Él "star", elen being the ordinary word) or a poetic or archaic meaning of an ordinary word

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I (1st pers. sg) inyë (independent pronoun, used for emphasis: *"even I"), -n or -nyë (endings used on verbs, e.g. ávan, ványë "I [-n/-nyë] will not", maruvan "I [-n] will abide"). The long form -nye must be used if another pronominal ending is to be added after it: utúvienyes, "I [-nye-] have found it [-s]". In the "Arctic" sentence, ni is translated "I"; this may be a shorter (non-emphatic?) form of inyë. The dative pronoun nin "for me" is transparently ni + the dative ending -n; other case endings may also be added to ni. -LR:61, WJ:371, LotR:1008/1003, Arct

ICE helcë; ICE-COLD helca (the final -a is missing in the printed Etymologies, entry KHEL, but VT45:21 confirms that this is a typo; the full form also occurs in LT1:254 and Silm) -LT1:254/Silm:433/KHEL

IDEA intya (guess, suppostition), inca (cited with a final hyphen in the source, but it does not seem to be a verbal stem); *selma (Þ) ("a fixed idea, will". In WJ:319, the word is given as Þelma, but Þ (th) would become s in the Noldorin Quenya. Cf. Þindë, sindë in WJ:384; see GREY) -INK, VT45:18, WJ:319

IDENTICAL imya (same, selfsame) -VT47:37

IDOL cordon -LT1:257

IDRIL Itaril, Itarillë, Itarildë (obsoleting Irildë in LT2) -PM:346/Silm:436, LT2:343

IF mai; IF ANYBODY aiquen (whoever) -PE14:59, WJ:372

ILL laiwa (sick, sickly) -SLIW

ILL-SHAPEN nauca (hard, twisted, *small - see SMALL.) -WJ:413




IMMOVEABLE tulca (firm, strong, steadfast; Note: there is a homophone meaning "fix, set up, establish") -TULUK cf. LT1:270

IMPLEMENT (prob. noun) yaima -GL:37

IMPEDED tapta; nominal pl. taptar was used = tapta tengwi "impeded elements", a term for consonants (sg. #tapta tengwë; in the pl. we would rather expect *taptë tengwi with the pl. form of the adjective). -VT39:17

IMPOSSIBLE TO RECOUNT únyárima ("sc. because all the facts are not known, or the tale is too long"), IMPOSSIBLE TO SAY/PUT INTO WORDS úquétima (unpronounceable, unspeakable), A THING IMPOSSIBLE TO BE OR TO BE DONE únat -WJ:370, VT39:26

IMPULSE felmë (emotion), hórë; BODY-IMPULSE hroafelmë (impulses provided by the body, e.g. physical fear, hunger, thirst, sexual desire), SPIRIT-IMPULSE fëafelmë (impulses originating with the spirit, e.g. love, pity, anger, hate); IMPULSIVE hórëa (the gloss "impulsion" in the printed Etymologies is a misreading, VT45:22); HAVE AN IMPULSE horya- (be compelled to do something, set vigorously out to do) -KHOR, VT41:19 cf. 13, VT45:22

IN mi (within), imi; IN THE (for *mi i?) (The version of Nam in LotR has mi where the version in RGEO has the more correct form .) IN or AT: , se (the form with a long vowel may be preferred since se is apparently also a 3rd person pronoun) This preposition is apparently related to the locative ending -ssë (plural -ssen, dual -tsë) that would be the most typical way of expressing "in, on, at" in Quenya. IN, INWARDS, see separate entry INWARDS. -MI, VT43:30/VT44:18, 34, Nam, RGEO:66, VT43:30, 34

IN- (prefix denying presence or possession of thing or quality) ú- (not-, un-) -VT39:14; according to LR:396 s.v. UGU, this prefix usually has a "bad sense", cf. vanimor "fair folk" vs. úvanimor "monsters".

INADEQUATE penya (pl. penyë is attested) (lacking). INADEQUATE SIGN #penya tengwe (only pl. penyë tengwi is attested). This term, also translated "lacking signs", was used in early Elvish analysis of Quenya as the term for vowels with no preceding consonant, held (in many cases incorrectly) to have lost such a consonant. -VT39:6, 8

IN A VERY GREAT NUMBER úvëa (abundant) -UB

INCARNATE (noun) #mirroanwë (only pl. mirroanwi "incarnates" is attested) -MR:350


INCLINE (noun) talta -TALÁT

INCLINED penda (sloping down) -PEN

INDEED (interjection) é. Can be prefixed to sentences, as in e man antaváro? "What will he give indeed?" (LR:63); this e would seem to be a short variant of é. -VT45:11, LR:63

INDEX FINGER lepetas (evidently lepetass-) (first finger). This finger is also called emmë, emya (terms used in children's play, basically "mother, mummy"; also used = "index toe"). -VT47:10, 26


INDICATE tana- (show) (Note: tana also means "that"), tëa- (note: not to be confused with the noun tëa "straight line, road"), pa.t. tengë (VT43:38). INDICATION tengwë (sign, token, writing - pl tengwi is attested) INDICATED (adj) tengë. -MR:385, VT39:6, WJ:394, 395 cf. TEK, VT39:6

INDUCE sahta- (Þ) (referring primarily to inducing someone to do something against their will or conscience). -VT43:22

INDUCEMENT TO DO WRONG #úsahtië (temptation). Attested in the allative case (úsahtienna). -VT43:23

INLANDS Mittalmar (the central region of Númenor) -UT:165, 454

INNER MIND órë (heart) (Note: a homophone means "rising") -LotR:1157

INSECT (small insect) (fly) -VT47:35

INSERT mitta- -VT43:30

INSIDE, TO THE mir, minna (into) -MI

INSIGHT tercen; OF INSIGHT, lit *INSIGHTFUL #tercenya (only pl tercenyë is attested) -MR:230

INTELLECT handelë; INTELLIGENCE handassë; INTELLIGENT handa (understanding) -KHAN

INTERCHANGE OF THOUGHT (= telepathy) ósanwë (communication of thought). -VT39:26

INTERIOR (adj) mitya -MI

INTO mir, minna (to the inside), variant mina. -MI, VT43:30

INVENT auta- (devise, originate) (Note: a homophone means "pass"); INVENTION aulë


INWARDS - a word imbë said to be the adverb "in(wards)" appears in VT45:18 (not clearly identified as a Quenya word), but in LotR, imbë is the preposition "between".

INZILADÛN Palantir -UT:223, Silm:324

IRELAND Íverind- (As indicated by the hyphen, some ending is needed - a Quenya word cannot end in nd. The normal form must be *Íverin, becoming Íverind(e)- before an ending, e.g. genitive *Íverindo, locative *Íverindessë [cf. Lórien, locative Lóriendessë]. The name is also given as Íwerin or Iverindor, "an island off the west coast of Tol Eressëa" - Eressëa later becoming England in this early version of Tolkien's mythology.) -LT2:344, cf 285

IRON anga, IRON or STEEL erë, eren; OF IRON angaina; IRON-HANDED Angamaitë; IRON-GAOL Angamando (Angband) -ANGÂ/LotR:1157, LT1:252, LT1:249, 268, Letters:425 cf. LotR:1085, MR:350

ÍRITH Irissë -PM:345

IS see BE

ISLAND, ISLE lóna, tol (stem toll- as in the pl tolli; the plural was misread as "tolle" in the Etymologies as printed in LR, see VT46:19). According to Silm:438, tol is used of islands "rising with sheer sides from the sea or from a river". LT1:269 defines a tol as "any rise standing alone in water, plain of green, etc.") STEEP ISLE tollë (apparently simply the fuller form of tol). THE LONELY ISLE Tol Eressëa (tol "isle" often being omitted) -LONO, TOL/VT46:19/VT47:13, 26, RGEO:70

ISOLATED ROUND HILL tolmen (boss of shield) -LT1:269



ISSUE uswë (escape) -LT1:251

ISSUE OF WATER ehtelë (fountain, spring) -KEL

ISTHMUS yanwë (bridge, joining) -YAT

IT #sa (ósa in VT43:29 seems to mean "with it"), -s (pronominal ending, e.g. utúvienyes, "I have found [utúvienye-] it [-s]") It is uncertain what the independent word "it, even it" might be; see HE. *ITS -rya (possessive suffix, only attested with the meanings "his" and "her" [q.v.], but related forms suggest that this ending covers the entire 3rd pers. sg.) In the Etymologies, Tolkien defined ta as "that, it", but later, he turned ta into a plural pronoun instead ("they/them", with reference to non-persons). -VT43:29, LotR:1008, WJ:369, TA

ITSELF (reflexive pronoun) imma (also used as noun "same thing"), also insa -VT47:37

JACKET vacco (cloak) -GL:21


JANUARY Narvinyë (In LT1:252, the word for January is avestalis, and the latter part of the month is called Erintion, but these words are hardly conceptually valid in LotR-style Quenya.) -LotR:1144

JAW anca (translated "jaws" in the appendices to LotR and Silm, but anca is sg and is glossed "jaw" in Etym. GL:37 has [spelt "kâ"]) -LotR:1157, Silm:427, ÁNAK

JERK (vb) rihta- (give quick twist or move), (noun:) rinca (twitch, trick, sudden move) -RIK(H), VT46:11 cf. RIK(H)

JESUS Yésus -VT43:31

JEWEL mírë (pl. míri is attested); SHINING JEWEL miril (treasure, precious thing). *NOLDO-JEWEL (= Silmaril) Noldomírë, Noldomír; WITH ADORNMENT OF RED JEWELS carnimírië (a pl form? Sg *carnimírëa? Letters:224 has carne- instead of carni-.) JEWEL OF YAVANNA yavannamírë (a flagrant evergreen tree with scarlet fruit, brought to Númenor by the Eldar) -MIR/Silm:434, Nam, ÑGOL/VT46:3, LotR:505 cf. Letters:224, UT:472

JOINING (noun) yanwë (isthmus, bridge) -YAT

JOY alassë (merriment) -GALÁS

JUDGE (vb) #nam- (1st person aorist namin "I judge" in VT41:13), JUDGE (noun) Námo (Ordainer - the name of a Vala. In MR:150, though, Námo is glossed JUDGEMENT [of what is]). Note: a homophone námo means "person". -Silm:411

JUDGEMENT námië – defined as "a (single) judgement" or "a (single) desire". A JUDGEMENT náma (desire). JUDGEMENT (of what is) Námo (but this is elsewhere glossed "Ordainer", and the ending -o normally does indicate something animate/masculine rather than something abstract). -VT41:13, MR:150

JUICE sáva, pirya (syrup) -SAB, PIS

JULY Cermië -LotR:1144

JUNE Nárië -LotR:1144

JUPITER Alcarinquë (Basic Quenya:24, cf. Silm:55. According to LT1:260, Morwen (there translated "daughter of the dark") is a name of Jupiter, but this may not be a valid word in Tolkien's later Quenya. LT1:265 also mentions Silindo as a name of this planet.

JUST faila (fair-minded, generous) -PM:352

KEEN laica (the printed Etymologies has a final -e instead of -a, but this is a misreading; see VT45:25) (sharp, acute, *piercing); KEENNESS (of perception) laicë (acuteness). The conceptual validity of these words is questionable; see PIERCING. -LAIK

KEEPING (safe keeping) mando (custody) -MR:350

KHAZAD-DÛM Casarrondo (Dwarrowvault) -WJ:389


KIN nossë (house, people) -LT1:250, 272/LT2:338

KIND nostalë (species) -LT1:272

KINDLE tinta- (cause to sparkle), narta-; in older [TLT] materiel also turu-, tunda- (Note: there is a homophone meaning "tall") -Silm:438, VT45:37, LT1:270

KINDLY asëa (Þ) (beneficial, helpful) (so according to a late note where the word is derived from *ATHAYA)

KING aran (pl arani is attested) In Etym, the Quenya word for "king, chieftain" is haran pl. harni, but evidence from LotR, WJ and UT shows that Tolkien changed it to aran pl arani. Cf. asëa aranion "kingsfoil", i arani Eldaron "the Kings of the Eldar", Arandor "kingsland", aranya *"my king", arandil "king's friend, royalist", and arandur "king's servant, minister".) LT1:273 has vardar "king", but this is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. KINGLY BULL Aramund (this may not be pure Quenya) -3AR, LotR:899, WJ:369, UT:165, 193, 313, Letters:386, 423

KINGDOM #aranië (attested with the suffix -lya "thy" added). Earlier versions of the text in question had other forms: #turinasta, #turindië (both also occurring with a long ú). -VT43:12, 15

KINGSFISHER halatirno, halatir (halatirn-) (lit. "fishwatcher") -SKAL2, TIR

KNIGHT roquen (rider, horseman) -UT:282 cf. WJ:372

KNOB tolma (defined as "protuberance contrieved to serve a purpose, knob, short rounded handle", etc.), tolos (lump) -VT47:28, LT1:269

KNOCK #pet- (strike), pa.t. pentë given. The verb is cited as "pete", perhaps with a suffixed stem-vowel. KNOCK (keep on knocking) tamba- -QL:73, TAM


KNOT narda, nútë (bond). Pl. perhaps *núter not *núti; cf. the similar formation tyávë "taste", pl tyáver. -SNAR, NU

KNOW ista (pa.t. sintë); KNOW ABOUT hanya- (understand, be skilled in dealing with), KNOWLEDGE handë (understanding), ista, istya, issë (lore), nólë (long study, lore, wisdom). (In Etym this word is spelt with initial ñ, that is, ng. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya, and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. Nólë is so spelt also in Silm:432. But if this word is written in Tengwar, the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo, not númen.) HAVING KNOWLEDGE istima (wise, learned) -IS/LT2:339; KHAN, ÑGOL, Silm:432

K-SERIES calmatéma -LotR:1154

LABIALS parmatéma (p-series); LABIALIZED SERIES quessetéma -LotR:1154

LABERNUM Lindeloktë (singing cluster). (So in LT1:258, but Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya. Read *Lindelohtë?) -LT1:258

LABOUR (vb) móta- (toil), moia- (be afflicted) -MÔ, VT43:31

LACKING penya (pl. penyë is attested) (inadequate). LACKING SIGN #penya tengwe (only pl. penyë tengwi is attested). This term, also translated "indadequate signs", was used in early Elvish analysis of Quenya as the term for vowels with no preceding consonant, held (in many cases incorrectly) to have lost such a consonant. -VT39:6, 8

LADY heri -KHER, LT1:272 (GL:45 has quimellë). A quite different word which Tolkien also translated "Lady" is massánië, literally "breadgiver", the title of the "Lady" or the highest among the elven-women of any people, she having the right to keep or give away lembas bread. See PM:404.

LAKE ailin (pool) (LT2:339 also has ailo), ringwë (cold lake, pool [in mountains]). In the Etymologies as printed in LR, this word is cited as "ringe", but according to VT46:11, ringwë is the proper reading. -AY/LT2:339, RINGI/VT46:11

LAMENT (vb) naina- (also longer nainaina-), nyéna-; LAMENT (noun) nainië, nairë -NAY/VT45:37, LT1:262, RGEO:66

LAMP calma (light), calar -KAL/LotR:1157, VT47:13

LAND nórë (dwelling-place, race, country, region where certain people live, nation, native land, family), nór (meaning '"'land' as opposed to water or sea", WJ:413). In compounds #-ndor (when the first part of the compound end in a vowel, e.g. Valandor "Vala-land", alternative form of Valinor), or -nor, -dor (the latter can only occur when the first part of the compound ends in -l, -r, or -n; in other combinations d cannot occur in Noldorin Quenya). Another ending occurring in the names of lands is -sta (see VT43:15). Cf. also lóna (remote land difficult to reach, island. Note: a homophone means "dark"); WESTLAND Númenor, Númenórë (Westernesse); LAND OF GIFT (a name of Númenor) Andor (< *Annandor, see GIFT), LAND OF THE WEST Númendor -NDOR/NÔ/Silm:430/ WJ:413, LONO, Silm:414, 313, 430

LANGUAGE quetil (tongue, talk), lambë (tongue). The latter was "the usual word, in non-technical use, for 'language'." (WJ:394) Only the Loremasters used the technical term tengwesta "system or code of signs" instead; this word is also glossed "grammar". Notice that lambë is also used for "dialect" (VT39:15). LANGUAGE (as an abstract, the ability to speak or the "art" of making speech) tengwestië. LANGUAGE with especial reference to phonology: Lambelë. LANGUAGE OF THE VALAR Lambë Valarinwa (lit. *"Valarin language"), LANGUAGE OF THE ELDAR Eldarissa (the latter may not be a valid word in LotR-style Quenya), LANGUAGE OF THE HANDS mátengwië -KWET/VT45:25, WJ:394, 397, VT39:15, LT2:339, VT47:9

LARCH finë (stem *fini-) -SPIN (the word is also glossed "a single hair", PM:362)

LARGE alta, alat- (great in size) (Tolkien's definition of this word was actually illegible, but see GREAT), úvëa (very large, abundant, in a very great number), úra (note: a homophone means "nasty, evil"; some would say these later glosses render the word úra = "large" obsolete.) -ÁLAT, UB, UR

LARK lirulin (prob. *lirulind-, cf. lindo "singing bird") -MR:238/252, LIN2

LAST (adj.) tella (hindmost), telda (final), métima (final, ultimate), telwa (late), LAST YEAR yenya; LAST DAY OF YEAR quantien, THE LAST-COMERS Teleri (the Hindmost) -TELES, WJ:411, MC:222 cf. 215, LT1:267, YEN, Silm:421

LASTING vórë (adj.?), also vórëa (continuous, enduring); LASTING QUALITY voronwië (endurance) -VT45:7, BORÓN

LATE telwa (last) -LT1:267

LAUGH lala- -PM:359 cf. 343. (Note: a homophone means "deny".) Past tense perhaps *landë, given the derivation stated (whereas lala "deny" might have the past tense *lalanë or *lallë).

LAW sanyë (Þ) (rule), axan (rule, commandment, as proceeding primarily from Eru; pl. axani is attested); LAW-ABIDING sanya (Þ) (normal, regular) (variant vorosanya with a prefixed element meaning "ever"). -STAN, WJ:399, VT39:30, 23, VT46:16

LAWN palis (sward) -LT1:264

LAY lirilla (song) -LT1:258

LEAD tulya- (+ allative: lead into). Another form of similar meaning, mittanya-, was possibly abandoned by Tolkien. -VT43:22

LEAD (the metal) canu, LEADEN canuva -LT1:268

LEAF lassë (pl. lassi is attested); HAVING MANY LEAVES lillassëa (pl lillassië is attested); COLLECTION OF LEAVES olassië (foliage); PUT FORTH LEAVES OR FLOWERS *lohta- (altered from the actual reading lokta because Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya) (sprout). LEAF-SHAPED lassecanta; LEAF-FALL lasselanta (autumn or the beginning of winter; see also FADING); LEAF-GREY lassemista -LAS1, Nam, VT39:9, LT1:254, MC:222, 223, Letters:282, LT1:258, KAT, LotR:505 cf. Letters:224

LEAGUE lár (basic meaning "pause" - in marches a brief halt was made for each league). A lár was defined as five thousand rangar; see YARD. A ranga was approximately 38 inches, so a lár was "5277 yards, two feet and four inches [ca. 4826 meters], supposing the equivalence to be exact" - close enough to our league of 5280 yards to justify this translation. -UT:285

LEANING talta (sloping, tilted) -TALÁT

LEAP halta-; LEAPING haloitë (pl. haloisi is attested) -LT1:254

LEARNED istima (wise, having knowledge), nóla (wise). (In Etym, the latter word is spelt with initial ñ, that is, ng. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya, and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. Cf. also the spelling of the related word nólë in Silm:432. But if this word is written in Tengwar, the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo, not númen.) LEARNED MAN istyar (scholar) -IS, ÑGOL

LEATHER (dressed leather) alu -QL:30

LEAVE (vb) auta- (go away, pass), pa.t. oantë, oantië (in the physical sense "went away [to another place]") or vánë ("the most frequently used past [tense]" - less "physical" than oantë, meaning "disappeared" rather than "went away"), perf. avánië (pl avánier is attested); perf. vánië with no augment may occur in verse. For "leave", Etym also has lesta, pa.t. lendë; this is also the past tense of "go". The stem from which lesta- is derived was "replaced" by another. Lesta has a wholly different meaning in later writings; see GIRDLE, MEASURE. LEAVE OUT hehta- (pa.t. hehtanë is given but seems perfectly regular) (put aside, exclude, abandon, forsake) -WJ:366, ELED

LEAVE (noun) - with leave of: lenémë (+ genitive)

LEFT hyarya; LEFT HAND hyarma, LEFT-HANDED hyarmaitë (stem *hyarmaiti-) -KHYAR, VT47:6

LEG telco (pl. telqui) (stem) -TELÉK

LEGENDARIUM OF THE FATHERS OF MEN Atanatárion (lit. simply "of the Fathers of Men") -MR:373

LEGOLAS Laiqualassë -LT1:267

LEMBAS coimas (life-bread) (prob. coimast[a]-, cf. masta "bread") (life-bread) -Silm:406/429

LENGTHENED taina (extended, stretched, elongated); LENGTHENING tailë (extension) -TAY cf. VT39:7

LESS mis (adverb); suffix -LESS -lóra (= "without"; this -lóra is a suffix used to derive adjectives; Tolkien gave the example ómalóra "voiceless"). The earlier "Qenya" suffix -viltë, -valta of similar meaning may not be valid in LotR-style Quenya. -PE14:80, VT45:28, GL:23

LESSEN píca (part. #pícala is attested) (dwindle) -MC:223, 222

LET (see ALLOW); LET GO lerya (release, set free), LET GO or LET LOOSE sen- (to free). -VT41:5, 6; VT43:18

LETTER tengwa (pl. tengwar is attested; this word was used primarily of the Fëanorian letters. However, the term "Tengwar of Rúmil" occurring in LotR:1151 seems to indicate that the word tengwa can indeed be used of a letter of any kind, not only the Fëanorian letters. In non-technical use tengwa may also be translated "consonant" [q.v.]. It is uncertain whether tengwa "letter" can be used in the sense mail, text sent in the post; the primary meaning is clearly "character, a single symbol in writing".) sarat (pl. sarati is attested) - an older [MET] word Tolkien notes was used of "a 'letter' or any individual significant mark", used of the Rúmilian letters after the invention of the Fëanorian Tengwar (but cf. the term "Tengwar of Rúmil" mentioned above). -TEK, WJ:396, LotR:1151

LIBERTY (see FREE); – DEPRIVE OF LIBERTY avalerya- (bind, make fast, restrain) -VT41:5, 6

LICK salpa- (sup, sip), #lav- (lavin "I lick", 1st pers. aorist; past tense #lávë is attested in the word undulávë "downlicked" in Nam); LICK (frequentatively) lapsa- -SÁLAP cf. LT1:266, DAB/Nam

LIE (noun, = untruth) furu (read perhaps *huru since Tolkien decided that fu- becomes *hu- in Quenya) -LT2:340, GL:36

LIE (1) (vb, not "tell a lie" but "lie [horisontally]") caita- (pa.t. #cainë or cëantë); LIE HEAVY lumna- (Note: this is also an adjective meaning "lying heavy") -Nam/RGEO:67, VT48:12, DUB

LIE (2) (vb, tell a lie) fur- (conceal) (read perhaps *hur- since Tolkien decided that fu- becomes *hu- in Quenya) -LT2:340

LIFE cuilë (being alive; obsoleting coi, coirë in LT1:257; the latter means "stirring, spring" in Tolkien's later Quenya); NEW LIFE laito, laisi (vigour, youth), LIFE-BREAD coimas (prob. coimast[a]-, cf. masta "bread") (lembas) -KUY, LT1:267, Silm:406/429

LIFT UP orta- (raise, rise; pa.t. ortanë is attested) -Nam/ORO/RGEO:67

LIGHT cálë, cala; A LIGHT calina (which is basically the adjective "light", but it is used substantively in coacalina; see LIGHT OF THE HOUSE under HOUSE), calma (lamp), LIGHT (adj) calina; RAY OF LIGHT alca; GLITTERING LIGHT rilma; STARLIGHT or LIGHT OF SILPION (Telperion) silmë (†silver), MOONLIGHT isilmë; FLASHING OR [?STARRY] LIGHT élë; EMIT LIGHT faina-; LIGHT-ELVES, ELVES OF THE LIGHT Calaquendi; LIGHT-CLEFT Calacirya (gen. Calaciryo is attested) -KAL, MR:250, AKLA-R, RIL, SIL/LotR:1157, MC:223, VT45:12 PHAY, WJ:361/Silm:61, RGEO:70/Nam

LIKE (prep) ve (as) -Nam/RGEO:66, 67

LILY indil ("or other large single flower"), nénu (= yellow water lily) -WJ:399, LT1:248

LINE OF SURF falassë (beach, shore) -Silm:431

LINDI Lindi (What the Nandorin Elves called themselves; the word could be adopted unchanged into Exilic Quenya. Sg #Lindë?) -WJ:385

LINDIL Sindarin form of LINDI, q.v. -WJ:385

LINDON Lindon, Lindónë -WJ:385

LINGER lenda- -VT45:27

LINE tië (path, direction, course, way, road), tëa (straight line, road) (note: not to be confused with the verb tëa- "indicate"), téma (row, series) (pl. témar is attested in LotR:1153) -TE3/RGEO:67, TEÑ

LIP (so according to late sources; glossed "mouth" in the Etymologies, stem PEG), dual peu "the two lips, the mouth-opening". Early "Qenya" had cíla for "lip". -VT39:9/VT47:12, 35, GN:24

LION (pl rávi) (so in Etym; LT1:260 has rau, but pl rávi is the same.) (Note: is also a preposition meaning "on behalf of".) SHE-LION ravennë -RAW, LT1:260

LIQUID (adj) sírima (flowing) -LT1:265

LISTEN lasta-; LISTENING (adj) lasta (hearing) -LAS2

LITTLE titta (tiny). LITTLE ELF Teler, Telellë (adj. telerëa, telella); LITTLE FINGER lepinca, lepincë, in children's play also called winimo "baby" (Exilic *vinimo). LITTLE TOE, see under TOE. -TIT, LT1:267, VT47:10, 26

LO! ela (look! see!) (directing sight to an actually visible object), also (now see!) Note: a homophone means "what is more". -WJ:362 cf. 360, VT47:31

LOAF cornë -LT1:257

LOATHE yelta- (abhor); LOATHING (noun) yelmë ("yelma" in the published Etymologies is a misreading, VT45:11); LOATHSOME yelwa -DYEL, VT45:11

LOCK OF HAIR findë (tress), fassë (shaggy lock, tangled hair) -SPIN

LOFTY tára (tall, high); compare antara "very lofty". (According to Letters:282, Varda means "Lofty" [WJ:402 has "the Sublime"], but this word should probably not be used as a common adjective.) LOFTY TOWER see TOWER. -TÂ/Silm:437/LT1:264, VT45:36, VT46:17

LOGDRAWING turuhalmë -LT1:270

LONELY eressëa; LONELY ISLE Tol Eressëa (tol "isle" often being omitted) -ERE, RGEO:70

LONG (adj) anda, sóra (trailing); LONG AND THIN lenwa (straight, narrow); LONG (adverb, of time:) andavë; LONG YEAR (144 solar years, an Elvish "century") yén (pl. yéni is attested) LONG-MARK andatehta -ÁNAD, LT2:344, 341, LotR:989, Nam/LotR:1141/YEN, TEK

LONG FOR milya- (Note: milya is also an adjective "soft, gentle, weak"); GREAT LONGING mavoinë -MIL-IK, LT2:345

LONG-LASTING voronwa (enduring) -BORÓN

LOOK AT yéta-; LOOK! (interj) en (there, look! yonder) LOOK! ela (lo! see!) (directing sight to an actually visible object) LOOK FOR saca- (pa.t. sácë) (pursue, search) -LT1:262, EN, WJ:362 cf. 360, QL:81

LOOM (noun) lanwa, in Tolkien's early "Qenya" also windelë -LAN, LT1:254

LOOSE lenca- (in the printed Etymologies, the n of this word was misread as u, VT45:27), lehta- (slacken). LET LOOSE sen- (let go, free) -LEK, VT43:18

LORD heru, hér, as final part of compounds: #her, e.g. Ostoher *"City-Lord". The form Héru with a long é occurs in VT43:28, 29 (where i Héru "the Lord" refers to God). LORDSHIP hérë; LORD OF TREES Aldaron (a name of Oromë) -LT1:272, Silm:432, Letters:282, VT44:12, LotR:1122, Silm:32, 378, VT41:9

LORE nólë (long study, wisdom, knowledge), †ingolë (deep lore, magic [in WJ:382, the gloss is simply "lore", and the word is not stated to be poetic]), issë; SECRET LORE nolwë (wisdom). (These forms obsolete nólemë in LT1:263. In some sources, nólë and nolwë are spelt with initial ñ, that is, ng. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya, and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. Cf. also the spelling of the related word nólë in Silm:432. But if these words are written in Tengwar, the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo, not númen.) LOREMASTER ingolmo (In Lambengolmor "Loremasters of Tongues" the initial i of ingolmo [pl ingolmor] has disappeared; perhaps #ngolmo is the form used in compounds when the first part of the compound ends in a vowel.) -ÑGOL, LT2:339, WJ:382, WJ:383/396

LOST vanwa (gone, departed, vanished, past and over, no longer to be had, dead); ONE LOST OR FORSAKEN BY FRIENDS hecil (gender-spesific forms are hecilo m. and hecilë f.) (waif, outcast, outlaw) -WAN, Nam, WJ:366, 365

LOT marto (fortune, fate) -LT2:348

LOUD SOUND róma (trumpet-sound) (Note: róma also means "shoulder".) MUSICAL SOUND lin (lind-) (melody) -ROM, LotR:488 cf. Letters:308

LOVE (vb, love as friend) mel-; LOVE (noun) melmë (LT1:262 has meles, melessë); LOVELY melwa, LOVING nilda (friendly), méla (affectionate), BELOVED melda (dear, sweet), LOVER meldo (pl meldor is attested), melindo (m.), melissë (f.); LOVEABLE melima (fair), írima (desirable) -MEL, LT1:262, WJ:412, NIL, VT39:11, ID

LOW, LOWLYING tumna (deep, profound, dark or hidden); LOWER AIR vilma (earlier [MET] wilma), Aiwenor (lit. "Birdland") -TUB cf. LT1:271, WIL, AIWÊ

LOWER (vb) luvu- (brood); DARK LOWERING CLOUD lumbo (pl. lumbor is attested). -LT1:259

LUCK valto (LT2:348 gives mart "a piece of luck", but word-final rt does not occur in LotR-style Quenya. Read *martë or something similar?) -LT1:272, LT2:348

LUMP tolos (knob) -LT1:269

LUST mailë; LUSTFUL mailëa -MIL-IK

LYING HEAVY lumna (heavy, burdensome, oppressive, ominous) (Note: lumna is also a verb meaning "lie heavy"); LYING IN BED caila (bedridden, ?sickness) -DUB, KAY/VT45:19

LYRE salma -LT1:265

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