Organizer #1 of 4 Writing Strategies Differentiation Due: Tuesday, 24 January 2012 All homework must be completed in its entirety



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Essay Writing


(1) To begin an essay, a student should have some knowledge of the topic or be willing to search out information. (2) Then one must focus clearly on the prompt, addressing all its major points, and making sure that the central purpose is evident throughout the essay. (3) Interesting and convincing examples with lots of specific details are always helpful. (4) The details must show some kind of clear arrangement—chronological, special, or order-of-importance. (5) A student writer will also want to revise a first draft so that any errors in grammar and mechanics can be got rid of. (6) Steps can be taken to edit essays. (7) Relying solely on “SpellCheck” can be risky; (8) it does not catch the common errors that students make, such as confusing “your” and “you’re.” (9) If students meet all of these requirements, then they will have written effectively.

  1. Which of the following sentences, if inserted before sentence 1, would make the MOST effective opening sentence?

    1. Writing an essay is easy if one uses a computer.

    2. Good essays are always written in pen.

    3. Any student can write a successful essay.

    4. Teachers sometimes assign difficult essays.

How to Answer: Figure out what you are looking for. What characteristics should an opening sentence (e.g., a hook or a topic sentence) have?

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Using POE, CROSS OUT any answer choice that does NOT have one of the characteristics you listed above. From the remaining answers, choose the answer that is the MOST effective opening sentence.

Correct Answer: _______________



In your own words, explain why you chose your answer.

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  1. Which is the MOST effective substitution for the underlined part of sentence 5?

    1. and ridding of errors in grammar and mechanics

    2. to get rid of errors in grammar and mechanics

    3. and getting rid of errors in grammar and mechanics

    4. Leave as is.

How to Answer: Figure out what is not effective!

What seems not to be effective in the underlined part of sentence 5? (Hint: What part is different in each answer choice?)

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Using POE, CROSS OUT any answer choice that does not fix the problem you identified above. From the rest of the answers, chose the answer that is the MOST effective way to revise.

Correct Answer: _______________



In your own words, explain why you chose your answer.

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The Abominable Snowman

(1) The Abominable Snowman is a hairy apelike thing that is said to live in the Himalayan Mountains in Nepal. (2) Natives of this region have believed in the existence of this beast for many centuries. (3) However, since no one has ever found a Yeti (the Nepalese name for the Abominable Snowman), doubts still remain.

(4) Some people who believe in the Yeti point to the discovery of footprints found above the snowline of the Himalayas. (5) There were no footprints left by animals, and some people think that they were very much like human footprints but that they must have been made by animals which were much heavier and larger than humans. (6) Scientists who have studied the footprints, however, agree that they were most likely left by bears. (7) “Bears are quite capable of walking on their two hind legs,” says zoologist Hans Miller. (8) “This also explains many supposed Yeti sightings. (9) At a distance, a bear walking in such a way could easily appear to be a creature of human form. (10) In fact, three of the five Yeti sightings last year were determined to be bears. (11) In fact, others remain unexplained.” (12) Nonetheless, many people remain convinced that the Yeti is real. (13) “There has to,” says Raju, a mountain guide, “be something out there. (14) There have been too many sightings for this all to be the product of our overactive imaginations.” (15) And, yet, it seems that the world will not be convinced of the existence of the Yeti until it is confirmed by hard evidence, a live specimen, or at least a skeleton. (16) For now, it appears that the Yeti will continue to inhabit the shadowy region between legend and reality.


  1. Which of the following words is the BEST way to express the meaning of the word thing in sentence 1?

    1. object

    2. item

    3. creature

    4. article

In your own words, explain why you chose your answer.

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  1. Which of the following ideas is supported by details or evidence in the essay?

    1. The world will never believe in the existence of the Yeti.

    2. Yeti sightings cannot be explained by overactive imaginations.

    3. A bear walking on its hind legs can appear to be a Yeti.

    4. All mountain guides believe in the Yeti.

In your own words, explain why you chose your answer. (Hint: Which sentences have details that support this answer choice or disprove the other answer choices?)

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  1. What is the BEST way to write sentence 13?

    1. “There has to be something out there,” says Raju, a mountain guide.

    2. “There has to be something out there, says Raju, a mountain guide.”

    3. “There has to, says Raju, a mountain guide, be something out there.”

    4. Leave as is.

Which punctuation rule did you use to answer this question? (Use your grammar packet to help you!)

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For each question below, choose the answer that is the most effective substitute for each underlined part of the sentence. If no substitution is necessary, choose “Leave as is.”



  1. After, the volcano erupted, the tiny tropical island was quiet and devastated.

    1. After the volcano erupted, the

    2. After the volcano erupted the

    3. After the volcano erupts, the

    4. Leave as is.

Which punctuation rule did you use to answer this question? (Use your grammar packet to help you!)

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  1. When our parents celebrate their silver wedding anniversary later this year, they were married for twenty-five years.

    1. they will have been married for twenty-five years.

    2. they had been married for twenty-five years.

    3. they would have been married for twenty-five years.

    4. Leave as is.

Which grammar rule did you use to answer this question? Hint: It has to do with verbs. (Use your grammar packet to help you!)

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Assignment #8: Due Monday, 23 January 2012

Practice: Main Ideas and Writing Clearly



Standard: WS1.1 – Establish a controlling impression or coherent thesis that conveys a clear and distinctive perspective on the subject and maintain a consistent tone and focus throughout the piece of writing. WS1.2 – Use precise language, action verbs, sensory details, appropriate modifiers, and the active rather than the passive voice.

ESLR: Resourceful Learner – Take responsibility for learning

Rationale: On the CAHSEE you will be asked (a) if a sentence supports a main idea; (b) to identify a sentence that does not fit into an essay; (c) to rephrase a sentence to make it more effective (usually using the active rather than the passive voice; and (d) to replace a word in a sentence with a more appropriate word. So remember that (a) passive voice is something that happens to the subject, and active voice allows the subject to perform the action, which makes the sentence clearer and easier to understand; (b) each sentence in an essay should focus on the essay’s main idea (thesis statement); (c) each sentence should fit into the essay, and if it doesn’t, it should be moved, revised, or removed; and (d) all words in the sentence need to fit the tone and topic of the writing.

Directions: Carefully read the passages in order to correctly answer the questions. Find the correct answer using POE. Circle your answer and respond to the questions that follow according to the directions.

Making Kool-Aid


(1) Although Kool-Aid has a lot of competition from commercial power drinks such as Gatorade and Quench, it remains the cheapest way to get a sweet, refreshing, and tasty drink. (2) Be careful though. (3) Without the proper tools and good directions, this tasty thirst-quencher is nothing more than a pack of unsweetened food dye. (4) There are just a few simple steps to create this delicious candy-tasting treat, and it only takes about three minutes to make.

(5) First, pick your flavor. (6) The grocery store has a wide variety—from Mountain Berry Punch to Tropical Blue Hawaiian. (7) If you can’t make up your mind, buy more than one. (8) You can try them all. (9) And make sure they are the unsweetened variety! (10) Otherwise, you’ll end up with about five times more than you should.

(11) After choosing the flavor package that best suits your taste buds, make sure that your kitchen has the necessary equipment to make a drink. (12) Find a two-quart pitcher. (13) Any pitcher will do, but clear glass or plastic pitchers let the brilliant Kool-Aid colors shine through. (14) Next, find a long-handled wooden spoon, a one-cup measuring cup, a water faucet, and drinking glasses. (15) After the tools, you need to gather the two major ingredients besides water – white sugar and ice-cubes.


  1. Which of the following sentences, if inserted before sentence 1, would make the MOST effective opening sentence?

    1. Kool-Aid is a satisfying and tasty drink that competes with other commercial thirst-quenching drinks.

    2. How Kool-Aid quenches your thirst is an interesting question that you can answer.

    3. Nothing is more satisfying than a pitcher of Kool-Aid to quench your thirst, and nothing is so simple to make.

    4. Choosing the flavor of Kool-Aid is a simple task that anyone can do—and should do at least once.

How to Answer: Figure out what you are looking for. What characteristics should an opening sentence (e.g., a hook or a topic sentence) have?

__________________________________________________



Using POE, CROSS OUT any answer choice that does NOT meet the characteristics you listed above. From the rest of the answers, choose the answer that is the MOST effective opening sentence.

Correct Answer: _______________



In your own words, explain why you chose your answer.

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________


  1. Which of the following ideas is NOT supported by details or evidence in the passage?

    1. One needs to follow directions to make Kool-Aid.

    2. Kool-Aid, Gatorade, and Quench share a similar thirst-quenching process.

    3. Following a process includes gathering tools.

    4. Although Kool-Aid is cheap to make, you can ruin it.

On the lines below, write the number of the sentence (or sentences) that supports each answer choice. The one that is not supported is the correct answer!

A: ________________________________________________

B: ________________________________________________

C: ________________________________________________

D: ________________________________________________

Correct Answer: _______________



Television and Children

(1) Most would agree that childhood is a time to play and be active—to play and create. (2) By watching cartoons, for instance, children may be entertained, but certainly not stimulated to solve a word puzzle or paint a picture. (3) Being creative is important to the development of a young child’s mind. (4) They might even become dependent on this open source of fantasy, and never bother to create their own.

(5) While losing creativity, the child might also lose patience. (6)Television, with no effort by the viewer, presents thousands of images, facts and sounds every hour. (7) I’ve often wondered what kind of life experience you need in order to be a successful writer. (8) Every seven minutes, one cycle of images and sounds is interrupted by a commercial. (9) There is rarely a time when the viewer has to concentrate more than a few minutes on one particular thought. (10) It seems logical that by watching TV over time, the human brain would lose patience, rather than gain the ability to hold onto thoughts.



  1. Which of the following statements is supported by the facts and details in the passage?

    1. Watching television is stimulating and entertaining.

    2. Watching television stimulates the creativity of young children.

    3. Watching television hinders young children’s patience.

    4. Watching television over time will improve young children’s imagination.

In your own words, explain why you chose your answer. (Hint: Which sentences have details that support this answer choice or disprove the other answer choices?)

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  1. Which change (in the order of sentences) in the passage would improve the passage the most?

    1. Switch sentence 3 and 1.

    2. Place sentence 1 right after sentence 3.

    3. Move sentence 3 to the very end of the passage.

    4. Leave as is.

In your own words, explain why you chose your answer. (Hint: It will probably have something to do with the main idea of the passage or how the ideas in each sentence are connected.)

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  1. Which sentence does not belong in the passage?

    1. Sentence 5

    2. Sentence 6

    3. Sentence 7

    4. Sentence 8

In your own words, explain why you chose your answer. (Hint: It will probably have something to do with the main idea of the passage.)

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STUDY FOR YOUR WORD DISSECTION TEST!!!!!!


Directory: cms -> lib5 -> CA01000471 -> Centricity -> Domain -> 2253
2253 -> Due: Tuesday, 14 February 2012 All homework must be completed in its entirety
2253 -> Due: Tuesday, 14 February 2012 All homework must be completed in its entirety
2253 -> Due: Monday, 12 March 2012 All homework must be completed in its entirety
2253 -> Standard w 3 – Write expository compositions, including analytical essays and research reports
2253 -> Grammar Review: Written and Oral English Language Conventions cahsee preparation: Unit One Standard(s) Addressed
2253 -> Organizer #3 of 4 Writing Strategies Differentiation Due: Tuesday, 28 February 2012 All homework must be completed in its entirety
2253 -> Cahsee homework
2253 -> Homework Organizer #4 of 4 Writing Strategies Differentiation Due: Monday, 12 March 2012 All homework must be completed in its entirety
2253 -> Grammar Review: Written and Oral English Language Conventions cahsee preparation: Unit Two Standard(s) Addressed
2253 -> Cahsee homework


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