Mini-lesson Topic Sentences a topic sentence



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  • Topic Sentences
  • A topic sentence is a statement that tells what your paragraph will be about.
  • Topic Sentences
  • A good topic sentence does two important things.
  • Helps you stay focused on the topic of your paragraph.
  • Helps readers to know what your paragraph will be about.
  • Parts of a Topic Sentences
  • A topic sentence should:
  • State the topic
  • Include or summarize ideas
  • Let’s read a topic sentence and see if it has the two parts.
    • Topic (what you’re writing about)
    • Ideas (what you think about the topic)
  • A healthy diet includes fruits and vegetables.
  • Topic
  • Ideas
  • Bubble Map to Topic Sentence
  • Look at your bubble map.
  • Ask yourself: “What am I writing about?”
  • Ask yourself:
    • “What do I want to say about my topic?”
    • The answer to this question will be your ideas.
  • Bubble Map to Topic Sentence
  • What is the topic? What are the ideas?
  • Surfing
  • Fishing
  • topic
  • ideas
  • Bubble Map to Topic Sentence
  • What do what to say about the topic?
  • Favorite things to do
  • at the beach
  • Surfing
  • Fishing
  • What are you writing about?
  • Fishing and Surfing
  • Bubble Map to Topic Sentence
  • Can you write a topic sentence using this topic and ideas?
  • Topic
  • Ideas
  • Favorite things to do
  • at the beach
  • Surfing
  • Fishing
  • My favorite things to do at the beach are fishing and surfing.
  • Let’s look at an example
  • What is this bubble map about?
  • The answer to this question will be the topic.
    • Things to do at Waimanalo Country Farms
  • What can I say about this topic?
  • The answer to this question will be the ideas.
    • There was a Pumpkin patch and hayride.
  • Things to do at Waimanalo
  • Country Farms
  • Hayride
  • Pumpkin Patch
  • Let’s look at an example
  • What topic sentences could you write from this bubble map?
  • At Waimanalo Country Farms there is a pumpkin patch and hayride.
  • Things to do at Waimanalo
  • Country Farms
  • Hayride
  • Pumpkin Patch
  • Writing a Topic Sentence
  • Teacher Hints
  • Writing a Topic Sentence
  • Give the class a common topic. Some ideas…
    • Journal: My Thanksgiving holiday
    • Language Arts: My favorite character from ___
    • Science: Sources of renewable energy in Hawaii
    • History: Greek goddesses
  • Create a bubble map as a class. Write the topic in the center.
  • Offer a sentence starter. Explain how you wrote the sentence starter. Some ideas…
    • Journal: ___ was the best part of Thanksgiving.
    • Language Arts: ___ was my favorite character from ___.
    • Science: ___ is one source of renewable energy.
    • History: ___ was the Greek goddess of ___.
  • Concentrate on developing good topic sentences.
  • Grammar Connections
  • Fruits and vegetables are healthy foods.
  • Find the subject.
    • Ask: “What are healthy foods?”
    • Answer: “Fruits and vegetables.”
    • “Fruits and vegetables” is the compound subject.
  • Find the predicate.
    • Ask: “What is being said about fruits and vegetables?”
    • Answer: “Fruits and vegetables are healthy foods.”
    • “Are healthy foods” is the complete predicate.
  • Grammar Connections
  • Recess is my favorite part of day.
  • Find the subject.
    • Ask: “What is my favorite part of the day?”
    • Answer: “Recess.”
    • “Recess” is the subject.
  • Find the predicate.
    • Ask: “What is being said about recess?”
    • Answer: “Recess is my favorite part of the day.”
    • “Is my favorite part of the day” is the complete predicate.
  • Writing a Topic Sentence
  • Look at this example bubble map.
  • Ask: “What is this bubble map about?”
  • The answer to this question will be your Topic.
  • Ask: “What can I say about this topic?”
  • The answer to this question will be your Ideas.
  • Example Topic Sentences:
  • A healthy diet includes fruits and vegetables.
  • (Topic) (Ideas)
  • Healthy diet
  • Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Read this sentence. Can you guess what the paragraph will be about?
  • A healthy diet includes fruits and vegetables.
  • Let’s look at an example.
  • A topic sentence is like a map that tells your reader where your paragraph is going.
  • What is the paragraph about?
  • A healthy diet includes fruits and vegetables.
  • (Topic) (Ideas)
  • The paragraph might be about…
    • different fruits and vegetables
    • why fruits and vegetables are healthy
    • the nutrients found in fruits and vegetables.
  • Now, try the next example with a partner. What do you think a paragraph with this topic sentence will be about?
  • The pumpkin patch and hayride are two fun activities at Waimanalo Country Farms.
  • Let’s look at an example.
  • A topic sentence is like a map that tells your reader where your paragraph is going.
  • Writing a Topic Sentence
    • The pumpkin patch and hayride are two fun activities at Waimanalo Country Farms.
  • Things to do at Waimanalo
  • Country Farms
  • Hayride
  • Pumpkin Patch
  • The paragraph might be about…


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