Last Six months Current affairs 2012-13 for sbi po exam



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Women’s Singles: Tai Tzu-ying (Thailand) won the women’s singles title after defeated Yao Xue

(Korea)


Women’s Doubles: In the event Bao Yixin-Tian Qing (China) won the title after defeated Misaki

Matsutomo-Ayaka Takahashi (Japan)



3. Lalith Babu takes top honours : Lalith Babu defeated Swapnil Dhopade in the final

round to clinch the Chennai Super Kings International Grandmaster chess tournament that

concluded at the Nehru Stadium in Chennai on 23 January 2013.Lalith Babu won

Rs.200,000 and the trophy after becoming the first Indian player to claim the Chennai

Open

4. Australian Open Tennis Tournament – 2013 Winners : Womens Single’s :- Victoria

Azarenka of Belarus won the Women’s Singles title of the Australian Open Tennis

tournament after defeated Li Na of China in the final at Melbourne on 26 January .

Men’s Singles:- Novak Djokovic (Serbia) has won the men’s singles title after defeating Andy

Murray (Britain) in four sets. This is Djokovic’s fourth Australian Open and over all six Grand Slam

single title.

Women’s Doubles:- Top seeds Sara Errani and Roberta Vinci won the title, defeating wild cards

Ashleigh Barty and Casey Dellacqua in the final.



Men’s Doubles : Top seeded American brothers Bob and Mike Bryan won the men’s doubles title.

Americans Mike and Bob Bryan won their record 13th Grand Slam doubles title, defeating the

Dutch team of Robin Haase and Igor Sijsling .

5. Magnus Carlsen Won Tata Steel Chess Championship : Magnus Carlsen won Tata

Steel 2013 Chess tournament title in the final at Netherlands on 27 January .In the final

round tournament, he scored 10 points , winning clear first ahead of second-place finisher

Aronian (Armenia).World champion Viswanathan Anand at third position.



6. Mumbai won 40th Ranji Trophy Title : On 29 January Mumbai won its 40th Ranji

Trophy title against Saurashtra by an inning and 125 runs in the final at Wankhede at

Mumbai .Wasim Jaffar was declared Man of the Match. Ajit Agarkar was the captain of the

winning team.



ECONOMY

1. China’s millionaire number crosses million mark : “The number of millionaires in

China crossed a million mark for the first in the Communist nation, putting it in the elite

club of the wealthy nations like US and Japan. The elite millionaires group includes 63,500

billionaires, according to Hurun Report, a Chinese event and publishing group which

compiled the China’s list of the rich.The number of Chinese

worth more than 10 million yuan (USD 1.6 million) broke the million mark in 2011 for the

first time, with 1.02 million people now in this elite group. Of these million-plus wealthy

individuals, 84 per cent are concentrated in the eastern, northern and southern regions of

China, with Beijing home to the greatest number, at 1.79 lakh millionaires.

2. Crisil Research cuts 2012-13 GDP growth forecast to 5.5% : Crisil Research has cut

India’s real GDP growth forecast for 2012-13 from 6.5 per cent to 5.5 per cent. This

downward revision in GDP is due to deficient monsoon and worsening of the Euro Zone

economic outlook.



3. CIBIL working on Risk Index to help banks : Credit Information Bureau (India) Ltd

(CIBIL) is planning to introduce a risk index that will help the country’s banks take quicker

decisions on extending loans to corporates and business houses. The index follows the

credit information firm’s TransUnion score for individual borrowers being used by financial

institutions and banks to take decisions in respect

of credit cards and home loans. “Any individual with over 750 score can be considered as

good”.

4. P.M.’s Economic Panel Lowers the Indian : Growth Estimate to 6.7% for 2012-13

Prime Minister’s economic advisory panel on 17 August 2012 pegged GDP growth for the

current financial year to 6.7 percent. This is mainly due to poor Monsoon which will pull

down the agriculture

growth rate to 0.5 percent from 2.8 percent last year. “Economy will grow at 6.7 percent

in 2012- 13, Prime Minister’s economic Advisory council (PMEAC) chairman C.Rangarajan

said that while releasing “Economic outlook for 2012-13”. He asked the government to

open multi – brand retail to foreign investment and raise diesel prices in one (or) more

steps to contain the subsidy bill. India has registered 6.5% growth in the fiscal year 2011-

12. Which was the lowest in the past nine years.



5. Government Detected Rs.49,325 crore Black Money in India : Government said that

Rs.49,325 crore has been detected in the country in the last three years while tax evasion

of Rs.600 crore found on input from abroad under multi-prolonged efforts to heck black

money menance. this information has been contained in a 13 page fact-sheet released by

the Finance Ministry.The fact-sheet say the Central Board of Direct Taxes(CBDT) has

detected undisclosed income of over Rs.32,000 crore besides seizing assets valued at over

Rs 2,600 crores. 17,325 crore income detected in survey. Government also disclosed that

under Double Avoidance agreement(DTAA), investigation of information from German and

France has led to detection of tax evasion of Rs.600 crore and realization of Rs.200 crore

in taxes.



6. Union Finance Minister Approved the Proposal FDI raise up to 49% : The Union

Finance Minister P.Chidambaram approved the raise of FDI in Insurance and Pension

sector up to 49%. Earlier the limit of FDI was up to 26%. This Proposal of 49% raise of

FDI was made during the tenure of Pranab mukherjee. It was delayed because of

resistance from the cronies.

7. ISC directs Sahara Group to refund Rs 17,400 crore to investors : In a major

setback to the Sahara Group, the Supreme Court on 31st August 2012 directed two of its

companies to refund around Rs 17,400 crore to their investors within three months with 15

percent interest.A bench of justices K S Radhakrishnan and J S Khehar directed SEBI to

take action against the companies, Sahara India Real Estate Corporation

and Sahara Housing Investment Corporation, if they fail to refund the money.



8. India, China joint panel to address trade concerns : India and China have agreed to

establish a joint working group to address all trade-related issues, including the widening

trade balance between the countries. The decision was taken at a meeting between trade

minister Anand Sharma and his

Chinese counterpart Chen Deming in New Delhi on 27th August 2012.Trade between the

countries was $75.4 billion in 2011-12, against $59 billion in 2010- 11. In 2011-12,

exports to China stood at $17.9 billion while imports from there stood at $57.5 billion,

resulting in a trade deficit of $39.6 billion.



9. India’s GDP to remain below 6% for 2012-13 : CII(Confederation of Indian Industry)

survey indicated that the GDP growth during 2012-13 is expected to remain below 6

percent

10. Planning Commission for cut in 12th Plan annual GDP growth target to 8.2% :

Planning Commission is proposing to lower annual average growth target for the 12th Five

Year Plan (2012-17) to 8.2 per cent from its earlier projection of 9 per cent in view of

uncertain global environment and sluggish performance of the manufacturing sector at

home.

11. CRR cut to inject Rs.17,000 crore : The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), on 17th

September 2012, retained the indicative policy rates at the current level while cutting the

Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) by 25 basis points to 4.50 per cent, injecting a liquidity of

around Rs.17,000 crore into the banking system.



12. Naveen Jindal tops executive pay chart with Rs 73.4 crore package : The

Chairperson and Managing Director of Jindal Steel and Power Ltd (JSPL),Naveen Jindal has

topped the executive pay charts for listed companies in the country with a package of Rs

73.42 crore for the last fiscal 2011-12, which grew by over Rs six crore from previous

year.

13. Govt approves 49% FDI in insurance & pension sectors : On 4th October 2012 The

Cabinet has cleared proposals to allow more Foreign Direct Investment or FDI in the

insurance and pension sectors.In both the sectors government approves 49% of FDI’s.

14. Govt approves 12th Five-Year Plan : On 4th October 2012 Government approved the

12th Five-Year Plan (2012-17) document that aims to achieve annual average economic

growth rate of 8.2 per cent, down from 9 per cent envisaged earlier, in view of fragile

global recovery.

15. HDFC Bank partners Indian Oil Corporation to offer rural banking services : HDFC

Bank has partnered Indian Oil Corporation to provide banking services in the rural areas

where IOC’s petrol pump outlets Kisan Seva Kendras will act as the business

correspondents for the banks.



16. IMF cuts India’s Growth Forecast for 2012 to 4.9 Percent : The International

Monetary Fund (IMF) has slashed India’s growth forecast to 4.9 per cent for 2012 due to

low business confidence and “sluggish structural reforms”.

17. India-US trade to touch $100 bn : Bilateral trade between India and the US is expected

to touch USD 100 billion in the coming years on increasing economic engagement between

the countries.

18. Rangarajan lowers FY13 GDP growth forecast to 6% : Prime Minister’s key advisor C

Rangarajan 25th October 2012 lowered the growth projection for the current fiscal to 6 per

cent from 6.7 per cent estimated earlier.

19. Rs 6,000-cr fine on Tata Steel for illegal mining : The Odisha government imposed a

fine Rs 6,000 crore on Tata Steel for its alleged involvement in “illegal and excess

mining” at its captive mines.

20. India signs loan agreement with World Bank for USD 70 million : India signed a

70-million US Dollar loan agreement with World Bank for financing the Karnataka Health

Systems Development as well as Reform Project on 22 November 2012.

21. The ADB cut India’s Growth Forecast to 5.4 percent : The Asian Development Bank

(ADB) cut India’s growth forecast to 5.4 per cent in 2012-13 fiscal, barely two months

after it had made a projection of 5.6 per cent growth for the Asia’s third largest economy.

India’s growth forecast is revised from 5.6 per cent to 5.4 per cent in fiscal year 2012 and

from 6.7 per cent to 6.5 per cent in FY 2013.

22. Rich Gulf Families Own Wealth Worth USD 1.2 Trillion : According to the ‘KFHResearch’

report said one million wealthy families in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)

countries own investment assets worth about USD 1.2 trillion.The report about wealth and

funds management said that the world’s population of high net worth individuals (HNWIs)

grew by a marginal 0.8 per cent year on year to 11 million in 2011.

23. India Economy Would Dominate the Economy of the World by 2030 : US

intelligence counsel was released report on 10 December 2012 declared that India would

straddle international commerce and will also dominate the economy of the whole world by

2030.


24. IOC Retains Top in Fortune 500 India List : Government owned Indian Oil Corporation

(IOC) is ranked as the largest company in terms of revenue, the Fortune 500 list of Indian

companies for 2012 . In this list Indian Oil Corporation got the first place with a full-year

revenue of Rs 4,202 billion, Reliance Industries Limited got the second place with a fullyear

revenue of Rs 3,675 billion and Bharat Petroleum Corporation got the third place with

a full -year revenue of Rs 2,148 billion



25. India’s Lost $123 bn in Black Money : According to the report of ‘Illicit Financial

Flows from Developing Countries: 2001—2010,’ released by Global Financial Integrity

(GFI) India lost $123 billion in black money during 2001-2010. However India’s loss is far

less than that of China, which according to the report suffered a loss of $ 2.74 trillion

during the same period (2001 to 2010). India is the eighth largest victim of black money

loses.


26. India Lags Several Nations in Per Capita Income : India is lagging behind several

countries in per capita income due to different levels of development and various other

factors, the central government was informed on 19 December. India’s per capita GDP on

Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) basis was $3,403 in 2010 and is estimated at $3,662.69 in

2011 and $3,851.31 in 2012.

27. Philippines introduced ‘sin tax’ : A “sin tax” on cigarettes and alcohol was introduced in

the Philippines on 01 January 2013, as part of a government bid to boost finances.Many

stores started selling tobacco and drink at inflated prices before midnight , ahead of the

official implementation of the tax hikes on January 01, hitting partygoers in the pocket.Tax

on cigarettes will gradually be raised to 30 pesos ($0.72) per pack by 2017, roughly

doubling the current price to around 52 pesos.Duty on alcohol will also increase gradually

until 2017, increasing the price of a bottle of beer by 23.50 pesos, with varying levels for

other drinks including wine and spirits.



28. LIC Launched New Jeewan Nidhi & Flexi Plus Policies : The Life Insurance

Corporation (LIC) of India launched two new Insurence policies New Jeevan Nidhi, a

pension scheme, and Flexi Plus on 3 January .New Jeewan Nidhi provides the facility of

insurance coverage of full amount while the insured person keeps depositing

premiums.The Flexi policy is a unit linked insurance product. The plan not only provides a

lump sum benefit on death but also maturity benefit irrespective of survival of the policy

holder

29. Mukesh Ambani 18th richest man in world : Indian business magnate Mukesh

Ambani is the 18th richest person in the world with a personal wealth of $24.7 billion in

2012, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index, a daily ranking of the world’s 100

wealthiest individuals. Mexican telecommunications magnate Carlos Slim remained the

world’s richest person last year holding a personal fortune of more than $70

billion.Microsoft founder Bill Gates and the founder of fashion retailer Zara, Amancio

Ortega, got a second and third places respectively.

30. Indian Companies Top Globally in R&D Investment : According to the European

Commission report Indian companies have come on the top globally when it comes to

growth in their research and development (R&D) investments, leaving their counterparts in

the US and Europe far behind.Indian firms rank far below when it comes to absolute R&D

investments made by them and the top-ranked company from the country.These are the

only 14 Indian companies present in a list of top-1500 entities worldwide in terms of their

annual R&D investments.The top-ranked Indian company is Infosys at 329th place and

Japanese company Toyota Motor appears at the top of the ranking in the 2012 Scoreboard.



31. IMF forecasted Indian Economic Growth Rate to be 5.9 percent in 2013 : The

International Monetary Fund (IMF) on 23 January 2013 pegged India’s economic growth

rate in 2013 at 5.9 per cent and projected a higher growth of 6.4 per cent next year in line

with the gradual strengthening of global expansion.



32. World Bank’s “Global Economic Prospects 2013″ Report : According to the World

Bank “Global Economic Prospects 2013″ report , India’s growth is expected to inch closer

to that of China in near future, in which the economies of developing countries like India,

China and Brazil are projected to be recovering and higher growth rate.The World Bank

expects that by 2015, the growth rate of China would be 7.9% and that of India 7%.While

the growth of the world economy growth is projected to inch up from 2.3% in 2012 to

2.4% in 2013, with the high-income countries remaining at the same level of growth of

1.3% in both 2012 and 2013, it is the emerging markets like India, China and Brazil that

would show significant signs of recovery.They are expecting a recovery in India from 5.1%

growth in 2012 to 6.1% growth in 2013.



33. India 119th on Economic Freedom Index : According to the ‘Heritage Foundation’

2013 Index of Economic Freedom survey report , India has been ranked as the 119th

freest country in the world and India’s economic freedom score stood at 55.2, as its

institutional shortcomings continue to undermine the foundations for long-term economic

development.The top ten countries in the list include Hong Kong, Singapore, Australia,

New Zealand, Switzarland, canada, Chili, Mauritius, Denmark and US.



34. India second in steel production globally : India is second only to China in terms of

steel production. In the last 5 years India’s production grew by 33 percent, thus making it

behind China among the top 5 steel producing nation. World Steel Association (WSA) data

has revealed that China’s production grew by 39 per cent during 2008-2012, India’s by 33

percent and India’s production grew constantly in the last five years from 57.8 MT in 2008

to 63.5 MT in 2009, 69 MT in 2010, 73.6 MT in 2011 and 76.7 MT in 2012



35. RBI cuts CRR, Repo Rates : On 29 January The Reserve Bank of India slashed its key

interest rates by 0.25 per cent and released 18000 crore rupees additional liquidity into

the system to perk up growth through reduced cost of borrowing. RBI in its third quarter

monetary policy review surprised the market by cutting short-term lending rate called

repo, by 0.25 per cent to 7.75 per cent and Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) by similar margin to

4 per cent.



SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

1. SPOT6 reached to SHAR : The Satish Dawan Space Centre in Nellore district at

Sriharikota will launching PSLV C-21 rocket(100th rocket) with French satellite

SPOT6(800kg) and a small Japanese satellite weighing around 15kg in the month of

September.This is the hundredth rocket in the 49 years of ISRO history.



2. Cabinet Clears Mars mission : The Union Cabinet on 03 August 2012 cleared the Indian

Space Research Organization(ISRO) mission to Mars next year November The project

envisages putting a spacecraft in the red planet’s orbit to study its atmosphere with the

help of the polar Satellite launch vehicle. India joins the United states , Russia, Europe,

Japan and China in undertaking such an

effort. The spacecraft will have a scientific payload of 25 kg and its proposed to be placed

in an orbit of 500 x 80,000 km around the planet.The mission is estimated to cost about

Rs $450 crore.



3. Curiosity Landed on Red Planet : The Robotic Explorer Curiosity blazed through the

pink skies of mars, steering itself to gentle landing inside again crater for the most

ambitious dig yet into the red planet. It was NASA’s seventh landing on earth’s

Neighbor.In November 2011 American Space Research Centre NASA Launched the

curiosity into the space. On 6 Aug 2012 the Curiosity landed safely on the Mars.The

Voyage to Mars took more than eight months and spanned 352m million miles(566 million

kilometers). It sliced through Martian atmosphere ay 13,000mph(21,000kph). The first of

what scientists predict will be enormous

amounts of Information, Including a possible answer to whether Mars ever supported

conditions for Organic life, to find evidence of life itself,alive or fossilized-its raft of 10

scientific instruments will hunt for carbon based compounds considered essential

to microbial life. It stays 2 years in Mars to collect all these Information. This is the next

space mission of NASA after 1970. Ashwini, Indo-American scientist involved in this

mission.


4. NASA picks 3 firms to develop space taxis : NASA picks 3 firms to develop space

taxis,the companies are the Boeing Co,Space Exploration Technologies called SpaceX, and

Sierra Nvada Corp.

5. A new oxidant in the atmosphere identified : Scientists have found for the first time

unequivocal evidence of another oxidant playing a vital role in the formation of gaseous

sulphuric acid in the atmosphere. Until now, it was thought that the combination of OH

(hydroxyl radical) oxidant with sulphur dioxide (SO) was the dominant way by which

gaseous sulphuric acid is formed in the atmosphere. They found the new oxidant has

“significant capacity” to oxidise sulphur dioxide.



6. Largest 3D Map of Galaxies : Astronomers have unveiled the largest ever 3D map of the

sky, encompassing massive galaxies and distance black holes, based on sloan digital sky

survey III(SDSS- III). These galaxies are captures by a 2.5 meter wide -angle telescope

located at the Apache Point observatory in New Mexico.The release Includes of 200 million

galaxies and spectra of 1.35 million galaxies, according to a Harvardsmith soniam

statement with SDSS-III.



7. Agni-II Test Fired Successfully : Surface to Surface missile Agni-II soared to a

successfully test fired on 9 august 2012 at Wheeler Island of the Odisha. It have a height

of 20km and weighted as 17 tonnes and have the capacity to carry a nuclear war head of

weighing one ton. The missile Ranging Agni-I 700km , Agni-II 2,000 km , Agni- III-

3,300km. The future projects are Agni 4 andAgni 5 to launch.

8. Print High Resolution Images Without Ink aNew Technology Developed : The team

of scientists with Indian origin has developed a new technology of printing high resolution

images without ink. The Institute of materials research and Engineering in Singapore has

demonstrated that 1,00,000 dots per inch(dpi) can

produce sharp and full spectrum color images.Which can be applicable in reflect colour

displays , anti-counterfeiting, and high density optical recording.Karthik Kumar says that

size and spacing of the nanodots is critical to the final image quality. “The closer the dots

are together and because of their small size, the higher the resolution of the image.



9. Nanotechnology for Solar panel efficiency : A University of Houston researchers has

developed a nano particle coating for solar panel that makes it easier to keep them clean.

This helps in keeping them efficient and cuts maintains cost. NASA spies cosmic supermom

Scientists have found a cosmic supermom, a galaxy that gives birth to more stars in a day

than Earth’s does in a year. Astronomers used NASA’s Chandra X-ray telescope to spot

this distant gigantic galaxy creating about 740 new stars a year. By comparison,

our Milky Way Galaxy spawns just about one new star each year.



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