Midterm Open-Ended Questions Seven Elements of Culture



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Midterm Open-Ended Questions

Seven Elements of Culture

  • Social Organization
  • Arts and Literature
  • Customs and Traditions
  • Religion
  • Language
  • Forms of Government
  • Types of Economic Systems

Causes of cultural change

  • Technology
  • Changing environment
  • Diffusion
  • Trade
  • Imperialism
  • War
  • Modernization

Goals of Modernization

  • Political and economic policies developing nations established to assist with the modernization process
    • Political stability
    • Economic diversity
    • Increased literacy/education and training
    • Improved services

Problems/Obstacles of Modernization

  • Debt crisis
  • Population explosion
  • Poverty
  • Urbanization
  • Traditional way of life
  • Lack of education
  • Limited resources
  • Political instability
  • Conflict

Middle East: Traditional Patterns of Life

  • Nomadic
  • Village
  • City

Basic Beliefs Shared by Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

  • Monotheism
  • Prophethood
  • Golden Rule
  • Old Testament
  • Jerusalem Holy
  • Judgment Day
  • Heaven
  • Prayer
  • Fasting
  • Charity
  • Coming of Age
  • Dietary Laws

Five Pillars of Islam

  • Declaration of Faith
  • Prayer
  • Charity
  • Fasting
  • Pilgrimage

Strengths of the Ottoman Empire

  • Control of trade
  • Wealth from trade
  • Superior technology from diffusion
  • Flexible government

Ways the Europeans weakened the Ottomans

  • Discovering an all water route to Asia
  • Wealth from Americas
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Imperialism

Remaining Issues of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

  • Status of Jerusalem
  • Jewish settlements in West Bank
  • Palestinian Refugees
  • Palestinian Statehood (borders)
  • Israeli Security (Terrorism)

Effects of African Slave Trade



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