Macbeth essay assignment 2012


Insert strong verbs to augment your writing



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2. Insert strong verbs to augment your writing:

depict clarify express represent symbolize

exemplify describe inform epitomize personify

illustrate demonstrate portray articulate embody


3. Employ transitions to let the reader follow your train of thought:

COMPARISON: CONTRASTS: EMPHASIS: TO ADD INFO: CONCLUSIONS:


similarly although for this reason additionally as a result of

in the same way but to emphasize another therefore

likewise however in fact equally important to summarize

like still truly for example finally

also yet again along with in conclusion
SHOWING TIME OR CAUSE:

subsequently (happening after) after meanwhile

consequently (as a consequence of) before as soon as

immediately during next


4. Incorporate prepositions to invigorate your introductory phrases and to add variety to your sentence structures, but don’t forget that subjects and verbs must match.

A subject cannot be the object of a preposition, so watch out for:
on from until along with in regard to

by down between amid in addition to

to despite beyond within away from

at after instead of without against

of around like opposite subsequent to

in toward into in spite of throughout


5. Take out your thesaurus, apply alliteration, and practice parallelism.

How to write the Works Cited page
1. Type the words “Works Cited” in the center on the top line of a sheet of paper. Capitalize the first letters, but do not put quotation marks around the word or underline or italicize it.
2. Choose the type of source your quote is from. Some are listed below.
3. Begin with the last name of the author of the book where you found your quotation.

You will have three sources, your textbook or Macbeth book and the two you found. Whichever author’s last name is first alphabetically will be first on your page.


4. Do not indent the first line.
5. If the information is too long to fit on one line, the lines after the first will be indented. (This is so that when you look at the page the author’s last name is easy to see).
6. Follow the sample format below, but insert the information from your source. Remember that titles of books are italicized, titles of articles in books have quotation marks around them, and the entire entry should have a period at the end.

book by one author:

Shaw, Arnold. Black Popular Music in America: From the Spirituals to Hip-Hop. New York: Scribner

Books, 1986.
book by two or three authors:

Bystydzienski, Jill M. and Estelle P. Resnik. Women in Cross-Cultural Transitions. Bloomington: Phi

Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, 1994.
single work from an anthology:

Rich, Adrienne. “Re-Forming the Crystal,” Contemporary American Poetry. Ed. A. Poulin, Jr. 3rd ed.

Boston: Houton Mifflin Company, 1980. 396.
internet (must have an author to be a respectable site or be from Gale database):

Bowker, Samuel T. “Cyberspace: Debate on Research Use.” 12 Sept. 1996: n.pag. On-line. Internet. 5

Oct.1996. Available www:http//www.ppc.new.edu/home/stb/com.

Parallelism



In math, “parallel” means that two lines never intersect. If you have a group of parallel lines, they look like a repeat of the same line. For example: l l l l l In English, “parallelism” is a repetition of words or sentence structures to unify a sentence or phrase. They usually have three or more repetitions.
Example from Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities*: “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way- in short, the period was so far like the present period, that some of its noisiest authorities insisted on its being received, for good or for evil, in the superlative degree of comparison only.”

It was the best of times,

it was the worst of times,

it was the age of wisdom,

it was the age of foolishness

pronoun verb article adjective preposition noun

(past tense) (first two

are superlatives)


*there are seven examples of paradox in this long, but grammatically correct sentence

Example from Winston Churchill: “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.”


so much

by so many

to so few

preposition conjunction adjective**


**these words can be different parts of speech

Example from Julius Caesar: “I came, I saw, I conquered."



For this one, you get to fill in the parallel banks. Be sure to draw lines to show the parallelism and put the parts of speech at the bottom.
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________


***in the original Latin, Veni, vidi, vici






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