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DR E.M. SUDARSANA NATCHIAPPAN (CONTD.)



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DR E.M. SUDARSANA NATCHIAPPAN (CONTD.): Similarly, till now, the Ministry of Justice was with the Ministry of Home Affairs. The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Law and Justice had recommended, as early as 2004-05, that it should be separated from the Ministry of Home Ministry. They were keeping it with the Ministry of Home Affairs to get the information of the background and other things of the Judges to be appointed. The Secretary would not get appointment with the Home Minister at all. He or she even could not even tell the Home Minister that so many vacancies, say 350, were there in the High Courts and they had to be filled up. Those days are gone. The UPA-I had separated it from the Ministry of Home and attached it with the Ministry of Law. Therefore, the things are now moving. The Secretary is reporting to the Minister of Law. Therefore, it has speedily been coming up. We are making laws and having constitutional support for making the laws, not only on a particular subject, but on many issues of Judiciary. Article 124 of the Constitution of India deals with the appointment of Judges. So, starting with the appointment of Judges to constitution of the Supreme Court and increasing the number of judges, everything is within the powers of the Parliament. Dr. Ambedkar and the Constitution makers very subtly made such provisions that Parliament is supreme, even though the Executive and the Judiciary are at par with the parliament. How? Let me tell you. Take Article 124. It deals with the establishment of the Supreme Court. Whether it is appointment of Supreme Court Judges or it is the removal of the Supreme Court Judges, everything is within the powers of Parliament. Similarly, if we take Article 141, the law declared by the Supreme Court is binding on all the courts. Article 142 deals with the enforcement of decrees or the judgement. The execution of the judgement of a court is by way of legislation made in the Parliament. If you see Article 146, the power to appoint only the staff is given to the Supreme Court of India. The power to appoint Judges was not given to the Supreme Court of India. But, what is happening now? This Government has brought a law within its first 60 days, the honeymoon days, to establish the National Judicial Appointment Commission. We appreciated it. We congratulated the Government. If you delay it, then, the court may give you some issues on the scams and other things. And, then, you will be bogged down. Since you are having a majority after 20 years, this Government wants to set aside the things that happened from the 1993 judgement of the Supreme Court. The pre-1993 situation should be restored and that is why you brought forward the Act to appoint the National Judicial Appointment Commission. But what is happening now? The Attorney General of India has requested the Supreme Court to widen the Bench by having a 11-member Bench to decide on the validity of the National Judicial Appointment Commission. Can we give the powers to Judiciary to appoint themselves? Can the Judges appoint themselves or their brothers and sisters or their grandsons as Judges? Is the same power given to the Parliament? The Parliament is elected by the people. We have got a fixed period of five years or six years, depending upon the House. If we want to come back, we can come only if the people re-elect us. The Parliament has got a right only to appoint its own staff within the secretariat. No Ministry can appoint its Secretary or IAS officers. They have to go through the UPSC process. That is what the Constitution says. (Time-bell) Therefore, the Executive is also having restrictions. It can appoint its officers only through the UPSC. Therefore, it is high time that the Government deal with this matter very carefully. Not acting according to the statutory obligations...(Interruptions)...

(Followed by 2O – PB)

PB-KLG/2o/3.00

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल: उपसभाध्यक्ष जी, मेरा आपसे अनुरोध है कि यह एक बड़ा इर्म्पोटेंट इश्यू है। आज सर्वोच्च न्यायालय और कहीं न कहीं हम लोगों के बीच एक टकराव की स्थिति पैदा हो गई है। यह भी चेलेन्ज हो गया है कि क्या पार्लियामेंट को पावर है या नहीं?

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): आपका समय आएगा, तब आप बोल लीजिए।

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल: श्रीमन्, आप इसमें कोई टाइम लिमिट मत करिए, हम लोगों को अपनी बात कहने दीजिए। अगर आप टाइम लिमिट करेंगे, तो यह जो इतना इम्पोर्टेंट इश्यू है, यह कैसे होगा? ...(व्यवधान)..

श्री सतीश चन्द्र मिश्रा: सर, यह एक ऐसा इश्यू है, इस पर कोई पांच मिनट में अपनी बात कैसे कहेगा? पांच मिनट में तो खड़े होकर बैठ ही सकता है। ...(व्यवधान)...

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल: इसमें पांच मिनट, चार मिनट की जो फॉर्मेलिटी है, यह नही होनी चाहिए।

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): टाइम मैं तय नहीं करता हूँ। टाइम जो तय होता है, वह चेयर तय करते हैं। ...(व्यवधान)...

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल: नहीं, सदन तय करेगा। ...(व्यवधान)...

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): अगर आप लोग चाहें, तो दो-दो मिनट और एक्सट्रा दे सकता हूँ। इससे ज्यादा तो मेरे हाथ में नहीं है। ...(व्यवधान)... आप इस मुद्दे पर जितनी अच्छी तरह से बोल सकते हैं, उसी पर कॉन्सेंट्रेट करें। आपको कौन रोक रहा है?

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल: वाइस चेयरमैन साहब, हमारा जो हाउस है, इसमें बड़े सीनियर एडवोकेट्स हैं, जिनमें सुप्रीम कोर्ट के, हाई कोर्ट के, डिस्ट्रिक्ट कोर्ट के, सबके हैं। अगर सबने अपना व्यू नहीं रखा। ...

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): मैं तो आपको रोकूंगा नहीं। आप इसके अंदर इसी पर कॉन्सेंट्रेट करें, लेकिन एक ही इश्यू पर करें, दूसरी चीजों पर कम कर दें। कौन आपको रोक रहा है? ...(व्यवधान)...

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल: प्लीज, इस पर आप न रोकें। ...(व्यवधान)...

DR. E.M. SUDARSANA NATCHIAPPAN: I will complete within five minutes. ...(Interruptions)...

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): मैंने घंटी बजाई है, मैंने रोका नहीं है। इसका मतलब यह है कि मैं आपको आगाह कर रहा हूँ कि आपका टाइम हो गया है। मैंने रोका तो नहीं है। I can’t just be a spectator here. ...(Interruptions)...

DR. E.M. SUDARSANA NATCHIAPPAN: Sir, already two minutes have been taken away from my time. ...(Interruptions)...

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): मुझे घंटी बजाकर आगाह तो करना ही पड़ेगा कि इतना टाइम आपका है। यह बताना तो पड़ेगा। ...(व्यवधान)... Let us not have an argument here please.

SHRI SITARAM YECHURY: It is in jest. I mean, you will also enjoy it. You have not only, like Mr. Naresh Agrawal said, lawyers of the Supreme Court or lawyers of the High Court but a large number of non-practising lawyers are also here. ...(Interruptions)...

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI V.P. SINGH BADNORE): I will give them also all the respect. येचुरी जी, आपको भी मैं पूरा रेस्पेक्ट करके दो मिनट ज्यादा दूंगा।

SHRI SITARAM YECHURY: Good.

DR. E.M. SUDARSANA NATCHIAPPAN: Sir, what I want to stress finally on this issue of ... ...(Interruptions)...

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI V.P. SINGH BADNORE): Let us not waste time, please.

श्री भूपिन्दर सिंह: वाइस चेयरमैन साहब।

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): आपका नंबर आएगा, मैं आपको टाइम दूंगा। ...(व्यवधान)...

श्री भूपिन्दर सिंह: सर, जैसा नरेश जी ने कहा कि यहां सीनियर एडवोकेट्स हैं। मैं यही कह रहा हूँ कि यही फर्क है कि हम यहां देश के लिए एडवोकेसी करने आए हैं।

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI V.P. SINGH BADNORE): Let us not have a debate on this, please. Let us not have a debate on this. ...(Interruptions)...

SHRI BHUPINDER SINGH: No, no. All are advocates.

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI V.P. SINGH BADNORE): Let us not have a debate. ...(Interruptions)... मैं खाली आपको आगाह कर रहा हूँ,

DR. E.M. SUDARSANA NATCHIAPPAN: Sir, I will complete it within five minutes. Actually, on the judicial aspect, we are now empowered by the people’s verdict. From 1991 onwards, we were having a coalition Government system. Now, we are having a full mandate. Therefore, the Government should not shy away from taking a stand according to the Constitution. Within the powers of the Constitution, the Parliament is supreme and it has got its own in-built system of giving the power to the Parliament to decide on the appointment of Judges, taking action on the Judges and reconstituting the Judges, reconstituting the courts, establishing the courts and making the procedure for their day-to-days affairs also whether it is regarding making the court fee system or how to conduct the cases. Everything is given in the Constitution. The powers have been given to the Parliament. ...(Time-bell)... Sir, you gave me five minutes. I will finish it within that time.

Thirdly, many of the Judges, when they are retiring, are making certain observations. But while they are sitting as Judges also, they are making certain observations. I don’t want to quote the name of the Judge. But a sitting Judge has said, ‘Government’s filing more cases is a sign of governance deficit.’ Why are there so many cases pending? More than 218 crores of cases are pending throughout India. There are many reasons. But we can take two reasons alone. One is, many of the cases, 70 per cent of the cases, are related to the Government. Whether it is the State Government or the Central Government, it is a party to the litigation. There should be a system by which the Law Ministry should work out a system by having a networking through all the counsels who are appearing for the Government of India to find out what is the stage of the case, why the case is delayed, whether proper affidavit has been filed, whether evidence is given before the court, what is the fate of the case, etc.



(Contd. by 2p/SKC)

SKC-RPM/2P/3.05

DR. E. M. SUDARSANA NATCHIAPPAN (contd.): If the judgement is proper, according to the law, then why would you want an appeal against it? Six lakh crore rupees are locked up in the Tax Tribunal alone. Our tax money is locked up there because of appeals made by the Government. Why do we have to do that? (Time-bell) Sir, you have allowed me five minutes. Kindly look at the clock.

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI V. P. SINGH BADNORE): Fifteen minutes were allotted to you. There are four-five speakers. I have already given five minutes extra to you.

DR. E. M. SUDARSANA NATCHIAPPAN: Sir, kindly give me one more minute. ...(Interruptions).... Sir, I would like to finish my speech. ...(Interruptions)...

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल : सर, यदि ऐसा है, तो सारे लोग मिलकर इसका बायकॉट कर देते हैं। ...(व्यवधान)...

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): बायकॉट का क्या मतलब है, ...(व्यवधान)... आपका तो नंबर ही नहीं आया है। ...(व्यवधान)...

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल : सर, हम लोगों से ही चेयर को पावर मिली है और हमें भी चेयर से पावर मिली है।

श्रीमन्, चेयर जो व्यवहार कर रहा है कि एक मिनट दे दूंगा या दो मिनट दे दूंगा, जैसे हम भीख मांग रहे हों, ...(व्यवधान)...



उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर):नहीं ऐसी कोई बात नहीं है। बी..सी. में आप भी तो थे। क्या आप बी..सी. में नहीं थे?

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल : हां, था।

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): उस समय क्या डिसाइड हुआ था?

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल : थ्री ऑवर्स डिसाइड हुए थे।

उपसभाध्यक्ष(श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): हां, तो थ्री ऑवर्स के हिसाब से ही तो बोलने के लिए समय देंगे। ...(व्यवधान)...

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल :वह समय तो बढ़ सकता है। ... (व्यवधान) ... वह कोई पत्थर की लकीर नहीं है। ऐसा नहीं है कि बी..सी. में तीन घंटे डिसाइड हो गए, तो तीन घंटे ही मिलेंगे। सदन में तमाम बातें हैं। समय बढ़ भी सकता है। ...(व्यवधान)...

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): आप टाइम से ही तो चलेंगे, या तो आप डिसाइड कर लो कि अनएंडिंग चलेगा। ...(व्यवधान)...

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल :हां, तो कर लीजिए। इस सदन की सहमति ले लीजिए। ...(व्यवधान)...

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): हां, तो कर लीजिए।

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल :आप प्रस्ताव लाइए। ... आप प्रस्ताव लाइए। ... (व्यवधान)...

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर) :फिर आपने बी..सी. में क्यों डिसाइड कर दिया? ...(व्यवधान)...नरेश जी, आप विराजिए। ... (व्यवधान)... समय की मांग की कोई बात नहीं है। आपको नाराज होने की भी जरूरत नहीं है। आप विराजिए। ... (व्यवधान)...

श्री नरेश अग्रवाल:ऐसे सदन नहीं चलेगा। ...(व्यवधान)...

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): सदन तो समय के हिसाब से ही चलेगा, आपके हिसाब से नहीं चलेगा। ...(व्यवधान)... यदि आप सोच रहे हैं कि आपके हिसाब से चलेगा, तो सदन आपके हिसाब से बिलकुल नहीं चलेगा। ...(व्यवधान)...

श्री अविनाश राय खन्ना: नरेश जी, ...(व्यवधान)... नरेश जी, एक मिनट के लिए आप मेरी बात सुनिए। ...(व्यवधान)...

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): इसका मतलब है कि जो आपके मन में आएगा, जो आप चाहेंगे, वह करेंगे। ...(व्यवधान)... लेकिन आपको करने की क्या जरूरत पड़ गई?...(व्यवधान)... समय के हिसाब से चलेंगे। ... (व्यवधान)...

श्री सतीश शर्मा: सर, क्या आप भी बहस किए जा रहे हैं। दो मिनट की ही तो बात है। अभी तो उनका टाइम भी बचा हुआ है। ...(व्यवधान)...

उपसभाध्यक्ष (श्री वी.पी. सिंह बदनौर): श्री सतीश जी, अभी इनकी पार्टी के चार स्पीकर और बोलने के लिए बचे हैं। ...(व्यवधान)... They have four speakers. अगर ये चाहें, तो इनके चारों स्पाकर्स का टाइम इन अकेले स्पीकर को ही दे दें, तो अच्छा है। ...(व्यवधान)... .के.। आप विराजिए। ...(व्यवधान)... I will consult on this and tell you. Please sit down. ... (व्यवधान)... कृपया आप विराजिए।

संसदीय कार्य मंत्रालय में राज्य मंत्री (श्री मुख्तार अब्बास नक़वी): उपसभाध्यक्ष जी, एक मिनट के लिए मेरी बात सुन लीजिए।

मैं बताना चाहता हूं कि लॉ एंड जस्टिस मिनिस्ट्री पर चर्चा के लिए तीन घंटे का समय अलॉटेड है, लेकिन इस मंत्रालय पर बहुत से लोग, बहुत ज्यादा बोलना चाहते हैं और बहुत महत्वपूर्ण विषय रखना चाहते हैं, तो मुझे लगता है, उन्हें अपने विषय रखने देने चाहिए।



DR. E. M. SUDARSANA NATCHIAPPAN: Sir, regarding the backlog of cases, pending cases accruing every day, we would like to look at the issue in a different way. The system of governance is on the basis of decision-making. If a Desk, whether it is the Joint Secretary or anybody else who is in a position to take decisions, takes the responsibility and takes a proper decision, there would be no need for going to the court. If they take decisions according to the rule of law, the cases would not go to the courts. But the tendency of the bureaucracy and also the politicians now is, ‘why should we bother ourselves; let us go to the court. Let them go and seek remedy in the court. Let the courts decide.’ Even in major cases, the accountability part is missing. I would request the Law Ministry to enforce it properly. Every Ministry, every Desk that has the power to take decisions, is accountable. If they are not doing that, and if a case goes to the court, because they have not been able to take a decision, then action must be taken against that particular Government servant who is responsible for that. If this happens, the two crore cases pending in the courts would just vanish. Now, we feel that it is the courts alone that can take decisions and pass judgements, even on welfare activities. They are even giving directions to the Parliament. They say, ‘you must enact the law within a particular period’. Just now the Minister for Urban Development said that the Supreme Court has directed it. How can they direct the Parliament to enact a law? Let us do our job and let them do their job when a dispute comes up before them. It is our business to make the law. Sir, we have to see to it that every person is responsible for taking action. If I am talking now, I am responsible for taking a decision on whether to put a point or not. Similarly, every person has to take the decision, not the Judges alone. Now, we are multiplying into many tribunals. But none of the tribunals has its vacancies filled up by the Government.

(CONTD. BY HK/2Q)



HK-MP/2Q/3.10

DR. E.M. SUDARSANA NATCHIAPPAN (CONTD.): Every tribunal is lying vacant. In every tribunal, posts of judicial members and other members are vacant. This is the reason of backlog cases. Every day you are producing new regulatory authorities and new tribunals. Your Green Tribunal passed the law if anyone is caught burning waste material in the open, he has to pay a fine of Rs.5,000. Where is the executive? What is the executive doing? Whether the executive is enforcing environmental laws or not, or, whether the Mayor or the Municipality is working properly or not? It is high time to think about it. We should not blame the system alone. It is the system of governance that makes the proper disposal of the matters, redresses the grievances and gives response to the people. That is the response of the governance. With this observation, I thank you very much for giving me this opportunity.

(Ends)




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