As with other Abugida scripts Oṛiyā consonant signs have an inherent vowel. It is transliterated as ‹a›, phonetic value [ɔ] as in Bengali. Its absence is marked by Halanta (Virāma):
For the other vowels diacritics are used:
Vowel diacritics may be more or less fused with the consonants, though in modern printing such ligatures have become less common.