National health standards and elements



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RESPOND:


Wounds requiring medical attention

    • Arterial bleeding

    • Deep incision, laceration, or avulsion that;

      • Goes into the muscle or bone

      • Is located on a body part that bends (knee, elbow)

      • Tends to gape widely

      • Is located on thumb or palm (nerve damage)

    • Uncontrolled bleeding

    • A large or deep puncture wound

  • A large embedded object or a deeply embedded object of any size

  • Foreign matter left in the wound

  • Animal or human bite

  • Possibility of a scar (needs sutures)

  • Eyelid cut

  • Split lip

  • Internal bleeding

  • Tetanus not current

  • Uncertainty about how to treat


Specific Types of Wounds

  • Abrasions:

    • Top layer of skin rubbed or scraped away.

    • Little or no blood loss

  • Puncture:


  • Incision:

    • Smooth cut or slice through one or more layers of skin

  • Laceration:

    • Skin tissue and skin layers torn leaving rough or uneven edges




Avulsion



Impaled Objects

  • Usually extend into the fat, muscle, and other tissue

  • Can cause severe bleeding if object penetrates a major blood vessel or organ


RESPOND:

  • Control Bleeding

    • Remove surrounding clothing

    • Place pressure around object to stop bleeding

  • Stabilize Injury

  • Bandage and Protect

  • Activate EMS




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