Conclude with a sentence that states the general reasons that the passage is unpersuasive (e.g. “Due to the lack of evidence to support his major claim, author A/B’s overall argument is unpersuasive.” )
TRY PARAGRAPH 1 AND COMPARE YOUR RESPONSE:
Author A argues that readers should vote no on I-1240 because it will divert funds to the school system. She writes, “As a tax payer, I'm concerned because I-1240 creates an expensive new system of privately operated – but publicly funded – charter schools in Washington.” Later she posits that charters schools will “undermine the recent Supreme Court order to increase school funding so all students can succeed.” Because she never provides evidence or explanation to substantiate how funds will be “siphoned” from traditional public schools, her argument comes across as an “appeal to fear” rather than a reasoned position.
ASSIGNMENT 1 WRITING STRATEGY (CONT.)
Writing 2nd paragraph:
Paraphrase “winning” author’s position and his/her major reason for taking the position;
Quote a line from the passage and discuss how it demonstrates the author using evidence that logically supports his/her major claim or reason leading to the claim;
Quote another line from the passage and discuss how it demonstrates strength in another area of argumentation (e.g. emotional power; credibility);
Conclude with another comment or element in the text that demonstrates strength in a third area;
Note what would have made one area more convincing/stronger and conclude with ;
“Despite this flaw, author B/A argument is the more balanced and compelling.”
TRY PARAGRAPH 2 AND COMPARE YOUR RESPONSE:
Author B argues that 1240 should be passed because it will provide Washington families options for finding the most suitable schooling for children. Her claims that “1240 will provide another option within our public schools to help more students succeed” and “as parents, that is something we can all agree is a good thing” carry both common sense logic and emotional resonance. By referring to specific elements of the legislation, for example, “1240 requires parent representation on the newly created state charter school commission,” Author B refutes some of Author A’s contentions and comes across as more authoritative and persuasive.
WRITING ASSIGNMENT 2
Use Passage B and the Graphic to respond to the following assignment.
In a response of approximately 100–200 words, explain how the information presented in the graphic can be integrated with the author's central argument for I-1240 in Passage B. Your response must:
explain how specific information presented in the graphic either supports or counters the author's claims, reasoning, and evidence with regard to the opening of charter schools;
and include examples from the passage and the graphic to support your explanation.
Discuss how a specific element in the graph/table supports or counters the claim or information in the passage.
TRY ASSIGNMENT 2 AND COMPARE YOUR RESPONSE:
Information in the graph counters Author B’s contention that I-1240 will result in high levels of accountability for charter schools. The chart indicates that on a national level only a small percentage of schools have been shut down between 2001 and 2010. Furthermore, the trend has been toward fewer charter closings over the ten years (3.75% in 2001 to less than 2% in 2010). Author B writes that under 1240 charter schools will be “subject to strict oversight and public accountability, overseen by a local school board or a newly created charter school” and “to annual performance reviews and an evaluation at the end of five years to determine whether additional public charter schools should be allowed.” Even if charter schools have been generally successful in providing a better education for students than traditional public schools, it seems unlikely that 98% have met the accountability requirements of the state’s governing bodies. Because Author B has not discussed how Washington’s governance model will be different than other states, these statistics call into question her belief that charter schools in the state will be held accountable for their performance.