FOUNDATION IN ENGLISH
Time : 3 hours Maximum marks : 75
Annotate any TWO of the following : (2 4 = 8)
(a) ‘That was the reason why I ran away from home, and settled down here and married you’.
(c) Discuss the use of Simple Past and Past Perfect Tense in functional grammar.
(d) Explain the different contexts in which the definite article is used.
(e) Analyse the use of punctuation marks.
Read the following passage and answer the questions given below : (6 2 = 12)
In the ancient Greece there were scholars who were called Sophists. They called themselves philosophers and taught the aristocratic youth of Athens the arts and sciences. Logic, oratory and philosophy were popular among the students.
Socrates was also a sophist. But he was different from others. He never sold knowledge for money or approached persons for favours and wealth. He was happy with simple life and teased the public with his troublesome questions. He asked the people to think for themselves and find out the truth and essence of human existence. Hence he was popular among youths and his maxim was ‘Knowledge is Virtue’.
(a) What was the name for Greek Scholars?
(b) How did the Greek Scholars call themselves?
(c) What were the subjects taught by the Greek Scholars?
(d) How did Socrates differ from others?
(e) What did Socrates ask the people to do?
(f) What is the essence of Socrates’ philosophy?
(a) Fill in the blanks with correct tense :
(3 2 = 6)
(i) I —————— (meet) him before.
(ii) The sun —————— (rise) in the east.
(iii) Margaret —————— (ride) a bicycle, when a car came along.
(b) Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles :
(3 2 = 6)
(i) I am not —————— fool.
(ii) To call woman —————— weaker sex is a libel.
(iii) He didn’t move —————— inch.
(c) Fill in the blanks with correct prepositions :
(4 2 = 8)
(i) It always gets cool here —————— the evening.
(ii) I have to attend a marriage ————— Thursday.
(iii) She is afraid —————— dogs.
(iv) She drinks milk —————— sugar.
Precis writing : (1 15 = 15)
Raja Ram Mohan Roy will always be remembered as one of greatest reformers of India. He belonged to an Orthodox Brahmin family of Bengal. As was the custom in those days, Ram Mohan’s marriage took place even while he was a child. He continued to go to school after his marriage. He was a brilliant student. He learned many languages including English. He read the holy books of not only his own religion, but also of Christianity and Islam. He believed that all religions teach the same truth and that no religion is superior to any other.
A tragic event that happened in the family opened Ram Mohan’s eyes to evil customs which prevailed in the country. He had a sister whom he loved very much. Her husband died and before Ram Mohan’s eyes she jumped into the fire that consumed her husband’s body. This was in accordance with the custom of ‘Sati’ which made it the duty of the wife to give up her life when her husband died. This event was a turning point in Ram Mohan’s Life. He decided to fight against the evil practices that people followed in the name of religion.
Ram Mohan was a good speaker and writer. He used his eloquence to attack customs like ‘Sati’. Many orthodox people opposed him. But he went on fighting for the cause which he considered right. As a result of his efforts, the Government of India declared ‘Sati’ illegal.