Macbeth Essay Step 1: Prompt



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2000 Jane Schaffer AP English Workshop
Steps in the Essay:
Step 1: Prompt

Step 2: Thesis/topic Sentence

Step 3: Group Prewrite

Step 4: Shaping

Step 5: First Draft

Step 6: Peer Response

Step 7: Final Draft

Macbeth Essay



Step 1: Prompt
Write a five-paragraph essay analyzing how Macbeth changes during the course of the play.

Step 2: Thesis and Topic Sentences—Work Bank/Synonym Bank




A

B

C

BEGINNING-soldier

MIDDLE-conspirator

END-king












  1. Thesis: Paragraph #1

In Shakespeare’s play, Macbeth changes from a _____A_____ soldier to a _____B_____conspirator, and finally to a ______C________ king.




  1. Topic Sentences:

Paragraph #2

In the beginning, Macbeth is ____A______ and _______A________. . .
Paragraph #3
In the middle, Macbeth becomes ____B____ and ____ B_____ in his desire to become king.
Paragraph #4
At the end, Macbeth is ____C_____ and ____ C______ . . .


Step 3: Group Prewriting: Gathering CD’s





BEGINNING

MIDDLE

END









After gathering CD’s that support each topic sentence have kids pick from the above master list for each paragraph.

They need to do line citations, all quote CD for plays

Need to have kids track the quotes on first reading with MLA citation.



Step 4: Shaping the Essay





  1. Copy your topic sentence for paragraph #2 here: Notice indention.

In the beginning, Macbeth is ______________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________.


  1. Looking at the group prewrite for the beginning of the play, choose 5 CD’s that support your topic sentence. Remember to include MLA parenthetical citations at the end. (Give example).

Paragraph #2: Macbeth in the Beginning


1st CD



( ).

2nd CD



( ).

3rd CD

( ).

4th CD



( ).

5th CD



( ).

Do the same for Paragraphs 3 (Macbeth in the Middle) and Paragraphs 4 (Macbeth in the End).



Paragraph #2—Macbeth in the Beginning

TLA and MLA in CD Sentences


  1. Copy your topic sentence for paragraph #2 (Macbeth in the Beginning):

In the beginning, Macbeth is _______________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________.


  1. Now look at your chart of 5 CD’s for this paragraph. Choose 3 of them and circle them. Show them to me. Then fill the charts below. Example:



TRANSITION

For example,

LEAD-IN (Name the character and describe the situation)

(Choose one of these words to start the lead-in :when after, during, since, while, before)
when Macbeth returns from the battlefield, he

QUOTATION WITH MLA PARENTHETICAL CITATION

Need to get quote and so on here (1.1.35 ).

Here is an example CD from The Scarlet Letter:

For example, when Hester and the baby ascend the stairs, the townspeople “look on her with scorn” (Hawthorne 4).

Paragraph #2 (Macbeth in the Beginning)

(Do the same for Paragraphs #4 and #5 the Middle and End.)

CD #1




TRANSITION

For example,

LEAD-IN (Name the character and describe the situation)

(Choose one of these words to start the lead-in : when after, during, since, while, before)



QUOTATION WITH MLA PARENTHETICAL CITATION

( ).



CD #2


TRANSITION

In addition,

LEAD-IN (Name the character and describe the situation)

(Choose one of these words to start the lead-in : when after, during, since, while, before)



QUOTATION WITH MLA PARENTHETICAL CITATION

( ).




CD #3




TRANSITION

Furthermore,

LEAD-IN (Name the character and describe the situation)

(Choose one of these words to start the lead-in : when after, during, since, while, before)



QUOTATION WITH MLA PARENTHETICAL CITATION

( ).

Introductory Paragraph (Paragraph #1)

Do group introduction (3 sentences, 40+ words) and have kids copy from the board. (Thesis is already done; flesh out sentences 1 and 2 that lead up to it.) Here is the format for the intro.


Sentence Number

Function

Sentence 1

--theme sentence

--starts with one or more theme words

--no CD from the literature


Sentence 2

--elaborates on #1 (says more stuff)

--no CD from the literature



Sentence 3

--thesis (already done)

--copy from earlier page



Here is the sequence of steps to get there:


Discuss theme: Use this sentence frame to lead to theme:
________________________ is a story about ____________________________.
For example:
The Scarlet Letter is a story about
sin

redemption

forgiveness

hypocrisy

the price of illicit love
--Ask the students to do individualthink and fill in the blank as many times as they have thoughts. Then make a groupthink list on the board. Have kids copy.
--Then you write sentence #1, using their theme words (with suggestions from the class) and adding some to make the sentence flow smoothly.
--Then write sentence #2, which says more stuff about #1. Make sure the intro is global enough to fit everyone’s essays.
--Have kids copy the thesis into box 3 below.
--Then have kids copy the intro below the chart to make sure they understand about one paragraph, indenting, and so on.

Or: have kids do thesis on this chart from the start.

Introductory Paragraph


Sentence Number

Function

Sentence 1 --theme sentence

--starts with one or more theme words

--no CD from the literature

--very global statement






Sentence 2

--elaborates on #1 (says more stuff)

--no CD from the literature

--more focused

--will connect the global statement to the thesis





Sentence 3

--thesis (already done)

--copy from earlier page




The First Draft


Students no go back and copy their introductory paragraph onto paper. Begin with paragraph #2 and add CM (commentary) to each CD. There should be at least 3 CM’s per CD (1CD:3+CM). After students have mastered this basic essay outline, they should be allowed to weave their information and analysis together to find their own style of writing and organization.

Concluding paragraph (Paragraph #5)




  1. Write down some final thoughts about your topic that you might want to leave with the reader.



  1. What lesson would you like your reader to learn from your essay?



  1. What connections can you make between your essay and real life?

Peer Response

Peer response: The teacher or partner reads the first draft (either the shaping sheets used as first drafts or a recopied first draft) and does peer response questions on the body paragraphs only –2-3 questions per paragraph.
Then the kids copy peer response questions to Q and A sheet and write possible answers. They show them to me. Here’s the form”


Questions

Answers

1.


1.

2.

2.

3.

3.

Then they plot their additions to their body paragraphs and show them to me.


Then they do the final draft with new additions, proofreading and so on; turn everything in, cover sheet on top, final draft next, everything else after that.









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