Project Technical Report



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Plantation: Some plantation of tree species like Prosopis cineraria, Mayteneus emarginatus, Ziziphus nummularia have also been taken up by the villagers, students in oran and gaucher where habitat were destroyed due to overgrazing. Thus control on the spread of Prosopis juliflora and other exotic plants.

M

eeting with Community:
We organized community meetings at different villages of western Rajasthan for motivation of local people and head persons of community about wildlife conservation. Sarpanch, Pradhan and ward member of villages were approached for Blackbuck conservation.

Recommendations for conservation of Blackbuck in arid part of Rajasthan

  • Eradicate feral dogs, Grazing of livestock and other activities be strictly stopped by law in natural habitats of Blackbuck especially in protected areas and sanctuaries.

  • The fast increase of the exotic Prosopis juliflora would convert the habitat to one with tree shrub cover and less suitable to the blackbuck as they reduce the total productivity of grass. So, spreading of this exotic plant should be controlled because high density of this plant helps feral dogs.

  • Establishment of wildlife reserves, such as the Gajner and Tal chhappar sanctuaries and the Dawa - Doli and Guda-bishnoiyan wildlife reserves have proved their worth as successful breeding grounds of the blackbuck

  • Strictly stop destructive activities like open cast mining in Blackbuck habitats especially in Guda area of Jodhpur.

  • There should be strictly control on poaching and Encourage public support and awareness for wildlife conservation

It is not too late to save the Blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra) if such a conservation strategy is implemented immediately.
Future Plan

In next phase of the project the following task will be taken up, if further grant is provided by the funding agency.



  • Identify the key areas of conservation for blackbuck and protect them from all kinds of human interference that would result in habitat destruction and Habitat restoration programme will be conducted by help of State Government agencies with the co-operation of the local people and NGOs.

  • A detailed project will be submitted to the Rajasthan state Forest Department for blackbuck dominated area Guda and Dhawa of Jodhpur to establishment of Community Reserve under wildlife protection Act 1972.

  • More awareness program will be organized with the help of local community people.

  • A policy plan will be submitted to Mines and Forest Department to strictly stop destructive activities like open cast mining in Blackbuck habitats.

  • A proposal will be submit to Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India or any funding agency for control feral dog population in Blackbuck abundant areas.

References
Brander, A. D. (1923): Wild animals in central India. Edward Arnold and Company, London. 296 pp.

Gehlot, H.S (2006): “Social Organization, Behavioural and Resource Selection Patterns in Antelope

cervicapra and Gazella bennetti of Thar Desert” a Ph. D Thesis J. N. Vyas University Jodhpur, pp.272.

Ghosh, P. K.; Goyal, S. P. and Bhora, H. C. (1984): Habitat utilization by wild and domestic

ungulates- A case study in a desert biome. In Second International Rangeland Congress,

Adelaide, Australia (Abstract).

Goyal, S. P.; Bohra, H. C.; Ghosh, P. K. and Prakash. I. (1988): Role of Prosopis cineraria pods in

the diet of two Indian desert antelopes. Journal of Arid Environments. Vol. 14 : 285-290.



Groves, C.P. (1972): Blackbuck. Encyclo. Animal World 3 : 224 pp

Hemsingh and Jakher G. R. (2007): Distribution, status and conservation of Blackbuck (Antelope

cervicapra) in the Thar desert of Rajasthan (INDIA) Tiger paper Vol. XXXIV (4) : 19-23.



Hemsingh and Jakher G. R. (2009): “Habitat selection by Blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra) and

Chinkara (Gazella bennetti) in Thar desert” Abstract accept in International Conference on Nurturing Arid Zones For People and the Environment: Issues And Agenda for 21 Century, at CAZRI, Jodhpur



Jerdon, T. C. (1874): Mammals of India: A natural history of the animals known to inhabit continental

India. John Wheldon, London. 335 pp.



Krishnan, M., (1972): An ecological survey of the larger mammals of peninsular India (cont.) J.

Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 69 (3) : 469-501.



Mukherjee, A. K. (1976): Some examples of recent faunal improvement and regression. In

Biogeography and ecology in India. (Ed. M. S. Mani) Dr. Junk, b.v. Verleg Publishers, The Hague). : 330-368 pp.



Prakash, I. (1977): The ecology of vertebrates of the Indian Desert. In Biogeography and ecology in

India. (Dr. Junk, b. v. Verleg Publishers, The Hague) : 369-420 pp.



Rahmani, A. R. and Sankaran, R. (1991): Blackbuck and Chinkara in the Thar Desert : a changing

scenario. Journal of Arid Environments. Vol. 20 : 379-391.



Ranjitsingh, M.K.. (1982): Thesis on Ecology and behaviour of Indian Blackbuck, Ph.D Thesis,

Saurasthra University, Gujarat. pp. 290.



Schaller, G. B. (1967): The deer and the tiger : A study of wildlife in India. (Ed.) University of Chicago

Press. Chicago. 370 pp.



Sharma, I.K. (1980): Habitat preferences, feeding and survival of blackbuck. Tiger paper vol. 7 No. 8,

4 – 6.


Sharma, I. K. (1981): Improver and deteriorative roles played by the man in Indian Thar Desert. In

abstracts of national symposium on evaluation of our environment., Abstract No. 75 pp. 57-58.



Project Team
Team Coordinator & project investigator: Dr. Hemsingh Gehlot
Team Member: Dr C. P. Dadhich, Mr. Arvind Bhati, Mr. Vinod Bhati, Shri Shrawan Ram Bishnoi, Mr. Gopi Kishan Bishnoi, Mr. Upendra, Dr. Mahesh Parihar Mr. Manish Gehlot, Mr. Dharminder singh, Dr. Bharat Bhatt, Mr. Pramod Thanvi, Mr. Nena Ram Chaudhary, Mr. Mukesh Chaudhary, Lovejeet singh Tak
About the Investigator

D



r. Hemsingh Gehlot, Investigator of this project is working in the Thar Landscape on endangered fauna since 2003. His doctoral work was on the “Eco-behavioural study of Blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra) and Chinkara (Gazella bennetti) of the Thar Desert” from J. N. Vyas University Jodhpur, Rajasthan. He has been monitoring the Thar ungulate population in Rajasthan and he interact the local people and starts working with them for the wildlife conservation during doctoral work.

He worked in Corbett, Valmiki and Ranthambore Tiger Reserve under All India Tiger Estimation, a joint project of Project Tiger Directorate, MoEF. Govt. of India and Wildlife Institute of India and almost two year worked with a worldwide NGO WWF-INDIA in Terai Arc Landscape Project, at Ramnagar, Nainital, Uttrakhand. Recently, he also was deployed in the joint project entitled “Habitat Assessment

for Cheetah re-introduction in India” of the MoEF, Wildlife Institute of India and Wildlife Trust of India. He investigated

the Sanjay Tiger Reserve, Dubri Wildlife sanctuary, Nauradehi WLS, Kuno WLS of Madhya Pradesh state, Guru Ghasidas National Park of Chhatigargh, Kaimur WLS of UP and the Thar desert of Rajasthan.


Annexure - i













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