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PHOTOS

light

  • Photograph –(graph- write, draw) picture drawn by light
  • Telephoto-(tele-distant) light from far away
  • Photometer-(metron-measure)-a device which measures light
  • Phototropic-(tropos-turn)-turn toward light
  • Photophilia-(philia-love)-love of light
  • Photophobia-(phobos-fear)-fear or dislike of light
  • Photosynthesis-(syn-together, thesis-putting)- a process of putting things together by using light

GRAPH

to write or draw

  • Photograph –(photo-light) picture drawn by light
  • Phonograph-(phono-sound)-machine for writing (or recording) sound
  • Telegraph-(tele-distant)-writing from far away
  • Graph-pictured information
  • Lithograph-(lithos-stone)-drawing made on a stone
  • Graphite-black carbon used for drawing or writing
  • Autograph-(autos-self)-to write one’s own name
  • Phonogram-(phono-sound)-written symbol for a sound
  • Hologram-(holos-complete)-a three dimensional photograph of a whole object

TELE

far away, distant

  • Television- (video, visum(L.)-see)- seeing distant things
  • Telephone-(phone-sound)-sound from far away
  • Telegraph-(graph-write)-writing from a distance
  • Telephoto-(photo-light)-light from far away
  • Telescope-(skopeo-look at)-a device for looking at distant objects
  • Telepathy-(pathos-feeling)-know how someone far away is feeling
  • Telethon-(Marathon-a battlefield in ancient Greece) a telephone fund raiser which runs on non-stop, as Pheidippides ran after the battle of Marathon.

METRON

measure

  • Meter-unit of measure-39.47 inches long
  • Geometry-(geo-earth)-measurement of the earth
  • Optometry-(opsis-sight)-measure eyesight
  • Symmetry-(sym-same, equal)-measuring the same
  • Barometer-(baros-weight, pressure)-device to measure air pressure
  • Thermometer-(thermos-heat)-measure heat
  • Diameter-(dia-through, across)-measuring across
  • Centimeter-(centum-hundred)-one hundredth of a meter
  • Anemometer-(anemos-wind)-measure wind speed

TROPOS

turn

  • Tropics-the area of the earth from the equator north to the Tropic of Cancer and south to the Tropic of Capricorn
  • Tropical-the climate of the earth in the tropics
  • phototropic-(photo-light)-turning toward light as leaves and flowers do
  • Heliotrope-(helios-sun)-a flower named for its tendency to turn toward the sun
  • Tropophilous-(philia-love)-plants or trees which like a change or turning of seasons-hot and cold, wet and dry
  • Thermotropism-(thermos-heat)-turning toward heat (as cats do!)

PHILIA

love, friendship

  • Philosopher-(sophia-wisdom)-one who loves wisdom
  • Philadelphia-(adelphos-brother)-city of brotherly love
  • Philanthropist-(anthropos-man)-one who cares about his fellow man
  • Phillumenist-(lumen-light)-one who collects match covers
  • Philogynist-(gyne-woman)-one who loves women
  • Philogist-(logos-word)-one who loves words
  • Philtre-love potion
  • Anglophile-(Angli-English)-one who loves England
  • Francophile-(Francus-France)-one who loves France

PHOBOS

fear

  • Phobia- irrational fear
  • Agoraphobia-(agora-field)-fear of open space
  • Claustrophobia-(claustrum(L.)-lock or bolt)- fear of closed (locked or bolted) places
  • Hydrophobia-(hydro-water)-disease which makes it difficult to swallow water, thought to be fear of water
  • Phobophobia-fear of fear itself
  • Zoophobia-(zoon-animal)-fear of animals
  • Toxikophobia-(toxikos-poison)-fear of poison
  • Phobos-moon of the planet Mars

SYN

with, together

  • Sympathy-(pathos-feeling)-to feel with someone else
  • Symphony-(phone-sound)-sounds that go together
  • Synthesis-(thesis-put, place)-putting together
  • Synthetic-material made by putting chemicals together
  • Photosynthesis-(photos-light) process by which light puts plant nutrients together to make green chlorophyll
  • Synonym-(onoma-name)-two words with the same meaning
  • Synagogue-(ago-bring)-place to bring people together
  • Synchronize-(chronos-time)-to do things at the same time. “Synchronize your watches!”

THESIS

put, place, position

  • Thesis- a position taken in an argument supported by a set of reasons
  • Theme-an essay or composition on a certain subject with a statement and supporting reasons
  • Parenthesis-(para-beside)-a statement beside(or inside) a main sentence
  • Synthetic-(syn-together)-elements put together to make a material like a natural one (synthetic rubber)
  • Synthesizer-(syn-together)-instrument which puts sounds together like real musical instruments.

KINESIS

movement

  • Kinetic-relating to movement of bodies
  • Kinesiology-(logos-word or study)-study of human movement
  • Kinescope-(skopeo-look at)-a machine which shows pictures of movement (old term for TV movies)
  • Cinema-motion pictures (Greeks had no “c”. They used “k”.)
  • Cinematographer- motion picture photographer

PHONE

sound

  • Phonograph-(graph-write, draw)-writing with sound
  • Telephone-(tele-far away)-sound from far away
  • Phonogram-(gramma-letter)-written sound
  • Euphoney-(eu-well, good)-good or pleasant sound
  • Symphony-(sym-together)-sounds that go together
  • Megaphone-(mega-big)-device to make small sounds BIG
  • Microphone-(mikros-small)-device to transmit or record small sounds

SONUS

sound

  • Sound-vibrations perceived by our ears
  • Sonic-relating to what we can hear
  • Sonnet-a form of rhyming Italian poetry
  • Sonovox-a machine that makes sound effect voices
  • Sonar-a device that hears sounds under water
  • Sonata-an instrumental(not vocal) musical composition with three or four movements
  • Consonant-(con-with)-speech sounds made with lips, tongue or teeth.

SKOPEO

look at, inspect, consider, examine

  • Scope-all that the eye can see
  • Microscope-(mikros-small)-device to look at small objects
  • Telescope-(tele-distant)-device for seeing distant objects
  • Periscope-(peri-around)-device for seeing around obstacles
  • Kaleidoscope-(kalos-beautiful; eidos-form)-device for seeing changing beautiful forms or arrangements of small fragments of glass, etc.
  • Episcopal-(epi-on, over)-overseen by bishops or “overseers”
  • Bishop-a church overseer

VIDEO VISUM

see

  • Television-(tele[Gr.]-far away)- machine for seeing things that are far away
  • Videophone-(phone[Gr.]-sound)-TV screen for seeing the person you are talking to on the phone
  • Montevideo-(mons, montis-mountain)-”Mountain view”-a city in Uruguay
  • Video-picture portion of television
  • Evidence-(e, ex-out)-out of what one can see
  • Advise-(ad-to, toward)-look and tell your view
  • Invisible-(in-not)-not to be seen

LOGOS

word, study

  • Logic-reasoning to gain knowledge and wisdom
  • Geology-(geo-earth)-the study of the earth
  • Astrology-(astron-star)-knowledge from the stars
  • Biology-(bios-life)-study of physical life
  • Zoology-(zoon-animal)-study of animals
  • Technology-(techne-art, skill)-study of how to improve an art or skill
  • Anthropology-(anthropos-man)-study of mankind
  • Psychology-(psyche-soul, life)-study of the soul or mental life of man
  • Legend-a story to be read

VERBUM

word

  • Verb-the action word in a sentence
  • Proverb-(pro-forward)-a wise or profound saying
  • Verbal-of, or pertaining to, words
  • Verbiage-use of too many words; chatter
  • Verbose-(-osus-full of)-wordy, full of words
  • Verbatim-word-for-word copy or record
  • Verbalize-to express in words
  • Verberium-game in which a word is changed into others by rearranging its letters

NOMEN NOMINIS

name

  • Nominate-suggest someone’s name for office
  • Nomination-act of naming a candidate for office
  • Nominal-in name only; not real or actual
  • Nomenclature-(calo, calatum-call)-system of names used to classify knowledge; what we call things
  • Nom de plume-(French)-pen name for an author
  • Denomination-(de-down from)-names of classes or categories, e.g., religions, money
  • Denominator-part of a fraction below the line

PRO

For, before, forward, in place of

  • Profess-(fateor, fassus sum-admit, reveal)-to admit that one is an expert
  • Professional-one who claims to be an expert
  • Problem-(ballein[Gr.]-throw)-anything thrown forward to be worked on or solved
  • Proboscis-(boskein[Gr.]-feed, graze)-trunk or snout for grazing
  • Prologue-(logos[Gr.]-word, study)-words before the beginning of a play or book
  • Proclaim-(clamo, clamatum-shout)-announce, cry out, publish
  • Proceed-(cedo, cessurus-move, yield)-move forward
  • Pronoun-(nomen-name)-word that stands for a noun (I, you, he, she, it, we, they, etc.)

PRAE

Before, in front of

  • Predict-(dico, dictum-say)-say beforehand, foretell
  • Preamble-(ambulo, ambulatum-walk)-that which goes before
  • Precaution-(caveo, cautum-be on guard)-being on guard beforehand
  • Precursor-(curro, cursum-run)-one who runs ahead
  • Prefer-(fero, latum-bear, carry)-carry to a forward position or rank
  • Pregnant-(gigno, genitum-bring forth)-condition before birth
  • Prejudice-(judicium-judgement)-make judgment beforehand

AD

To, toward; near, next to

  • Adequate-(aequus-level, even, flat)- even with or equal to
  • Adhere-(haereo, haesum-stick to, stay)-stick to
  • Adjective-(jacio, jactum-throw)-word “thrown at” a noun to modify it.
  • Admire-(miror, miratum-be amazed, wonder)-look at with wonder or amazement
  • Admonish-(moneo, monitum- warn)-give warning to
  • Admit-(mitto, missum-send)-send to; allow entrance to a place or to the mind
  • Advertise-(verto, versum-turn)-turn people to what you are offering

JACIO/JACTUM

throw

  • Eject-(e, ex-out)-throw out
  • Interject-(inter-between)-throw between
  • Object-(ob-against)-throw against
  • Objection-arguments “thrown against” a situation
  • Project-(pro-forward) throw forward
  • Projectile-a thing thrown forward (arrow, bullet, rock)
  • Reject-(re-back, again)-throw back

PONO/POSITUM

Lay, put, place

  • Pose-position or attitude
  • Post-fixed or established place; military post
  • Postage-payment for messages sent from post to post
  • Position-established place
  • Deposit-(de-down, away from)-lay away, put aside
  • Repose-(re-again, back)-lie back, pause, rest
  • Depose-(de-down, away from)-put down from a throne or high office
  • Impose-(in-in, on , upon)-to put upon
  • Component-(con-together)-put together

CUM

With,together

  • Cooperate-(operor, operatum-work)-work with
  • Cognate-(nascor, gnatus-be born)-born together, having same ancestors or family
  • Collaborate-(laboro, laboratum-work)-work with
  • Collect-(lego, lectum-gather)-gather together
  • Combat-(battuo-beat, fight)-fight with
  • Commemorate-(memoro, memoratum-remember)-remember something together
  • Community-(munio, munitum-build, fortify)-group which builds together
  • Content-(teneo, tentum-hold)-held together
  • Confection-(facio, factum- do, make)-made together

FIGO/FIXUM

Fix, fasten, attach

  • Fix-fasten or make firm; set in place
  • Fixture-a thing fastened in place
  • Crucifix-(crux, crucis-cross)-picture, medal or statue of Christ fastened on the cross
  • Áffix(noun)-(ad-to)-thing fastened to something; syllable added to a word at either end
  • Affix́(verb)-act of fastening or attaching
  • Prefix-(prae-before)-letter or syllable added to the beginning of a word
  • Suffix-(sub-under)-letter or syllable added to the end of a word

JUNGO/JUNCTUM

Join, unite, connect

  • Join-connect, fasten together
  • Joint-place where two parts are connected
  • Conjugation-a set of verb endings joined with the stem*
  • Conjunction-word joining two parts of the sentence
  • Disjointed-(dis-separate)-separated at the joints
  • Junction-point of connection; railway crossing
  • Subjugate-(sub-under)-to connect under the yoke of power

DIGITUS

Finger, toe, inch

  • Digit-finger, numerals from 0 to 9, unit of measure the width of a finger (3/4 of an inch)
  • Digital computer-a computer which uses numerals to mean whole numbers and decimal fractions
  • Digitalis-the “foxglove” plant from which heart medicine is made
  • Prestidigitation-(praesto-at hand, prompt)-a fast fingered or slight-of-hand performance of magic or of card tricks.

CAPUT/CAPITIS

head

  • Capút- “off with his head”
  • Capital-top of a column; head, chief or foundation money
  • Capitalism-system where the “head money” makes money
  • Captain-head of a group of soldiers
  • Capitulate-put heading on chapters or divisions in a piece of writing
  • Recapitulate-(re-again)-to list again the “headings” in a piece of writing
  • Cabbage-vegetable “head”

MANUS

hand

  • Manufacture-(facio, factum-making)-make by hand
  • Manifest-(festus-hit)-to hit by hand; easily perceived
  • Manicotti-(manica-sleeve)-sleeve-like pasta
  • Manuscript-(scribo, scriptum-write)-writing, written by hand
  • Manumit-(mitto, missum-send)-to send forth or release from one’s hand(grasp)

PES/PEDIS

foot

  • Pedestal-foot of a column
  • Pedestrian-walker-on foot
  • Pedal-foot lever
  • Peddle, peddler-house-to-house salesman
  • Pedicab-bicycle taxi
  • Pedicure-(curo, curatum-care)-care for the feet
  • Pedigree-(‘pied de grue”-crane’s foot)-genealogy charts
  • Pedometer-measures the distance walked
  • Pawn-(in chess)-foot soldiers

BRACCHIUM

arm

  • Brace-two of a kind (one for each arm?)
  • Embrace-(em-in, into)-to take into one’s arms
  • Bracelet-ornament for the arm or wrist
  • Brachiate-to swing by the arms on bars or tree branches
  • Brachiopod-(podos[Gr.]-foot)-two-shelled creature with two “arms” inside with which to bring in food
  • Bracero-Spanish word for day laborer (with two strong arms!)

DENS/DENTIS

tooth

  • Dent-tooth-like notch in gears, locks, etc; a small depression
  • Dentist-tooth doctor
  • Dentate-having a toothed edge(leaves)
  • Dental-pertaining to teeth
  • Dentifrice-(frico, fricatum-rub)-toothpaste
  • Dentition-development of teeth; teething
  • Denture-set of teeth (false)
  • Dentiform-(forma-shape)-shaped like a tooth
  • Indent-set a line of print in from the margin
  • Dandelion-(French- dent de lion)-plant called “tooth of the lion” with dentate leaves

CORPUS/CORPORIS

body

  • Corporeal-pertaining to the body
  • Corps-military division organized as a body
  • Incorporate-to make into a body
  • Corporation-legally formed group-a body
  • Corpse-a dead body
  • Corpulence-a lot of body-fatness
  • Corpus-main body of a fund of wealth-estate
  • Corpuscle-(diminutive of corpus)-small part of the body

UNUS

one

  • Unit-one part of a series or of a whole
  • Union-act of making one out of many
  • E pluribus unum-motto of U.S.A. “one out of many” states
  • United-together as one
  • Universe-(verto, versum-turn)-star galaxy which turns as one entity (like a cosmic pinwheel)
  • University-(verto, versum-turn)-many colleges joined together to function as one body
  • Unicorn(cornu-horn)-mythical horse with one horn on its head.
  • Unison-(sonus-sound)-voices singing or musical instruments playing together the same notes at the same time.

DUO

two

  • Duet-music played or sung by two people
  • Duplicate-(plico, plicatum-fold)-make a second copy
  • Dual-two (as in dual purpose)
  • Dubious-”of two minds”-doubtful
  • Duel-fight between two people
  • Duplex-(plico, plicatum-fold)-two homes in one building
  • Duplicity-two-”facedness”; a “double cross”

TRES

three

  • Trio-three acting or performing together
  • Tricycle-(cycle-wheel)-a three-wheeled vehicle
  • Tripod-(podos[Gr]-foot)-a three-legged stand for a camera or other instrument
  • Triangle-(angulus-corner angle)-a figure with three straight sides and three corner angles
  • Triennial-(annus-year)-every three years
  • Triceratops-(keras-horn; tops-face[Gr])-three-horned face
  • Trilobite-(lobus-a rounded division)-a prehistoric animal having three rounded divisions of the body
  • Tribe-early Rome was divided into three family social groups, or clans, called tribes

QUATTUOR

four

  • Quadruped-(pes, pedis-foot)-four-footed animal
  • Quadricycle-(kyclos[Gr]-wheel)-four-wheeled vehicle
  • Quadrilateral-(latus-side)-having four sides
  • Quadragenarian-(quadraginata-forty)-person in his 40’s
  • Quaternity-group of four people
  • Quatrain-a stanza or verse of poetry four lines long
  • Quadrille-square dance for four couples
  • Quadri-prefix meaning four

QUINQUE

five

  • Quinquennial-(annus-year)-five-year period or celebration
  • Quinquagenarian-(quinquageni-fifty each)-person who is 50 to 59 years old
  • Quinquesyllable-(syllaba-several letters taken together to make one sound)-a word of five syllables (e.g., quin-que-syl-la-bic)

SEX

six

  • Sexennial-(annus-year)-six-year period or celebration
  • Sexagenarian-(sexageni-60 each)-a person who is 60 to 69 years old
  • Sexdigital-(digitus-finger, toe)-having six fingers or toes
  • Sexcentenary-(centum-hundred)-a 600-year period or celebration

SEPTEM

seven

  • September-the seventh month in the Roman calendar
  • Septennials-(annus-year)-seven-year period or celebration
  • Septangle-(angulus-corner)-a plane (flat) figure with seven sides and seven angles
  • Septuagenarian-(septuageni-seventy each)-a person who is 70 to 79 years old

OCTO

eight

  • October-eighth month in the old Roman calendar
  • Octopus-(pous, podos[Gr]-foot)-eight-footed ocean creature
  • Octogenarian-(octogeni-80 each)-person between 80 and 89 years old
  • Octogon-(gonia[Gr]-angle)-figure with eight sides and eight corners or angles
  • Octennial-(annus-year)-eight-year period or celebration

NOVEM

nine

  • November-ninth month in the old Roman calendar
  • Novena-devotions for nine days in the Roman Catholic church
  • novennial-(annus-year)-nine-year period or celebration
  • Novemdigitate-(digitus- finger)-having nine fingers
  • Novendial-(dies-day)-lasting nine days

DECEM

ten

  • December-Tenth month in the old Roman calendar
  • Decennial-(annus-year)-tenth anniversary or celebration
  • Decemdentate-(dens, dentis-tooth)-having ten teeth
  • Decemfoliate-(folium-leaf)-having ten leaves
  • Decempedal-(pes, pedis-foot)-having ten feet
  • Decemplicate-(plico,plicatum-fold)-tenfold or ten copies (think of duplicate, triplicate)

CENTUM

hundred

  • Cent-one hundredth of a dollar
  • Century-a set of one hundred
  • Centurion-Roman military officer over 100 men
  • Centimeter-(metron-measure)-one hundredth of a meter
  • Centennial-(annus-year)-a hundred-year celebration or anniversary
  • Percent-(per-through)-number of parts in every hundred; 10 cents is 10 percent of a dollar
  • Centipede-(pes, pedis-foot) hundred-footed “bug”
  • Centigrade-(gradus-step, degree)-temperature scale with one hundred degrees between freezing and boiling

MILLE

thousand

  • Mile-a thousand paces(1 pace=2 steps-one with each foot)
  • Mill-one thousandth of a dollar
  • Millimeter-(metron-measure)-one thousandth of a meter
  • Millennium-(annus-year)-thousand-year period or anniversary
  • Millipede-(pes, pedis-foot)-thousand-footed “bug”

PYRO

fire

  • Pyrotechnics-(techne-work,skill)-fireworks
  • Pyrotechnician-(techne-work, skill)-one who is skilled with fireworks
  • Pyre-huge bonfire for burning bodies at ancient funerals (and even today in India)
  • pyromaniac-(mania-craze)-a crazy person who plays with fire
  • Empyrian-(em-in)-the heavens-home of the fiery sun
  • Pyrometer-(metron-measure)-instrument to measure very hot temperatures

IGNIS

fire

  • Igneous-(ous[E.]-full of)-pertaining to fire
  • Ignite-to set on fire
  • Ignition-act of “firing up” or starting an engine; setting anything afire

VULCANUS

Vulcan-Roman god of fire

  • Volcano-a crack in the earth pouring out hot magma (molten rock) and hot gases
  • Volcanic-like or pertaining to volcanos
  • Vulcanize-to treat raw rubber with heat and sulphur to make it harder and more durable
  • Vulcanite-hard rubber, treated with heat and sulphur
  • Vulcanology-(logos-word, study)-the study of volcanos

HYDROS

water

  • Hydroplane-(L.planus-flat surface)-boat that glides on the surface of the water
  • Hydrophobia-(phobia-fear)-fear of water
  • Dehydrate-(de-down, away from)-take water away
  • Hydrogen-(genos-origin)-a gas which, when burned, produces water
  • Hydrophone-(phone-sound)-instrument to “hear” under water
  • Hydrology-(logos-word, study)-study of water
  • Hydroelectric-(electron-amber)-electricity produced by moving water

AQUA

water

  • Aquarium-a pond or tank of water where fish or water plants can live
  • Aqueduct-(duco, ductum-lead)-a structure for bringing water to where it is needed
  • Aquaculture-(cultura-till, cultivate)-growing food in water (fish, oysters, seaweed)
  • Aquamarine-blue-green color of water
  • Aquaplane-(planus-flat surface)-surf board
  • Aquarius-a constellation called “Water Carrier”
  • Aqueous humor-(humor-moisture)-fluid in the eye between the lens and the cornea
  • Aquifer-(fero, latum-carry)-a layer under the earth where water flows

BONUS

good

  • Bonus-something extra good
  • Bon bon (French)-beautifully decorated candy; a good “goody”
  • Bonny (Scottish)-good looking
  • Boon-a good deed; a favor
  • Bounteous-(-ous-full of )-plentiful good
  • Bounty-plenty or reward
  • Bonanza (Spanish-fair weather, prosperity)-rich find in a gold mine
  • Debonaire(Fr.- of good disposition)-kindly; jaunty

HELIOS

sun

  • Helios-sun god; also called Apollo or Phaethon
  • Heliotrope-(tropos-turn)-plant which turns toward the sun
  • Helium-light gas used in balloons
  • Perihelion-(peri-around, near)-closest point to the sun in earth’s orbit
  • Aphelion-(apo-away from)-furthest point from the sun in earth’s orbit
  • Helioscope-(skopeo-look)-telescope for looking at the sun
  • Heliometer-(metron-measure)-instrument for measuring the diameter of the sun

SOL

sun

  • Solar-pertaining to the sun
  • Solar system-the sun with the objects which revolve around it
  • Solarium-a sun dial; a glass enclosed sun room
  • Solaster-(astron-star)-a star fish with more than five rays; a sun-star fish
  • Parasol-(Italian-parare-to ward off)-a light, portable sunshade
  • Solstice-(sisto, statum-set, cause to stand)-stopping or standing still of the sun
  • “Old Sol”-folk name for the sun

LUNA

moon

  • Lunar-of or pertaining to the moon
  • Lunatic-mad; affected by the moon
  • Lunacy-madness caused by the moon; “moonstruck”
  • Clair de lune- (French)-moonlight
  • Lunambulist-(ambulo, ambulatum-walk)-one whose sleep walking is supposedly caused by the moon
  • Lunarium-instrument showing the phases and motions of the moon
  • Interlunar-(inter-between)-time between old and new moon when the moon is visible
  • Lunation-29 ½ days- a lunar month or the time from one new moon to the next.

DIA

through, between, across, apart

  • Diabolical-(bole-shot, blow)-shot through, possessed (by a devil)
  • Diadem-(desmos-bond)-bound across the forehead, a wreath or crown
  • Diagnosis-(gnosis-knowledge)-through knowledge
  • Diagonal-(gony-knee)-line between two non-adjacent corner in a figure of four or more sides
  • Diagram-(graph-write, draw)-a cross-section drawing
  • Diameter-(metron-measure)-measure across
  • Diamond(a-not+damas-tame)-hardest substance
  • Diacritical-(krinein-separate)-marks into separate long and short vowel sounds

TRANS

across, over, beyond, through

  • Transport-(porto, portatum-carry)-carry across
  • Transaction-(ago, actum-do, drive)-trade, exchange
  • Transcript-(scribo, scriptum-write)-speech put into writing
  • Transfer-(fero,latum-carry)-carry across
  • Transform-(formo, formatum-form, shape)-change over to a different form
  • Transplant-(planta-sprout, plant)-move a plant
  • Transparent-(pareo-appear)-appear or be seen through

GEO

earth

  • Geography-(graph-write, draw)-draw the earth (make maps) and write about it
  • Geographer-one who makes maps and writes about the earth
  • Geology-(logos-word, study)-study of the earth and its formations
  • Geologist-one who studies the formations of the earth’s crust; rocks, minerals, oil, etc.
  • Geometry-(metron-measure)-branch of study on ways to measure the earth
  • George-(ergon-work)-one who works the earth; a farmer

TERRA

land

  • Territory-land under control of a government or owner
  • Terrace-raised platform of earth
  • Terra cotta-(coquo, coctum-cook)-”cooked earth”, fired clay pottery, tiles, etc.
  • Terrarium-garden in a small glass container
  • Terrestrial-pertaining to the earth
  • Extraterrestrial-(extra-outside)-outside the earth’s atmosphere
  • Terrier-small dog which hunts for burrowing game
  • Mediterranean Sea-(medius-middle)-the sea in the middle of the land

DORMIO/ DORMITUM

sleep

  • Dormant-sleeping
  • Dormant spray-insecticide for plants used in the non-growing season
  • Dormitory-place for sleeping
  • Dormer window-bedroom window set into a roof
  • Dormouse-sleeping(hibernating) mouse
  • Dormeuse-railway sleeping car
  • Dormitive-something that causes sleep
  • Dormition-the act of sleeping

HYPNOS

sleep

  • Hypnosis-sleep-like state controlled by a hypnotizer
  • Hypnotize-put into a hypnotic sleep or trance
  • Hypnology-(logos-word, study)-study of sleep
  • Hypnotic-tending to induce sleep
  • Hypnotherapy-(therapeia-treatment)-treatment of disease by hypnosis
  • Hypnophobia-(phobos-fear)-fear of sleep
  • Hypnos-god of sleep in Greek mythology; Somnus

ANNUS

year

  • Annual-yearly
  • Anniversary-(verto, versum-turn)-celebration marking the turning of a year
  • Biannual-(bi-two)-occuring twice a year
  • Biennial-(bi-two)-every two years
  • Perennial-(per-through)-through the years
  • Annuity-amount of money paid yearly
  • Annals-historical events recorded year by year
  • Millenial-(mille-thousand)-every thousand years

LITHOS

stone

  • Lithograph-(graph-write, draw)-picture drawn on stone so the stone can “draw a picture”
  • Monolith-(monos-one, alone)-lone stone
  • Megalith-(megas-large)-large stone
  • Lithology-(logos-word, study)-study of rocks or stone
  • Lithosphere-(sphaira-ball, globe)-the rocky crust of the earth
  • Lithic-made of or pertaining to stone
  • Eolithic-(eo-dawn)-earliest stone age
  • Paleolithic-(paleo-old, ancient)-ancient stone age after the eolithic period
  • Neolithic-(neo-new)-new or late stone age

PETROS

rock, stone

  • Petrified-(facio, factum-make, do)-made into stone
  • Petrification-process of making into stone
  • Peter-name which means “reliable, like a rock”
  • Petroleum-(oleum-olive, olive oil)-oil from rocks
  • Petroglyph-(glyphein-carve)-rock carving
  • Petrography-(graph-write, draw)-writing about rocks
  • Petrous-hard, stone-like, rocky

ASTRON

star

  • Aster-star-shaped flower
  • Astronomer-(onoma-name)-one who names the stars
  • Asteroid-(eidos-form)-in the form of a star
  • Astrologer-(logos-study, knowledge)-one who gets knowledge from the stars
  • Astronaut-(nauta-sailor)-star sailor
  • Disaster-(dis-separation or parting from)-separation from the good influence of friendly stars
  • Astral-pertaining to stars (astral navigation-navigating by the stars)

STELLA

star

  • Stellar-pertaining to a star, or stars
  • Constellation-(cum-together)-group of stars
  • Interstellar-(inter-between)-between the stars
  • Stellate-star shaped
  • Stellascope-(skopeo[Gr.]-look at)-instrument for looking at the stars; astronomical telescope
  • Stellerid-a star fish
  • Stellify-(facio, factum-make)-transform a person or thing into a star or constellation
  • Stella-girl’s name meaning “Star”
  • Estellita-girl’s name meaning “Little Star”

DENDRON

tree

  • Rhododendron-(rhodos-rose, red)-evergreen shrub with large flowers
  • Lepidodendron-(lepidos-scale)-extinct prehistoric tree with scaly bark
  • Dendrophile-(philia-love)-lover of trees
  • Dendrometer-(metron-measure)-instrument for measuring the height and diameter of trees
  • Dendrolite-(lithos-stone)-petrified or fossil trees
  • Dendriform-(forma-form, shape)-having the shape of a tree

ARBOR/ ARBORIS

tree

  • Arboretum-public garden where trees are cultivated and exhibited
  • Arbor Day-day designated for planting trees-usually in March, April or May
  • Grape arbor-grape vines trained to climb on a trellis or open roof framework
  • Arboraceous-full of trees, wooded
  • Arborculture-(cultura-tending)-cultivation of trees and shrubs
  • Arborvitae-(vita-life)-”tree of life”; an evergreen tree of the cypress family bearing cones (conifer)

CHRONOS

time

  • Synchronize-(syn-together, same)-do at the same time
  • Chronometer-(metron-measure)-device to measure time
  • Chronology-(logos-word, study)-relate events in time sequence
  • Chronic-over a period of time; “from time to time”
  • Chronograph-(graph-write, draw)-device to measure and record time

TEMPUS/ TEMPORIS

time

  • Temporal-pertaining to time
  • Temporary-for a limited time
  • Temporize-play for time; stall
  • Extemporaneous-(ex-out)-speak or act at (or out of) the time without preparation
  • Contemporary-(cum-together, with)-with the time
  • contemporaries-people who are alive at the same time
  • Tempo-(Italian from Latin)-time in music; rate of speed at which a piece of music moves
  • Tense-(French: temps)-verb forms which indicate past, present or future time

PARA

beside, along with

  • Parable-(ballein-to throw)-to throw a story in for comparison while teaching a lesson or moral
  • Parachute-(L.cadare-to fall)-goes along with you as you fall and slows you down
  • Parenthesis-(thesis-put, place)-a statement placed beside (or within) the main sentence
  • Paragraph-(graph-write)-¶-an editing mark beside a page of print to show needed indentation
  • Parallel-(allos-other)-lying along side of another line but not touching

INTER

between, among, amid

  • International-(natio-nation, race, kindred)- between or among nations
  • Interject-(jacio, jactum-throw)- throw between
  • Interaction-(ago, actum-act, perform)-discussion or action between or among people
  • Intervene-(venio, ventum-come)-come between
  • Intergalactic-(galactos[Gr]-milk)-between the stars in the Milky Way
  • Interlude-(ludus-play)-light entertainment in the middle of serious activities; a “break”.

TECHNE

art, skill

  • Technology-(logos-word, study)-study of how to do things
  • Technical-pertaining to the art of skill involved in all kinds of work, science, sport, business, profession, mechanical arts.
  • Technique-expert skill in accomplishing something
  • Technician-one who is skilled in details of an art or subject
  • Architect-(archi-chief, master)-a master builder
  • Architecture-art or science of building

ARS/ARTIS

art, skill

  • Art-display or application of skill
  • Artist-one who acts or creates with skill
  • Artistic-pertaining to skillful creation
  • Artless-without skill, natural, simple and sincere
  • Artful-full of, or characterized by skill
  • Artificial-(facio, factum-make)-made by man; not occurring naturally
  • Artillery-(artiller[F.]-equip)-equipment for war
  • Inert-(in-not)not skilled, inactive, sluggish
  • Inertia-state of inactivity; motion which continues unless altered by an external force.

BIOS

life

  • Biology-(logos-word, study)-study of life
  • Biography-(graph-write, draw)-written life story
  • Autobiography-(autos-self)-written life story of one’s self
  • Microbe-(micro-small)-tiny form of life
  • Amphibian-(amphi-both)-creature who can live both on land and in water
  • Bionic-life-like
  • Biotic-pertaining to life
  • Antibiotic-(anti-against)-against living forms which invade the body.

VIVO/VICTUM

live

  • Vivid-lively, animated, spirited
  • Revive-(re-back, again)-come back to life
  • Survive-(ser [F. from L] super-over)-to live over or beyond a threat of death
  • Conivial-(con-with, together)-relating to feasting together
  • Viand-food to support life
  • Victual-(pronounced “vit’l”)-food to support life
  • Victim-religious sacrifice of live animal or person.

MIKROS

small

  • Microphone-(phone-sound)-device for transmitting a small sound over distance
  • Microbe-(bios-life)-a tiny form of life
  • Microcosm-(cosmos-world)-a tiny world
  • Microfilm-(filmen[Anglo-Saxon]-thin skin)-tiny film for storing books, records, etc.
  • Micrometer-(metron-measure)-instrument for measuring small things
  • Micron-unit of length 1/1000 of 1 millimeter
  • Microscope-(skopeo-look at)-instrument for looking at tiny things.
  • Microwave-(wafian-[Anglo-Saxon]-wave)-tiny electro-magnetic wave between 1 and 100 centimeters long

MEGAS

great, large, big

  • Megaphone-(phone-sound)-device for making a sound larger (louder)
  • Megalith-(lithos-rock)-huge rock (such as those in Stonehenge)
  • Megalomania-(mania-craze)-crazy person with delusions of grandeur or greatness
  • Megalophonous-(phone-sound)-having a big or loud sound or voice
  • Mega-in the metric system, a million times
    • Megameter-a million meters
    • Megatons-a million tons

MAGNUS

big, large, great

  • Magnify-(facio, factum-make, do)-make larger
  • Magnifier-that which makes greater
  • Magnitude-(-tudo-ness)-greatness
  • Magnate-person of great rank or influence
  • Magnificent-great in deed or character, lavish
  • Magnanimous-(animus-mind, spirit)-great in mind; above what is low, mean or ungenerous; noble in soul.

PATER/PATRIS

father

  • Patriarch-(archos[Gr]-chief)-chief father of a family or of a society
  • Patriotism-love for the fatherland
  • Patrician-nobly born person; descendant of the founding fathers of Rome.
  • Patrimony-(-monia-condition)-condition or estate inherited from one’s fathers
  • Patron-one who acts like a father toward another
  • Patronymic-(onyma[Gr]-name)-a father’s name adapted and given to his children

MATER/MATRIS

mother

  • Matriarch-(archos-chief)-a woman who rules the family
  • Maternal-motherly
  • Maternal grandparents-parents of one’s mother
  • Matrix-the ground from which something or idea springs
  • Matriculate-have one’s name entered on the list of students of a school or college
  • Alma mater-(alma-nourishing; kind)-the “dear old school” from which one graduates
  • Matrimony-(-monia-condition)-state from which motherhood develops

FRATER/FRATRIS

brother

  • Fraternal-brotherly
  • Fraternity-brotherly association of men
  • Fraternize-associate together on friendly or brotherly terms
  • Friar-a member of a men’s religious order
  • Frère-French word for brother

DEMOS

the people, the citizens

  • Democracy-(kratos-power)-people power
  • Demotic-pertaining to the people; popular
  • Demography-(graph-write, draw)-draw charts of information about the people-where they live, etc.
  • Demophile-(philia-love)-friend of the people
  • Demophobe-(phobos-fear)-one who fears the people
  • Epidemic-(epi-upon)-a plague on the people; disease spread among citizens

POPULUS

people

  • People-a collection of persons
  • Public-general body of people in a community
  • Republic-(res-thing)-public thing or entity
  • Publish-make known to people in general
  • Populace-the common people
  • Popular-pleasing to people in general
  • Population-whole number of people in an area
  • Pueblo-(Spanish)-people of a village or town
  • SPQR Senatus Populusque Romanus-The Senate and people of Rome

POLIS

city

  • Metropolis-(mater-mother)-mother city- or main city with smaller suburbs around it
  • Political-concerning the management of a city
  • Police-those who keep order in the city
  • Polite-having city (civilized) manners
  • Policy-course of action adopted in the management of the city

URBS/URBIS

city

  • Urban-pertaining to the city
  • Suburb-(sub-under, below, near)-outlying part of a city; smaller town near a city
  • Suburbanite-one who lives in a suburb
  • Interurban-(inter-between)-between cities
  • Urbane-polite; having city manners
  • Urbanity-civility; courtesy, politeness
  • Urbanites-those who live in the city.

PATHOS

feeling, suffering

  • Pathos-dramatic device to cause pity, sympathy or sorrow
  • Pathetic-marked by suffering or sorrow
  • Pathology-(logos-word, study)-study of suffering or disease
  • Pathometer-(metron-measure)-measures feeling, a lie detector
  • Apathy-(a-not)-not feeling; lack of feeling
  • Antipathy-(anti-against)-feeling against
  • Sympathy-(syn-together)-to feel what another feels
  • Telepathy-(tele-far away)-knowing how someone far away feels

AUTOS

self

  • Autograph-(graph-write)-writing the name of oneself
  • Automobile-([L.]mobilis-movable)-self-moving
  • Autobiography-(bios-life)-life story written by oneself
  • Autocrat-(kratos-power, strength)-power in one person
  • Autonomy-(nomos-law)-being a law to oneself
  • Autodynamic-(dynamikos-power)-supplying its own power
  • Automatic-(matos-think)-a machine that seems to think for itself; self-acting; self-regulating

THERMOS

heat

  • Thermal-relating to heat
  • Thermos bottle-insulated bottle which keeps the contents hot or cold
  • Thermometer-(metron-measure)-device for measuring heat
  • Thermotropic-(tropos-turn)-turning toward heat
  • Thermogenic-(genos-origin)-causing or originating (generating) heat
  • Thermoplastic-(plastos-shape, mold)-can be molded or formed when heated

CURRO/CURSUM

run

  • Current-running, ongoing
  • Curriculum-study that runs over a period of time
  • Occur-(ob-against)-run against, happen
  • Recur-(re-again)-run into again
  • Incursion-(in-in, into)- a running into
  • excursion-(ex-out of )-running out, a trip
  • Cursive-writing that runs on without lifting the pen or pencil
  • Cursor-small moving (running)square on a computer screen

ZOON

animal

  • Zoo-a zoological park or collection of animals
  • Zoology-(logos-word, study)-study of animals
  • Protozoon-(protos-first)-earliest form of one-celled animal life on earth
  • Cenozoic-(kainos-recent)-recent animal period
  • Mesozoic-(meso-middle)-middle animal period
  • Paleozoic-(paleo-early, archaic)-early animal period (many fossils)
  • Proterozoic-(protero-earlier)-earlier animal period (few fossils; worms)
  • Archeozoic-(arche-beginning)-beginning animal period (carbon traces but no fossils)

VERTO/VERSUM

turn

  • Reverse-(re-back, again)-turn back
  • Advertise-(ad-to, toward)-turn people toward a product
  • Universe-(unus-one)-stars all turning as one wheel or cosmos
  • University-(unus-one)-set of colleges revolving around a central administration
  • Controversial-(contra-against)-two sides turned against each other
  • Conversation-(con-with, together)-taking turns in talking together
  • Diversity-(dis-separate)-turning to separate ways; unlikeness

FACIO/FACTUM

do, make

  • Factory-(-orium-place for)-place for making things
  • Manufacture-(manus-hand)-make by hand
  • Efface-(ex-out, away)-do away with
  • Deface-(de-down)-to “do down”, mar, destroy
  • Perfect-(per-through)-done all the way through
  • Magnify-(magna-large)-to make large
  • Satisfy-(satis-enough)-to make enough

SCRIBO/ SCRIPTUM

write

  • Scriptures-sacred writings (Bible, Torah)
  • Inscription-(in-in)-writing in a book or in stone
  • Describe-(de-down)-write down
  • Proscription –(pro-for)-written list of names put up for all to see
  • Prescription- (pre-before)-something written ahead (doctor’s direction to a pharmacist)
  • Scribe-one who knows how to write
  • Transcribe-(trans-across)-transfer speech into writing
  • Manuscript-(manus-hand)-written by hand
  • Script-writing (e.g.*the words of a play)

PLICO/ PLICATUM

fold

  • Duplicate-(duo-two)-twofold
  • Triplicate-(tres-three)-threefold
  • Multiplication-(multum-many) increase in number manifold
  • Explicit-(ex-out)-folded out, unfolded, smooth
  • Implicate-(in-in, into)-fold into
  • Complication-(con-together)-a “folded” situation
  • Accomplice-(ad-to, toward; con-together)-one who is folded together with another in crime
  • Replica-(re-again, back)-a bending or folding again; a reproduction or copy
  • Supplication-(sub-under)-humble request or prayer made on bended or folded knees

DICO/ DICTUM

Speak, say

  • Dictate-speak, command
  • Diction-art or manner of speaking
  • Dictation-speaking so another may write down the words
  • Dictator-one whose word has absolute authority
  • Predict-(pre-before)-to say beforehand what will happen
  • Benediction-(bene-well)-well-spoken words; a blessing
  • Contradict-(contra-against)-speak against
  • Verdict-(verus-true, real)-a true saying

BIBLIOS

book

  • Bible-the Book of the Christian religion
  • Bibliography-(graph-write)-list of books on a particular subject
  • Biblioclast-(klastos-broken)-one who destroys books
  • Biblioklept-(klepto-to steal)-one who steals books
  • Bibliolatry-(latreia-worship)-worship of books
  • Bibliology-(logos-word, study)-study of books
  • Bibliomania-(mania-madness)-craziness about books
  • Bibliophile-(philia-love)-lover of books
  • Bibliophobia-(phobos-fear)-fear or dislike of books
  • Bibliothetic-(thetos-placed)-pertaining to the placement or arrangement of books

LIBER/LIBRI

book

  • Library-place where books are kept
  • Librarian-one in charge of a library
  • Libretto-(Italian-booklet)-words to which opera music has been written
  • Librettist-one who writes a libretto
  • Libel-written accusation

SCIO/SCITUM

know

  • Science-knowledge which results from study
  • Scientific-kind of knowledge gained from careful study
  • Conscience-(con-with, together)-knowledge of right and wrong
  • Prescience-(prae-before)-foreknowledge
  • Conscious-(con-with, together)-sharing knowledge; mentally awake or active
  • Omniscience-(omnis-all)-knowing all

DISCIPULUS

student

  • Disciple-a student
  • Discipline-teaching; instruction, field of learning
  • Disciplinary-pertaining to correction, ordered control or teaching
  • Disciplinarian-one who enforces order

SAUROS

lizard

  • Dinosaur-(deinos-terrible)- terrible lizard
  • Tyrannosaurus- (tyrannos-absolute ruler)-tyrant lizard (ate anyone who he wanted to eat)
  • Allosaurus-(allos-leap)-leaping lizard
  • Stegasaurus-(stego-roof)-lizard with a shell on his back
  • Brontosaurus-(brontos-thunder) thunder lizard
  • Ankylosaurus-(ankylos-crooked, bent)-lizard with bony plates sticking up from his neck

AMO/AMATUM

love

  • Amateur-(French from L. amator-lover)-lover; one who enjoys an activity without doing it professionally
  • Amiable-kindly, lovable, good-natured
  • Amicable-friendly, peaceable, cordial
  • Amorous-(-osus-full of )- full of love
  • Amour-(French-love)-love affair
  • Enamoured-(in-in)-charmed, captivated, in love
  • Amity-friendship
  • Enmity-(in-not + amity)-ill will; hostility
  • Enemy-(in-not +amity)-hostile, unfriendly person


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