Care for thermal Burns
Care of First-degree and Second-degree Burns
- relieve pain by applying a wet, cold cloth. If cold water is unavailable, use any cold liquid you drink to reduce the burned skin's temperature.
Care for Third-degree Burns
- Cover the burn with a dry, non-sticking sterile dressing or clean cloth. Treat the victim for shock by elevating the legs and keeping the victim warm with a clean sheet or blanket.2.
Chemicals will continue to cause tissue destruction until the chemical agent is removed.
1. Immediately remove the chemical by flushing with water.
2. Remove the victim's contaminated clothing while flushing with water.
3. Flush for 20 minutes or longer. Let the victim wash with a mild soap before a final rinse.
4. Cover the burned area with a dry dressing or, for large areas, a clean pillowcase.
5. If the chemical is in the eye, flood it for at least 20 minutes using low pressure.
The injury severity from exposure to electrical current depends on the type of current (direct or alternating), the voltage, the area of the body exposed, and the duration of contact.
1. Unplug, disconnect, or turn off the power. If that is possible, call the power company or ask for help.
2. Check the ABCs (Airway, Breathing, and Circulation). Provide Rescue Breathing (RB) or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) if necessary.
3. If the victim fell, check for spine injury.
4. Treat the victim for shock.
5. Seek medical attention immediately. Electrical injuries are treated in burn center.