machines and devices results in_________ use of the brain

  154. (a) optimal (b) ignoring (c) sufficient (d) limited

  155. 4. In the virtual world, one can live

  156. (a) while living on earth (b) while both living and after death (c) only after death (d) none of these.

  157. (ii) Answer the following questions in a sentence or two. (2×2=4)

  158. 1. List out the reasons for the author’s unhappiness about the impact of technology?

  159. 2. What were the joys of the pre-technological age?


  161. 1. a. Write a letter to your friend inviting him / her to attend a festival organized in your college. (May 2014)

  162. Or

  163. 1. b. Write a letter to your friend reviewing a film you have watched recently. (May 2014)

  164. 2. a. Write a letter to your friend accepting his / her invitation to attend his / her birth day party.

  165. Or

  166. 2. b. Write a letter to your friend giving your review of a book you that has impressed you much.

  167. 3. a. Write a letter to your father requesting him to permit you to go on an educational tour.

  168. Or

  169. 3. b. Write a letter to your friend congratulating him / heron winning the gold medal in weight lifting at the intercollegiate competition.

  170. 4. a. Write a letter to your friend telling him about your studies and stay at your college.

  171. Or

  172. 4. b. Write a letter to your sister giving her your review of the book you read.

  173. 5. a. Write a letter to your father requesting him to give permission for attending a 10-day NSS camp organized by your college.

  174. Or

  175. 5. b. Write a letter to your friend sharing your experience in the recently undertaken educational tour.

  176. UNIT – III

  177. PART A


  179. Complete the given conditional statements suitably:

  180. 1. If the supply of lubricant fails, _________(AU April 99)

  181. 2. __________ if the quality of steam flowing through the cylinders is increased.

  182. 3. If the engine is serviced regularly, _________ (AU April/May 2009)

  183. 4. If he ran all the way, he ___________(get) there in time. (AU Jan 2010)

  184. 5. If you study hard, _____________. (AU June 2006)

  185. 6. If some more IT parks are established, ________(AU Dec 2010)

  186. 7. If the fuel prices increases rapidly, __________ (AU Dec 2008)

  187. 8. If you had watched the commonwealth games, _______ the Indian sports persons.( AU Jan 2011)

  188. 9. If I _______enough money, she ________ very happy.(be)

  189. 10. If there is a power breakdown, _____________________.


  191. Fill in the blanks with appropriate cause and effect expressions:

  192. 1. Many species of wildlife are becoming extinct, ___________ the rainforests are being destroyed.

  193. 2. Kerosene sellers have raised their prices _______________________________

  194. 3. Hemp can be used to make paper, ________it could reduce the need for logging.

  195. 4. Coal is still a very important source of power,___________________

  196. 5. Alternative energy are being investigated,______________________

  197. 6. Join the ‘causes’ in Column A with the ‘effects’ in Column B using cause and effect expressions such as: Because , because of , caused by, due to and owing to and make sentences.

  198. Column A Column B

  199. (i) Loud horns and blaring loud speakers damage to ear drums

  200. (ii) Chemical pollution greenhouse effect and ozone pollution

  201. (iii) construction of big dams evacuation of thousands of families

  202. (iv) Depletion of bamboo forests increase I soil erosion.

  203. 7. Complete the following with appropriate Cause and Effect expressions: (AU May/June 2014)

  204. (i) Neeraja did not go to college yesterday. She had a high fever.

  205. (ii) Nalini fainted in the class. She did not have breakfast.


  207. 1. Use any TWO the following words in sentences of your own first as noun and then as verb: (AU Nov/Dec 2009)

  208. (i) Produce (ii) Project (iii) Convict

  209. 2. Use any TWO the following words in sentences of your own first as noun and then as verb: (AU May/June 2012)

  210. (i) Reason (ii) project (iii) experiment

  211. 3. Make sentences of the following words as nouns and then as verbs: (AU Nov / Dec 2012)

  212. (i) Convict (ii) report

  213. 4. Make sentences of the following words as nouns and then as verbs :( AU May/June 2011)

  214. (i) Convert (ii) import

  215. 5. Make sentences of the following words as nouns and then as verbs :( AU Nov/Dec 2009)

  216. (i) Book (ii) record

  217. 6. Use any TWO of the following words in sentences of your own first as noun and then as verb: (AU Nov/Dec 2010)

  218. (i) Contact (ii) project (iii) progress

  219. 7. Useany TWO of the following words in sentences of your own first as noun and then as verb: (AU May/June 2009)

  220. (i) Object (ii) conduct (iii) rebel

  221. 8.1. Use any TWO of the following words in sentences of your own first as noun and then as verb:

  222. (i) Transfer (ii) break (iii) hope

  223. 9. Use any TWO of the following words in sentences of your own first as noun and then as verb:

  224. (i) shake(ii) record(iii) subject

  225. 10. Use any TWO of the following words in sentences of your own first as noun and then as verb:

  226. (i) Subject (ii) work (iii) conduct

  227. PART B

  228. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end of it:

  229. Professor Gavraud is an engineer who almost gave up his post at an institute Marseilles because he always felt ill at work. He decided against leaving when he discovered that the recurrent attacks of nausea only worried him when he was in his office at the top of the building. Thinking that there must be something in the that room disturbed him, he tried to track it down with devices sensitive to various chemical and even with a Geiger counter, but he found nothing until one day, just as he was about to give up, he leaned back against the wall. The whole room was vibrating at a low frequency. The source of this energy turned out to be an air-conditioning plant on the roof of the building across the way, and his office was the right shape and the distance from the machine to resonate in sympathy with it. It was this rhythm, at seven cycles per second that made him sick.

  230. Fascinated by the phenomenon, Gavraud decided to build machines to produce infrasound so that he could investigate it further. In casting around for likely designs he discovered that the whistle with a pea in it issued to all French gendarmes produced a whole range of low-frequency sounds. So he built a police-whistle six feet long powered it with compressed air. The technician who gave the giant whistle its first trail fell down dead on the spot. A post-mortem revealed that all his internal organs had been mashed into a jelly by the vibrations.

  231. Gavraud went ahead with his work more carefully and did the next test out of doors, with all observers screened from the machine in a concrete shelter. When ready, they turned the air on slowly -and broke the windows of every building with in a \ half mile of the test site. Later they learnt to control the strength of the infrasound generator more effectively and designed a series of smaller machines for experimental work. One of the most interesting discoveries to date is that waves of low-frequency can be aimed and that two generators focused on a particular point even five miles away produce a resonance that can knock a building down as effectively as a major earthquake. These frequency-7 machines can be built very cheaply.

  232. (a) Choose the correct answer: (4x1/2 =2)

  233. (i)Professor Gavraud fell ill because

  234. (1) there were chemicals in his room (2) his office was too high up

  235. (3) he was affected by vibrations (4) he was a very sensitive man.

  236. (ii) He constructed a very large copy of a police whistle because he wanted to

  237. (1) produce low-frequency sounds (2) improve its design

  238. (3) compare it with an organ (4) see the effect it had on people.

  239. (iii)The first experiment with the machine

  240. (1) caused a major earthquake (2) broke all the windows in nearby buildings

  241. (3) made a noise like an organ (4) killed the man who switched it on.

  242. (iv)Which of the following precautions was not taken by Professor Gavraud in his second experiment?

  243. (1) The observers were protected by a concrete shelter. (2) The experiment was done outside.

  244. (3) The compressed air was turned on slowly. (4) A smaller machine was used.

  245. (b)Mention whether the following statements are True or False: (6 x ½ =3 )

  246. (i) Professor Gavraud left his job because he felt sick.

  247. (ii) The cause of the sickness was not in his room.

  248. (iii) The air-conditioning plant had nothing to do with his sickness.

  249. (iv) The result of the first trial was worrying.

  250. (v) He did his second test indoors.

  251. (vi) Later on, he designed even bigger generators.

  252. (c)Choose the appropriate definition for the given words or phrases as they are used in the text : ( 6x ½ = 3)

  253. (i)infrasound

  254. (1) high frequency sound (2) low frequency sound

  255. (3) medium frequency sound (4) heavy frequency sound

  256. (ii) to track down

  257. (1) to smell (2) to detect(3) to examine (4) to remove

  258. (iii)to give up

  259. (1) to go on (2) to stop(3) to collapse (4) to find out

  260. (iv)turned out to be

  261. (1) was shown to be (2) was intended to be(3) was thought to be(4) was known to be

  262. (v)casting around

  263. (1) looking for (2) hoping for(3) asking for (4) sending for

  264. (vi)went ahead

  265. (1) delayed (2) proceeded(3) hurried (4) changed

  266. PART – B


  268. I. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow it:

  269. As you read this, your eyes should be doing three things: Focusing from dist; to near, converging inward to a single point and angling downward. But with electric screens fast supplanting print, this law of nature is turning upside down: We are focused too long, too close, too high and too often. As India fast-tracks to the digital era people work or play the day away on LCD screens, vision problems are spiral Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) is the newly-minted catch-all term now doing rounds.

  270. If humans spend a third of their lives asleep and a third awake, most of the third is spent staring at computer screens today. And computers make the eye shift focus between the screen, document, and keyboard 25,000 times a day - equivalent 60 push-ups a minute - says a 2004 report by the Industrial Design Centre of IIT, Madras. If an office worker spends 80,000 hours sitting at a desk throughout his career oi average, and more than 50 percent use computers on the job-as estimated by Occupational Safety and Health Administration of the US, it is hardly a surprise tha percent develop CVS.

  271. In the present context of an IT revolution, the nation's computer population st; between 15 and 20 million. People work long hours too - 60 hours a week compare' 43 globally (ASSOCHM Survey, 2007). (Nearly 40 million Indians surf the Net e day and 180 million gab away on cell phones. About 90 percent computer-users star the small screen over four hours a day. Three out of five of the 1.1 million IT workfi spend over 10 hours every day squinting at screen (Cyber Media Dice-TNS Rep 2007).

  272. Ten years back, CVS was unheard of. Today out of 12 patients a day, tw( three would show computer-related eye strain. The latest issue of the Indian Journa Ophthalmology surveys 300 ophthalmologists and reports that they average 16 ( patients a month. Nearly 98 percent patients show eye strain, 82 percent headache percent burning eye, 66 percent watering, 61 percent redness, 44 percent shoulder \ and 36 percent neck pain.

  273. Working on A computer is really different than if you were reading a book < newspaper We are used to looking down to read, but focusing on a vertical computer system puts strain on the eye. Position your monitor 16 to 30 inches away from your eyes. The screen should be four to eight inches lower than eye-level, so you are looking slightly down towards it. A real option is wearing special occupational or computer glasses during work. The new-millennium disorder is churning out trendy slogans. One is, "Blink, Breathe and Break" (blinking 20 times a minute, breathing often to increase blood flow, and taking a break after 20 minutes of non-stop computer work). There is also "the 20-20-20 rule". Every 20 minutes, take a 20-second break and focus on something 20 feet away. CVS is a bit like a spam. We may get the suffering we invite, but that does not stop it from being a pain. Yet preventing CVS is just as simple as deleting spam from an e-mail inbox. Blink on it.

  274. (a) Say whether the following statements are true or false: (5x1=5)

  275. (i) Most of the humans spend one-third of their lives in staring at computer screens today.

  276. (ii) 15 to 20 million IT professionals work 60 hours a week.

  277. (iii) 1.1 million IT workforce spend over 10 hours every day squinting at screen.

  278. (iv) Reading a book or a newspaper is like working on a computer.

  279. (v) Take a 20-second break and focus on something 20 feet away for every 20 minutes.

  280. (b) Answer the following in a sentence or two: (5x1=5)

  281. (i) State the main cause for the increase in vision problems?

  282. (ii) What is the estimation given by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration of the US?

  283. (iii) Mention the Cyber Media Dice-TNS Report, 2007.

  284. (iv) Indicate the details of survey conducted by the Indian Journal of ophthalmology.

  285. (v) What is "the 20-20-20 rule"?

  286. (c) Choose the response which best reflects the meaning of the text: (2 x 1 =2)

  287. (i)As you read this, your eyes should be doing three things:

  288. (1) Squinting (2) Winking (3) angling downward (4) Ogling

  289. (ii) If humans spend a third of their lives asleep and a third awake, most of the final third is

  290. (1) Converging inward to a single point today (2) Focusing from distance to near

  291. (3) Spent staring at computer screens today (4) Angling downward.

  292. (d) Complete the following sentences

  293. (i) The screen should be four to eight inches lower than eye-level, ______________

  294. (ii) Today out of 12 patients a day, two to three would show ________________

  295. (iii) Preventing CVS is just as simple as deleting span ________________

  296. (e) Give a suitable title.


  298. 1. The following are the notes taken at a meeting. Write the minutes of the meeting:

  299. Board of Studies of The Department of English: Adithya College of arts and Science – PG Library – 10 a.m to 14th March 2015.

  300. Present: Dr. Balaraman (Chairman), Mr. Govindaraj, Dr. Mrs. Laxmi, Mrs. Varalakshmi, Mr. Raguram.

  301. Discussion on:

  302. a. Syllabus for Part II English – change of texts for poetry and Shakespeare (UG). Suggestions of reference books for Journalism and Mass Communication (PG)

  303. b. List of subject experts for external valuation of scripts – suggested and approved.

  304. c. Constitution of sub-committees – review of texts and testing patterns for the new courses added.

  305. Next Meeting: 14th April 2015.

  306. 2. The agenda for a student union meeting is as follows:

  307. a. to discuss organizing a cultural event in the college. b. To discuss the budget.

  308. c. To fix responsibilities for organizing different functions like

  309. Programme, guests and honor, food, stage decoration, logistics , food , publicity

  310. d. As the secretary, write the minutes of meeting making assumptions of your own to present a report to the college management.

  311. UNIT – IV

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