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_______________

________________

OIL LAMP

RAILWAY STATION

TUNNEL

RAIN

TUNNEL

7.

8.



9.

_________________

_______________

_______________





FARM




  1. “I want wheat bread with butter.” ____________________

  2. “Hold hands! We must not lose each other!” ____________________

  3. “There is no future for us here. We will go to America.” ____________________

  4. “My poor darlings.” ____________________

  5. “It is hopeless. There is nothing to buy.” ____________________

  6. “Now we are arrived.” ____________________

  7. “Rain! We must have rain!” ____________________

  8. “Where will we sleep?” ____________________

  9. “Someone has died.” ____________________

  10. “Clean straw!” ____________________


Match the items that belong together.


  1. Sweden

  2. America

  3. horse and cart

  4. straw

  5. twelve days

  6. Farmor

  7. rifle, tools, Bible, toys, and cloth

  8. England

  9. vaccinations

  10. flour, moss, and tree bark



  1. how the Larsson’s travel to Gothenburg

  2. Carl Erik’s grandmother _____

c. ingredients in Mamma’s bread _____

d. the doctor checks for these _____

e. Hull is in this country _____

f. Mamma stuffs the mattresses with this _____

g. where Uncle Axel and Anna Stina live _____

h. Gothenburg is in this country _____



j. things in the “America trunk” _____


____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Choose ONE of the topics to write about. Remember to

  • begin your sentences with a capital letter.

  • end your sentences with a period.

  • Answer all parts of the question.






VI .Cultural Sharing

THE MAGNANIMOUS MANAS

Manas is a great heritage and a wonderful world, which surprised mankind with its world – level cultural achievement. This epic is a kind of encyclopedia of the Kyrgyz people and its ancient history. It is a unique monumental epic work of oral art, and its great variety reflects not only history but all sides of the people’s life. The epos Manas has more than 500 thousand lines. It is 20 times longer than Odyssey and Iliad taken together. Manas is not only the historiography of the Kyrgyz, but also a work which deeply reflects the scientific views on philosophy, astronomy, history and mathematics of the Turkish people.

In the epos Manas, three generations of heroes are mentioned. The work consists of three parts: Manas, Semetei and Seitek. The epic is united by the main hero, Manas.

Manas’s grandfather Karakhan was a wise, brave ruler of the Kyrgyz tribe. At that time nobody dared to disturb the quiet and peaceful life of the Kyrgyz people. After his death came another time. Foreign aggressors began to constantly trouble them. The people suffered and humbly obeyed their tormentors, and those who tried to defend the interests of the people were severely punished.

Karakhan’s children more than once tried to take vengeance on their enemies,but met with defeat. They were driven away to different places. At that time one of Karakhan,s son, Jakyp, was driven with forty families to Altai.

After many years, a child appeared in Jakyp’s family – Manas. At the age of seven he was able to demonstrate his adroitness, courage and cleverness. When he was twelve, he defeated 700 invades on his race-horse Toruchar. In that battle the well- known Baatyr (hero) of the invaders, Er Kochku, lost his life.

Then he defended his people from a group of aggressors led by Joloi. He defeated such baatyrs as Kaman, Jorn, and Dongo, but Joloi himself run away.

From that time the Kyrgyz became widely known. Manas became a national hero and leader and brought his people home from Altai. After returning home, he married

Kanykei, the wise and beautiful daughter of Bukhar Khan. They settled in Talas.

Manas participated in many battlers and fought astride his charger Akkula, defending his people from foreign invaders. Together with his forty fellow warriors, he defeated the very cunning and artful foe Alloke.

Manas fought for the freedom, independence and unity of his people and cared about the fate of the Kyrgyz people and their land. He was a clever, wise and just ruler of the Kyrgyz people.

After reading the epos you will receive not only aesthetic enjoyment, but will also learn many interesting things about the life of the Kyrgyz.




Ratbu Satarova


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