Quenya Reverse Wordlist a a (1) vocative particle "O" in a vanimar

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Quenya Reverse Wordlist
a a (1) vocative particle "O" in a vanimar "O beautiful ones" (LotR3:VI ch. 6, translated in Letters:308)

a a (2) "and", a variant of ar occurring in Fíriel's Song (that also has ar; a seems to be used before words in f-, but it is not known whether this idea is valid in mature Quenya)

a a (3), also á, imperative particle: a laita, laita te! "[o] bless them, bless them!", á vala Manwë! "may Manwë order it!", literally *"o rule Manwë!" (see laita, vala for reference)

a a- (1) prefix occurring in the word Atalante, said to denote "complete". Probably just a prefixed stemvowel; cf. ANÁR, said to be derived from NAR. (TALÁT)

a a- (2) a prefix occurring in the Markirya poem (Tolkien first used na-, then changed it). It is prefixed to verbal stems following a word that is the object of sense-verbs like "see" and "hear" and describes what the object is doing, as in man cenuva lumbor ahosta[?] (changed from na-hosta), "who shall see the clouds gather?" (hosta = "gather").

ablo olba "branch" (PM:340; the form *olva may be more frequent; olba can only occur in the Quenya variant that uses lb for lv. The Etymologies, stem GÓLOB, has olwa. See also olvar.)

abma amba "up, upwards" (adv.) (AM2 (UNU) )

abmal lamba "tongue" (physical tongue, while lambë = "language") (WJ:394, LAB)

abman namba "a hammer" (NDAM), verb namba- "to hammer" (NDAM)

abmar ramba "wall" (RAM, SA)

abmarulI #Iluramba pl. Ilurambar "Walls of the World" (IL, RAMBÂ)

abmat tamba- "to knock, keep on knocking" (TAM)

abmel lemba "left behind" (LEB/LEM)

abmih himba "adhering, sticking" (KHIM)

abmil limba "a drop" (LIB1)

abmir rimba "frequent, numerous" (RIM)

abmol lomba "secret" (LT1:255)

abmor romba "horn, trumpet" (ROM)

abmut tumba "deep valley" (Letters:308; SA:tum and TUB gives tumbo "valley, deep valley"); apparently an extended form *tumbalë in tumbalemorna "deepvalleyblack" or (according to SA:tum) "black deep valley", also tumbaletaurëa "deepvalleyforested"; see Taurelilómëa-tumbalemorna...

ác ("kâ") "jaw" (GL:37; later sources give anca)

acah haca- "squat" (GL:47)

acám máca "each, every" (GL:41)

acap paca ("k") "paved floor, court" (GL:63)

acár ráca ("k") "wolf" (DARÁK)

acaran naraca ("k") "harsh, rending, violent" (NÁRAK)

acatap #pataca "consonant" (only pl. patacar ["k"] is attested) (VT39:8)

accah hacca "buttocks, hams" (GL:47)

accuip piucca "berry" (GL:64)

accurat tarucca ("k") "horned" (LT2:347)

aceh heca! ("k") "be gone! stand aside!", also with pronominal suffixes hecat sg. and hecal pl. (WJ:364)

acén néca ("k") "pale, vague, faint, dim to see", pl. nécë ("k") in Markirya

acia aica (1) ("k") "sharp" (AYAK) or "fell, terrible, dire" (PM:347; according to PM:363 seldom applied to evil things). In Aicanáro, q.v.

acia aica (2) ("k") "broad, vast" (LT2:338 - this early "Qenya" form is probably obsoleted by # 1 above)

aciaf faica ("k") "contemptible, mean" (SPAY)

acial laica (1) ("k") "keen, piercing" (LT2:337)

acial laica (2) "green" (but all other sources give laiqua) (Letters:283)

acialatsaL Lastalaica ("k") "sharp-ears" (name) (LAS2)

aciam maica ("maika") "sharp, piercing" (SA:maeg), also noun maica ("k") "blade of a cutting tool or weapon, especially sword-blade" (VT39:11)

aciar raica ("k") "crooked, bent, wrong" (RÁYAK, VT39:7), pl. raicar in LR:47 (read *raicë in mature Quenya)

acíl ilca- ("k") "gleam (white)", participle ilcala with pl. allative ending ilcalannar in Markirya (axor ilcalannar "on bones gleaming")

aciom moica ("k") "gentle, soft" (GL:58)

aciop poica ("k") "clean, pure" (POY)

acios soica ("k") "thirsty" (VT39:11)

acíp píca- ("k") "lessen, dwindle, waning"; participle pícala "waning" (with locative ending: pícalassë) in Markirya

acip pica ("k") "small spot, dot" (PIK)

acla alca ("k") "ray of light" (AKLA-R)

aclawn nwalca ("k") "cruel" (ÑGWAL; this must represent earlier *ñwalca = *ngwalca; these forms are not given in Etym, but compare nwalmë. In Tengwar writing, the initial NW would be represented by the letter nwalmë.)

acleh helca ("helka") "icy, icecold" (misprint "helk" in the Etymologies, stem KHELEK; both the Silmarillion Appendix and LT1:254 have helka)

aclev velca ("k") "flame" (LT1:260; nár, nárë would be the normal word in mature Quenya)

acleyt tyelca ("k") "swift, agile" (KYELEK), "hasty" (PM:353)

aclim milca ("k") "greedy" (MIL-IK)

aclus sulca ("k") "root" (especially as edible) (SÚLUK)

aclut tulca (1) ("k") "firm, strong, immovable, steadfast" (TULUK). Early "Qenya" also has a verb tulca- ("k") "fix, set up, establish" (LT1:270); this word may still be valid in mature Quenya.

aclut tulca (2) ("k") "yellow". Adopted and adapted from Valarin. (WJ:399)

acna anca "jaws, row of teeth" (ÁNAK [there spelt anca], NAK [there spelt anka], Appendix E, SA - despite what Christopher Tolkien says in the entry anca in SA, the Quenya word anca as such does NOT appear in the Sindarin dragon-name Ancalagon, but its Sindarin cognate anc does. See ÁNAK in the Etymologies.) Also name of tengwa 15 (Appendix E). Despite its English gloss, anca is a singular word (in Etym the gloss is indeed "jaw", not "jaws").

acnam manca- ("k") "trade" (MBAKH)

acnas sanca (Þ) ("k") "cleft, split" (STAK)

acnat tanca ("k") "firm, fixed, sure" (TAK)

acnel *lenca ("k") (2) - see leuka

acnel lenca ("k") (1) "slow" (LT2:34 )

acnu unca- ("k") "hollow out" (UNUK)

acnulut tulunca ("k") "steady, firm" (LT1:270; in mature Quenya tulca)

acrac carca "tooth" (KARAK) or "fang" (SA:carak-). When referring to a normal tooth, not necessarily sharp, the word nelet is probably to be preferred. Cf. pl. carcar ("karkar") in Markirya, there translated "rocks", evidently referring to sharp rocks. Already the early "Qenya Lexicon" has carca ("k") "fang, tooth, tusk" (LT2:344). Collective carcanë, q.v.

acral larca ("k") "swift, rapid" (LAK2)

acrala alarca ("k") swift, rapid" (LAK2)

acrap parca ("k") "dry" (PÁRAK)

acrat tarca ("k") "horn" (TARÁK)

acre erca ("k") "prickle, spine"; verb erca- ("k") "to prick" (ERÉK)

acrem [merca ("k") "wild" (MERÉK)]

acrev verca ("k") "wild" (BERÉK)

acric circa ("k") "sickle" (KIRIK)

acricalaV Valacirca "Sickle of the Gods", a name of the Great Bear (Big Dipper) constellation (SA:val-, MR:388, KIRIK, OT/OTOS/OTOK)

acsi isca ("k") "pale" (LT1:256)

acuac cauca ("k") "crooked" (LT1:257; cf. cawin)

acuaf fauca ("k") "thirsty" (PHAU)

acual lauca ("k") "warm" (LAW)

acuan nauca ("k") "stunted" (VT39:7), adjective especially applied to things that though in themselves full-grown were smaller or shorter than their kind, and were hard, twisted or ill-shapen (WJ:413) In early "Qenya", nauca was the noun "dwarf" (LT1:261), but this is in mature Quenya nauco.

acuara arauca ("k") "swift, rushing" (LT2:347)

acuel leuca ("k") (2) (probably a misreading for *lenca) "loose, slacken" (LEK)

acuel leuca (1) "snake" (Appendix E)

acuit tiuca ("k") "thick, fat" (TIW)

adl -lda "your" (sg.), possessive suffix attested only in the phrase Arwen vanimalda "Arwen your beauty", sc. "O beautiful Arwen", and in meletyalda "your majesty" (WJ:369) Arwen vanimalda was changed to Arwen vanimelda in the second edition of LotR, so Tolkien may have decided to re-interpret the phrase as *"Arwen, beautiful Elf (Elda)". The ending for "your" appear as -lya elsewhere; -lda may be used in vocatives only. (LotR1:II ch. 6)

adla alda "tree" (GALAD, GÁLAD, SA, Nam, RGEO:66, LR:41, SD:302, LT1:249, 340, VT39:7), also name of tengwa 28 (Appendix E). Pl. aldar in Narqelion; gen. pl. aldaron "of trees" in Namárië. Etymology of alda, see Letters:426.

adlah halda "veiled, hidden, shadowed, shady" (opposed to helda "stripped bare") (SKAL1)

adlam malda "gold" (as metal - but LotR gives malta, q.v.) (SMAL)

adlaminav vanimalda *"your beautiful"; Arwen vanimalda "Arwen your beauty = beautiful Arwen" (WJ:369; Tolkien emended vanimalda to vanimelda in the second edition of LotR; see under vanima)

adlamisíN #Nísimalda pl. Nísimaldar "Flagrant trees", a region in Númenor (UT:167; evidently #nísima "flagrant", attested here only, + aldar "trees").

adlamuluc culumalda a kind of tree (evidently orange-tree, culuma + alda) (SA:mal-)

adlan nalda "valley" used as an adjective (LT1:261)

adlaraval lavaralda (changed from lavarin) some kind of tree (alda) (LR:57)

adlav valda "worth, worthy, dear" (GL:23)

adlayteleM narA Aran Meletyalda "king your mighty" = "your majesty" (WJ:369).

adlaytelem meletyalda "your mighty" = "your majesty" (see -lda; #meletya = *"mighty"). In full Aran Meletyalda "king your mighty" (WJ:369)

adle elda 1. adj. "of the stars", 2. noun (Elda) = one of the people of the Stars, high-elf (SA:êl, elen, ELED, ÉLED; note that Tolkien abandoned a former etymology with "depart"), chiefly in the pl Eldar (WJ:362, cf. GAT(H), TELES). Gen. pl. Eldaron (WJ:368, PM:395, 402); dative pl. eldain "for elves", for Eldar (FS); possessive sg. Eldava "Elf's" (WJ:407); possessive pl. Eldaiva (WJ:368), Eldaivë governing a plural word (WJ:369). The word Eldar properly refers to the non-Avari Elves only, but since Eldar rarely had any contact with the Avari, it could be used for "elves" in general (in LT1:251, Elda is simply glossed "Elf").

adleh helda "naked, stripped bare" (SKEL, SKAL1)

adlem melda "beloved" (MEL); meldielto "they are beloved" (sc. meld[a]--lto "beloved-are-they" - both the stative verb ending - "is/are" and the ending -lto "they" may be obsolete in mature Quenya) (FS)

adlemassen nessamelda "Nessa-beloved", name of a tree (UT:167)

adlereP #Perelda pl. Pereldar "Half-elven" (= Sindarin Peredhil) (Letters:282), in the Etymologies used of the Danas or Nandor (PER).

adles selda (meaning not clear, perhaps the feminine form of seldë "child", hence *"girl") (SEL-D)

adlet telda (1) "last, final" (WJ:407)

adlet telda (2) "having a roof" (LT1:268, LT2:348; this "Qenya" word is evidently obsoleted by # 1 above)

adley [yelda] "friendly, dear as friend" (YEL, struck out)

adlin nilda "friendly, loving" (NIL/NDIL)

adlop polda "strong, burly" (POL/POLOD)

adluc culda ("k") "flame-coloured, golden-red" (KUL)

adlun nulda "secret" (DUL)

adluy yulda "draught", pl. yuldar (Nam, RGEO:66)

adna anda "long" (adj.) (ÁNAD/ANDA).

adnah handa "understanding, intelligent" (KHAN)

adnal landa "wide" (LAD)

adnamagnA Angamanda "Iron-gaol", Sindarin Angband; see Angamando.

adnan nanda "water-mead, watered plain" (NAD)

adnan nanda- ("ñ") "to harp" (ÑGAN/ÑGÁNAD)

adnap panda "enclosure" (PAD)

adnar randa "cycle, age" (100 Valian Years) (RAD)

adnas sanda (Þ) "firm, true, abiding" (STAN)

adnav vanda "oath, pledge, solemn promise" (CO)

adnawgnet tengwanda "alphabet" (TEK)

adnayh hyanda "blade, share" (LT2:342)

adnecutal latucenda ("k") "of tin" (LT1:268)

adnef fenda "threshold" (PHEN)

adnemun numenda- "get low (of the Sun)" (also númeta-) (LT1:263; in mature Quenya núta-)

adnen [nenda] (2) "sloping" (DEN, struck out)

adnen nenda (1) "watery, wet" (NEN)

adnep penda "sloping down, inclined" (PEN/PÉNED)

adnepabma ambapenda "uphill" (adj.) (AM2)

adnepma ampenda "uphill" (adj.) (AM2)

adnes senda "resting, at peace" (SED)

adnif finda "having hair, -haired" (the gloss "-haired" evidently means that finda may be used in compounds, like *carnifinda "red-haired") (PM:340)

adnil linda "fair, beautiful" (SLIN, LIND)

adniL Linda pl. Lindar "Singers", what the Teleri called themselves (WJ:380, MR:349, UT:253). It seems that Lindar is also interpreted "the Beautiful" (cf. linda "fair, beautiful"), but this interpretation seems to belong primarily to Tolkien's earlier conception, when Lindar was the name of the First Clan, the later Vanyar (which name similarly means "the Fair"). Adj. Lindarin = Telerin (but Tolkien first held it to be = Vanyarin, since the First Clan, the later Vanyar, were for a while called Lindar – before Tolkien decided to apply this name to the third clan, the Teleri) (TÂ/TA3)

adnilapac capalinda ("k") "spring of water" (LT1:257; ehtelë is to be preferred in mature Quenya)

adnilutnil lintulinda, lintulindova *"many-???", *"swift-???" (Narqelion)

adnim minda "prominent, conspicuous" (MINI)

adnir rinda "circular" (RIN)

adnis sinda (Þ) "grey"; nominal pl. Sindar used = "Grey-elves", lit. *"Grey ones"; see WJ:375. Gen. pl. Sindaron in WJ:369. With general meaning "grey" also in Sindacollo > Singollo "Grey-cloak, Thingol" (SA:thin(d); see also sindë, Sindicollo); sindanórië "grey land", ablative sindanóriello "from/out of a grey country" (Nam). However, other sources give sindë (q.v.) as the Quenya word for "grey"; perhaps sinda came to mean primarily "Grey-elf" as a noun. Derived adjective Sindarin "Grey-elven", normally used of the Grey-elven language. (Appendix F)

adnit tinda (1) "glinting, silver" (adj.) (TIN)

adnit tinda (2) "spike" (LT1:258; probably obsoleted by # 1 above)

adniw winda "woof" (LT1:254)

adnohacnis sincahonda "flint-hearted" (LotR3:VI ch. 6)

adnorov voronda "steadfast in allegiance, in keeping oath or promise, faithful", used as a title of Elendil Voronda "Elendil the Faithful"; genitive Vorondo in CO. Only glossed "faithful" in LT1:250.

adnumadna andamunda "elephant" (MBUD)

adnur runda "rough piece of wood" (RUD)

adnut tunda- "kindle" (LT1:270; rather tinta- in mature Quenya)

adnut tunda "tall" (TUN)

adra arda "realm" (GAR under 3AR); Arda "the Realm", name of the Earth as the kingdom of Arda (Silm). It is said that arda "meant any more or less bounded or defined place, a region" (WJ:402 cf. 413), once translated "Earth" (SD:246). Also name of tengwa 26 (Appendix E).

adrah harda (not glossed, evidently a variant of arda "realm") (EN)

adran narda "knot" (SNAR)

adranelE Elenarda "Star-kingdom", upper sky (3AR)

adras sarda "hard" (VT39:17); pl. sardë "hards" may be used in the same sense as sarda tengwi, q.v. (As an independent form we would rather expect a nominal pl. sardar.)

adratnE Entarda "Thither Lands, Middle-earth, Outer Lands, East" (seen from Aman) (EN)

adraV Varda "the Sublime", name of a Valië, spouse of Manwë (BARATH, BARÁD, WJ:402; in Letters:282 Varda is translated the "Lofty"), the Queen of the Valar, spouse of Manwë, called Elbereth in Sindarin; genitive Vardo (for *Vardao). (Nam, RGEO:66). Vardamir masc. name, *"Varda-jewel" (Appendix A); vardarianna ?"Varda-gift", name of a tree (but the ri element is obscure) (UT:167)

adre erda "solitary, deserted" (LT1:269)

adroc corda ("k") "temple" (LT1:257)

adrol lorda "drowsy, slumbrous" (LT1:259)

ae ëa ("eä") "is" (CO), in a more absolute sense ("exists", VT39:7) than the copula . "it is" or "let it be", used as a noun for "All Creation", the universe (WJ:402; Letters:284, footnote), but this term for the universe "was not held to include [souls?] and spirits" (VT39:20). Early "Qenya" also has a word ëa "eagle" (LT1:251, LT2:338), but this is certainly obsoleted by soron, sornë in mature Quenya.

aedla aldëa "tree-shadowed" (LT1:249)

aedlA Aldëa what the Númenóreans called the fourth day of the Eldarin six-day week; see Aldúya.

aedne #endëa adj. "middle" in atendëa, q.v.

aednecurip pirucendëa ("k") "whirling lightly" (MC:215; this is "Qenya")

aedneta atendëa "double-middle", name of the two enderi or middle-days that occurred in leap-years according to the calendar of Imladris (Appendix D, first edition of LotR)

aelatneuqemúl lúmequentalëa ("q") "historical" (LU)

aelecian naicelëa ("k") "painful" (NÁYAK)

aelednil lindelëa "melodious" (LT1:258)

aeliam mailëa "lustful" (MIL-IK)

aelú úlëa "pouring, flooding, flowing" (ULU)

aemó #ómëa "vowel" (only pl. ómëar attested); this refers to vowels considered as independent phonemes, according to Fëanor's new insights on phonemics. Also #óma-tengwë. (VT39:8)

aemól *lómëa "gloomy" in Lómëanor "Gloomyland"; see Taurelilómëa-tumbalemorna...

aemrum murmëa "slumbrous" (LT1:261)

aemú úmëa "evil" (UGU/UMU). Is this connected to úmëai in Narqelion, perhaps a "Qenya" plural form?

aemúlay yalúmëa "olden" (YA)

aemún númëa "in the West" (actually an adjective *"western", mature Quenya númenya) (LT1:263)

aemúre erúmëa "outer, outermost" (LT1:262)

aen nëa an optative form of the verb na- "to be"? (nëa = mature Quenya nai?). ya rato nëa *"which soon may (it) be" = *"which I hope will be soon" (Arct)

aenavú úvanëa "without beauty" (VT39:14)

aenrodnil lindornëa "having many oak-trees" (adj.) (DÓRON, LI)

aeráf fárëa "enough"; ufárëa "not enough" (FS). Etym has farëa "enough, sufficient" (PHAR)

aeráfu ufárëa "not enough" (FS). Cf. ú- "un-" and fárëa "enough, sufficient" (read *úfárëa?)

aerámla almárëa "blessed" (GALA)

aeráy yárëa "olden" (YA)

aerelet telerëa adj. corresponding to Teler (LT1:267; perhaps rather Telerin in mature Quenya)

aerioc coirëa "living" (glossed "alive" in LT1:257), coirëa quenya "living speech" (PM:399)

aeró órëa "of the dawn, Eastern" (LT1:264)

aeródloP Poldórëa "Valiant"; as title of Tulkas replaced by Astaldo (POL/POLOD, MR:146, 149); poldórëa is glossed "mighty" in GL:64.

aeródnil lindórëa ??? (Narqelion)

aerólo olórëa "dreamy" (LT1:259 - replaced by olosta, UT:396?)

aeruac caurëa ("k") "timid" (LT1:257)

aerual laurëa "golden, like gold", pl. laurië (Nam, RGEO:66).

aeruama †amaurëa "dawn, early day" (poetic word) (Markirya)

aeruat #taurëa "forested" in Tumbaletaurëa, see Taurelilómëa-tumbalemorna...

aerúl lúrëa "dark, overcast" (LT1:259)

aerúp púrëa "smeared, discoloured" (Markirya)

aesa asëa see asëa aranion


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