Organizer #1 of 4 Writing Strategies Differentiation Due: Tuesday, 24 January 2012 All homework must be completed in its entirety



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Rasheed was very excited when he walked by the department store. The winter coat that he had wanted to buy was on sale for just forty-nine dollars. Rasheed had just gotten a paycheck for eighty dollars from his job at the antiques store. Now all he needed to was cash his check and come back to buy the coat. The bank was just five blocks away. “I’ll be right back,” he thought as he walked past the department store.


  1. Where was Rasheed going? Underline the supporting details above and write your answer below.

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Tricia was proud of how well she was playing today. She knew that she was competing with many other young women, and she concentrated hard every time she got the basketball. She ran as hard as she could to chase down every loose ball, and she made every three-pointer she attempted. She saw the coach watching her closely. “I hope I get picked,” Tricia thought to herself.


  1. What activity do you think Tricia was doing? Underline the details that support your inference and write your answer.

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Lisette was excited about starting high school. Her mom had bought her a new outfit and new school supplies, and she couldn’t wait to see friends she hadn’t seen since the last day of eighth grade. The only problem was that Lisette forgot to set her alarm clock. On the first day of high school, she woke up at 8:10 A.M., looked at the clock, threw on some clothes, and frantically ran outside. When she got to the bus stop, she saw that it was already 8:17 A.M., and there was nobody else at the bus stop. “I can’t believe this just happened!” Lisette thought.


  1. What can’t Lisette believe just happened? Underline the details that support your inference above and write your answer below.

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Zach placed the bag of baking supplies he had just gotten from the grocery store on the counter. He looked at his recipe for chocolate chip cookies and then took out the flour, eggs, and chocolate chips. He got out his mixing bowl and baking sheet. His mouth watered as he thought about how delicious the cookies were going to be. He was supposed to take the cookies to a school event tomorrow, but he was worried that he might want to eat them all as soon as they were made. He wasn’t going to do that, but he could at least enjoy thinking about it. Then Zach realized that he had forgotten to buy milk. “I’ll be right back,” Zach told his mom as he put on his jacket and headed out the door.


  1. Where is Zach likely going? Underline the details that support your inference and write your answer below.

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Types of Inferences

Conclusion – an idea based on information, usually leaves no question about how or why something happened

Predictionan inference about the future

Generalization – an inference that is general, not specific

Directions: Read the passage below and then answer the questions that follow.

Kiki’s Story

My name is Kiki Voisin, and I am sixteen years old. Many people tell me that I have had a very unusual life, that I’ve experienced extraordinary things for someone my age, and that I should consider myself lucky.

I was born in Paris, the capital of France, where both of my parents worked at the time. My father taught chemistry at a high school, and my mother, who is American, worked as an artist. My father died when I was two years old, and it was a struggle for my mother to support both of us on her income. She and I moved to San Francisco when I was three years old so we could be close to my grandparents. My grandmother worked at night in a restaurant.

When I was six years old, I started taking dance lessons, which were free at the local community center. I quickly discovered that I had great passion for dance, especially classical ballet. I started going to classes more often and got better with each lesson. I danced in a number of local shows, and my teachers encouraged me to stick with it. I’m grateful they did.

Last year I performed in Russia. A friend of one of my teachers invited me to perform in a ballet called The Nutcracker. My mom came along with me, and I danced in a city called St. Petersburg, which is filled with historic museums and fascinating architecture. It’s a stunning city. I can still see the glow of the streets as night fell on the city, turning the sky deep purple.

When I performed in Russia, I was the youngest dancer in the ballet group. I made many friends among other members of the group. My dearest friend was Maria. She had big blue eyes that reminded me of the sky in California. She held her arms with such grace that they seemed to float in the air. Every finger seemed so delicate. She taught me to share my soul with the audience.

I will graduate from high school in two years, and I hope to attend a special school for dancers. While school is out this summer, I plan to work in a bookstore near our apartment. I need to save as much money as I can, because next summer I hope to visit Maria in Russia. I will need to buy the plane ticket myself this time. I can’t wait to show her how much I’ve learned.


  1. Why will Kiki never forget Maria? Write your answer below and underline the details in the passage that support your inference, marking them with the number 5.

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  1. Why does Kiki feel lucky?

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  1. Why is Kiki grateful that teachers encouraged her to stick with dancing?

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  1. What does Kiki hope to do for a living? Write your answer below and underline the details in the passage that support your inference, marking them with the number 8.

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  1. How does Kiki feel about what happened during her childhood after her father died?

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  1. What does Kiki plan to do with the money that she will earn working at a bookstore during the summer?

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Evaluating the Validity of Inferences

Not every detail in a passage will provide you with information that will help you make the right inference. Some information might be misleading or put you on the wrong track. To make the correct inference, you need to evaluate validity by considering all the evidence provided. Evaluating validity involves assessing whether or not an inference is valid based on available evidence.



Directions: Read the passage below and then answer the questions that follow.

A Visit with Aunt Elena

Manuela packed excitedly for her weekend visit with Aunt Elena. Manuela felt she had a deep kinship with her aunt, and she was closer with her than with any other relative. These visits seemed too few and far between for Manuela. Other than holidays she only got to see her aunt a couple of times each year. After Manuela had finished packing, she charged downstairs and informed her father that she was ready to go.

After an hour’s drive Manuela and her father pulled up in front of Aunt Elena’s house. As always Aunt Elena was waiting for her on the porch with a big smile. Manuela kissed her father goodbye and ran up the sidewalk to begin the weekend that she had long anticipated.

Aunt Elena was a veterinarian, which is partially why Manuela admired her more than anyone else. Manuela loved animals of all kinds. Whenever Manuela came to stay with her, Aunt Elena would take Manuela to visit her veterinary office. But it was more than just a field trip for Manuela. She was expected to help Aunt Elena with her work. Although tending to the animals was sometimes a difficult task, Manuela adored every minute of it.

“Well, are you ready to be put to work?” asked Aunt Elena with a grin.

“There’s nothing else I’d rather do,” Manuela replied truthfully.

On Saturday Aunt Elena and Manuela spent the entire day at the veterinary office. As Aunt Elena went about her work, Manuela took care of animals from the kennel. She provided fresh food and water for them and took the dogs outside for exercise. She also transported the animals to and from cages when the owners came to drop off or claim their pets.

When she had completed her duties, Manuela found time to observe Aunt Elena as she examined pets and interacted with their owners. Aunt Elena was composed and confident; she clearly enjoyed her job. While watching Aunt Elena, Manuela vowed that she, too, would become a veterinarian one day.



  1. Why is Manuela excited to visit her aunt? Write your answer below and underline the details in the passage that support your inference, marking them with the number 11.

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  1. Why does the author indicate that tending animals is very difficult? Write your answer below and underline the details in the passage that support your inference, marking them with the number 12.

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  1. Why does Manuela spend the whole day on Saturday at Elena’s office? Write your answer below and underline the details in the passage that support your inference, marking them with the number 13.

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  1. Why does Manuela decide that she wants to become a veterinarian? Write your answer below and underline the details in the passage that support your inference, marking them with the number 14.

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Assignment #5: Due Wednesday, 18 January 2012

Writing Clearly

Standard: WS1.2 – Use precise language, action verbs, sensory details, appropriate modifiers, and the active rather than the passive voice.

ESLR: Resourceful Learner – Take responsibility for learning

Rationale: On the CAHSEE you will be asked to (a) rephrase a sentence to make it more effective (usually using the active rather than the passive voice) and (b) to replace a word in a sentence with a more appropriate word. So remember: passive voice is something that happens to the subject, and active voice allows the subject to perform the action. This makes the sentence clearer and easier to understand. (Example of Passive Voice: The piano was played by the singer. Example of Active Voice: The singer played the piano.) An easy way to check for passive voice is to look for a “be” verb (is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been) + another verb. Remember also that all words in the sentence need to fit the tone and topic of the writing.

Directions: Carefully read the passages in order to correctly answer the questions. Find the correct answer using POE. Circle your answer and respond to any questions that follow according to the directions.
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