Midlans state university department of history and development studies course outline for

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(DSH211) Political Economy of Zimbabwe since 1890

The module surveys social, economic and political developments in Zimbabwe since colonization in 1890, to the present. Specific aspects to be covered include, the development of the settler economy and the underdevelopment of the African peasantry economy, colonial labour policies, African land dispossession; urbanisation and the growth of the manufacturing sector, trade unions and the beginnings of nationalism; the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland; UDI and sanctions as well the War of Liberation. The post colonial period examines the various development paradigms adopted to try and empower the once marginalised Black population. These paradigms include Growth with Equity, Neo-liberalism, Grassroots Approaches and De-Linking. The module also seeks to link the various development strategies adopted over years to the various theories of development such as Modernization, Dependency, Neo-liberalism and Grassroots.

  1. The foundation of the colonial political-economy.

This segment traces the establishment of the settler colony. Emphasis is on the mining sector, reasons for the failure of mining-led development and the recourse to Agriculture-led development, the underdevelopment of the African peasant sector, land policies as well as colonial labour policies. The role of the state in the whole process is examined.

2. The political-economy of the Responsible government: 1923 to World War II.
The segment addresses the role of the state in the development of the settler economy with particular reference to settler agriculture. Focus is on production, market crisis, the impact of the 1930`s depression and state response to the crisis in agriculture and settler unemployment. The segment also discusses the Land Apportionment Act.
3. World War II to UDI
This section deals with the socio-economic and political developments during and after the war. It examines the impact of the war on the economy and also traces developments that culminated in the Native land Husbandry Act in 1951. Labour struggles and the economics and impact of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland on developments in colonial Zimbabwe will also be examined.
4. UDI and the Rhodesian political-economy.
The section examines the impact of economic sanctions on the social and economic development of the country. It also examines the role of the state in the economy as well as the effectiveness of Import-Substitution –Industrialisation as an alternative development approach for developing economies.

African Nationalism and the Second Chimurenga.

The section gives a background to the rise of Mass Nationalism and discusses the Liberation struggle, counter insurgency and role of the Masses in the war.

6. The Post - Independence political economy

This section examines the different development approaches that were adopted by government since 1980. Successes and failures of these policies are evaluated under the following strategies.

The socialist experiment (growth with equity)

The Neo-liberal paradigm (Open Economy)

South-South Co-operation

De-linking, 21st century


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-------------- Revolt in Southern Rhodesia.

---------------Peasant consciousness and Guerilla War in Zimbabwe.

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