• IAP HealthPhone programme aims to tackle the challenge of malnutrition in mothers and children across India.
• It is a public-partnership initiative that leverages the increasing penetration of mobile phones in the country to educate over 6 million girls and women between 13 and 35 years of age and their families on better health and nutrition practices by 2018.
• The programme will achieve its objectives by widely promoting and distributing four re-edited videos from the Poshan videos in 18 Indian languages. The Poshan videos address issues of the care of pregnant women and children, breastfeeding and the importance of balanced diet.
• Vodafone will enable its customers to view/download the videos free of data charges and on viewing the 4 videos, the user will receive a talk time incentive of 10 rupees.
• Vodafone will send out approximately 300 million text messages to its subscribers every year to promote the viewing of the four videos.
• IAP HealthPhone partners will also equip AWW, ASHAs and ANMs with a HealthPhone microSD card, containing a library of videos, to enable them to share health and nutrition knowledge with women, families and the communities they serve.
• They will partner with social media giants such as Facebook, Twitter and Google to use their exponentially growing channels to reach more-rural and urban-caregivers.
• This three-year campaign (2015-18) is expected to benefit the health of 60 million children in India born by 2025 and will be transformative for India’s fight against malnutrition.
The Constitution (100th Amendment) Act, 2015
The term the Constitution (100th Amendment) Act, 2015 was in news in the fourth week of May 2015 as the President of India Pranab Mukherjee gave his assent to the Constitution (119th Amendment) Bill, 2013 that related to the Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) between India and Bangladesh.
The Constitution (91st Amendment) Act, 2004: Restricted the size of the Council of Ministers (CoM) to 15 percent of legislative members & strengthened the Anti Defection laws.
The Constitution (92nd Amendment) Act, 2004: Included Bodo, Dogri, Santali and Maithali as official languages.
The Constitution (93rd Amendment) Act, 2006: Provided for 27 percent reserrvation for other backward classes in government as well as private higher educational institutions.
The Constitution (94th Amendment) Act, 2006: To provide for a Minister of Tribal Welfare in newly created Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh States including Madhyapradesh and Orissa.
The Constitution (95th Amendment) Act, 2010: To extend the reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) in the Lok Sabha and states assemblies from Sixty years to Seventy years
The Constitution (97th Amendment) Act, 2012: Added the words "or co-operative societies" after the word "or unions" in Article 19(l)(c) and inserted article 43B related to promotion of co-operative societies and added Part-IXB that is The Co-operative Societies.
The Constitution (98th Amendment) Act, 2013: To empower the Governor of Karnataka to take steps to develop the Hyderabad-Karnataka Region.
The Constitution (99th Amendment) Act, 2014: The amendment provides for the formation of a National Judicial Appointments Commission.
Union Government notified Undisclosed Foreign Income as Assets and imposition of Tax Act, 2015
The Union Government on 30 may 2015 notified the Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income as Assets) and imposition of Tax Act, 2015. The Act will come into effect from 1 April 2016.
The Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets (Imposition of Tax) Bill, 2015 was introduced in Lok Sabha on 20 March 2015 and was passed by Parliament on 13 May 2015.
• Concealment of income and assets and evasion of tax in relation to foreign assets will be prosecutable with punishment of rigorous imprisonment up to 10 years.
• Offence of stashing unaccounted money abroad will be made non-compoundable (A non-compoundable offence is one in which the complainant (the government in this instance) does not enter into a compromise with the accused.
• The offenders will not be permitted to approach the Settlement Commission
• Penalty for such concealment of income and assets at the rate of 300% of tax shall be levied
• The government will give a short window to those stashing black money abroad to declare their wealth, pay taxes and penalty, and escape prosecution under the proposed law.
• Non filing of return or filing of return with inadequate disclosure of foreign assets will be liable for prosecution with punishment of rigorous imprisonment up to 7 years.
• Income in relation to any undisclosed foreign asset or undisclosed income from any foreign asset will be taxable at the maximum marginal rate. Exemptions or deductions which may otherwise be applicable in such cases shall not be allowed.
• Beneficial owner or beneficiary of foreign assets will be mandatorily required to file return, even if there is no taxable income.
• Date of Opening of foreign account would be mandatorily required to be specified by the assessee in the return of income.
• The offence of concealment of income or evasion of tax in relation to a foreign asset will be made a predicate offence under the Prevention of Money-laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA).
• The definition of proceeds of crime under PMLA is being amended to enable attachment and confiscation of equivalent asset in India where the asset located abroad cannot be forfeited.
• The Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA) will also be amended to the effect that if any foreign exchange, foreign security or any immovable property situated outside India is held in contravention of the provisions of this Act, then action may be taken for seizure and eventual confiscation of assets of equivalent value situated in India.