Él "star", elen being the ordinary word) or a poetic or archaic meaning of an ordinary word



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Valsi = Valis? (LT1:272)

-valta "-less", also -viltë (evidently endings used to derive adjectives like "lifeless") (GL:23)



valto "luck" (LT1:272)

valya adj. "having (divine) authority or power" (BAL; this word is of course etymologically connected to the Valar and should not be used with reference to the divinity of Eru.)

ván "goose"; pl. váni given (WA-N). Older wán.

Vána name of a Valië, the wife of Oromë (Silm, WJ:383); the Etymologies gives Vana (BAN)

Vanar or Vani = Valar (LT1:272)

vand- "way, path" (LT1:264; a final vowel would seem to be required, but in Tolkien's later Quenya, the words tië or mallë are to be preferred)

vanda "oath, pledge, solemn promise" (CO)

vandl "staff" (LT1:264) (No word can end in -dl in Tolkien's later Quenya; the word may be adapted as *vandil. Compare findl, findil.)

vanë "fair" (LT1:272; in Tolkien's later Quenya rather vanya)

vánë past tense of auta-, q.v. (WJ:366)

vanessë "beauty" (LT1:272)

vanga "beard" (LT2:344, GL:21; in Tolkien's later Quenya fanga)

vánië an augmentless perfect of auta- (q.v.) that may occur in verse; regular form avánië (WJ:366)

vanima "beautiful, fair" (BAN, VT39:14) (glossed "proper, right, fair" in early "Qenya", LT1:272); nominal pl. vanimar "beautiful ones", partitive pl. genitive vanimálion, translated "of beautiful children", but literally meaning *"of [some] beautiful ones") (LotR3:VI ch. 6, translated in Letters:308). Arwen vanimalda "Beautiful Arwen", literally "Arwen your beauty" (see -lda for reference; changed to Arwen vanimelda in the second edition of LotR)

vanimalda *"your beautiful"; Arwen vanimalda "Arwen your beauty = beautiful Arwen" (WJ:369; Tolkien emended vanimalda to vanimelda in the second edition of LotR; see under vanima)

Vanimeldë fem. name, *"Beautiful-Dear-One" (Appendix A)

Vanimo (pl. Vanimor given), "the beautiful", children of the Valar (BAN), or "fair folk" = (men and) elves (UGU/UMU)

vannë pa.t. of vanya- (WAN)

vanta- "to walk", also vanta noun "walk" (BAT)

vanwa "gone, lost, no longer to be had, vanished, departed, dead, past, past and over, gone on the road, over" (WJ:366, Nam, RGEO:67, WAN, LT1:264)

vanwië "the past, past time" (WAN)

vanya "fair" (FS), "beautiful" (BAN); nominal pl. Vanyar "the Fair", the first clan of the Eldar; the original meaning of this stem was "pale, light-coloured, not brown or dark" (WJ:380, 381)

vanya- "go, depart, disappear", pa.t. vannë (WAN)

váquet- (1st pers. aorist váquetin and 1st pers. past tense váquenten are given) "to say no" (not denying that something is true, but denying to do or to allow something: "to say I will not/do not"; "to refuse", "to forbid" (WJ:370, 371)

var "or" (QL:100)

vára "soiled, dirty" (WA3)

vard- "rule, govern" (LT1:273; hardly valid in Tolkien's later Quenya)

Varda "the Sublime", name of a Valië, spouse of Manwë, the Queen of the Valar, called Elbereth in Sindarin (BARATH, BARÁD, WJ:402; in Letters:282 Varda is translated the "Lofty") Genitive Vardo (for *Vardao). (Nam, RGEO:66). Vardamir masc. name, *"Varda-jewel" (Appendix A); vardarianna ?"Varda-gift", name of a tree (but the ri element is obscure) (UT:167)

vardar "king" (LT1:273; rather aran in LotR-style Quenya)

Vardo Meoita "Prince of Cats" (LT2:348; vardo "prince" is hardly a valid word in Tolkien's later Quenya; cf. vard-, vardar. Later Quenya has cundu for "prince".)

varna "safe, protected secure" (BAR)

varnassë "security" (BAR)

varnë (1) "brown, swart, dark brown", in compounds varni- (BARÁN)

[varnë] (2) "protection" (BAR)



varni "queen" (LT1:273; rather tári in Tolkien's later Quenya)

varya- "to protect" (BAR)

Vása "the Consumer", a name of the Sun (MR:130, Silm)

vasar (þ), noun "veil" (VT42:10, the word was "not in daily use", VT42:9). Older form waþar.

vasarya- (Þ) "to veil" (VT42:10)

ve "as, like" (Nam, RGEO:66, Markirya, MC:213, 214); in Narqelion ve may mean either "in" or "as"

vëa (1) "adult, manly, vigorous" (WEG)

vëa (2) "sea" (MC:213, 214, 216; this is "Qenya" and certainly obsoleted by # 1 above; use ëar in LotR-style Quenya). Inflected vëan "sea" (MC:220), vëar "in sea" (a "Qenya" locative in -r, MC:213), vëassë "on sea" (MC:220). Cf. also vëacirya.

vëaciryo ("k") "of sea-ship", genitive of *vëacirya ("k") (MC:216; this is "Qenya"; see vëa # 2)

vëaner "(adult) man" (WEG)

vëassë "vigour" (WEG)

véla "see" (Arct); present/continuative tense of a verbal stem #vel-?

velca ("k") "flame" (LT1:260; nár, nárë would be the normal word in Tolkien's later Quenya)

velicë ("k") "great" (LT1:254; probably not valid in Tolkien's later Quenya; in the context of the Etymologies it would have to be derived from BEL, but it is stated that this stem was "not found in Q". Perhaps Tolkien rejected velicë because it was too similar to the Russian word that clearly inspired it.)

v'emattë ??? May be the prepostition ve + an otherwise unknown word emattë. (Narqelion)

vendë < wendë "maiden" (WEN/WENED)

venë "small boat, vessel, dish" (LT1:254)

vénë < wénë "virginity" (WEN/WENED)

venessë "virginity" (WEN/WENED)

venië "shape, cut" (prob. noun) (LT1:254)

venwë "shape, cut" (prob. noun) (LT1:254)

vëo "man" (WEG; etymologically connected to vëa "manly, vigorous"; the more neutral word for "man" is nér.)

véra (< Old Quenya wéra) "personal, private, own" (PM:340)

verca ("k") "wild" (BERÉK)

vérë "bond, troth, compact, oath" (WED)

verië "boldness" (BER)

verno "husband" (BES)

veru "husband and wife, married pair" (BES)

verya- "to dare"; adj. verya "bold" (BER)

vessë "wife" (BES)

vesta "matrimony", verb vesta- "to wed" (BES). (Under WED, the verb vesta- was defined as "swear to do something", but this was struck out.)

vestalë "wedding" (BES) (under WED the word was defined as "oath", but this was struck out)

vië "manhood, vigour" (WEG)

[vil-] "to fly" (The forms given are the 1st pers. aorist vilin "I fly" and the pa.t. villë. Changed to wilin, pa.t. presumably *wille.) (WIL)



vílë "gentle breeze" (LT1:273)

vilin "airy, breezy" (LT1:273)

vilissë "spirit" (GL:23)

-viltë "-less", also -valta (evidently endings used to derive adjectives like "lifeless") (GL:23)

[vilwa < wilwa] "air, lower air" (distinct from the 'upper' air of the stars, or the 'outer') (WIL)

vilya "air, sky", also name of tengwa 24. Older wilya. (Appendix E). Early "Qenya" has Vilya (changed from Vilna) "lower air" (LT1:273); also vilya "air" (MC:215)

Vincarna *"new-made, renewed" (MR:408)

[vindë "blue-grey, pale blue or grey" (WIN/WIND)]



Vingelot, Vingilot, Vingilótë "Foam-flower", name of Eärendil's ship (SA:wing, Silm)

[vinta-, pa.t. vintë, vintanë "fade" (WIN/WIND)]



vinya (1) "new" (cf. compounds Vinyamar, Vinyarië below).

vinya (2) < windya "pale blue" (WIN/WIND) (It is uncertain whether Tolkien rejected this word or not; in any case, vinya is only attested with the meaning "new" in Tolkien's later Quenya.)

Vinyamar *"New Dwelling" (Silm)

Vinyarië "Newyear's Day" (PM:127)

Víressë fourth month of the year, "April" (Appendix D)

vírin "a magic glassy substance of great lucency used in fashioning the Moon. Used of things of great and pure transparency." (LT2:339)

vista "air as substance" (WIS (WIL) )

(actually spelt ), also vondo, "son" (LT2:336; in Tolkien's later Quenya yondo)

vor, voro "ever" (BOR, LT1:250, 273 [only voro in the Etymologies]; also in Narqelion)

vorima "continual, repeated" (BOR), early "Qenya" gloss "everlasting" (LT1:250)

vórima (more or less identical to vorima above?) "steadfast in allegiance, in keeping oath or promise, faithful"; genitive vórimo in a variant of CO; see UT:317

voro, voro- "ever, continually" (BOR, Narqelion)

vorogandelë (read *vorongandelë, voroñgandele) "harping on one tune", continual repetition (BOR)

voronda "steadfast in allegiance, in keeping oath or promise, faithful", used as a title of Elendil Voronda "Elendil the Faithful"; genitive Vorondo in CO. Only glossed "faithful" in LT1:250.

Vorondil masc.name, *"Faithful friend" (Appendix A)

voronwa "enduring, long-lasting" (BOR)

voronwë "steadfastness, loyalty, faithfulness" (CO), also masc. name Voronwë "the Faithful" (PM:340, BORÓN, LT1:250)

voronwië "endurance, lasting quality" (BOR)


(actually spelt ) "wind" (LT1:266)

wai (what the primitive element wei "wind, weave" became in Quenya; therefore confused with the stem WAY "enfold") (WEY)

waia > vaia "envelope", especially of the Outer Sea or Air enfolding the world within the Ilurambar or world-walls (WAY) (also vaiya, waiya)

waiwa "wind" (WÂ/WAWA/WAIWA)

waiya > vaiya (also vaia, waia) "envelope", especially of the Outer Sea or Air enfolding the world within the Ilurambar or world-walls (WAY)

wán > ván "goose" (WA-N).

wanwa "great gale" (LT1:266)

wanwavoitë "windy" (LT1:266)

waþar older form of vasar, q.v. (VT42:9)

- a suffix occurring in many personal names, generally but not exclusively masculine; derived from a stem simply meaning "person" (PM:340, WJ:399). In Etym, - is simply defined as an element that is frequent in masculine names, and it is there derived from a stem (WEG) having to do with "(manly) vigour".



wén "greenness, youth, freshness" (GWEN), blended with wendë "maid"

wen "maid, girl" (*wend-), in early "Qenya" also wendi (Tolkien's later Quenya form wendë occurs in MC:215 and in Etym, stems GWEN, WEN/WENED). (LT1:271, 273)

-wen "maiden", a frequent ending in feminine names like Eärwen *"Sea-maiden" (SA:wen). Early "Qenya" also has -wen, feminine patronymic *"daughter of" (LT1:271, 273), but the the patronymic ending seems to be -iel "-daughter" in Tolkien's later Quenya.



wendë "maid" (GWEN), wendë > vendë "maiden" (WEN/WENED). Early "Qenya" also had wendi "maid, girl", but this would probably be a plural in Tolkien's later Quenya. (LT1:271)

wendelë "maidenhood" (LT1:271)

wénë > vénë "virginity" (WEN/WENED)

wentë "brook" (GL:46)

wenya "green, yellow-green, fresh" (GWEN)

wéra Old Quenya form of véra, q.v.

wil- "fly" (1st pers. aorist wilin "I fly"; changed from vilin pa.t. villë; new past tense presumably *willë) (WIL). The early "Qenya" lexicon has wili- "sail, float, fly" (LT1:273)

wilin "bird" (LT1:273; if this "Qenya" word is to be used in LotR-style Quenya, it must not be confused with the 1st pers. aorist of the verb wil-)

wilma "air, lower air" (distinct from the 'upper' air of the stars, or the 'outer') (WIL)

wilwa "vague, fluttering to and fro" (Markirya). A similar word in the Etymologies was struck out: [wilwa > vilwa] "air, lower air" (distinct from the 'upper' air of the stars, or the 'outer') (WIL)

wilwarin (wilwarind-, as in pl. wilwarindi) "butterfly" (Markirya, WIL, LT1:273); Wilwarin name of a constellation, tentatively identified as Cassiopeia (Silm). "Qenya" adjective wilwarindeën "like butterflies" (MC:216); "Qenya" similative form wilwarindon "as a butterfly" (MC:213, 220)

wilya see vilya

winda "woof" (LT1:254)

windelë "loom" (LT1:254)

windya > vinya "pale blue" (WIN/WIND) (It is uncertain whether Tolkien rejected this word or not; in any case, vinya means "new" in his later versions of Quenya.)

winga "foam, spray" (Markirya). Also wingë.

wingë "foam, crest of wave, crest" (WIG); "foam, spindrift" (LT1:273). Also winga (so in Markirya).

Wingelot, Wingelótë "foam-flower", name of Earendel's [sic] boat (WIG, LOT(H) )

wingil (wingild-, as in pl. Wingildi) "nymph" (WIG, LT1:273); "Qenya" pl. wingildin "foam-fays, foam-maidens" (MC:216)

wingilot "foamflower, Eärendel's boat" (LT1:273; in Tolkien's later Quenya Wingelot, Wingelóte)

winta- "scatter, blow about" (both transitive and intransitive) (PM:376)

wintil "a glint" (LT1:261)

[winya > vinya (WIN/WIND)]



Wirilómë a name of the great Spider (Ungoliant) (LT1:254)

wistë "weft" (LT1:254)


"formerly, ago" (YA)

ya relative pronoun "which, what" (attested in the Arctic sentence), with locative suffix in Namárië: see *yassë

yaht- see yat (YAK)

yaima "implement" (evidently noun) (GL:37)

yaimë "wailing" (noun), from which is derived the adjective yaimëa "wailing", pl. yaimië in Markirya

yaisa "steel" (GL:37)

yaiwë "mocking, scorn" (YAY)

yal- "summon". In enyalië "to recall" (Notes on CO, UT:317)

yallumë "at last" (FS)

yalmë "clamour" (ÑGAL/ÑGALAM)

yaltë "bridge" (GL:37); rather yanta in Tolkien's later Quenya

yalúmë "former times" (YA)

yalúmëa "olden" (YA)

yalúmessë "once upon a time" (YA)

yámë "yawning" (MC:214; cf. the stem YAG in the Etymologies)

yána "holy place, fane, sanctuary" (YAN)

yana "that" (the former) (YA)

yando "also" (QL:104)

yanga- "to yawn" (YAG)

yanta "bridge", also name of tengwa 35 (Appendix E); in the Etymologies, yanta is defined as "yoke" (YAT)

yanwë "bridge, joining, isthmus" (YAT)

yar "to whom" (MC:215; this may be "Qenya", but on the other hand both the relative pronoun ya and an allativic ending -r are still valid in Tolkien's later Quenya, cf. mir "into")

yár (yar-, as in dat.sg. yaren) "blood" (YAR; the Silmarillion appendix gives sercë instead)

yára "ancient, belonging to or descending from former times" (YA)

yárë "former days" (YA)

yárëa "olden" (YA)

yáressë "once upon a time" (YA)

yarra- "growl, snarl" (stem used as participle in Markirya, translated "snarling")

yaru "gloom, blight" (GL:37)

#yassë (1) "in which", pl. yassen referring back to a plural noun. (Nam, RGEO:66)



yassë (2) "once upon a time" (YA); writers should rather use yalúmessë or yáressë of similar meaning to avoid confusion with # 1 above.

yat (yaht-) "neck" (YAK)

yatta "narrow neck, isthmus" (YAK)

yav- "bear fruit" (LT1:273, given in the form yavin and glossed "bears fruit"; this would have to mean "I bear fruit" in Tolkien's later Quenya: 1st pers. sg. aorist)

yáva "fruit" (LT1:273; in Tolkien's later Quenya yávë)

yávan "harvest, autumn" (LT1:273; in LotR-style Quenya yávië)

Yavanna, Yav-anna, "Fruit-giver", name of a Valië (YAB, ANA1; cf. yávë)

yavannamírë "Yavanna-jewel", name of a tree with globed and scarlet fruits (UT:167)

Yavannië name of the ninth month of the year, "September" (Appendix D, SA:yávë)

#Yavannildë pl. Yavannildi "Followers of Yavanna", Elvish women who knew and kept the secret of the making of coimas (lembas) (PM:404)



yávë "fruit" (YAB), cf. Yavanna. Early "Qenya" has yáva, LT1:273.

yávië "autumn" (SA:yávë); "autumn, harvest", in the calendar of Imladris a precisely defined period of 54 days, but also used without any exact definition (Appendix D); yáviérë *"Autumn-day", a day outside the months in the Steward's Reckoning, inserted between Yavannië and Narquelië (September and October) (Appendix D)

yáwë "ravine, cleft, gulf" (YAG)

yaxë "milch cow", also yaxi "cow" (in Tolkien's later Quenya, the latter would probably be a plural) (GL:36)

ye "is" (FS); apparently replaced by in Tolkien's later Quenya. Future tense yéva, q.v.

untranslated interjection in Aragorn's exclamation when he found the sapling of the White Tree: *"yeah!"

[yelda] "friendly, dear as friend" (YEL, struck out)



yeldë "daughter" (YEL) This word was struck out in Etym, but it may have been restored together with the ending -iel, q.v.

Yelin "winter" (LT1:260; LotR-style Quenya has hrívë, and Yelin was probably obsoleted together with the adjective yelwa "cold", that appears with a different meaning in the Etymologies).

yello "call, shout of triumph" (GYEL)

yelma "loathing" (prob. noun; perhaps a misreading; we would rather expect *yelmë) (DYEL)

[yelmë] (not glossed; the etymology may suggest *"friendship") (YEL, struck out)



yelta- "to loathe" (DYEL)

yelwa (1) "loathsome" (DYEL)

yelwa (2) "cold" (LT1:260 - this "Qenya" word is certainly obsoleted by # 1 above. Use ringa.)

yén (pl. yéni in Nam, obsoleting yen[i] in the Etymologies, stem YEN), Elvish "long year" of 144 solar years, 52,596 days (Nam, Appendix D, E; RGEO:66. Tolkien earlier defined yén as 100 solar years; see PM:126; in the Etymologies, stem YEN, it seems to mean simply "year".) Yénonótië *"reckoning of years" (MR:51)

yen, yendë "daughter" (YÔ/YON. This word replaced another form, but this form may have been restored; see yeldë.)

yenya "last year" (YA)

yerna "old, worn" (GYER)

yerya- "to wear (out)", also intr. "get old" (GYER)

yesta (1) "desire" (noun? verb?) (YES) Some would suppose this word is obsoleted by # 2 below.

#yesta (2) *"first", only attested in the compound yestarë (see below), but cf. esta.



yestarë *"first-day", the first day of the year (loa), immediately before tuilë (Appendix D)

yéta- "look at" (LT1:262)

yéva "will be" (also "there will be"), apparently the future tense of ye. Once translated "is" (írë ilqua yéva nótina, "when all is counted"), but this event belongs to the future; hence literally *"when all will be counted" (FS)

yo "with" (yo hildinyar = *"with my heirs", SD:56)

("yô"), yond- see yondo.

yolo- "stink" (GL:41)

yomenië "meeting, gathering" (of three or more coming from different directions) (WJ:407)

yondo "son" (YÔ/YON); cf. the patronymic ending -ion. Early "Qenya" has , yond-, yondo "son" (LT2:342). According to LT2:344, these are poetic words, while yondo seems to be the normal word for "son" in LotR-style Quenya. According to LT2:344, yondo means "male descendant, usually (great) grandson", but in Tolkien's later Quenya, yondo means "son", and the word is so glossed in LT2:342.

yualë "twilight" (KAL)

yúcalë ("k") "twilight" (KAL)

yúla "ember, smouldering wood" (YUL)

yulda "draught", pl. yuldar (Nam, RGEO:66)

yulma (1) "cup" (Nam, RGEO:67), "drinking-vessel" (WJ:416)

yulma (2) "brand" (YUL). May have been obsoleted by # 1 above.

yulmë (1) "drinking, carousal" (WJ:416)

yulmë (2) "red [?heat]" (the gloss was illegible) (YUL)

yulu- "carry" (GL:38)

yúyo "both" (YÛ)


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