Oriya ଓଡ଼ିଆ



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Comparison

Below are comparison charts of several of the major Indic scripts; transliteration is indicated in ISO 15919; pronunciation is indicated in International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Pronunciation is taken from Sanskrit where possible, but other languages where necessary. These lists are not comprehensive; some glyphs are unrepresented. Some pronunciations may be inaccurate or different from the ones listed, partly because the graphemically corresponding glyphs listed in the same column are not necessarily phonetically identical.




Consonants

ISO

k

kh

g

gh



c

ch

j

jh

ñ



ṭh



ḍh



t

th

d

dh

n



p

ph

b

bh

m

y

r



l





v

ś



s

h

IPA

k



ɡ

ɡʱ

ŋ

c



ɟ

ɟʱ

ɲ

ʈ

ʈʰ

ɖ

ɖʱ

ɳ



t̪ʰ



d̪ʱ



n

p



b



m

j

r

ɾ

l

ɭ

ɻ

ʋ

ʃ

ʂ

s

ɦ

Oriya









































 















 





 











E. Nagari









































 













র/ৰ

 



 

 











Devanagari











































































Gujarati









































 















 





 











Gurmukhi









































 















 



ਲ਼

 



ਸ਼

 





Tibetan







 









 









 









 



 







 







 



 

 











Brahmi









































 















 





 











Telugu









































 





















 











Kannada









































 

































Sinhala

















​ඣ​























 















 





 











Malayalam











































































Tamil



 

 

 





 



 





 

 

 





 

 

 







 

 

 

























Burmese

က

















ဉ/ည





















 















 

















Khmer









































 















 





 











Thai









































 















 





 











Lao







 





 



 



 

 

 

 

 







 



 















 



 

 



 

 





Balinese









































 















 



 

 











Baybayin



 



 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 



 



 



 



 







 



 

 

 

 

 





Vowels

Vowels are presented in their independent form on the left of each column, and in their corresponding dependent form (vowel sign) combined with the consonant k on the right. A glyph for ka is an independent consonant letter itself without any vowel sign, where the vowel a is inherent.



ISO

a

ā

æ

ǣ

i

ī

u

ū

e

ē

ai

o

ō

au



r̥̄



l̥̄

IPA

ə

ɑː

æ

æː

i



u



e



əi

o



əu



r̩ː



l̩ː

Oriya







କା

 

 

 

 



କି



କୀ



କୁ



କୂ

 

 



କେ



କୈ

 

 



କୋ



କୌ



କୃ



କୄ



କୢ



କୣ

E. Nagari







কা

অ্যা

ক্যা

 

 



কি



কী



কু



কূ

 

 



কে



কৈ

 

 



কো



কৌ



কৃ



কৄ



কৢ



কৣ

Devanagari







का

अॅ

कॅ



कॉ



कि



की



कु



कू



कॆ



के



कै



कॊ



को



कौ



कृ



कॄ



कॢ



कॣ

Gujarati







કા

 

 

 

 



કિ



કી



કુ



કૂ

 

 



કે



કૈ

 

 



કો



કૌ



કૃ



કૄ



કૢ



કૣ

Gurmukhi







ਕਾ

 

 

 

 



ਕਿ



ਕੀ



ਕੁ



ਕੂ

 

 



ਕੇ



ਕੈ

 

 



ਕੋ



ਕੌ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tibetan





ཨཱ

ཀཱ

 

 

 

 

ཨི

ཀི

ཨཱི

ཀཱི

ཨུ

ཀུ

ཨཱུ

ཀཱུ

 

 

ཨེ

ཀེ

ཨཻ

ཀཻ

 

 

ཨོ

ཀོ

ཨཽ

ཀཽ

རྀ

ཀྲྀ

རཱྀ

ཀཷ

ལྀ

ཀླྀ

ལཱྀ

ཀླཱྀ

Brahmi



 



 

 

 

 

 



 



 



 



 

 

 



 



 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Telugu







కా

 

 

 

 



కి



కీ



కు



కూ



కె



కే



కై



కొ



కో



కౌ



కృ



కౄ



కౢ



కౣ

Kannada







ಕಾ

 

 

 

 



ಕಿ



ಕೀ



ಕು



ಕೂ



ಕೆ



ಕೇ



ಕೈ



ಕೊ



ಕೋ



ಕೌ



ಕೃ



ಕೄ



ಕೢ



ಕೣ

Sinhala







කා



කැ



කෑ



කි



කී



කු



කූ



කෙ



කේ



කෛ



කො



කෝ



කෞ



කෘ



කෲ



කෟ



කෳ

Malayalam







കാ

 

 

 

 



കി



കീ



കു



കൂ



കെ



കേ



കൈ



കൊ



കോ



കൗ



കൃ



കൄ



കൢ



കൣ

Tamil







கா

 

 

 

 



கி



கீ



கு



கூ



கெ



கே



கை



கொ



கோ



கௌ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Burmese



က

အာ

ကာ

 

 

 

 



ကိ



ကီ



ကု



ကူ



ကေ

အေး

ကေး

 

 



ကော

 

 



ကော်



ကၖ



ကၗ



ကၘ



ကၙ

Khmer







កា

 

 

 

 



កិ



កី



កុ



កូ

 

 



កេ



កៃ

 

 



កោ



កៅ



ក្ឫ



ក្ឬ



ក្ឭ



ក្ឮ

Thai

อะ



อา

กา

 

 

 

 

อิ

กิ

อี

กี

อุ

กุ

อู

กู

 

 



เก

อาย

กาย

 

 

โอ

โก

อาว

กาว

อฤ

กฤ

อฤๅ

กฤๅ

อฦ

กฦ

อฦๅ

กฦๅ

Balinese







ᬓᬵ

 

 

 

 



ᬓᬶ



ᬓᬷ



ᬓᬸ



ᬓᬹ

 

 



ᬓᬾ



ᬓᬿ

 

 



ᬓᭀ



ᬓᭁ



ᬓᬺ



ᬓᬻ



ᬓᬼ



ᬓᬽ

Baybayin



 

 

 

 

 

 

 



ᜃᜒ

 

 



ᜃᜓ

 

 



ᜃᜒ

 

 

 

 



ᜃᜓ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: Glyphs for r̥̄, , l̥̄ and a few other glyphs are obsolete or very rarely used.

] Numerals

 

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Oriya





















E. Nagari





















Devanagari





















Gujarati





















Gurmukhi





















Tibetan





















Brahmi































Telugu





















Kannada





















Malayalam





















Tamil





















Burmese





















Khmer





















Thai





















Lao





















Balinese





















Javanese





















List of Brahmic scripts

Scripts derived from Brahmi.



Historical

The Brahmi script was already divided into regional variants at the time of the earliest surviving epigraphy around the 3rd century BCE. Cursives of the Brahmi script began to diversify further from around the 5th century CE and continued to give rise to new scripts throughout the Middle Ages. The main division in antiquity was between northern and southern Brahmi. In the northern group, the Gupta script was very influential, and in the southern group the Grantha and Old-Kannada Scripts with the spread of Hinduism spread Brahmic scripts throughout Southeast Asia.



  • Northern Brahmic

    • Anga Lipi, 6th century BCE

    • Gupta script, 5th century

      • Sharada, 8th century

      • Siddham, 7th century

        • Phagspa, 13th century

      • Nagari, 8th century

        • Eastern Nagari, 11th century

        • Devanagari, 13th century

        • Kaithi, Sylheti Nagari, 16th century

        • Modi, 17th century

    • Nepal

      • Bhujimol, 6th century

      • Ranjana, 12th century

        • Soyombo, 17th century

      • Prachalit

    • Mithilakshar, 15th century

  • Southern Brahmi (Tamil Brahmi, Kalinga, Bhattiprolu), 5th century BCE

    • Proto Kannada, 3rd century BCE

      • Kadamba or Pre-Old-Kannada, 5th century

    • Vatteluttu

    • Grantha, 6th century

      • Dhives Akuru

      • Kawi script, 8th century

        • Batak, 14th century

  • Tocharian script ("Slanting Brahmi"), 7th century

  • Ahom, 13th century

  • Tai Tham (Lanna), 14th century

  • Meeitei Mayek

Contemporary

script

derivation

period of derivation

usage notes

ISO 15924

Unicode range

sample

Anga Lipi

Brahmi

6th century BCE

Angika




U+0900–U+097F

देवनागरी

Balinese

Old Kawi

11th century

Balinese language

Bali

U+1B00–U+1B7F




Baybayin

Old Kawi

14th century

Tagalog, other Philippine languages

Tglg

U+1700–U+171F

ᜆᜄᜎᜓᜄ᜔

Buhid

Old Kawi

14th century

Buhid language

Buhd

U+1740–U+175F

ᝊᝓᝑᝒ

Burmese

Vatteluttu

11th century

Burmese language, numerous modifications for other languages including Chakma, Eastern and Western Pwo Karen, Geba Karen, Kayah, Mon, Rumai Palaung, S'gaw Karen, Shan

Mymr

U+1000–U+109F

မြန်မာအက္ခရာ

Cham

Vatteluttu

8th century

Cham language

Cham

U+AA00–U+AA5F




Devanagari

Nagari

13th century

Numerous Indo-Aryan languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Nepali, Bhili, Konkani, Angika, Bhojpuri, Magahi, Maithili, Kurukh, Nepal Bhasa and sometimes Sindhi and Kashmiri. Formerly used to write Gujarati. Sometimes used to write or transliterate Sherpa

Deva

U+0900–U+097F

देवनागरी

Eastern Nagari

Nagari

11th century

Bengali language (Bengali script variant), Assamese language (Assamese script variant)

Beng

U+0980–U+09FF

বাংলা লিপি

Gujarati

Nagari

17th century

Gujarati language, Kutchi language

Gujr

U+0A80–U+0AFF

ગુજરાતી લિપિ

Gurmukhi

Sharada

16th century

Punjabi language

Guru

U+0A00–U+0A7F

ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ

Hanunó'o

Old Kawi

14th century

Hanuno'o language

Hano

U+1720–U+173F




Javanese

Old Kawi

16th century

Javanese language

Java

U+A980–U+A9DF



Kannada

Kadamba

12th century

Kannada language, others

Knda

U+0C80–U+0CFF

ಕನ್ನಡ ಅಕ್ಷರಮಾಲೆ

Khmer

Vatteluttu

11th century

Khmer language

Khmr

U+1780–U+17FF, U+19E0–U+19FF

អក្សរខ្មែរ

Lao

Khmer

14th century

Lao language, others

Laoo

U+0E80–U+0EFF

ອັກສອນລາວ

Lepcha

Tibetan

18th century

Lepcha language

Lepc

U+1C00–U+1C4F




Limbu

Lepcha

18th century

Limbu language

Limb

U+1900–U+194F




Lontara

Old Kawi

17th century

Buginese language, others; mostly extinct, restricted to ceremonial use

Bugi

U+1A00–U+1A1F




Malayalam

Grantha

12th century

Malayalam language, Konkani language

Mlym

U+0D00–U+0D7F

മലയാളലിപി

Oriya

Kalinga

12th century

Oriya language

Orya

U+0B00–U+0B7F

ଓଡ଼ିଆ ଲିପି

Rejang script

Old Kawi

18th century

Rejang language, mostly obsolete

Rjng

U+A930–U+A95F




Saurashtra

Grantha

20th century

Saurashtra language, mostly obsolete

Saur

U+A880–U+A8DF




Sinhala

Grantha

12th century

Sinhala language

Sinh

U+0D80–U+0DFF

ශුද්ධ සිංහල

Sundanese script

Old Kawi

14th century

Sundanese language

Sund

U+1B80–U+1BBF




Tai Le







Tai Lü language

Tale

U+1950–U+197F




New Tai Lue

Tai Tham

1950s

Tai Lü language

Talu

U+1980-U+19DF




Tagbanwa

Old Kawi

14th century

various languages of Palawan, nearly extinct

Tagb

U+1760–U+177F




Tamil

Vatteluttu

8th century

Tamil language

Taml

U+0B80–U+0BFF

தமிழ் அரிச்சுவடி

Telugu

Old Kannada

13th century

Telugu language

Telu

U+0C01–U+0C6F

తెలుగు లిపి

Thai

Khmer

13th century

Thai language

Thai

U+0E00–U+0E7F

อักษรไทย

Tibetan

Siddham

8th century

Tibetan language, Dzongkha language, Ladakhi language

Tibt

U+0F00–U+0FFF

དབུ་ཅན་

Tai Viet







Tai Dam language

Tavt

U+AA80–U+AADF




Graphical Timeline



Laxmi Puran

Balaram Das, a major poet of the Oriya Literature, considered as the senior most poet in the Age of Panchasakha wrote Laxmi Purana in 15th century .[1]



] Synopsis of Laksmi Purana

In this Purana, once Goddess Laxmi had visited Shriya, a scavenger low caste woman , for which Balaram, the elder brother of God Jagannath (Lord Vishnu) got angry with Laxmi and she was turned out from Jagannath Temple of Srikhetra or Puri , the most sacred place and one of 4 place of piligrimage (Dham) in Hindu religion.Laxmi leaves the temple and avenges the insult by cursing her husband and elder brother-in-law to go through a prolonged ordeal without food, water and shelter. The Puran raises voice against the evil practices of Untouchability in society. It also stresses importance on Feminism and empower the female power to resist male hegemony.



Premier of Feminist Movement

It is perhaps the first attempt in India towards Feminism .The Purana describes the social structures and gender inequality persisting in the society.Its also a protest against male hegemony.Laxmi was turned out from home by her husband .But it also gives a guideline for the females to perform their duties and responsibilities honestly. This Purana starts a Feministic Movement in Orissa India as a ritual form of Laxmi Puja or worship of Goddess Laxmi.



Popularity of Laxmi Purana

In Orissa , Laxmi Purana is considered as a sacred book in every household. In every corner of Orissa and neighboring region of Orissa , in Chhatisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal and srikakulam area of Andhra Pradesh, the ladies perform a special one month long Laxmi Puja in the month of Margashirsha. This month is called Margashira or Agrahayan in Hindu calendar .The Laxmi Puja (Mana osha) is celebrated weekly in every Thursday of that month and mostly the females worship the Goddess Laxmi with all rituals.




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