When you don’t need an outline subdivision (such as “C” or “3”), delete the line.
When you need to insert a new subdivision, place the cursor at the end of the sentence immediately above where you want to insert, press Enter, go the Style drop-down menu (typically located next to the Font drop-down menu) at the top of the screen, and select the appropriate style:
For I, II, III, etc., choose Outline 1
For A, B, C, etc., choose Outline 2
For 1, 2, 3, etc., choose Outline 3
For a, b, c, etc., choose Outline 4
NOTE: You will need to manually enter the correct letter or number, and you may need to change letters and numbers above and below your new entry. At times, you may need to use the Tab and Backspace keys to align entries properly.
TROUBLESHOOTING TIP: If Microsoft Word performs undesired formatting—such as inserting unwanted letters and numbers and changing the indentation—go to Format menu, click AutoFormat, click Options, choose the “AutoFormat As You Type” button, and deselect (so that there is no checkmark) these two choices: “Automatic Bulleted Lists” and “Automatic Numbered Lists.”
The first time you save your document, choose “Save As” in the File menu and provide a new name. (This will preserve the original file and its sample.)
For Bibliography entries, you can choose (from the Style drop-down menu at the top of the screen) either the “MLA Entry” style or the “APA Entry” style. (See Chapter 7 in the text for details.)
For an explanation of the different parts of an outline, see Chapter 8 in the text.
C. Each year 165 million gallons of oil are spilled into U.S. waterways by jet skis.
D. Jet ski emissions can harm humans, animals, and plants, says the National Parks and Conservation Association.
E. A lot of the toxic chemicals are long-lived.
1. Example: polycyclic hydrocarbons can kill zooplankton, an important part of the food chain.
2. In lakes that have heavy jet ski traffic, fish populations have declined.
(Signpost: Pollution is not the only way that jet skis harm animals.)
III. Jet skis harass wildlife.
A. They are so small, they can enter shallow waters.
B. These waters are used by wildlife for reproduction and nesting.
C. Jet skis cause alarm and flight and sometimes death, says Dr. Burger.
1. Many birds abandon their nests permanently.
2. This exposes their young to predators and bad weather.
(Transition: now that we have explored the topic, let us recap the main points.)
Jet skis destroy peace and quiet.
They pollute the air and water
They harass wildlife.
Close With Impact
Please sign a petition that I will send to our U.S. and state legislators asking them to support a ban.
When we go to these parks, we have a right to find peace and quiet.
American Industrial Hygiene Association, E-mail interview. 10 Oct. 2001
Burger, Joanna, Ph.D., professor of biology at Rutgers University. E-mail interview. 5 Oct. 2001.
Clemans, John. “Bluewater Blues.” Motor Boating & Sailing Mar. 2000: 56.
“Guide to Personal Watercraft.” National Parks and Conservation Association (Internet site at www.npca.org). Retrieved 14 Sept. 2000. (The article includes research by the Environmental Protection Agency; Dr. Joanna Burger, professor of biology at Rutgers University, and Dr. Ken Cordell, wildlife expert at the University of Georgia.)
Shaw, Robinson. “Environmental Group Pushes Government to Rid National Parks of Watercraft.” Environmental News Network (press release). 3 Sept. 2000.