Poetry important terms


Sonnet 55 William Shakespeare



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Sonnet 55
William Shakespeare
Not marble, nor the gilded monuments
Of princes, shall outlive this powerful rhyme;
But you shall shine more bright in these contents
Than unswept stone besmear'd with sluttish time.
When wasteful war shall statues overturn,
And broils root out the work of masonry,Ch
Nor Mars his sword nor war's quick fire shall burn
The living record of your memory.
'Gainst death and all-oblivious enmity
Shall you pace forth; your praise shall still find room
Even in the eyes of all posterity
That wear this world out to the ending doom.
So, till the judgment that yourself arise,
You live in this, and dwell in lover's eyes.
Sluttish: slovenly (neglectful of neatness of cleanliness)

Mars-the Roman god of war

Enmity-ill will

Posterity: future generations




  1. Write the rhyme scheme of the poem. What patterns do you notice?

  2. Paraphrase the main idea after each quatrain and the final rhyming couplet in the poem.

  3. What is the “powerful rhyme” to which Shakespeare refers? What is he saying about poetry?

  4. Find an example of allusion in the poem. What message is he sending by including it in his sonnet?

  5. Find an example of assonance. Explain how it is effective in the poem.

  6. Explain the irony in the following quote: “Nor Mars his sword nor war’s quick fire shall burn/The living record of your memory(lines 7-8)

Ta Prohm (prasat taprohm) is the modern name of the temple at Angkor, Siem Reap Province, Cambodia, built in the Bayon style largely in the late 12th and early 13th centuries and originally called Rajavihara. Located approximately one kilometre east of Angkor Thom and on the southern edge of the East Baray, it was founded by the Khmer King Jayavarman as a Mahayana Buddhist monastery and university. Unlike most Angkorian temples, Ta Prohm has been left in much the same condition in which it was found: the photogenic and atmospheric combination of trees growing out of the ruins and the jungle surroundings have made it one of Angkor's most popular temples with visitors. UNESCO inscribed Ta Prohm on the World Heritage List in 1992.





  1. Choose the image from Sonnet 55 that best describes these ruins in Cambodia. Explain your response with reference to the poem.

  2. Discuss the use of shadow and light to explain the effects of “sluttish” time.

  3. In terms of understanding the concept of identity, is it important to have artifacts from the past? Explain your opinion with reference to both the visual and the sonnet.

In class poetry and visual evaluation

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