Él "star", elen being the ordinary word) or a poetic or archaic meaning of an ordinary word


DAERON see DAIRON DADDY (affectionate form of "father"): atto



Download 2.23 Mb.
Page3/11
Date30.04.2018
Size2.23 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11

DAERON see DAIRON

DADDY (affectionate form of "father"): atto, atya (these words are also used in children's play for "thumb" or "big toe"). -ATA, VT47:10, 26; atya is a reduced form of atanya "my father"

DAGGER sicil (knife), naica -SIK, GL:37

DAILY ilaurëa (another form, ilyarëa [read *ilyárëa?] and its archaic variant ilyázëa, was apparently abandoned by Tolkien) ­-VT43:18

DAINTY netya (pretty). (Note: netya- is also a verb "trim, adorn".) -VT47:33

DAIRON Sairon -GL:29 (called Daeron in the published Silmarillion)

DALE nal, nallë (dell); DALE-SPRITES tavar (pl. tavarni). In Tolkien's later Quenya, tavar means "wood" (as material). See, however, DRYAD. -LT1:261, LT1:267

DAMP ringa (chilly, cold) -LT1:265

DANCE (verb) lilta- -LILT

DANGER #raxë (pl. ablative raxellor attested). In another version of the text in question, Tolkien used #raxalë (pl. abl. raxalellor) instead. -VT44:9

DANGLE linga- (hang) -LING

DARE verya- (cf. BOLD) -BER

DARK (adj.) morna (gloomy, sombre, black), nulla (dusky, obscure), lóna (Note: a homophone means "island"), lúrëa (overcast), DARK OR HIDDEN tumna (low-lying, low, profound, deep). DARK (noun) hui (fog, murk, night); DARK, DARKNESS mornië, mórë (blackness, night) mor, lúmë (Note: lúmë also means "hour, time"), lómë (stem lómi-) (night, twilight, gloom), huinë (shadow, gloom). (See SLAYER for DARKNESS-SLAYER.) DARK ELVES Moriquendi, Morimor (Lómëarni in LT1:259 is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya); DARK ONE (=Morgoth) morion; DARK WEATHER lúrë; DARK LOWERING CLOUD lumbo (pl. lumbor is attested); DARK VALE tumbo (stem *tumbu-) (deep valley) -Letters:382, NDUL, DO3, LT1:259, LT1:271, LT1:253, MOR, LotR:488 cf. Letters:308, Silm:431, MC:222 cf. 215, WJ:361/Silm:388, Nam/RGEO:67, FS, LT1:259, 269

DAUGHTER selyë; also yendë, yen, -iel (suffix, e.g. Uinéniel "daughter of Uinen" [UT:182]; this suffix may obsolete the earlier [TLT] ending -wen, mentioned in LT1:271). The stem YEL, from which -iel must be derived, was removed from Etym. However, the UT example just mentioned is from a later text, indicating that Tolkien restored -iel. Perhaps yeldë was restored as the independent word for "daughter" at the same time and is to be preferred to yendë, yen. Distinguish -riel in Altáriel (Galadriel), which does not mean "daughter" and becomes -riell- before an ending. -VT47:10, YÔ, YEL, 182/469

DAWN ára (obsoleting órë in LT1:264; this word means "rising" or "heart" in LotR-style Quenya), †amaurëa (early day). See also TWILIGHT. -AR1, MC:223

DAY aurë (sunlight; Etym gives arë, ari- instead), arya (= 12 hours), (= 24 hours, counted from sunset to sunset), sana (= also 24 hours, but this is "Qenya"), DAYTIME arië, EARLY DAY †amaurëa (dawn), DAYLIGHT - LT1:254 gives calma, but this word is defined "lamp" in LotR. LAST DAY OF YEAR quantien, FIRST DAY (meaning obscure, possibly first day of year) minyen. (In the entry YEN of the Etymologies as printed in LR, minyen is seemingly glossed both "first day" and "first year", but according to VT46:23, only "first day" is correct.) DAYSPRING tuilë -AR1/VT45:6, Silm:229/234/439, LotR:1141, LT1:250, MC:223, YEN

DEAD firin (= dead by natural cause), qualin (related to qualmë "agony, death" and probably has darker connotations than firin), vanwa (departed, lost, past, gone, vanished, no longer to be had), hessa (withered). DEAD BODY loico (corpse) -KWAL, PHIR, MC:223, LT1:255, WJ:366

DEAL WITH mahta- (fight, handle, manage, wield, wield a weapon) -MAK/VT39:11, VT47:6, 18, 19

DEAR melda (beloved), melin, moina (familiar), #melya (isolated from Melyanna "dear gift", Melian's Quenya name), valda (worth, worthy). Cf. also the "suffix of endearment" -ya mentioned in UT:418: Anardilya *"dear Anardil" (UT:174). -MEL, MOY, Silm:434, GL:23

DEATH qualmë, unqualë (agony; according to VT45:24, Tolkien changed this word to anqualë), #fírië, #effírië (basically "expiration", attested with the ending -mmo in fíriemmo, effíriemmo "of our death"), nuru, older ñuru (personalized Nuru = Mandos), fairë (natural death [as act]) (Note: fairë also means "radiance" and "phantom", and even [in LT1:250] "free"), urdu -KWAL/LT1:264, VT43:34, ÑGUR/VT46:4, PHIR, LT2:342

DEBT #rohta (attested in pl. form rohtar). Used in draft version of Tolkien's Quenya Lord's prayer, this word may refer to moral rather than financial "debt"; it may also cover "trespass". This is probably also true of variant words for "debt" occurring in other versions: #lucassë, #lucië, #luhta (all attested with the ending -mmar to express "our debts/trespasses"). -VT43:19

DEBTOR #rocindo, #rucindo (isolated from rocindollomman, rucindollomman "from our debtors"). Used in one of the draft versions of Tolkien's Quenya version of the Lord's Prayer, the "debtors" denoted by this word may be sinners rather than simply people owing others money. Another version of the Prayer has #lucando or #lucindo as the word for "debtor" or "one who trespasses" (attested in the plural: lucandor, lucindor). -VT43:20

DECIMAL SYSTEM (in counting) maquanotië -VT47:10

DECLIVITY pendë (downslape, slope) -PEN

DEEP tumna (low-lying, low, profound, dark or hidden), núra; DEEP VALLEY tumbo (dark vale); DEEP VALE imbë (dell) (Note: imbë is also one form of the preposition "between"); DEEP SHADOW huinë (gloom) -NÛ, TUB, VT45:18, VT41:8

DEFORMED CREATURE ulundo (hideous creature, monster) -ÚLUG

DELIVER (= *save) etelehta- (the alternative verb etrúna-, eterúna- was possibly abandoned by Tolkien; see FREE [verb]). -VT43:23, VT44:9

DELL imbë (deep vale) (Note: imbë is also the preposition "between"), nal, nallë (dale) -VT45:18, LT1:261

DEMAND can- (so when used with things as object, in effect = ask for; otherwise command, order) -PM:361-362 (where only a stem KAN is mentioned)

DEMON rauco (pl. #raucar, isolated from Valaraukar (Valaraucar) "Balrogs". LT1:250 gives araukë; WJ:415 has rauco and arauco, defined as "a powerful, hostile, and terrible creature".) See also ORC. -RUK, Silm:436, WJ:415

DENTAL SERIES tincotéma (t-series) -LotR:1154

DENY lala- -LA (Note: a homophone means "laugh", but the past tense forms may differ. See LAUGH.)

DEPART #av- (cited in the form avin "he departs", read "I depart" in LotR-style Quenya), pa.t. ambë. Also vanya- (pa.t. vannë). (The latter verb Tolkien may have been abandoned in favour of auta-; see PASS.) Lendë pa.t. of lelya/lenna "go" is also glossed as "departed". DEPARTED (adj) vanwa (gone, vanished, lost, past, no longer to be had, dead) -QL:33, WAN, LED cf. VT45:27, WJ:366, Nam

DEPRIVE OF LIBERTY avalerya- (bind, make fast, restrain) -VT41:5, 6

DEPRIVED #racina (only pl. racinë is attested) (stripped); DEPRIVED OF úna (destitute, forlorn); DEPRIVED SIGN #racina tengwë (only pl. racinë tengwi is attested). Also translated "stripped sign", this was in early Elvish analysis of Quenya the term for a consonant with no following vowel; the vowel was held to have disappeared or been omitted. ­-VT39:16, 14

DESCENDANT indyo (grandchild) (Indyo looks like Vanyarin Quenya; the combination ndy became ny in Noldorin Quenya. The Noldor likely used the form *inyo.) MALE DESCENDANT yondo (son) (In LT2:344, it is said that yondo usually meant "(great) grandson", but in LotR-style Quenya it simply means "son".) -ÑGYO(N)

DESERT erumë (cf. Eruman a desert north-east of Valinor, though Eruman is used in an entirely different way elsewhere; see HEAVENS.) -ERE

DESERTED erda (solitary) -LT1:269

DESIRE (vb) #mer- (cited in the form merë, evidently the 3rd person aorist; pa.t. given as mernë) (want, wish). The stem YES yields a word yesta- "desire", but this clashes with the corrected/updated form of esta - see FIRST. DESIRE (noun) írë, náma (= "a desire" or "a judgement"), námië (= "a (single) desire" or "a (single) judgement"), milmë (greed). (Note: írë also means "when".) DESIREABLE írima (loveable), DESIRER Irmo (name of a Vala). DESIRING TO START mína (eager to go), also verb DESIRE TO GO IN SOME DIRECTION mína- (to wish to go to a place, make for it, have some end in view). -MER, ID, VT41:13, MIL-IK, YES/VT46:23, WJ:403, VT39:11

DESPISE #nattir- -VT44:8

DESTINE martya-; DESTINY maranwë -MBARAT

DESTITUTE úna (deprived of, forlorn); DESTITUTE OF ú (usually followed by genitive: ú calo *"destitute of light [cala]") (without). -VT39:14

DETERMINANT VOWEL sundóma (lit. *"base-vowel, root-vowel". Christopher Tolkien notes: "Very briefly indeed, the Quendian consonantal base or sundo was characterized by a 'determinant vowel' or sundóma: thus the sundo KAT has a medial sundóma 'A', and TALAT has the sundóma repeated. In derivative forms the sundóma might be placed before the first consonant, e.g. ATALAT.") -WJ:319

DEVICE tanwë (craft, thing made, construction); SKILLFUL [?DEVICE - Tolkien's handwriting was illegible] curo (curu-) -TAN, VT41:10

DEVISE auta- (originate, invent) -GAWA

DEW rossë (fine rain, spray), rin. DEWY nítë (stem *níti-) (moist) -ROS/Letters:282, LT1:265, NEI

DEXTER forya (right), DEXTEROUS formaitë (right-handed) -VT46:10, PHOR

DIACRITIC tehta (mark [in writing], sign) (In LotR:1155, the word is applied to the supralinear vowel-marks of Fëanorian writing, and pl. tehtar is attested.) -TEK, LotR:1155

DIALECT - Tolkien notes that the word lambë "tongue" was originally "nearer to our 'dialect' than to 'language', but later when the Eldar became aware of other tongues, not intelligible without study, lambe naturally became applied to the separate languages of any people or region" (WJ:394). Thus, lambë can hardly be used for "dialect" in Exilic Quenya. Cf. also VT39:15, where lambë is said to mean "the language or dialect of a particular or people".

DICTUM eques (pl. equessi) (proverbial dictum, quotation, saying) -WJ:392

DIE fir- (fade) -MC:223, VT43:34

DIGIT: For a common term for "finger" and "toe", see TIP.

DIPHTHONG ocamna; in the source providing this word Tolkien rejected his earlier form osamnar (pl.); compare the Etymologies form #samna (only pl samnar is attested. Distinct in Tengwar spelling from samna "wooden post", that is spelt with initial súlë instead of silmë). Another word for "dipthong" is given as ohlon (pl. ohloni is attested); the latter term was used of vocalic diphthongs and "consonantal diphthongs" (like mb) alike. -VT44:13, 14, SAM, VT39:9

DIM TO SEE néca (vague, faint) (Pl nécë is attested) -MC:223, 222

DIMNESS mordo (shadow, obscurity, stain, smear) -VT45:35, MOR

DIRE aica (fell, terrible, sharp) -PM:347

DIRECTION tië (course, line, pathway, road); DESIRE TO GO IN SOME DIRECTION mína- (to wish to go to a place, make for it, have some end in view). - TE3/RGEO:67, VT39:11

DIRTY vára (soiled) -WA3

DISAPPEAR vanya- (pa.t. vannë. Note: a homophone of vanya means "beautiful") (go, depart) -WAN

DISCOLOURED púrëa (smeared) -MC:223

DISEMBODIED SPIRIT see SPIRIT

DISGUST - feel disgust at feuya- (abhor). -PHEW/VT46:9

DISH venë (small boat, vessel) -LT1:254

DISORDERED rúcina (confused, shattered) -MC:223

DIVIDE IN MIDDLE perya- (halve) (After perya-, a word perina is mentioned; it is undefined but must be the corresponding past participle: *"divided in middle, halved".) -PER

DIVINE valaina (= "of or belonging to the Valar", probably not to be used with reference to the One who is above them), Eruva (adj. referring to the divinity of Eru himself), DIVINITY valassë -BAL, VT44:18

DO #car- (make, build; see MAKE for various attested forms of this verb); NOT DO #um- (cited in the form umin "I do not", 1st pers. aorist; also short uin) (pa.t. úmë) (This verb is also used = "not be", see BE); DO NOT! (imperative) vá! (also = I will not); DON'T áva, avá, alalyë (the last form incorporates the ending -lyë "thou", hence "do not thou [do something]"). DON'T DO IT! áva carë! SET VIGOROUSLY OUT TO DO horya- (be compelled to do something, have an impulse) -KAR, UGU/UMU, WJ:371, VT44:8, VT45:22

DOER tyaro (actor, agent) -KYAR

DOG huo, roa -KHUG, VT47:35

DOME telluma (pl. tellumar is attested) (cupola), coromindo (cupola) -Nam/WJ:399, KOR

DON'T áva, avá; DON'T DO IT! áva carë! -WJ:371

DOOM manar, mandë (final end, fate, fortune, final bliss); umbar- (umbart-) (fate) In the story of Túrin Turambar, it seems that ambar means "doom": Turambar is said to mean "Master of Doom", and Nienor even uses the word in the instrumental case: ambartanen "by doom". Similarly, LT2:348 gives ambar "Fate". But in Etym, ambar means "earth", and LotR Appendix E confirms that "fate" is umbar. DOOM RING Máhanaxar (a foreign word in Quenya, adopted and adapted from Valarin.) -MAN/MANAD, MBARAT/VT45:5, Silm:261, 269, LotR:1157, WJ:399

DOOR, see GATE; *DOOR OF NIGHT: the translation Ando Lómen is given in VT45:28 (citing a deleted entry in the Etymologies). Since Tolkien later decided that the genitive ending should be -o rather than -n, and moreover equipped lómë "night" with the stem-form lómi-, we should perhaps read *Ando Lómio.

DORIATH #Lestanórë (only gen. Lestanórëo is attested) -WJ:369

DORLÓMIN Lóminórë -WJ:145

DOT pica (small spot), tixë (tiny mark, point), amatixë (point over the line of writing; variant amatexë in VT46:19), unutixë (point under the line of writing; the initial element unu- was misread as "nun-" in the Etymologies as printed in LR, see VT46:19) -PIK, TIK/VT46:19

DOUBLE (prob. adj) atwa, tanta; DOUBLE (vb) tatya- (repeat). (Note: tatya also means "second".) -AT(AT), TATA

DOUGH maxë -MASAG

DOVE cucua -KÛ (in the Etymologies as printed in LR, this noun is erroneously split into two words, "ku" and "kua" instead of "kukua"; see VT45:24)

DOWN undu (under, beneath); DOWN-FALL atalantë, atalantië (collapse); DOWN-FALLEN atalantëa (pl atalantië is attested) (ruinous); DOWN BELOW (adv.) nún (underneath); "DOWN-LICK" (i.e., cover completely) #undulav- (only pa.t. undulávë is attested) -UNU, NÛ, MC:222, 223/Letters:347, RGEO:67/Nam

DOWNSLOPE pendë (slope, declivity) -PEN/PÉNED

DRAGON lócë (serpent, snake; "so do the Eldar name the worms of Melko[r]", LT2:85), angulócë, fenumë; WINGED DRAGON rámalócë; FIRE-DRAGON urulócë (pl. Urulóci is attested in Silm:138, there capitalized; surprisingly, Urulóci is used as a singular form in Silm:255); SPARK-DRAGON fëalócë; FISH-DRAGON lingwilócë (sea-serpent) -LOK; cf. ANGWA, LT2:341, RAM, UR, PHAY, LIW

DRAKE (LT2:340) see DRAGON

DRAUGHT #yulda (only pl. yuldar is attested), suhto -Nam, SUK

DRAW #tuc- (cited as tucin "I draw", 1st pers. aorist), saca- (pull – but a homophone means "search"), DRAW WATER calpa- (bale out, scoop out); DRAWING #halmë (isolated from Turuhalmë "Log-drawing") -TUK, KALPA, VT43:23, LotR:270

DREAD (verb) aista- -GAYAS

DREAM (noun) olor, olórë, lor; DREAMY olosta, olórëa -LOS, LT1:259, LotR:488 cf. Letters:308, UT:396

DREAM (verb) óla- (said to be "impersonal", probably meaning that the dreamer is mentioned in the dative rather than the nominative: *Óla i Eldan, "the Elf dreams") -UT:396

DRESSED LEATHER alu -QL:30

DRINK (vb) #suc- (cited in source as sucin "I drink", 1st pers. aorist); DRINK OF THE VALAR limpë (so glossed under LIP; "drink of the fairies" in LT1:258) or míruvórë (LT1:261); DRINKING yulmë (carousal) (Note: a homophone means "smouldering heat"); DRINKING-VESSEL yulma (cup), sungwa. -SUK, WJ:416/Nam

DRIP lipte- -LT1:258

DROP (noun) limba; LITTLE DROP liptë -LIB, LT1:258

DROWNED quorin (choked) -LT1:264

DROWSY lorda (slumbrous) -LT1:259

DRÛ (wose), DRÚADAN Rúatan (pl. Rúatani is given but seems perfectly regular) -UT:385

DRY (prob. adj not vb) parca; VERY DRY amparca -PÁRAK, VT45:5

DRYAD tavaro, tavaron (m.), tavaril (f.) (compare the tavarni or "dale-sprites" in Tolkien's earlier material), nandin (further defined as "fay of the country") -TÁWAR, LT1:261

DUILIN Tulindo; HOUSE OF DUILIN Nossë Tuilinda (Tuilinda must be an adjectival form of Tuilindo) -LT2:338

DÚNEDAIN Núnatani -WJ:386

DUSK histë (also hísë, but this clashes with a word meaning "fog, mist"), lómë (stem lómi-) (night, gloom, darkness, twilight) -LT1:255

DUSKY nulla (dark, obscure) -NDUL

DUST asto -ÁS-AT

DWARF Nauco (pl. Naucor is attested; LT1:261 gives nauca instead of nauco), Norno (Naucalië, Nornalië = the whole people of the Dwarves) Casar (pl. Casari or Casári; partitive plural Casalli; the whole people of the Dwarves being called Casallië. According to WJ, Casar - Quenyaized form of Dwarvish Khazâd - "was the word most commonly used in Quenya for the Dwarves". Nauco "stunted one" and norno "thrawn one" are less polite words for "dwarf"; yet norno is stated to be "the more friendly term". But the Dwarves themselves would definitely prefer Casar.) PETTY-DWARVES Picinaucor, Pitya-naucor (lit. *"small dwarves"), Attalyar (lit. "Bipeds"). DWARROWVAULT Casarrondo (Khazad-dûm) -NAUK, WJ:388, 389

DWELLER mardo -LT1:251

DWELLING (noun) mar (mard-) (home), also már; DWELLING (adj) #farnë (a pl form? Sg farna? Only attested in the compound orofarnë "mountain-dwelling". Note: farnë is also the pa.t. of farya- "suffice", as well as a noun "foliage"); DWELLING-PLACE nórë (land, region where certain people live, nation, native land, family); DWELLING UNDERGROUND hróta (artificial cave, rockhewn hall). The word ambar, usually translated "world", is also associated with "home, dwelling" in one source. -VT45:33, 46:13, cf. LT1:251, LotR:505 cf. Letters:224, VT47:6, NDOR, PM:365, VT46:13

DWINDLE píca- (part. pícala is attested) (lessen) -MC:223, 222

EACH ilya (every, all of a particular group of things), in early material also máca (a very early "Qenya" word of doubtful authority) -VT39:20, GL:41

EAGER TO GO mína- (desiring to start) -VT39:11

EAGLE soron, sornë (Þ) (pl. sorni) (So in Etym; Letters:427 has sorno, thorno, LT1:266 also has sor. Soron/sorno obsoletes ea, earen in LT1:251 and LT2:338 - besides, ëa means "is, exists" in Tolkien's later Quenya.) KING OF EAGLES Sorontur, "EAGLE-HORN" (a great height in Númenor) Sorontil -THOR, Letters:427, UT:465

EAR: The form lár in the entry LAS2 in the Etymologies appears to mean "ear", though the wording is not quite clear.

EARLY arinya; EARLY DAY †amaurëa (dawn); EARLY MORN tuilë (dayspring, spring-time) -AR1, MC:223, TUY

EARTH cemen (soil). (Note: at the time Tolkien wrote Etym, he thought of cemen as the genitive of cén, but later cemen evidently became the nominative form, as it had been in earlier writings [LT1:257]. In Silm:433, it is said that cemen [kemen] refers to "the Earth as a flat floor beneath menel, the heavens". LT1:257, reproducing early material, also has cemi "earth, soil, land" and Kémi "Mother Earth".) Locative cemendë "on earth" in VT43:17. HEAVEN AND EARTH Menel Cemenyë (VT47:11). EARTH-QUEEN Kementári (Yavanna's title); EARTHEN, OF EARTH cemna. (LR:363 gves "kemina", but according to VT45:19, this is a misreading for "kemna" in Tolkien's manuscript.) EARTH (= world) Ambar (world) (Tolkien equated Ambar with Oikoumene, a Greek word denoting "world" considered as "the inhabited world of Men". But ambar also seems to mean "doom", q.v. MR:337 (cf. WJ:419) has Imbar instead of Ambar; the literal meaning of both words is said to be "habitation") EARTH-DWELLERS -LT2:343 gives indi, rendered "earthdwellers" and said to be another word for "men", but this is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. -KEM/Silm:433/LT1:257/VT44:34, MBAR cf. Letters:283 or SD:409

EASEMENT (noun) tiutalë (comfort, consolation) -QL:93

EAST rómen (allative Rómenna as a region of Númenor and ablative Rómello in Namárië are capitalized), róna; EASTERN rómenya (Entar, Entardar "Outer Lands, Middle-earth" is also glossed as "East" once, as opposed to the Blessed Realm of the West.) The words órë "dawn, Sunrise, East" and its corresponding adjective órëa (LT1:264) are probably not valid words in LotR-style Quenya; see DAWN. Neither can Ostar "East" be a valid word; see GATE. EAST-VICTOR Rómendacil (one of the Kings of Gondor) EAST-LANDS Orrostar (a region in Númenor). EAST-HELPER (masc. name) Rómestámo, Róme(n)star (so in PM:384, 391; probably ?Rómenstar must always become Rómestar, but Tolkien cited the form as Róme(n)star to indicate the connection with rómen "east") -RÔ/LotR:1157, UT:463, Nam, EN, LotR:1075, 1081, UT:165, 459, PM:384, 391)

EAT mat-, mata- (pa.t. mantë is given) -MAT, VT39:7

ECHO láma (ringing sound - so in Etym, but see SOUND), nalláma (In Etym, the second a of the latter word has an undefined diacritic here represented by ´.) ECHOING lámina -LAM

EDDY hwinya- (swirl, gyrate); hwindë (whirlpool) -SWIN

EDGE réna, ríma -REG, RÎ

EGLATH (or EGLAIN, EGLADHRIM) Heceldi (the "Forsaken" Elves, especially the Eldar left in Beleriand; sg Hecel is given. MR:170 has Ecelli.) -WJ:365 cf. Silm:68

EIGHT tolto (alternative form toldo), EIGHTH toltëa, toldëa -TOL1-OTH/OT, VT42:25, 31, VT48:6

EIGHTEEN toloquë; in duodecimal counting, the word nahta occurs (Note: a homophone means "bite", as noun.) -VT48:21, PE14:17/VT47:42

ELBOW ólemë -LT1:258

ELEPHANT andamunda -MBUD

ELEVEN minquë -MINIK-W-, LT1:260

ELF quendë (generic, seldom used in the sg; pl Quendi is the usual form; there are gender-specific forms quendu m. and quendi f., but they seem to be rare; pl. forms quendur, quendir are attested), Elda (originally generic, but later [MET] used of Elves of the Three Kindreds [Noldor, Vanyar, Teleri] only. That was at least the proper usage: Elda was the normal word for "elf" in Valinor, as all Elves there were Eldar. An archaic variant of Elda was Eldo.) ELVES OF AMAN Amanyar (sg #Amanya), ELVES WHO REFUSED TO JOIN IN THE WESTWARD MARCH (from Cuiviénen) Avari (sg Avar in WJ:371, VT47:13, 24; Avar or Avaro in Etym), also called Avamanyar "those who did not go to Aman, because they would not" (distinguish Úmanyar, Úamanyar, Alamanyar "those who did not in the event reach Aman", though they did join in the march from Cuiviénen; these are also called Heceldi or Ecelli, see EGLATH). See also DARK ELVES, GREEN-ELVES, GREY-ELVES, HIGH-ELVES, LIGHT-ELVES, SEA-ELVES, LITTLE ELF. Cf. also ELVENHOME Eldamar, Elendë. ELF-PEOPLE Eldalië, ELVISH Eldarinwa (adj only, pl. Eldarinwë attested in VT47:14; but "Elvish" meaning Elvish language is simply Eldarin. Properly, these words for "Elvish" apply to the Tree Kindreds only, not to all the Quendi.) Quenderin ("Elvish" referring to all the Quendi, "Quendian"; this remained a learned word) -WJ:361/KWEN(ED), MR:229 ELED, Silm:424, AB/WJ:371/Silm:65/MR:163, WJ:363, Silm:23/392, MR:415, WJ:407

ELF-FRIEND Elendil (actually meaning *"star-friend". Tolkien notes: "It is not surprising that the Edain...found it difficult to discern whether words and names containing the element el referred to the stars or to the Elves. This is seen in the name Elendil, which was meant to bear the sense "Elf-friend". Properly in Quenya it meant 'a lover or student of the stars'... 'Elf-friend' would have been more correctly represented by Quen(den)dil or Eldandil.") -WJ:410

ELF-LOVER #Eldameldo (pl Eldameldor in WJ:417)

ELF-STONE Elessar (Aragorn's royal name, prob. *Elessard-, cf. STONE. The literal meaning is *Star-stone, not Elf-stone - but the Edain confused elen "star" and elda "elf". Cf. Elendil; see ELF-FRIEND above.) -LotR:395, 897

ELM-TREE alalmë, lalmë; LAND OF ELMS Alalminórë (Warwickshire) -ÁLAM/LT1:249, LÁLAM

ELONGATED taina (stretched, elongated, extended) -VT39:7

EMBER yúla (smouldering wood) -YUL

EMINENT minya (prominent; minya is basically the ordinal "1st"); EMINENT MAN aráto (champion) -VT42:24, 25; Silm:428

EMIT LIGHT faina- -PHAY

EMOTION felmë (impulse) -VT41:19

EMPTY lusta (void), cumna -LUS, KUM

ENCHANT luhta- (Note: a homophone means "bow"); ENCHANTMENT lúcë -LUK

ENCLOSURE panda; CIRCULAR ENCLOSURE corin -PAD, KOR

END (noun) metta, mentë, tyel (stem tyeld- as in the pl. tyeldi, misread as "tyelde" in the printed Etymologies; see VT45:25), tyelma, telu; THE ENDING OF THE WORLD Ambar-metta, ambarmetta; END (vb) tele- (intransitive) (finish - so in WJ:411 - LT1:267 gives telu-), tyel- (cease), PUT AN END TO metya-, HAVE SOME END IN VIEW mína- (desire to go in some direction, wish to go to a place, make for it) -LotR:1003/VT44:36, MET, LT1:267, WJ:411, KYEL/VT45:25, VT39:11

ENDLESS PERIOD oio -UT:317

ENDURANCE voronwië (lasting quality); ENDURING voronwa (long-lasting), vórëa (continuous, lasting), vórima (continuous, repeated) -BORÓN, VT45:7

ENEMY cotumo -KOT

ENFOLD vaita- (wrap) -VT46:21, LT1:271

ENGLAND - see FAËRY.

ENOUGH farëa (sufficient). "Enough" as an adverb is apparently faren. -PHAR, VT46:9

ENQUIRY centa (as in Essecenta Eldarinwa, probably meaning *"Enquiry into Eldarin Names", as Tolkien described the work as an "Enquiry into the origins of Elvish names for Elves"; cf. also Osanwe-centa, translated "enquiry into the communication of thought". Another possible translation of centa may be *"essay".) -MR:415, VT39:23

ENTRANCE TO HARBOUR londë (road [in sea], also translated "haven" or "fairway") -LOD/VT45:28

ENVELOPE (noun) vaiya, vaia (both with alternative, possibly older [MET] forms in w-). -WAY

EXPIRE fírë- (perf. fírië ["has breathed forth"] is attested; *ifírië may be the more usual form) -MR:250

ERRANT ránen -RAN

ESCAPE (vb) usin (glossed "he escapes" in LT:251, but in LotR-style Quenya it would have to mean, if anything, *"I escape" - 1st pers. aorist); ESCAPE (noun) uswë (issue) -LT1:251

*ESSAY see *ENQUIRY.

ESTABLISH tulca- (fix, set up. Note: there is a homophone meaning "firm, steadfast, strong, immoveable".) -LT1:270 cf. TULUK

ETERNAL oira -OY

EVENING andúnë (sunset, west), sinyë -MC:222, THIN

EVER oi, voro, vor (continually) (pref. #oio-, vor-, voro-), EVERWHITE, EVER-SNOW-WHITE Oiolossë (a name for Taniquetil; gen Oiolossëo is attested in Nam, where it has an ablatival meaning); EVERSUMMER Oiolairë, EVERLASTING oia; vorima; EVERLASTING [?AGE] (Tolkien's handwriting was illegible) oirë, oialë; FOR EVER, EVERLASTINGLY oialë (evidently the noun just mentioned used as an adverb), tennoio, oia (the latter is both adj. "everlasting" and the adv. *"everlastingly", according to VT46:8). -OY, UT:458, BOR, LT1:250/273, Nam/RGEO:67, Silm:429, UT:317

EVERY ilya (each, all of a particular group of things), máca (a very early "Qenya" word of doubtful authority) -VT39:20, GL:41

EVERYBODY ilquen; EVERYTHING ilqua. For "everything" there is also ilu as a word for the universe: all, the whole; of the universe also including God and all souls and spirits, which are not properly included in the term . -WJ:372, IL/VT45:24, VT39:20

EVIL (adj.) ulca, úmëa, úra (nasty), EVILEYED henulca; EVIL-SMELLING saura (Þ) (foul, putrid) - in one attested compound also #sauri-; see FOUL. EVIL as noun: ulco (stem ulcu- as in the ablative ulcullo; pl. "evils" presumably *ulqui); another version of the relevant text uses úro as the noun "evil"), FREE FROM EVIL aman (see BLESSED). -VT43:23-24, SD:68, 72, UGU, THUS, VT43:23-24, WJ:399

EXALTED ONES Aratar (pl; sg #Arata). The Aratar are the mightiest of the Valar: Manwë, Varda, Ulmo, Yavanna, Aulë, Mandos, Nienna, and Oromë. Aratar is also rendered "High Ones, The Supreme" -Silm 32/381, WJ:402

EXCEPT hequa (leaving aside, not counting, excluding) -WJ:364, 365

EXCLUDE hehta- (pa.t. hehtanë is given but seems perfectly regular) (put aside, leave out, abandon, forsake); EXCLUDING hequa (leaving aside, not counting, except) -WJ:364, 365

EXIST ëa (is), pa.t. engë -VT39:6, 7, VT43:38

EXPAND palu-, palya- (spread, extend, open wide); EXPANSIVE palla (wide) -PAL

EXPIRE fírë- (originally used of "one sighing or releasing a deep breath", but also used of Míriel when she "breathed forth" and died; later used of the death of mortals. Perf. fírië is attested; *ifírië with prefix sundóma is probably also a possible form.) -MR:250

EXTEND palu-, palya- (spread, expand, open wide); EXTENDED taina (lengthened, stretched, elongated); EXTENSION tailë (lengthening) -PAL, TAY

EYE hen (hend-) (normal pl. hendi as well as the dual form #hendu are attested [isolated from hendumaica, WJ:337]; #hendu would be used of a natural pair of eyes). SHARP-EYE hendumaica, EYES OF HEARTSEASE (a name of the pansy) Helinyetillë -KHEN-D-E, WJ:337, LT1:262

EYRIE sornion (Þ) (lit. gen.pl "of eagles"?). -LT1:266. (LT1:251 gives ëaren, but this is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya [see EAGLE])



Download 2.23 Mb.

Share with your friends:
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2020
send message

    Main page