Museum Entrance



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Museum Entrance

  • Welcome to the Lobby
  • Government and Social Structure of Ancient Egypt
  • Life of various groups of people in Egypt
  • General Interest
  • Technology and Art
  • Tegan’s Virtual Museum of Egypt
  • Visit the Curator

Curator Information

  • Tegan moved to Egypt in 1990. She went to Computer school for dummies. Tegan learned to talk to statues, which helped her make her Egyptian museum. She lives with her sock puppet and her goldfish named floaty. She is planning to find a cure for paper cuts. In 2012 she hopes she can finish her essay on daisies from 12th grade and them start building a ice cube pyramid, beside the Nile River. Tegan’s favorite childhood memory was when she got her first goldfish and named it Speedo and then after one month, floaty the first. She has gotten many awards like big bubble in a bubblegum blowing contest and her favorite award the best looking chicken in a animal grooming contest.
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Government and Social Structure of Ancient Egypt

Life of various groups of people in Egypt

Technology and Art

General Interest

Ancient Egypt Overview

  • Egypt is located in northeast Africa. The Nile River is the main river in Egypt and it
  • flows the length of the country, south to the north. The Nile River empties into the
  • Mediterranean Sea. It makes life possible in Egypt, since it is basically all desert.
  • It is also the longest river in the world. The Nile River was a source of food and
  • water for the people because the Nile flooded and left the soil beside the Nile like
  • black silt which is great for growing food. The People of ancient Egypt were
  • protected because in the south, east and west there was desert and in the north
  • the Mediterranean Sea and cataracts of the Nile which are water falls or rapids,
  • protected the people.
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Social Pyramid

  • Egyptian society was structured like a pyramid. At the top were the their leaders, called PHARAOHS. They had absolute power over Egypt. The pharaoh could not do all his duties by himself so he chose a leader called a VIZIER as a supervisor. The vizier made sure taxes were collected. Right below the pharaoh in rank were powerful nobles and priests. Nobles did government jobs, and priests were responsible for taking care of the needs of the Gods. SOLDIERS fought in wars or supervised the people who were involved in building pyramids and palaces. SCRIBES kept government records. These high-level employees had mastered a rare skill in ancient Egypt. MERCHANTS and storekeepers sold things to the people. They bought goods from artisans and traders. ARTISANS made jewelry, pottery, papyrus, tools, and other handy things. SLAVES, farmers and servants were at the bottom of the social pyramid. People that were captured in war turned into slaves. They were forced to build buildings.
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Information about the power and role of the Pharaoh

  • The Pharaoh of Egypt would have lots of power. The Pharaoh was so powerful her or she owned everything in Egypt. the throne usually went from farther to son, but sometimes mysterious accidents and murders happened since it meant so much power.
  • The role of the Pharaoh was to be a political leader of ancient Egypt and also a religious leader since it was thought that pharaohs were descendants of the gods. The Pharaohs jobs would be things like leading an army, setting legal disagreements and leading sacred rituals.
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Tutankhamen

  • Tutankhamen got the throne when he was nine and ruled until he died when he was 18. Throughout his control he brought peace to his kingdom, by restoring worship of the Egyptian God Amon. It is assumed that Tutankhamen parents were Akhenaten and a unimportant wife named Kiya.“Recently an international research team under the leadership of Egyptian radiologist Ashraf Selim discovered the real cause of Tutankhamen's death. It turns out he fell from a horse, broke his left thigh on several places and got blood poisoning because of the open wound.” http://www.ancient-egypt-online.com. (n.d.). The Life of King Tut - Boy King. Retrieved December 15, 2009, from http://www.ancient-egypt-online.com/life-of-king-tut.html
  • He was not an important king, but is so well known because of the treasures of his tomb, which was found practically intact. Many other tombs were robbed grave robbers.
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Life of a Scribe

  • The scribes were very important people, they had the responsibility of recording
  • information. It was a complicated job to be a
  • scribe because you would have had to remember hundreds of different
  • hieroglyphs. Being a scribe, was pasted down.
  • The future scribes did not use papyrus, which is a paper made from
  • reeds because it was given to the experienced scribes. The children used pieces
  • of pottery to practice and do their daily exercises on. The future scribes would be
  • be able to read and write, but other children who were not going to be a scribe
  • would not get an education.
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Life of a Peasant

  • Most of ancient Egypt people were peasants. Some peasants worked as servants for rich nobles, but others worked in the fields. The peasants that worked in the fields had a hard job. Plowing, planting and harvesting grain and wheat would have been hard without the machines we have today. The peasants would have ate ground wheat foods and small vegetables because meat would have been expensive. Peasants were forced to pay a tax on their crops which did not help them get any wealthier.
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Life of a Priest

  • The priest was very important in ancient Egypt. The Egyptians thought that the gods lived in the temples.  The priests job was to care for the needs of the god. In the morning, the priest would open the door to the temple, light a torch to walk to the god, say prayers, light incense, wash the statue, place clothing and jewels on it and place gifts of food and drink by it. Then he would Sing hymns of praise to the god. At the end of the day, the priest sweeps away his footprints and closes the opening again. If the priest did not do job, it was thought that there would be problems. Priests were only permitted to wear linen clothing or clothing made of plants, but not clothing made from animal skins. They also had to shave their heads and bodies daily to be able to do their jobs.
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Pyramids

  •  The Pyramids of Egypt are considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Pyramids were tombs for kings and queens. According to ancient Egyptian’s idea, the pyramid, offered a place for the pharaoh to go into the afterlife. All pyramids were aligned so that their sides ran almost exactly were north-south and east-west. Most pyramids were placed so the sun set behind it. The Egyptians thought that a dead pharaoh’s spirit left the body and journeyed through the sky with the sun and into the heavens.
  • The people that built the pyramids were not all slaves or foreigners. Some of the builders were workers of the pharaoh. Others were recruited for some time from Egyptian villages. There is estimated 20,000 to 30,000 workers it to build the Pyramids of Giza over the 80 years. While the River Nile was flooded they probably worked more on the pyramids.
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Rosetta Stone

  • The Rosetta stone is a black slab of stone. One of Napoleon’s French officers found this stone near Rosetta in the year 1799. It was the clue to understanding ancient Egyptian writing. The same thing was written in hieroglyphs, demotic and also Greek. Scholars deciphered the hieroglyphic and demotic writings by comparing them to the Greek writing. The Rosetta Stone is 3 feet 9 inches long and 2 feet 41/2 inches wide.
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Water clock

  • In ancient Egypt they had a clock called a water clock. A water clock is a pot on top of a stand and a pot underneath the stand. There is a hole drilled into the side of the pot on top of the stand. Water was put in this pot and when the water was at a certain level in the bottom pot from dripping out from the pot on top, it was a certain time. This clock could be used at night, but had to be refilled.
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Valley of Kings

  • The Valley of the Kings in Upper Egypt is filled with many of the tombs of pharaohs from the New Kingdom. The valley is hidden by cliffs and a long, thin, and twisting entranceway. There are two parts of the valley. Most people visit the East Valley because there are more tombs were the pharaohs of the New kingdom can be found. Hatshepsut, the wife of Thutmose II was buried in the valley of kings, since she was female pharaoh of ancient Egypt. Otherwise she would have been buried in the valley of Queens.
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Osiris

  • Osiris was the God of the dead and vegetation. He was a green-skinned man that was mummified and wore a white cone-like crown with feathers. In the underworld, Osiris sits on a throne, where he is praised. He judges the dead and everyone who pass the underworld’s tests get to enter The Blessed Land. The Blessed land is a part of the underworld that is like the land of the living, but with no pain or sorrow.
  • Osiris was the main God. His father was Ra, and was the leader of the gods on earth. Osiris was married to Isis and was the father of Horus.
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Hatshepsut

  • Hatshepsut was Queen when Thutmose II ruled Egypt. When he died she made herself the pharaoh of Egypt, instead of her nephew who was supposed to be the pharaoh. She claimed the God Amun- Ra told her to be the pharaoh. She was in power over Egypt for twenty years. She expanded their trades and built marvelous temples as well as fixed up many others. After Hatshepsut died of natural causes, Thutmose III became pharaoh. He tried to destroy every existence of her.
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