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Curriculum Vitae: Theodore Walker Whitley

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CURRICULUM VITAE: THEODORE WALKER WHITLEY [Current March 2010]
PERSONAL INFORMATION

Home address:

1301 Rondo Drive

Greenville, NC 27858

(252) 756-9283
Business address:

Department of Psychology

East Carolina University

104 Rawl Building

Greenville, NC 27858-4353

(252) 328-4101 (voice)

(252) 328-6283 (fax)
Born: October 18, 1945, Greensboro, North Carolina
Married: Lynn Dodson Whitley

Child: Walker Dodson Whitley


EDUCATION

AB: East Carolina University (Greenville, North Carolina – 1968)

Major: Psychology

Minor: Psychology Composite


MA: East Carolina University (Greenville, North Carolina – 1969)

Major: General Theoretical Psychology

Minor: Clinical Psychology
PhD: Duke University (Durham, North Carolina – 1976)

Major: Education (Educational Psychology)

Minor: Psychology
EMPLOYMENT RECORD

Dormitory Resident Advisor, East Carolina University (1967-1971)

Greenville, North Carolina
Director of Testing, East Carolina University (1969-1972)

Greenville, North Carolina


Instructor, Department of Psychology, East Carolina University (1969-1972)

Greenville, North Carolina


Consultant, Division of Development, State Department of Public Instruction (1974-1976)

Raleigh, North Carolina

Project Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist, Office of Intergovernmental Relations, North Carolina Department of Administration (1976-1977)

Raleigh, North Carolina


Evaluation Specialist, North Carolina Department of Natural Resources and Community Development (1977-1978)

Raleigh, North Carolina


Assistant Director, Center for Medical Education and Evaluation, East Carolina University School of Medicine (1978-1984)

Greenville, North Carolina


Associate Member of the Graduate Faculty, East Carolina University (1979-1982, 1983-1986)
Department of Emergency Medicine, East Carolina University School of Medicine (1984-present)

Greenville, North Carolina

Research Associate (July, 1984 - April, 1985)

Associate Director, Division of Research (April, 1985 - December, 1986)

Director, Division of Research (December, 1986 - October, l992)

Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine (December, 1988 - June, 1992)

Professor of Emergency Medicine (July, 1992 – August, 2001)

Emeritus Professor of Emergency Medicine (October, 2001 – present)


Director, Office of Medical Education, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University (1992-1994)

Greenville, North Carolina


Assistant Dean for Medical Education, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University (1994-2001)

Greenville, North Carolina

(Retired August 1, 2001)
Visiting Professor, Department of Psychology, East Carolina University(2001-present)

Greenville, North Carolina


PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES

Psi Chi Society - President, East Carolina University Chapter (1968‑1969)

Kappa Delta Pi ‑ Duke University

North Carolina Association for Research in Education - Secretary (1977-1978)

Sigma Xi ‑ East Carolina University
PROFESSIONAL SERVICE

Consultant

Durham, NC County Schools: Statistical analyses of data from a project funded by the Emergency School Assistance Program. (1973)

Durham, NC City Schools: Statistical analysis of data for the final report of a federally funded project entitled "Focus on Optimal Development." (1974)
Elementary and Secondary Education Act, Title IV-C, Project Validation Process. Project EACH: Dade County Public Schools (1980)

Miami, Florida


Publications following Consultation

Hughes G: Naloxone and methylprednisolone sodium succinate enhance sympathomedullary discharge during septic shock in patients. Life Sciences 1984;35:2319‑2326.


Hughes G: Plasma beta‑endorphine‑like‑immunoreactivity levels and hemodynamics in patients with septic shock. Research Communications in Clinical Pathology and Pharmacology 1985;48:121‑131.
Olive KE, Kataria YP: Cutaneous manifestations of sarcoidosis: Relationships to other organ system involvement, abnormal laboratory measurements, and disease course. Archives of Internal Medicine 1985;145:811‑814.
Mooring FJ, Hughes GS, Johnsrude IS: Role of beta‑endorphines in analgesia associated with reactive hyperemia. Investigative Radiology 1985;20:293‑296.
Editorial Appointments

Consultant, Annals of Emergency Medicine (1988-1994, 1998-present).


Consulting Editor, Annals of Emergency Medicine (1994-1996).
Statistical Reviewer, Annals of Emergency Medicine (1996-1998).
Editor, Emergency Medicine Research (American College of Emergency Physicians - Research Section Newsletter) (1999-2002).
Ad hoc Reviewer

Journal of Air Medical Transport.

Prehospital and Disaster Medicine.

Journal of the American Medical Association.

Academic Emergency Medicine.
GRANTS AND CONTRACTS (Funded)

Evaluation and Demonstration of the Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative Protocols for Improving Compliance with Referral Advice Given to Hypertensive Patients Seen in Hospital Emergency Departments. A $23,000 grant from the Kate B. Reynolds Health Care Trust, January‑December, 1990. Co‑investigator with Mansfield CJ (Principal Investigator), Allison EJ Jr, and Knight EA. (Report submitted July, 1992).

Monograph: "Reducing Hypertension in North Carolina: A Role for Hospital Emergency Departments."


Accuracy of Fingerstick Glucose Values in Shock Patients. A Pitt County Memorial Hospital - East Carolina University School of Nursing Collaborative Research Award of $1,000.00, April, 1992 - April, 1993. Co-investigator with Sylvain-Moore H, Pokorny ME (Primary Investigators), Ferenczy CJ, Harrison JG, English S, Benson NH.

COMMITTEES

North Carolina Office of Emergency Medical Services, Technical Consultant to the Test Development Committee. (1984-1988).


American College of Emergency Physicians. Research Committee (1987‑2002).
Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. Education Committee (1989‑1992).
Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. Resident Inservice Questionnaire Task Force (1992-1993).
Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University.

Faculty Development Task Force (1991-1992).

Executive Curriculum Committee (1992-2001).

M-1 Curriculum Committee (1992-2001).

M-2 Curriculum Committee (1992-2001).

M-3 Curriculum Committee (1992-2001).

M-4 Curriculum Committee (1992-2001).

Generalist Physician Initiative Task Force (1992-1993).

Generalist Curriculum Task Force (1992-1994).

Curriculum Mapping Task Force (1992-2001).

Curriculum Resource Council. Governor's Institute on Alcohol and Substance Abuse (1993-1996).

Peer Evaluation Task Force (1994-1995).

Pitt County Memorial Hospital – Brody School of Medicine Cultural Development Task Force (1999).

Mission-Based Management – Educational Productivity Task Force (1999).

Communication Coordinating Group (1999-2000).

Master of Public Health Degree Planning Committee (1999-2001).

Summer Research Program for Medical Students Planning Committee (1999-2001).

Project Team for Course Integration (2000-2001).

University Institutional Effectiveness Committee (2000-2001).
TEACHING EXPERIENCE

East Carolina University

Department of Psychology

Graduate Assistant (1968-1969)

Instructor (1969-1972)

Adjunct Assistant Professor (1980-1982)

Visiting Professor (2001-present)


Division of Continuing Education (1970-1971, 1978-1983)

Courses at sites in eastern North Carolina including Havelock, Jacksonville, and Ahoskie

School of Education

Visiting Assistant Professor Course entitled “Proposal Writing for Grants and Contracts” (1983, 1985)


School of Medicine

Department of Medicine Biostatistics Course (1984

Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Emergency Medical Services

Emergency Medical Technician Training Lectures on Stress Management and Interpersonal Communication (1986-1987)


Educator-Advanced Trauma Life Support Instructor Courses

North Carolina

New Jersey

Virginia


Tennessee
Educator-Emergency Medical Services Instructor Course

Nags Head, North Carolina (1986, 1987)

Greenville, North Carolina (1988)
Educator-Advanced Cardiac Life Support Instructor Courses

Greenville, North Carolina (1990‑1992)


Research Series (1987-l992)

Annual lectures on statistical procedures for residents and medical students


Grand Rounds and Lectures

Research in the Emergency Department (April, 1985).

Considerations in Designing a Clinical Trial (November, 1985).

Reading the Literature (July, 1987).

Research Design (August, 1987).

Reading the Literature (July, 1988).

Evaluating Medical Literature (July, 1989).

Research Design (November, 1989).

Evaluating Medical Literature (July, 1990).

Research Design (December, 1990).

Research Design (September, 1991).

Research Design (December, 1992).

Hypothesis Testing (January, 1993).

Reporting Statistical Results Accurately (April, 1995).

Teaching Techniques (November, 1995).

FAQs about Research: Hypothesis Testing (November, 1999).

FAQs about Research: Hypothesis Testing (September, 2000).

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation



Teaching Techniques (August, 1995).

Principles of Adult Learning (August, 1995).
Department of Comparative Medicine

Research Design and Statistics Overview (September, 1997).

Research Design (March, 2000).
Department of Psychiatric Medicine

Writing Items for Achievement Tests (July, 1999).
Medical Students

Residents as Teachers (Annually 1994-2001).
Presentations

The Interpretation of Standardized Achievement Test Scores. For the North Carolina Vocational Guidance Association (September, 1978).

Evaluation Models and Questionnaire Design. North Carolina Office of Emergency Medical Services, Division of Facility Services, Raleigh, North Carolina (May, 1986).

Stress Management. 8th Annual EMS Program, Department of Emergency Medicine, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina (February, 1987).

Improving Multiple Choice Test Items. Emergency Medicine Today - '88. 15th Annual Conference of the North Carolina Office of Emergency Medical Services, Raleigh, North Carolina (October, 1988).

Not Another *#!#* Exam! 11th Annual Emergency Medical Services Seminar, Division of Emergency Medical Services, Department of Emergency Medicine, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina (February, 1990).

Improving Your Lectures. Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Minneapolis, Minnesota (May, 1990).

Survey Research Methods. Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (May, 1992).

The Survey as a Research Tool. Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, San Francisco, California (May, 1993).

Accurate Reporting: Statistical Pitfalls and How to Avoid Them. 1995 American College of Emergency Physicians Research Forum, San Francisco, California (February, 1995).

Also presented at the

1996 American College of Emergency Physicians Research Forum, Cincinnati, Ohio (February, 1996).

Academic Skills for Medical School Faculty: Workshop Series. East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina (April, 1999).



The Twentieth Annual Conference for Generalists in Medical Education, Washington, DC (October, 1999).
Writing Items for Achievement Tests. Academic Skills for Medical School Faculty: Workshop Series. Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina (January, 2000).
Service Lectures and Workshops

Constructing Classroom Achievement Tests. For teachers in the Halifax County Public Schools, Halifax, North Carolina (August, 1979).

Interpreting Standardized Achievement Test Scores. For teachers in the Halifax County Public Schools, Halifax, North Carolina (August, 1979).

Preparation for the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses. Lectures sponsored by Area Health Education Centers for candidates for licensure as nurses in North Carolina several times a year (1980-1983).

Writing Objective Test Items. For faculty members in the Nursing Education Options Program, Roanoke-Chowan Community College, Ahoskie, North Carolina (May, 1981).

Short-Answer Testing: Construction and Validity. One of a series of faculty development workshops sponsored by the East Carolina University Faculty Senate. Poteat M, Van Zandt D, and Whitley TW, Greenville, North Carolina (May, 1983).

Faculty Symposium on Grading. For the East Carolina University School of Nursing. Henning E and Whitley TW,Greenville, North Carolina (August, 1983).

Test Construction. A faculty development workshop for the East Carolina University School of Nursing, Greenville, North Carolina (March, 1984).

Test Construction for Nurse Educators. A continuing education program for the Area L Area Health Education Center, Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina (January, 1986).

Test Construction and Analysis. A continuing education program for the Nursing faculty at Wayne Community College, Goldsboro, North Carolina (September, 1987).

Test Construction and Analysis. A continuing education program for the faculty of Beaufort Community College, Washington, North Carolina (October, 1987).

Designing Surveys by Example. One of a series of workshops in the East Carolina University Faculty Development Program for 1995, Greenville, North Carolina (May, 1995).

Peer Evaluation Training. Workshops to train East Carolina University School of Medicine faculty to evaluate the teaching of their peers, Greenville, North Carolina (October, 1995-2000.

Survey Research Methods. One of a series of workshops conducted by the East Carolina University Center for Faculty Development, Greenville, North Carolina (May, 1996 and May, 1997).

Emergency Medicine Basic Research Skills Workshop. Statistics section of a workshop to improve the research skills of members of the American College of Emergency Physicians, Dallas, Texas (November, 1997-2002, 2004).

Effective Lecturing. A Noon Conference for the Department of Family Medicine, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina (March, 1998).

Presenting Statistical Results in Manuscripts. Presentation for student and faculty participants in the East Carolina University School of Medicine Summer Research Program (July, 1998).
Duke University

Department of Education

Graduate Assistant: Undergraduate Educational Psychology (1972-1973)

Teaching Fellow: Undergraduate Educational Psychology (1973-1974)

Supervised Teaching Experience: Classroom Achievement Testing for Nursing Instructors, Watts Hospital, Durham, North Carolina.(1974)

Part-time Instructional Assistant: Seminar for doctoral candidates to review dissertation proposals for adequacy of design and appropriateness of methodology. (1977)

Part-time Instructor (1979-1980)

Assessment of Abilities

Assessment of Personality, Interests, and Attitudes
POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION

AASA National Academy for School Executives: Optimizing Group Resources Arlington, Virginia (1975)

North Carolina Department of Administration: VS1 Job Control Language Raleigh, North Carolina (1977)

Ohio University: Computer Packages and Research Design: Applications to Multivariate Analysis of Variance, Athens, Ohio (1979)

Anderson & Berdie Associates: Questionnaire Design and Use & Processing and Analyzing Questionnaire Data, St. Paul, Minnesota (1981)

SAS Institute: Exploratory Multivariate Analysis, Cary, North Carolina (1981)

Pitt Community College: FORTRAN Programming, Greenville, North Carolina (1983)

American Educational Research Association: Applied Measurement: Applications of Rasch Models, New Orleans, Louisiana (1984)

Juran Institute: Quality Planning Team Training, Greenville, North Carolina (1998)
REFEREED PUBLICATIONS

Arlin M, Whitley TW: Perceptions of self‑managed learning opportunities and academic locus of control: A causal interpretation. Journal of Educational Psychology 1978;70:988‑992.


Whitley TW: The effects of individualized instruction on the attitudes of middle school pupils. Journal of Educational Research 1979;72:188‑193.
Whitley TW: Some common flaws in multiple choice exam questions. Nursing Outlook 1979;27:466‑469.
Whitley TW, Landis SS, Allison EJ Jr: Characteristics of emergency medical services providers in rural areas who seek advanced training. North Carolina Medical Journal 1984;45:529-532.
Hunt RC, Allison EJ Jr, Whitley TW, Robinson MJ, Smart TL: Comparison of EMT blood pressure measurement with an automated blood pressure monitor: On scene, during transport and in the E.D. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1985;14:871-875.
Quick MM, Krupa KC, Whitley TW: Using admission data to predict success on the NCLEX-RN in a baccalaureate program. Journal of Professional Nursing 1985;1:364-368.
Daugherty JE, Whitley TW, Revicki DA: Documenting resident experience. Family Medicine 1986;18:306-307.
Park HK, Sinar DR, Sloss RR, Whitley TW, Silverman JF: Histologic and endoscopic studies before and after gastric bypass surgery. Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 1986;110:1164-1167.
Allison EJ Jr, Whitley TW, Revicki DA, Landis SS: Specific occupational satisfactions and stresses which differentiate paid and volunteer EMTs. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1987;16:676-679.

Cline DM, Whitley TW: Observation of head trauma patients at home: A prospective study of compliance in the rural south. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1988;17:127-131.


Revicki DA, Whitley TW, Landis SS, Allison EJ Jr: Organizational characteristics, occupational stress and depression in emergency medical technicians. Journal of Rural Health 1988;4:73-83.
Krupa KC, Quick MM, Whitley TW: The effectiveness of nursing grades in predicting performance on the NCLEX-RN. Journal of Professional Nursing 1988;4:294-298.
Stutts JC, Williamson JE, Whitley TW, Sheldon FC: Hospital records and police accident reports: Two sources of information on bicycle-related injuries and accidents. 32nd Annual Proceedings, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 1988.
Benson NH, McGinnis M, Hurdle B, Whitley TW: Blood pressure measurement: Comparison of multiple methods in an aeromedical environment. Aeromedical Journal 1988;3(September/October):90-93.
Whitley TW, Landis SS, Revicki DA, Benson NH, Allison EJ Jr: Stress, depression and job satisfaction in aeromedical flight personnel. Aeromedical Journal 1988;3(November/December):10-14.
Landis SS, Benson NH, Whitley TW: A comparison of four methods of testing emergency medical technician triage skills. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 1989;7:1-4.
Donovan PJ, Cline DM, Whitley TW, Foster C, Outlaw M: Prehospital care by EMTs and EMT-Is in a rural setting: Prolongation of scene times by ALS procedures. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1989;18:495-500.
Garrison HG, Benson NH, Whitley TW: Helicopter use by rural emergency departments to transfer trauma victims: A study of time-to-request intervals. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 1989;7:384-386.

Jaffurs W Jr, Spicer SS, Carroll RG, Allison EJ Jr, Whitley TW, Mayo HL: Transcutaneous oxygen tension measurements during hemorrhagic hypoperfusion using Trendelenburg and the pneumatic antishock garment. Resuscitation 1989;17:119-129.


Hunt RC, Sheets CA, Whitley TW: Pharyngeal tracheal lumen airway training: Failure to discriminate between esophageal and endotracheal modes and failure to confirm ventilation. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1989;18:947-952.
Whitley TW, Benson NH, Allison EJ Jr, Revicki DA: Occupational stress and job satisfaction among flight nurses: A survey of National Flight Nurses Association members. Hospital Aviation 1989;8(July):6-8,10-11.
Whitley TW, Gallery ME, Allison EJ Jr, Revicki DA: Factors associated with stress among emergency medicine residents. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1989;18:1157-1161.
Whitley TW, Revicki DA, Allison EJ Jr, Landis SS: Predictors of job satisfaction among rural emergency medical technicians. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 1990;5:217-224.
Stutts JC, Williamson JE, Whitley TW, Sheldon FC: Bicycle accidents and injuries: A pilot study comparing hospital- and police-reported data. Accident Analysis and Prevention 1990;22:67-78.
Whitley TW, Benson NH, Allison EJ Jr, Revicki DA: Predictors of flight nurse job satisfaction. Journal of Air Medical Transport 1990;9(October):7-10.
Whitley TW, Spivey WH, Abramson NS, and the 1988-1989 American College of Emergency Physicians Research Committee. A basic resource guide for emergency medicine. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1990;19:1306-1309.
Whitley TW: Occupational stress and depression among physicians pursuing postgraduate training in emergency medicine in three countries - An interim report. Emergency Medicine 1990;2(December):9-10.
Garrison HG, Benson NH, Whitley TW, Bailey BW: Paramedic skills and medications: Practice options utilized by local advanced life support medical directors. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 1991;6:29-34.
Clark WD, Moskop JC, Whitley TW: The National Disaster Medical System: A survey of North Carolina's emergency department directors. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 1991;6:35-40.
Hunt RC, Bryan DM, Brown VS, Whitley TW, Benson NH: Inability to assess breath sounds during air medical transport by helicopter. Journal of the American Medical Association 1991;265:1982-1984.
Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Gallery ME, Heyworth J, Cockington RA, Gaudry P, Revicki DA: Occupational stress and depression among physicians pursuing postgraduate training in emergency medicine: An international study. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1991;20:992-996.

Summarized in Depression Briefing 1992;3:103-106.


Revicki DA, May HJ, Whitley TW: Reliability and validity of the Work-Related Strain Inventory among health professionals. Behavioral Medicine 1991;17:111-120.
Gallery ME, Whitley TW, Klonis L, Anzinger RK, Revicki DA: A study of occupational stress and depression among members of the American College of Emergency Physicians. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1992;21:58-64.
Roller JE, Prasad NH, Garrison HG, Whitley TW: Unexpected emergency department death: Incidence, causes, and relationship to presentation and time in the department. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1992;21:743-745.
Jones JL, Ray VG, Gough JE, Garrison HG, Whitley TW: Determination of prehospital blood glucose by non-paramedics: A prospective, controlled study. Journal of Emergency Medicine 1992;10:679-682.
Hunt RC, Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Aghababian RV, Krohmer JR, Landes F, McCabe JB, Prasad NH: Comparison of motor vehicle damage documentation in emergency medical services run reports compared with photographic documentation. Conference Proceedings. International Conference on Pre-Hospital Emergency Care 1992:133-140.

Hunt RC, Brown RL, Cline KA, Krohmer JR, McCabe JB, Whitley TW: Motor vehicle damage documentation: Failure of EMS run reports compared to photographs using a traffic accident damage score. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1993;22:651-656.


Revicki DA, Whitley TW, Gallery ME: Organizational characteristics, perceived work stress, and depression in emergency medicine residents. Behavioral Medicine 1993;19:74-81.
Revicki DA, Whitley TW, Gallery ME, Allison EJ Jr: Impact of work environment characteristics on work-related stress and depression in emergency medicine residents: A longitudinal study. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology 1993;3:273-284.
Heyworth J, Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Revicki DA: Correlates of work-related stress among consultants and senior registrars in accident and emergency medicine. Archives of Emergency Medicine 1993;10:271-278.
Heyworth J, Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Revicki DA: Predictors of work satisfaction among SHOs during accident and emergency medicine training. Archives of Emergency Medicine 1993;10:279-288.
Brown L, Prasad NH, Whitley TW: The effect of adverse lighting conditions on the assessment of capillary refill. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 1994;12:46-47.
Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Gallery ME, Cockington RA, Gaudry P, Heyworth J, Revicki DA: Work-related stress and depression among practicing emergency physicians: An international study. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1994;23:1068-1071.

Abstracted in The Yearbook of Emergency Medicine. Mosby-Year Book, St. Louis, Missouri, 1995:376-377.


Stone CK, Hunt RC, Sousa JA, Whitley TW: Interhospital transfer of cardiac patients: Does air transport make a difference? Air Medical Journal 1994;13:159-162.
Hunt RC, Carroll RG, Whitley TW, Bryan-Berge DM, Dufresne, DA: Adverse effect of helicopter flight on the ability to palpate carotid pulses. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1994;24:190-193.
Thomas SH, Stone CK, Ray VG, Whitley TW: Intravenous versus rectal prochlorperazine in the treatment of benign vascular or tension headache: A randomized, prospective, double-blind trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1994;24:923-927.
Prasad NH, Brown LH, Ausband SC, Cooper-Spruill O, Carroll RG, Whitley TW: Prehospital blood pressures: Inaccuracies due to ambulance noise. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 1994;12:617-620.
Moore HS, Pokorny ME, English S, Benson NH, Whitley TW, Ferenczy CJ, Harrison JG: Accuracy of fingerstick glucose values in shock patients. American Journal of Critical Care 1995;4:44-48.

Abstracted in Hudak CM, Gallo BM, Morton PG: Critical Care Nursing: A Holistic Approach, ed 7. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1998:839.


Hunt RC, Brown LH, Cabinum ES, Whitley TW, Prasad NH, Owens CF, Mayo CE Jr: Is ambulance transport time with lights and sirens faster than without? Annals of Emergency Medicine 1995;25:507-511.
McNamara RM, Whitley TW, Sanders AB, Andrew LB: The extent and effects of abuse and harassment of house officers. Academic Emergency Medicine 1995;2:293-300.
Tomaszewski C, Cline DM, Whitley TW, Grant T: Effect of acute ethanol ingestion on orthostatic vital signs. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1995;25:636-641.
Lynch DC, Whitley TW, Clay MA, Irons TG: Resident knowledge of designations for medically underserved areas. North Carolina Medical Journal 1996;57:112-113.
Grayson MS, Newton DA, Whitley TW: First year medical students' knowledge of and attitudes toward primary care careers. Family Medicine 1996;28:337-342.
Hunt RC, DeHart KL, Allison EJ Jr, Whitley TW: Patient and physician perception of need for emergency medical care: A prospective and retrospective analysis. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 1996;14:635-639.
Brown LH, Prasad NH, Whitley TW, Benson NH, Corlette A: Does basic life support in a rural EMS system influence the outcome of patients with respiratory distress? Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 1996;11:285-291.
Mansfield CJ, Prasad NH, Knight EA, Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Dinsdale V: Cost-effective follow-up strategies for hypertension referrals from the hospital emergency department. Carolina Health Services Review 1997;4:17-24.
Hunt RC, Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Aghababian RV, Krohmer JR, Landes F, McCabe JB, Prasad NH, Cabinum ES: Photograph documentation of motor vehicle damage by EMTs at the scene: A prospective multicenter study in the United States. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 1997;15:233-239.
Lynch DC, Whitley TW: Standardized examination performance and specialty choice. Family Medicine 1997;29:421-423.
Newton DA, Grayson MS, Whitley TW: What predicts career choice: Medical student demographics, medical school, or student rated influences? Journal of General Internal Medicine 1998;13:200-203.
Lynch DC, Newton DA, Grayson MS, Whitley TW: The influence of medical school on opinions about primary care practice. Academic Medicine 1998;73:433-435.
Lynch DC, Whitley TW, Basnight LL, Patselas T: Comparison of ambulatory and inpatient experiences in five specialties. Medical Teacher 1999;21:594-596.
Lynch DC, Whitley TW, Willis SE: Using synthetic designs to enhance the internal validity of medical education research. Advances in Health Sciences Education 2000;5:93-103.

Lynch DC, Whitley TW, Emmerling DA, Brinn JE: Variables that may enhance medical students’ perceived preparedness for computer-based testing. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 2000;7:469-474.


Garry JP, Diamond JJ, Whitley TW: Physical activity curricula in medical schools: Should we be teaching? Academic Medicine 2002;77:818-820.
NON-REFEREED PUBLICATIONS

Kemmer G and Whitley TW: Using mail surveys to determine patient satisfaction. Clinical Management in Physical Therapy 1983;3(Summer):15‑17.


Daugherty JE, Nickelsen JA, Whitley TW: Experience and competence of physicians: A self‑assessment approach. In Family Medicine Research Monograph. D.A. Revicki, H.J. May, and J.E. Daugherty (Eds.). Greenville, NC: Department of Family Medicine, East Carolina University School of Medicine, 1983.
Whitley TW, Landis SS, Allison EJ Jr: Characteristics of emergency medical services providers in rural areas who seek advanced training. North Carolina Medical Journal 1984;45:529‑532.
Landis SS, Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr: Developing materials for EMT‑I training programs. Emergency Medical Services 1988;17(March):46‑50, 78. Also in EMS Today, Journal of Emergency Medical Services, University of California‑San Diego School of Medicine, and The Society of EMT Instructor/Coordinators, San Diego, California, 1986:271‑287.
Whitley TW, Jones JG, Revicki DA: Alternatives to multiple true‑false items. Professional Education Researcher Notes 1986;7(March):5‑6. Also in Revicki DA, Baughn DM, Levine GI, May HJ (Eds.): Family Medicine Monograph. Greenville, NC: Department of Family Medicine, East Carolina University School of Medicine, 1984.
Spicer SS, Hunt RC, Allison EJ Jr, Edwards MC, Whitley TW, Landis SS: Antishock update. Journal of Emergency Medical Services 1986;11(May):52‑53.
Whitley TW, Revicki DA, Hunter AL: Comparison of ranking and rating techniques for instructional evaluation. Professions Education Researcher Notes 1987;8(January):3‑4.
Landis SS, Cline KA, Whitley TW: Using lab animals in ET training. Journal of Emergency Medical Services

1987;12(October):68‑71.


Whitley TW, Revicki DA, Allison EJ Jr, Landis SS: The rural EMT and work‑ related stress. Emergency Medical Services 1988;17(June):61‑64.
Whitley TW: Approaching statistics. Aeromedical Journal 1988;3(September/October):82‑86.
Whitley TW, Landis SS, Allison EJ Jr, Horner RD: Preparing EMTs for ALS training in rural areas. Journal of Emergency Medical Services 1989;14(June):67‑70.
Whitley TW, Hunt RC: Scoring essay questions. Academic Emergency Medicine 1989;1(September):3‑4.
Whitley TW: Constructing rating scales for educational program evaluation. Academic Emergency Medicine 1990;2(December):10‑11.
Hunt RC, Benson NH, Krohmer JR, Whitley TW, Bieniek R: Your response to air-medical transport: Results of the JEMS November 1989 survey. Journal of Emergency Medical Services 1991;16(November):36-40.
McArthur CL III, Whitley TW: Faculty development interest survey. Academic Emergency Medicine 1992;4(June):6.
Dart RC, Whitley TW, Cordell WH: Outcomes research: Importance for emergency physicians. Academic News and Views (American College of Emergency Physicians - Academic Affairs Committee) January, 1995:1-2.
Whitley TW: Reporting ANOVA results. Emergency Medicine Research (American College of Emergency Physicians - Research Section Newsletter) 1996;2(4):1-2.
Whitley TW: Assumptions of analysis of covariance. Emergency Medicine Research (American College of Emergency Physicians - Research Section Newsletter) 1997;3(2):1-2.
Whitley TW: Measurement scales and types of data. Emergency Medicine Research (American College of Emergency Physicians - Research Section Newsletter) 1998;4(3):1,3.
Whitley TW: Types of variables. Emergency Medicine Research (American College of Emergency Physicians - Research Section Newsletter) 1998;5(1):1,3.
Whitley TW: Assumptions of regression analysis: Emergency Medicine Research (American College of Emergency Physicians - Research Section Newsletter) 1999;5(3):1-2.
Whitley TW: Transforming data to normalize distributions. Emergency Medicine Research (American College of Emergency Physicians – Research Section Newsletter) 2001;8(1):5-6.
ABSTRACTS

Nieman LZ, Baughan DM, Whitley TW, Masters LE: Five resources to health as a basis for predoctoral education in family medicine. In Innovations in Medical Education Exhibits. P. L. Stillman (Organizer). Association of American Medical Colleges, Group on Medical Education 1982:14.

Presented: Association of American Medical Colleges (November, 1982).
Hunt RC, Allison EJ Jr, Whitley TW, Robinson MJ, Smart TL: Comparison of EMT blood pressure measurement with an automated blood pressure monitor: On scene, during transport, and in the ED. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1984;13:993.

Presented: American College of Emergency Physicians 1984 Scientific Assembly (October, 1984).

Whitley TW, Revicki DA, Allison EJ Jr, Landis SS: Sources of occupational satisfaction and stress for EMTs. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1985;14:513.

Presented: University Association for Emergency Medicine Annual Meeting (May, 1985).


Hunt RC, Allison EJ Jr, Jaffurs WJ Jr, Whitley TW, Edwards MC, Smart TL: Effect of MAST on pre‑hospital cardiac arrest in an emergency medical services system limited to basic life support. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1986;15:493 and Archives of Emergency Medicine 1986;3:67.

Presented: First International Conference on Emergency Medicine (April, 1986).


Allison EJ Jr, Whitley TW, Revicki DA, Landis SS: Specific occupational satisfactions and stresses which differentiate paid and volunteer emergency medical technicians. Archives of Emergency Medicine 1986;3:68.

Presented: First International Conference on Emergency Medicine (April, 1986).


Small FD, Whitley TW: Dressings for traumatic wounds. Archives of Emergency Medicine 1986;3:88.

Presented: First International Conference on Emergency Medicine (April, 1986).


Jaffurs WJ Jr, Spicer SS, Mayo HL, Allison EJ Jr, Whitley TW: Transcutaneous oxygen tension measurements during hemorrhagic hypoperfusion using Trendelenburg and the pneumatic antishock garment. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1986;15:633‑634.

Presented: University Association for Emergency Medicine Annual Meeting (May, 1986).


Revicki DA, Whitley TW, Landis SS, Allison EJ Jr: Work characteristics and job satisfaction in rural emergency medical technicians. In Local Health Services: Crisis on the Front Line. American Public Health Association, 1986:103.

Presented: American Public Health Association 114th Annual Meeting (September, 1986).


Krupa KC, Quick MM, Whitley TW: Predicting the success of baccalaureate nursing students on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses. Fifth Annual Research in Nursing Education Conference: Proceedings and Abstracts 1987:66.
West KH, Landis SS, Whitley TW, Bullock W: The impact of an infection‑ control training program for EMS personnel. American Journal of Infection Control 1987;15:81.

Also in EMS Today Conference and Exposition, Journal of Emergency Medical Services, The Conference Corporation, and The Society of EMT Instructor/Coordinators, Solana Beach, California, 1987:50‑56.

Presented: EMS Today (October, 1986).
Landis SS, Cline KA, Whitley TW: The effectiveness of an animal laboratory experience in teaching endotracheal intubation to EMS personnel. In EMS Today Conference and Exposition, Journal of Emergency Medical Services, The Conference Corporation, and The Society of EMT Instructor/Coordinators, Solana Beach, California, 1987:57‑62.

Presented: EMS Today (October, 1986).

Whitley TW, Landis SS, Revicki DA, Allison EJ Jr: Task‑related sources of occupational stress among EMTs. In EMS Today Conference and Exposition, Journal of Emergency Medical Services, The Conference Corporation, and The Society of EMT Instructor/Coordinators, Solana Beach, California, 1987:46‑49.

Presented: EMS Today (February, 1987).


Landis SS, Whitley TW, Benson NH: A comparison of four methods of testing EMT triage skills. In EMS Today Conference and Exposition, Journal of Emergency Medical Services, The Conference Corporation, and The Society of EMT Instructor/Coordinators, Solana Beach, California, 1987:63‑70.

Presented: EMS Today (October, 1986 & February, 1987).


Cline DM, Whitley TW: Observation of head trauma patients at home: Prospective study of compliance in the rural south. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1987;16:479.

Presented: University Association for Emergency Medicine Annual Meeting (May, 1987).


Garrison HG, Whitley TW, Benson NH: Timely utilization of an emergency aeromedical service by rural emergency departments to transfer trauma victims. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1987;16:490.

Presented: University Association for Emergency Medicine Annual Meeting (May, 1987).


Landis SS, Whitley TW, Youngblood RW: Evaluation of an Advanced Trauma Life Support track for nurses. In Course Listing, 1987 Scientific Assembly, Emergency Nurses Association, 1987:41‑42.

Presented: 1987 ENA Scientific Assembly (September, 1987).


Benson N, McGinnis M, Hurdle B, Whitley TW: Comparison of multiple methods for blood pressure measurements in an aeromedical environment. Aeromedical Journal 1987;2(September/October):34.

Presented: 1987 ASHBEAMS Scientific Assembly (October, 1987).
Whitley TW, Revicki DA, Landis SS, Benson NH: Work environment characteristics and occupational stress in aeromedical personnel. Aeromedical Journal 1987;2(September/October):43‑44.

Presented: 1987 ASHBEAMS Scientific Assembly (October, 1987).


Donovan PJ, Cline DM, Whitley TW: Pre‑hospital care by EMTs and EMT‑Is in a rural setting: Is the advancement of service justified? Annals of Emergency Medicine 1988;17:415.

Presented: University Association for Emergency Medicine Annual Meeting (May, 1988).


Whitley TW, Gallery ME, Allison EJ Jr, Revicki DA: Factors associated with stress among emergency medicine residents. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Emergency Medicine, 1988:208.

Also in Annals of Emergency Medicine 1988;17:1123.

Presented: Second International Conference on Emergency Medicine (October, 1988).
Tomaszewski CA, Cline DM, Whitley TW: Effects of acute ethanol ingestion on orthostatic vital signs. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1989;18:438‑439.

Presented: Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Annual Meeting (May, 1989).

Cline DM, Grant T, King J, Snow C, Katz E, Stewart A, Carroll E, Whitley TW: Caretaker neglect and injury prevention instruction for preschool child injuries: 475 consecutive cases. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1989;18:449‑450.

Presented: Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Annual Meeting (May, 1989).


Whitley TW, Benson NH, Allison EJ Jr, Revicki DA: Occupational stress and job satisfaction among flight nurses. Journal of Emergency Medicine 1989;7:343.

Presented: Rocky Mountain Conference on Emergency Medicine and Nursing (January, 1989).

Best Paper Award: MD/PhD Category
Whitley TW, Benson NH, Allison EJ Jr, Revicki DA: Predictors of occupational stress among flight nurses. Congress Abstracts, Book One, 6th World Congress on Emergency & Disaster Medicine, 1989:102.

Presented: 6th World Congress on Emergency & Disaster Medicine (September, 1989).


Cline DM, Cline KC, Whitley TW: Cost awareness and payment plan comprehension in patients discharged from a rural emergency department. Southern Medical Journal 1989;82(September Supplement):19.

Presented: Southern Medical Association 83rd Annual Scientific Assembly (November, 1989).


Hunt RC, Bryan DM, Brown VS, Whitley TW, Benson NH: Inability to assess breath sounds during air transport in a MBB‑BO 105 helicopter. Journal of Air Medical Transport 1989;8(October):47.

Presented: Tenth Annual Association of Air Medical Services Conference (November, 1989).


Gallery ME, Anzinger RK, Whitley TW, Klonis L: Occupational stress and depression among members of the American College of Emergency Physicians. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1990;19:606.

Presented: Third International Conference on Emergency Medicine (June, 1990).


Garrison HG, Whitley TW, Cline KA, McCabe JB, Hunt RC, Allison EJ Jr: Comparison of rigid cervical immobilization collars: Evaluation of facility of application. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1990;19:606 and Journal of Emergency Medicine 1990;8:388.

Presented: Third International Conference on Emergency Medicine (June, 1990).


Garrison HG, Benson NH, Whitley TW, Bailey B: Paramedic skills and medications: Practice options utilized by local advanced life support medical directors. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 1990;5:314.

Presented: National Association of EMS Physicians Annual Meeting (June, 1990).


Garrison HG, Whitley TW, Cline KA, McCabe JB, Hunt RC, Allison EJ Jr: Comparison of rigid cervical immobilization collars: Evaluation of facility of application. Journal of Emergency Medicine 1990;8:388.
Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Gallery ME, Heyworth J, Cockington RA, Revicki DA: Occupational stress and depression among physicians pursuing postgraduate training in emergency medicine from three countries. Journal of Emergency Medicine 1990;8:391.
Gallery ME, Anzinger RK, Whitley TW, Klonis L: Occupational stress and depression among members of the American College of Emergency Physicians. Journal of Emergency Medicine 1990;8:391.

Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Revicki DA: Work-related stress in emergency medical care. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 1991;6:195.

Presented: 7th World Congress on Emergency & Disaster Medicine (May, 1991).
Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Benson NH, Revicki DA: Work-related stresses differentiating emergency medical technicians and flight nurses. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 1991;6:208.

Presented: 7th World Congress on Emergency & Disaster Medicine (May, 1991).


Hunt RC, Collins PC, Whitley TW, Dufresne D, Nelson JE III, Nimmo MJ: Deficient trauma life support interventions at rural emergency departments prior to flight team arrival. Journal of Air Medical Transport 1991;10(October):68.

Presented: 1991 Scientific Meeting of the Association of Air Medical Services (October, 1991).


Hunt RC, Carroll RG, Whitley TW, Bryan D, Dufresne D: Adverse effects of helicopter flight on the ability to palpate carotid pulses. Journal of Air Medical Transport 1991;10(October):74.

Presented: 1991 Scientific Meeting of the Association of Air Medical Services (October, 1991).


Hunt RC, Whitley TW, Benson NH: Factors associated with the use of AMS for scene responses. Journal of Air Medical Transport 1991;10(October):91.

Presented: 1991 Scientific Meeting of the Association of Air Medical Services (October, 1991).


Heyworth J, Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Revicki DA: Correlates of work-related stress among consultants and senior registrars in accident and emergency medicine. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1992;21:455.

Presented: Fourth International Conference on Emergency Medicine (May, 1992).


Cockington RA, Gaudry P, Whitley TW: Occupational stress and depression experienced by trainees and fellows of the Australasian College of Emergency Medicine. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1992;21:455-456.

Presented: Fourth International Conference on Emergency Medicine (May, 1992).


Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr, Gallery ME, Heyworth J, Cockington RA, Gaudry P, Revicki DA: Work-related stress and depression among practicing emergency physicians: An international study. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1992;21:456.

Presented: Fourth International Conference on Emergency Medicine (May, 1992).
Hunt RC, Dufresne D, Collins P, Whitley TW, Nelson J III, Nimmo MJ: Impact of an educational poster on trauma life support interventions prior to flight team arrival. Journal of Air Medical Transport 1992;11(October):53.

Presented: 1992 Scientific Meeting of the Association of Air Medical Services (October, 1992).


Stone CK, Hunt RC, Sousa JA, Whitley TW: Interhospital transport of cardiac patients: Does air transport make a difference? Journal of Air Medical Transport 1992;11(October):54.

Presented: 1992 Scientific Meeting of the Association of Air Medical Services (October, 1992).


Sousa JA, Whitley TW: The effects of temperature on an end-tidal CO2 detector. Journal of Air Medical Transport 1992;11(October):68.

Presented: 1992 Scientific Meeting of the Association of Air Medical Services (October, 1992).
Revicki DA, Whitley TW: Work-related stress and depression in emergency medicine residents: A longitudinal study. Proceedings. Stress in the 90's: A Changing Workforce in a Changing Workplace 1992:unnumbered.

Presented: American Psychological Association and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Conference (November, 1992).


Hunt RC, Brown LH, Cabinum ES, Whitley TW, Prasad NH, Owens CF, Mayo CE: Lights and siren versus no lights and siren: Ambulance transport time from the scene to the emergency department. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 1993;8(No. 3 Suppl.):67.

Presented: Ninth Annual Conference and Scientific Assembly of the National Association of EMS Physicians (June, 1993).


Hunt RC, Whitley TW: Photograph documentation of motor vehicle damage by emergency medical technicians: Implementation and one year's experience. Proceedings. 37th Annual Conference. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine 1993:421-422.

Presented: 37th Annual Conference of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (November, 1993).


Prasad NH, Brown LH, Spruill OC, Ausband SC, Carroll RG, Whitley TW: Prehospital blood pressures: Inaccuracies due to ambulance noise. Journal of Emergency Medical Services 1994;19(2):79/S13. Presented: 12th Annual EMS Today Conference (February, 1994).
Brown LH, Prasad NH, Whitley TW, Benson NH, Corlette A: The influence of a rural EMS system on the outcome of respiratory distress patients. Journal of Emergency Medical Services 1994;19(2):79/S13.
McNamara RM, Andrew LB, Whitley TW, Sanders AB: The extent and effects of abuse and harassment of emergency medicine residents: Results of a national survey. Academic Emergency Medicine 1994;1:A2.

Presented: Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Annual Meeting (May, 1994).


Hunt RC, Swanson MS, Snyder BL, Brown LH, Long S, Whitley TW, Cunningham PRG: Reliability and validity of trauma care providers' assessment of motor vehicle crash instant photographs in predicting injury severity. Proceedings. 38th Annual Conference. Association for the Advancement of Automotive

Medicine 1994:458-459.

Presented: 38th Annual Conference of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (September, 1994).


Whitley TW, Irons TG: Identifying medical school applicants who will become generalists. Proceedings. 33rd Annual Research in Medical Education Conference 1994:71.

Presented: 33rd Annual Research in Medical Education Conference (November, 1994).

Lynch D, Whitley TW, Clay, M: Relationship between underserved status of physicians' home towns and practice locations. Proceedings. 34th Annual Research in Medical Education Conference 1995:45.

Presented: 34th Annual Research in Medical Education Conference (November, 1995).


Newton DA, Grayson MS, Whitley TW: What predicts primary care career choice: Personal values or demographic characteristics? Proceedings. 34th Annual Research in Medical Education Conference 1995:65.

Presented: 34th Annual Research in Medical Education Conference (November, 1995) and Fifth Annual Primary Care Research Conference (March, 1996).


Lynch DC, Newton DA, Grayson MS, Whitley TW: The influence of medical school on opinions about primary care specialties. Proceedings. 35th Annual Research in Medical Education Conference 1996:25.

Presented: 35th Annual Research in Medical Education Conference (November, 1996).


Grayson MS, Newton DA, Lynch DC, Whitley TW: Does knowledge about primary care differ according to student career choice? Journal of General Internal Medicine 1997;12(supp.):91.

Presented: Society of General Internal Medicine 20th Annual Meeting (May, 1997) and the 36th Annual Research in Medical Education Conference (November, 1997).


Lynch DC, Whitley TW, Basnight LL, Patselas T: Comparison of inpatient and ambulatory experiences in five specialties. Proceedings. 36th Annual Research in Medical Education Conference 1997:55.

Presented: 36th Annual Research in Medical Education Conference (November, 1997).


Lynch DC, Whitley TW, Willis SE: Using synthetic designs to enhance the internal validity of medical education research. 8th International Ottawa Conference (July, 1998).
Lynch DC, Newton DA, Grayson MS, Whitley TW: Stability of factors related to medical student career plans. Annual Meeting Program. 37th Annual Research in Medical Education Conference 1998:7.

Poster: 37th Annual Research in Medical Education Conference (November, 1998).


LETTERS AND EDITORIALS

Landis SS, Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr: EMT study guide. (Letter) North Carolina Medical Journal 1985;46:253.


Landis SS, Whitley TW, Youngblood RW: Evaluation of an Advanced Trauma Life Support track for nurses. (Letter) Journal of Emergency Nursing 1989;15:5-6.
Whitley TW, Allison EJ Jr: Stress in EMS: Opportunities and directions for research. (Editorial) Annals of Emergency Medicine 1989;18:1248-1249.
Hunt RC, Bryan DM, Brinkley VS, Whitley TW, Benson NH: Noise in medical helicopters (Reply). Journal of the American Medical Association 1991;266:515-516.
Lynch DC, Clay MA, Whitley TW: Faculty perspectives on residency site selection. Academic Medicine 1996;71:1026-1027.
Hunt RC, Brown LH, Whitley TW, Prasad NH, Owens CF Jr: Emergency warning lights and sirens. Annals of Emergency Medicine 1999;34:114-115.
CONTRIBUTIONS TO TEXTBOOKS

Whitley TW: Designing clinical research. In Whiteside MF, Gallery ME (eds.): The Residency Teacher Series - Emergency Medicine. Dallas, Texas, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 1990, Module 5.1.


Whitley TW: Preparing and giving lectures. In Manning JE (ed.): EMRA-SAEM Resident Guide to Pursuing an Academic Career in Emergency Medicine. Dallas, Texas, Emergency Medicine Residents Association, 1992, pp. 18-20.
Revicki DA, Whitley TW: Work-related stress and depression in emergency medicine residents. In Sauter SL, Murphy LR: Organizational Risk Factors for Job Stress. Washington, DC, American Psychological Association, 1995, pp. 247-258.
Whitley TW: Statistical review of manuscripts and grant proposals. In Neumar RW, Introduction to Performing Peer Review of Biomedical Research. Dallas, Texas, American College of Emergency Physicians, 2002, 20-31.


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