Oriya ଓଡ଼ିଆ

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From Top The Jagannath,Subhadra and Balabhadra in famous Patachitra paintings, The white tigers in Nandankanan, statue of Buddha in Bhubaneswar, Sun TempleWheel in Konark, the famous Rath Yatra and Odissi dancers in front of KonarkSun Temple.

Location of Odisha


20.15°N 85.50°E / 20.15°N 85.5°E / 20.15; 85.5Coordinates: 20.15°N 85.50°E / 20.15°N 85.5°E / 20.15; 85.5






1 April 1936



Largest city



Murlidhar Chandrakant Bhandare

Chief Minister

Naveen Patnaik

Legislature (seats)

Unicameral (147)



40,706,920 (11th)

• 261 /km2 (676 /sq mi)

HDI (2005)

0.452 (low) (27th)


68.8% (19th)

Official languages


Time zone

IST (UTC+5:30)


155820 km2 (60162 sq mi)



Odisha (Oriya: ଓଡିଶା), previously known as Orissa (Oriya: ଓଡି଼ଶା), is a state of India, located on the east coast of India, by the Bay of Bengal. It is the modern name of the ancient nation of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Maurya Emperor Ashoka in 261 BC. The modern state of Odisha was established on 1 April 1936 at Kanika Palace, Cuttack, as a province in India,[1] and consists predominantly of Odia speakers.[2] 1 April is therefore celebrated as Utkal Divas (Odisha Day).

Odisha is the ninth largest state by area in India, and the eleventh largest by population. Odia is the official and most widely spoken language with 93.33% Odia speakers according to Linguistic survey.Odisha has a relatively unindented coastline[3] (about 480 km long[4]) and lacks good ports,[3] except for the deepwater facility at Paradip. The narrow, level coastal strip, including the Mahanadi River delta supports the bulk of the population.[5] The interior of the state is mountainous and sparsely populated.[5] Deomali at 1672 m is the highest point of the state.

Odisha is subject to intense cyclones. The most intense one, in October 1999, Tropical Cyclone 05B caused severe damage and some 10,000 deaths.

Odisha is home to the Hirakud Dam,near Sambalpur the longest earthen dam in the world.[6][7] Odisha has several popular tourist destinations. Puri, Konark & Bhubaneswar are known as Golden triangle of eastern India. Puri, with the Jagannath temple near the sea (famous for Rath Yatra or the Car Festival), and Konark, with the Sun Temple, are visited by thousands of tourists every year. The Jagannath Temple of Puri, the Sun Temple of Konark, the Lingaraja Temple, Khandagiri,Udaygiri, Dhauligiri of Bhubaneshwar, Ashoka's famous Rock Edict at Jaugada near Berhampur city and the Barabati Fort of Cuttack are important in the archaeological history of India.

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