The Prompt – Tells you your writing task. You MUST decode the prompt for both your audience and purpose for writing to stay on topic.
Audience – The prompt will refer to a specific audience like “your principal” or “your peers at school.” Your choice of language (diction) will depend upon your audience.
Purpose –The prompt will explain or refer to the topic you are to persuade others about. YOU MUST STAY ON TOPIC to score well.
Counter Argument – You MUST include the opposing viewpoint somewhere in your essay.
Outline/Pre-Write – ORGANIZE your writing structure FIRST!
Paragraph #1 – Opening Statements Attention Grabber – This draws your audience in as either an interrogative or exclamatory sentence (a question “?” or strong statement “!”)
Thesis –Your clear viewpoint (“I disagree with”, “I support”, “I am for”) on the writing task; includes a rephrase of the prompt.
Counter Argument – A “However,” statement briefly showing the opposite viewpoint.
General Overview of the Essay – Transition statement into the main body paragraph; briefly explains the general logic behind your position.
Paragraph #2 – The Main Body (Evidence and Logic) of Your Essay Topic Sentence – Your viewpoint, which includes your logic about your position.
Concrete Detail – A “For example,” statement’ stating your first fact or example supporting your viewpoint.
Commentary –A “This means that”, “This proves that”, or “In my opinion,” statement, which shows your logical opinion of how that fact supports your argument.
Concrete Detail – A “For example,” statement, stating your second fact or example supporting your viewpoint.
Commentary – A “This means that”, “This proves that”, or “In my opinion,” statement, which shows your logical opinion of how that fact supports your argument.
Transition Counter Argument –This statement should strongly “bash” the opposing viewpoint with your strong commentary leading in to your conclusion.
Paragraph #3 – Strong Concluding Statements (The Wrap Up) Rephrase of Thesis – A stronger, more emotional rephrasing of your thesis.
Details Summary – A summary of your evidence that you have shown.
Concluding Logic/Call to Action – Your strong, logical opinion asking for the audience to take action on your issue.