Назва наукового напрямку (модуля)



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Nausée and the treatise Being and Nothingness.


A.

There is no correct answer


B.

K. Marx



C.

J. Fichte



D.

A. Camus



E. *

J.-P. Sartre



503.

French philosopher, novelist, dramatist, and essayist. His works include the novels The Outsider and The Plague, which give expression to his view that the universe and life are meaningless.



A.

F. Engels



B.

J.-P. Sartre



C.

J. Fichte



D.

K. Marx



E. *

A. Camus


504.

A philosophical theory, which emphasizes the existence of the individual person as free agents, responsible for their own development, is …



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

Romanticism



C.

Nihilism



D.

Empirism



E. *

Existentialism



505.

The belief that nothing has any values, especially religious and moral principles …






A.

There is no correct answer


B.

Romanticism



C.

Empirism



D.

Existentialism



E. *

Nihilism



506.

German political philosopher and economist, resident in England from 1849. The founder of modern communism with Friedrich Engels, he collaborated with him in the writing of the Communist Manifesto, and enlarged it in Das Kapital.



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

J. Fichte



C.

G. Hegel



D.

I. Kant



E. *

K. Marx



507.

German philosopher. He rejected Christianity’s compassion for the weak, and formulated the idea of the Übermensch (superman), who can rise above the restrictions of ordinary morality.



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

J. Fichte



C.

L. Feuerbach



D.

I. Kant



E. *

F. Nietzsche



508.

Austrian neurologist and psychotherapist, founder of psychoanalysis and pioneer in the study of the influence that the unconscious element of the mind has on consciousness. Who is this?



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

L. Feuerbach



C.

I. Kant



D.

F. Nietzsche



E. *

Z. Freud



509.

“Push the falling one”, who told this?



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

K. Marx



C.

K. Yung



D.

Z. Freud



E. *

F. Nietzsche






510.

Who compared human psychiatry with iceberg?


A.

F. Engels



B.

F. Nietzsche



C.

K. Yung



D.

K. Marx



E. *

Z. Freud


511.

Who wrote “Me and it”?



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

F. Nietzsche



C.

K. Yung



D.

K. Marx



E. *

Z. Freud



512.

Who is “a prophet of XXth c.” in modern philosophy?



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

Z. Freud



C.

K. Yung



D.

K. Marx



E. *

F. Nietzsche



513.

Who wrote “Antichristian”, “Will to power”?



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

K. Marx



C.

K. Yung



D.

Z. Freud



E. *

F. Nietzsche



514.

Choose the data of non-classical period?



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

End of 15th c.



C.

End of 17th c.



D.

End of 18th c.



E. *

End of 19th c.






515.

Who told that the world is an objective intellect and according to logic is very close to subjective man’s intellect?



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

Skovoroda



C.

Kant



D.

Bacon



E. *

Hegel



516.

Who distinguished 4 main philosophical questions: 1) What can I know? 2) What should I do? 3) What can I expect? 4) What is man?



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

K. Marx



C.

F. Engels



D.

F. Bacon



E. *

I. Kant



517.

German philosopher. He believed that each stage of history is composed of a thesis, which is contradicted by an antithesis, out of whose conflict there emerges a new thesis, which is opposed by a new antithesis, and so on.


A.

There is no correct answer


B.

L. Feuerbach



C.

J. Fichte



D.

Kant



E. *

G. Hegel



518.

German philosopher, who attempted to establish the limitations of knowledge of the external world, and argued that there was an absolute moral law - the categorical imperative.



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

L. Feuerbach



C.

J. Fichte



D.

G. Hegel



E. *

I. Kant



519.

One of the main features of the Marxist philosophy is...



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

Man is a center of nature



C.

Man is a part of nature






D.

Man is a nature



E. *

Nature is a part of man



520.

German philosopher was one of the first to criticize Hegel and his doctrine. He defected from Hegelian idealism to a materialistic view of man and history, where the main accent is put on a human being, his essence, estrangement and freedom in terms of society. Thus, moral-ethical and anthropological questions constituted the problems field of his philosophy. He revaluated the notion of the subject (man) in philosophy.



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

J. Fichte



C.

G. Hegel



D.

Kant



E. *

L. Feuerbach



521.

Famous representative of the German classical philosophy. His philosophy is a great intellectual monument that greatly influenced development of the European thought of the time. He is considered to be the father of Dialectic as a definite way of the world comprehension and a philosophical method of cognition. He methodologically constructed a comprehensive system of thought about the world that is objective idealism. It believes that reality is idealistic or spiritual in nature, but that it exists independently of us.



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

J. Fichte



C.

L. Feuerbach



D.

I. Kant



E. *

G. Hegel



522.

“Every event must have a cause”.


A.

I. Kant


B.

F. Engels



C.

K. Marx



D.

L. Feuerbach



E. *

G. Hegel


523.

How many periods of Kant’s work we can distinguish?



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

5



C.

4



D.

3



E. *

2






524.

Who is a founder of critical idealism?



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

J. Fichte



C.

L. Feuerbach



D.

G. Hegel



E. *

I. Kant



525.

French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher. He showed that air has weight, that air pressure is lower to high altitudes, and that the pressure of a fluid is transmitted equally in all directions. He also made a mechanical calculator and a syringe, and founded the theory of probability.



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

G. Leibniz



C.

Voltaire



D.

D. Hume



E. *

B. Pascal



526.

Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian. He rejected the possibility of certainty in knowledge and claimed that the sole origin of knowledge is in experience.



A.

E. There is no correct answer


B.

D. F. Bacon



C.

C. J.-J. Rousseau



D.

B. Voltaire



E. *

A. D. Hume



527.

French philosopher and writer, born in Switzerland. He believed that civilization warps the fundamental goodness of human nature, but that the ill effects can be moderated by active participation in democratic politics.



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

D. Hume



C.

Voltaire



D.

Spinoza Baruch



E. *

J.-J. Rousseau



528.

Dutch philosopher. He believed in the absolute unity of the universe and God (pantheism).



A.

There is no correct answer


B.

D. Hume



C.

F. Bacon






D.

Voltaire



E. *

Spinoza Baruch



529.

French philosopher, mathematician and scientist. He believed that that everything was open to doubt except his own conscious experience and his existence as a necessary condition of this:


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